André Alphons Lefevere (1945 in Belgium – March 27, 1996 in United States) was a translation theorist. He had studied at the University of Ghent (1964–1968) and then obtained his PhD at the University of Essex in 1972. When he died he was Professor of Germanic Studies at the University of Texas at Austin.
Thought and influence
His most important contribution is in comparative literary studies and translation studies in particular. Drawing upon the notions of polysystem theorists like Itamar Even-Zohar, he theorized translation as a form of rewriting produced and read with a set of ideological and political constraints within the target language cultural system. Lefevere developed the idea of translation as a form of rewriting, which means that any text produced on the basis of another has the intention of adapting that other text to a certain ideology or to a certain poetics, and usually to both.
Lefevere, along with Gideon Toury, James Holmes and Jose Lambert, can be considered among the foremost scholars who have made translation studies an autonomous discipline. Together with Susan Bassnett he envisaged that "neither the word, nor the text, but the culture becomes the operational ‘unit’ of translation". This has been hailed by Edwin Gentzler, one of the leading synthesizers of translation theory, as the "real breakthrough for the field of translation studies"; it epitomized what is termed "the coming of age" of the discipline; an increasing intercultural or multicultural trend, that might be termed the postcolonial turn.
- Constructing Cultures (with Susan Bassnett). London: Multilingual Matters, 1997
- Translating Literature: Practice and Theory in a Comparative Literature Framework. New York: MLA, 1992
- Translation, Rewriting, and the Manipulation of Literary Fame. London/New York:Routledge, 1992
- Ed. Translation: Culture/History: A Source Book. London/New York: Routledge, 1992
- Essays in Comparative Literature. Calcutta: Papyrus, 1989
- Nederlandse Poëzie. Amsterdam: Coutinho, 1989
- Translating Literature: The German Tradition. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1977
- Literary Knowledge. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1977
- Translating Poetry: Seven Strategies and a Blueprint. Amsterdam: Van Gorcum, 1975
- Why waste our time on rewrites? The trouble with interpretation and the role of rewriting in an alternative paradigm’, in Theo Hermans (ed)The Manipulation of Literature: Studies in Literary Translation, London & Sydney: Croom Helm. 1985
Herta Müller, "Traveling on one Leg" (transl. with Valentina Glajar). Northwestern University Press, 1999; 2010. http://www.nupress.northwestern.edu/content/traveling-one-leg
- Denton, John. "In Memoriam André Lefevere" (PDF). Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- The Postcolonial Turn in Literary Translation Studies: Theoretical Frameworks Reviewed - by Bo Petterson
- Memorium and biodata at the University of Texas website
- A brief preview of Translation, Rewriting and Manipulation of Literary Fame at Google Books
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