Andrée de Jongh

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Andrée de Jongh
Civilian Bravery Awards during the Second World War HU55451.jpg
Born Andrée Eugénie Adrienne de Jongh
(1916-11-30)November 30, 1916
Schaerbeek, Belgium
Died October 13, 2007(2007-10-13) (aged 90)
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Years active 1941–1945
Agent Comet Line
Known for Belgian Resistance
Title Honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Belgian Army.
Parent(s) Frédéric De Jongh and Alice Decarpentrie

Countess Andrée Eugénie Adrienne de Jongh (November 30, 1916 – October 13, 2007) was a member of the Belgian Resistance during World War II. She organized the Comet Line (Le Réseau Comète) for escaped Allied soldiers. After the war, she worked in leper hospitals in Africa.

Later life[edit]

De Jongh's house in Schaarbeek

After the war, she moved first to the pre-independence Belgian Congo, then to Cameroon, next to Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, working in leper hospitals and finally to Senegal. In failing health, she eventually retired to Brussels.

In Spring of 1959, while working at a leper colony in Coquilhatville, she met with English novelist, Graham Greene. Graham Greene recorded her candid account of her war experiences in his journal which was published in 1961. In In Search of a Character, Greene wrote that he asked her why she had come to the Congo. She replied, "Because from the age of fifteen I wanted to cure lepers. If I had delayed any longer it would have been too late."

King Baudouin ennobled her as a Countess in 1985.


The Countess de Jongh died on Saturday, 13 October 2007, aged 90, at the University Clinic Woluwe-Saint-Lambert/Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe, Brussels.[1][2]


  1. ^ "Andree De Jongh. Belgian resistance worker who braved extreme danger to smuggle Allied airmen out of Nazi-occupied territories". The Times. London. 15 October 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2008. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ Martin, Douglas (18 October 2007). "Andrée De Jongh, 90, Legend of Belgian Resistance, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 4 June 2008. (subscription required (help)). Andrée De Jongh, whose youth and even younger appearance belied her courage and ingenuity when she became a World War II legend ushering many downed Allied airmen on a treacherous, 1,000-mile path from occupied Belgium to safety, died Saturday in Brussels. She was 90. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cécile JOUAN (Suzanne Wittek-de Jongh), Comète. Histoire d'une ligne d'évasion, Veurne, 1948.
  • Airey NEAVE, Little Cyclone, 1954.ISBN 0-340-17406-4, ISBN 978-0-340-17406-7
  • Airey NEAVE, Petit Cyclone, Brussel, 1965.
  • REMY, Réseau Comète, 3 volumes, Parijs, 1966, 1967, 1971.
  • W. E. ARMSTRONG, Une héroïne de la Résistance belge, in: Sélection du Reader's Digest, 1974.
  • Françoise VAN VYVE, Une Belge contre la Gestapo, Brussel, 1986
  • Jean-François NOTHOMB, Le réseau d'évasion Comète, in: Bulletin de l'ANRB, 1984.
  • Juan Carlos JIMENEZ DE ABERASTURAL CORTA, En passant la Bidassoa. Le réseau 'Comète' au Pays basque (1941–1944), Anglet, 1995.
  • Etienne VERHOEYEN, La ligne d'évasion Comète (août 1941 - février 1943), in: Jours de guerre, n° 11-12-13, Brussel, 1997.
  • Peter EISNER, The Freedom Line, (1st edition), 2004. ISBN 0-06-009663-2
  • Marie-Sylvie DUPONT-BOUCHAT, Eliane GUBIN e.a., Dictionnaire des femmes belges XIX et XX siècles, Éditions Racine, Bruxelles, 2006, chap. de Jongh (Dédée).
  • Christian LAPORTE, Le dernier passage de Dédée De Jongh, in: La Libre Belgique, 15 octobre 2007.
  • Marc METDEPENNINGEN, Dédée a rejoint les étoiles, in: Le Soir, 20 octobre 2007.
  • Obituary, The Times, 15 October 2007
  • Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 18 October 2007
  • Obituary, The Guardian, 22 October 2007
  • Gilles PERRAULT, Dictionnaire amoureux de la Résistance, chapitre De Jongh (Andrée), Paris, Fayard, 2014, 156–160.
  • Alasdair MACDERMOTT, Comète, a World War II Belgian Evasion Line, in: Roger Coekelbergs e.a. (ed.), Memorial volume Intelligence and Action Agents, Antwerp, 2015.
  • Marie-Pierre D'UDEKEM D'ACOZ, Andrée De Jongh. Une vie de résistante, Bruxelles, Racine, 2016, 272 p., ISBN 978-2-87386-978-6


  • The Last Passage, Lurre Telleria et Enara Goikoetxea, Moztu filmak & Amo films, 2010

External links[edit]