Originally, the name Andrade could have come from any of numerous places of the same name in Galicia or northern Portugal and several Andrades are known from documents dating back to the 12th century. Most likely, however, it originated in the small fief of San Martiño de Andrade (St. Martin of Andrade) in Pontedeume, Ferrol and Vilalba, in Galicia, Spain, where the well-known aristocratic lineage of Andrade emerged in the low Middle Ages.
The surname Andrade is now commonly found not only in Portugal and Spain, but also in countries of Latin America, Italy, Africa, Equatorial Guinea and East Timor. Andrades are also common in Goa, and Karnataka in India. In 1920, there were hundreds of Andrade families living in the United States, with the largest concentrations in California, Massachusetts, Hawaii and Rhode Island.
The aristocratic family of Andrade (Galician branch)
The Andrades (or Andrada) were a powerful family in north-western Iberia during the late Middle Ages and the early Renaissance time during which they held the titles of Counts of Andrade and Vilalba, amongst others, together with numerous castles, palaces, manor houses and extensive lands.
The two Galician Regions of Ferrolterra and Terra Chá are known to have been part of the domains of Fernán Pérez de Andrade in the 14th century. Most of the Galician properties, palaces and castles of the Andrade family these days belong to the House of Alba, and the present Countess of Andrade is Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba.
- From one branch of this lineage: Ángel García Valerio Member of the Spanish Parliament from Ferrol between the years (1918 to 1923).
- From another branch of the same lineage: Francisco Franco (Spanish Dictator 1936-1975) signed his novel Raza (Race) as Jaime de Andrade (1942).
- From another branch of this linage: Marco Tabili de Andrade y Feria Secretary of the Royal House of Savoy- Aosta
The aristocratic family of Andrade
This family soon spread to Portugal. This happened several times and with several different branches of the Andrade. The most important branch to go to Portugal was that of the Freire de Andrade in the person of Rui Freire de Andrade 14th century and his two sons, Nuno Rodrigues Freire de Andrade, later 6th Grand-Master of the Order of Christ, and Vasco Freire.
From this branch of the Freire de Andrade came João Fernandes de Andrade who, having served the Portuguese Kings Afonso V and John II in the conquest of the Moroccon strongholds of Tangier and Asilah, was granted a new Coat of Arms and possessions in the Portuguese Island of Madeira, namely in Arco da Calheta (Bow of the Calheta). João Fernandes de Andrade, known also as João Fernandes de Andrade do Arco, married Beatriz de Abreu (descendant of the first King of Portugal, Afonso I) and had prolific issue, descendants of whom were present in the colonization of Brazil. Jacob Velosinho de Andrade translated Saul Morteira's "Torat Mosheh" into Portuguese under the title "Epitome de la Verdad de la Ley de Moyses." (Bibliography: Kayserling, in Hebr. Bibl. 1860, iii. 58, 59;idem, Bibl. Esp.-Port. Jud. pp. 12, 13.D. Rabbi Abraham Andrade French Rabbi; born in the last quarter of the eighteenth century; died at Bordeaux, 1836. During the Reign of Terror (1793–94) his energy and eloquence prevented the erection of a guillotine in the market-place of St. Esprit (near Bayonne), and instead of the guillotine the town was adorned with a statue of Jean Jacques Rousseau. He was an active member of the Great Sanhedrin which met at Paris in 1807. While Rabbi at St. Esprit he was elected "deputy of the Jewish Nation" to the Assembly of Notables convoked by Napoleon I. in 1806. He was on the committee of nine charged with the organization of the Sanhedrin, and devoted himself in a serious and broad-minded spirit to the work of that body. In 1809 he was elevated to the office of Chief Rabbi of Bordeaux, in which position he remained till his death, maintaining friendly relations with the authorities of the Catholic Church.
People with the surname
- Alberto Andrade, Peruvian politician
- Aloysio de Andrade Faria, Brazilian businessman
- António de Andrade, Portuguese priest, the first European to explore Tibet
- Billy Andrade, American golfer
- Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet
- David Andrade, Australian anarchist
- Demetrius Andrade American boxer
- Dino Andrade American Voice Actor
- Edward Andrade, English physicist
- Fernão Pires de Andrade, Portuguese merchant
- Francisco Andrade Marín, former President of Ecuador
- Glauber de Andrade Rocha, Brazilian filmmaker.
