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Originally, the name ''Andrade'' (sometimes ''Andrad<u>a<u>'') could have come from any of numerous places of the same name in [[Galicia (Spain)|Galicia]] or northern [[Portugal]] and several Andrade are known from documents dating back to the [[12th century]]. Most likely, however, it originated in the small fief of ''San Martiño de Andrade'' ([[Martin of Tours|St. Martin]] of Andrade) in [[Pontedeume]], [[Ferrol]] and [[Vilalba]] <ref>These localities were given in the [[14th century]] to [[Fernán Pérez de Andrade]], descendant of [[Bermudo Peres de Traba]] (with origins in the house of the [[Counts of Traba and Trastámara]]), by the king [[Henry II of Castile]] (of the House of Trastámara), due to his services against his brother the King [[Pedro of Castile]].</ref>, in [[Galicia (Spain)|Galicia]], [[Spain]], where the well-known aristocratic lineage of Andrade emerged in the low [[Middle Ages]].
 
Originally, the name ''Andrade'' (sometimes ''Andrad<u>a<u>'') could have come from any of numerous places of the same name in [[Galicia (Spain)|Galicia]] or northern [[Portugal]] and several Andrade are known from documents dating back to the [[12th century]]. Most likely, however, it originated in the small fief of ''San Martiño de Andrade'' ([[Martin of Tours|St. Martin]] of Andrade) in [[Pontedeume]], [[Ferrol]] and [[Vilalba]] <ref>These localities were given in the [[14th century]] to [[Fernán Pérez de Andrade]], descendant of [[Bermudo Peres de Traba]] (with origins in the house of the [[Counts of Traba and Trastámara]]), by the king [[Henry II of Castile]] (of the House of Trastámara), due to his services against his brother the King [[Pedro of Castile]].</ref>, in [[Galicia (Spain)|Galicia]], [[Spain]], where the well-known aristocratic lineage of Andrade emerged in the low [[Middle Ages]].
   
== Related and un-related People with the surname Andrade today ==
 
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[[Image:Castle of Andrade in Narahío - Ferrolterra.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Medieval Castle of Andrade in Narahio [[Ferrolterra]] - {{coor dms|43|29|33.6|N|8|04|56.79|W|}}]]
 
 
The surname Andrade is now commonly found not only in [[Portugal]] and [[Spain]], but also in countries of [[Latin America]] and [[Community of Portuguese Language Countries|Portuguese speaking]] [[Africa]] and [[Equatorial Guinea]]. Andrades' are also common in [[Goa]], and [[Karnataka]] in India. In [[1920]], there were hundreds of Andrade families living in the [[United States]], with the largest concentrations in [[California]], [[Texas]], [[Massachusetts]], and [[Rhode Island]].
 
 
For a list of related and un-related people with the surname Andrade see [[Andrade (disambiguation)]].
 
   
 
== The Aristocratic Family of Andrade (Nothwestern Spanish branch) ==
 
== The Aristocratic Family of Andrade (Nothwestern Spanish branch) ==

Revision as of 16:25, 28 February 2008

This article discusses the origins of the Andrade family in Portugal and Spain. For others with the surname Andrade see Andrade (disambiguation).
Original Coat of Arms of the Andrade family

Originally, the name Andrade (sometimes Andrada) could have come from any of numerous places of the same name in Galicia or northern Portugal and several Andrade are known from documents dating back to the 12th century. Most likely, however, it originated in the small fief of San Martiño de Andrade (St. Martin of Andrade) in Pontedeume, Ferrol and Vilalba [1], in Galicia, Spain, where the well-known aristocratic lineage of Andrade emerged in the low Middle Ages.

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The Aristocratic Family of Andrade (Nothwestern Spanish branch)

The Andrades (sometimes Andrada) were a powerful family in north-western Iberia during the late Middle Ages and the early Renaissance time during which they held the titles of Counts of Andrade and Vilalba [2], amongst others, together with numerous castles, palaces, manor houses and extensive lands.

The two Galician Regions of Ferrolterra and Terra Chá [3] are known to have been part of the domains of Fernán Pérez de Andrade [4] in the 14th Century. Most of the Galician properties, palaces and castles of the Andrade family these days belong to the House of Alba, and the present Countess of Andrade is Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba.

The Aristocratic Family of Andrade (Portuguese and Brazilian branches)

This family soon spread to Portugal. This happened several times and with several different branches of the Andrade. The most important branche to go to Portugal was that of the Freire de Andrade in the person of Rui Freire de Andrade 14th century and his two sons, Nuno Rodrigues Freire de Andrade, later 6th Grand-Master of the Order of Christ, and Vasco Freire.

Coat of Arms of the Andrade (do Arco) family, from Madeira

From this branch of the Freire de Andrade came João Fernandes de Andrade who, having served the Portuguese Kings Afonso V and John II in the conquest of the Moroccon strongholds of Tangier and Asilah, was granted a new Coat of Arms and possessions in the Portuguese Island of Madeira, namely in Arco da Calheta (Bow of the Calheta). João Fernandes de Andrade, known also as João Fernandes de Andrade do Arco, married Beatriz de Abreu (descendant of the first King of Portugal, Afonso I) and had prolific issue, descendants of whom were present in the colonization of Brazil.

Notes

  1. ^ These localities were given in the 14th century to Fernán Pérez de Andrade, descendant of Bermudo Peres de Traba (with origins in the house of the Counts of Traba and Trastámara), by the king Henry II of Castile (of the House of Trastámara), due to his services against his brother the King Pedro of Castile.
  2. ^ The City of Ferrol and the borough of Pontedeume in particular, have always been regarded as the areas with the closest attachment to the Andrades, to the point, that Puente de Eume have always been, and still is, known as the The Borough of Andrade.
  3. ^ i.e.: the Province of Mondoñedo which disappeared in 1833 though still exists as the Roman Catholic district of the Diocese of Mondoñedo-Ferrol
  4. ^ Fernán Pérez de Andrade was made Count of Andrade and Pontedeume, and Lord of Ferrol, Serantes and Vilar. Later the family would obtain the title of Counts of Vilalba under the Catholic Monarchs gaining full control over the entire Terra Chá Region in today's Lugo Province.
  5. ^ Descendant of D. Ciprian Valerio Piñeiro y Andrade owner of the small fiefdoms of Serantellos and San Juan de Filgueira
  6. ^ Up until 1918 the Member of the Spanish Parliament from Ferrol was the Marquis of Amboage.
  7. ^ using part of his mother's (Pilar Bahamonde Pardo de Andrade) maternal surname.

See also

External links