André Lalande

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
André Lalande
Born 26 May 1913
Rennes, France
Died 19 October 1995(1995-10-19) (aged 82)
Brive-la-Gaillarde, France
Allegiance  France
Service/branch French Army
Chasseurs Alpins
Flag of legion.svgFrench Foreign Legion
Years of service 1931-1973
Rank Général de corps d'armée
Commands held 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
French Army Light Aviation
11th Light Intervention Division
Chief of the Military Staff of the President of the Republic
Battles/wars World War II
*Battle of Narvik
*Battle of Bir Hakeim
*disembarking in Provence
*Battle of Alsace
First Indochina War
*Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Algerian War
Awards Grand officier de la Légion d'honneur
Compagnon de la LibérationCroix de la liberation.jpg
Médaille de la Résistance
Croix de guerre 1939-1945
Croix de guerre des TOE
Croix de la Valeur militaire

André Lalande (26 May 1913 – 19 October 1995) was a French Army officer and general in the Chasseurs Alpins and French Foreign Legion. He fought during the World War II at the heart of the Free French Forces, then in Indochina and Algeria.

Military career[edit]

A graduate of École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, promotion of Tafilalet 1931-1933, he was assigned as a sous-lieutenant at Metz.

In 1937, following his request, he was assigned to the 6th Alpins Chasseurs Battalion (French: 6e Bataillon de Chasseurs Alpins, BCA). The unit was combat engaged in Norway during the Battle of Narvik from April to June 1940, where he was wounded.

Since July 1940 and during the war, Lalande joined the Free French Forces. In December of 1941, he was assigned to the 13th Demi-Brigade of Foreign Legion 13e DBLE garrisoned in Beirut. It was with this unit that he combat engaged to the Battle of Bir Hakeim in May 1942, a battle during which he was wounded in action again.

Promoted to Chef de Battaillon on June 1943 of the war, he assumed command of the 1st Battalion of the phalange magnifique. His unit was part of 1st Free French Division and partook to the assault against the Gustave line in Italy in the spring of 1944, as well as to the disembarking in Provence on August 1944. He then participated to the Battle of Alsace (French: batailles en Alsace) in the Alpes on April 1945.

At the issue of World War II, following an assignment post attached to the cabinet of the Minister of the Armies, and a promotion to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, he volunteered to serve in French Indochina during the Indochina War. Promoted to colonel, he assumed command of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment 3e REI and participated to the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. He was responsible then for the support point "Isabelle". Lalande was captured after the fall of entrenched camp on May 7 1954 and spent 5 months in captivity.

He joined there after, from 1955 to December 1958, the French delegation's permanent group of NATO to the U.S.

He participated then to the Algerian War, first as chef d'état-major of 19th Military Region in Algiers, then as chief of the sector of Tiaret from May 1958 to October 1960.

Promoted to général de brigade in 1961, he assumed command of the 1st intervention Brigade in Algeria and in Tunisia, where he partook to the battle of Bizerte.

After having occupied the post of commandant inspector of the French Army Light Aviation, he assumed command of the 11th Light Intervention Division 11e DLI at Pau.

On June 1966, he was promoted to général de division. In July of the next year, he assumed the functions of the Chief of the Military Staff of the President of the Republic. In 1969, he became the military governor of Lyon and commandant of the 5th Military Region. On March 1 1970, he was promoted to the rank of général de corps d'armée.

Decorations[edit]

Legacy[edit]

Homages[edit]

  • The 183rd promotion of Saint-Cyr (1996-1999) bears his name.

References[edit]