- Hernán Andrade, Mexican racewalker
- Hope Andrade, American politician
- Ignacio Andrade Troconis, former President of Venezuela
- João Henrique de Andrade Amaral, a Brazilian footballer
- Joaquim Pedro de Andrade, Brazilian filmmaker
- Jorge Andrade, Portuguese footballer
- Jorge Luís Andrade da Silva, Brazilian footballer
- José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman
- José Leandro Andrade, Uruguayan footballer
- José María Reina Andrade, former President of Guatemala
- Lady Andrade (born 1992), Colombian footballer
- Leny Andrade, Brazilian singer
- Librado Andrade, Mexican boxer
- Manuel de Jesús Andrade Suárez, Colombian writer, journalist and politician
- Mário de Andrade, Brazilian poet
- Mário Pinto de Andrade, Angolan politician and writer
- Marta Andrade, Spanish figure skater
- Maxwell Cabelino Andrade, Brazilian footballer
- Mayra Andrade, Cape Verdean singer
- Moisés Matias de Andrade, Brazilian footballer
- Olegario Víctor Andrade, Argentine journalist, poet and politician
- Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian poet
- Iberian naming customs
- List of most common surnames
- Alonso Pita da Veiga In the Battle of Pavia under the orders of Count Fernando de Andrade (1525)
- Ferrolterra Connections of the Andrade family with Ferrol (Counts of Andrade). North-western Spain.
- Terra Chá Region Connections of the Andrade family with Villalba (Counts of Villalba). North-western Spain.
- These localities were given in the 14th century to Fernán Pérez de Andrade, descendant of Bermudo Peres de Traba (with origins in the house of the Counts of Traba and Trastámara), by the king Henry II of Castile (of the House of Trastámara), due to his services against his brother the King Pedro of Castile.
- The City of Ferrol and the borough of Pontedeume in particular, have always been regarded as the areas with the closest attachment to the Andrades, to the point, that Pontedeume have always been, and still is, known as The Borough of Andrade.
- i.e.: the Province of Mondoñedo which disappeared as a province in the 1833 territorial division of Spain though still exists as the Roman Catholic district of the Diocese of Mondoñedo-Ferrol.
- Fernán Pérez de Andrade was made Count of Andrade and Pontedeume, and Lord of Ferrol, Serantes and Vilar. Later the family would obtain the title of Counts of Vilalba under the Catholic Monarchs gaining full control over the entire Terra Chá Region in today's Lugo Province.
- Descendant of Ciprian Valerio Piñeiro y Andrade owner of the small fiefdoms of Serantellos and San Juan de Filgueira (second half of the 19th century).
- Up until 1918 the Member of the Spanish Parliament from Ferrol was the Marquis of Amboage.
- using part of his mother's (Pilar Bahamonde Pardo de Andrade) maternal surname.
- (English) http://jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1499&letter=A. Jacob Velosinho de Andrade, wrote a defense of Judaism in six volumes against Isaac Jaquelot under the title "Messias Restaurado Contra el Libro de M. Jaquelot, Intitulado: Dissertaciones Sobre el Messias" (The Restored Messiah, Against M. Jaquelot's Book, Entitled: A Dissertation Concerning the Messiah). It has remained in manuscript.
- (Portuguese) Andrade RV
- (English) short biography concerning the Chief Rabbi of Bordeaux; Rabbi Abraham Andrade, in Bordeaux France
- (Spanish) Book about the Castle of Andrade in Narahío, Ferrolterra
- (Spanish) Pictures of the Tower of Andrade in the centre of town in "Ponte de Eume" Ferrolterra
- (English) Pictures of the Castle of Andrade in the outskirts of "Puente de Eume" Ferrolterra
- (English) Ancestry.com Interesting American Web-site for Surname Researches
- (Portuguese) Andrade origin in a Portuguese genealogical site
- (Galician) Andrade origin in a Galician genealogical site
- (Galician) Tower of the Andrade Counts of Villalba in the Terra Chá Region - Built at the very end of the Middle Ages 14th Century
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