André d'Espinay

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André d'Espinay (died 1500) (called the Cardinal of Bordeaux of the Cardinal of Lyon) was a French Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.

Biography[edit]

André d'Espinay was born in Champeaux, Ille-et-Vilaine, ca. 1451, the son of Richard d'Espinay and Beatrix de Montauban.[1] He became a licentiate in canon law.[1]

After completing his education, he became a protonotary apostolic.[1] He also became a canon of the cathedral chapter of Bordeaux Cathedral.[1] He was next the Prior of the Priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs.[1]

On April 10, 1479, he was elected Archbishop of Bordeaux; his election was confirmed by Pope Sixtus IV on April 28, 1479.[1] He took possession of the see in 1482 and occupied it until his death.[1]

Following the death of Louis XI of France in 1483, he traveled to Brittany to serve Charles VIII of France.[1] He attended the Assembly of the French clergy in 1485.[1] Under Charles VIII, he served as governor of Paris.[1] On October 1, 1488, he was named Archbishop of Lyon, occupying that see until his death, while also retaining the metropolitan see of Bordeaux.[1]

At the request of Charles VIII, Pope Innocent VIII made Espinay a cardinal priest in the consistory of March 9, 1489.[1] He received the red hat and the titular church of San Martino ai Monti on March 23, 1489.[1]

He returned to the Kingdom of France in 1490, becoming commendatory abbot of Holy Cross Abbey, Bordeaux, an office he held until 1499.[1]

He did not participate in the papal conclave of 1492 that elected Pope Alexander VI.[1] On November 1, 1492, the new pope named him papal legate to Charles VIII of France.[1] As such, the cardinal accompanied Charles VIII on his campaigns during the Italian War of 1494–1498, and was close to the king during the 1495 Battle of Fornovo.[1]

Returning to France, he served as apostolic administrator of the metropolitan see of Aix from October 1499 to May 1500.[1] He was also a benefactor of the Celestines.[1]

He died in the Château de la Tournelle in Paris on November 10, 1500.[1] He is buried in the Church of the Celestines in Paris.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Biography from the Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church