Fraser in 2016
|Born||1965 (age 55–56)|
Billings, Montana, United States
|Education||School of Visual Arts, New York, Whitney Interdisciplinary Graduate Program|
|Known for||Performance art|
|Museum Highlights (1989), Official Welcome (2001), Little Frank and His Carp (2001), Untitled (2003), Projection (2008), Not Just a Few of Us (2014), Down the River (2016), 2016 in Museums, Money, and Politics|
|Awards||National Endowment for the Arts Visual Arts Fellowship (1991), Anonymous Was A Woman Fellowship (2012), Wolfgang Hahn Prize (2013), Oskar Kokoschka Prize (2016)|
Andrea Rose Fraser (born 1965) is a performance artist, mainly known for her work in the area of Institutional Critique. Fraser is based in New York and Los Angeles and is currently Department Head and Professor of Interdisciplinary Studio of the UCLA School of Arts and Architecture at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Early life and career
Fraser was born in Billings, Montana and grew up in Berkeley, California. She attended New York University, the Whitney Museum of American Art's Independent Study Program, and the School of Visual Arts. Fraser worked as a gallery attendant at Dia:Chelsea.
Fraser began writing art criticism before incorporating a similar analysis into her artistic practice.
Fraser was co-organizer, with Helmut Draxler, of Services, a "working-group exhibition" that has been conceived at Kunstraum of Lüneburg University and toured to eight venues in Europe and the United States between 1994 and 2001.
Museum Highlights (1989) involved Fraser posing as a Museum tour guide at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1989 under the pseudonym of Jane Castleton. During the performance, Fraser led a tour through the museum describing it in verbose and overly dramatic terms to her chagrined tour group. For example, in describing a common water fountain Fraser proclaims "a work of astonishing economy and monumentality ... it boldly contrasts with the severe and highly stylized productions of this form!" Upon entering the museum cafeteria: "This room represents the heyday of colonial art in Philadelphia on the eve of the Revolution, and must be regarded as one of the very finest of all American rooms." The tour is based on a script culled from an array of sources: Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Judgment; a 1969 anthology of essays called "On Understanding Poverty"; and a 1987 article in The New York Times with the headline "Salad and Seurat: Sampling the Fare at Museums.”
In Kunst muss hängen ("Art Must Hang") (Galerie Christian Nagel/Cologne, 2001)—featured in Make Your Own Life: Artists In & Out of Cologne - Fraser reenacted an impromptu 1995 speech by a drunk Martin Kippenberger, word-by-word, gesture-for-gesture.
For Official Welcome (2001)—commissioned by the MICA Foundation for a private reception—Fraser mimicked "the banal comments and effusive words of praise uttered by presenters and recipients during art-awards ceremonies. Midstream, assuming the persona of a troubled, postfeminist art star, Fraser strips down, [...] to a Gucci thong, bra and high-heel shoes, and says, I'm not a person today. I'm an object in an art work."
Her videotape performance Little Frank and His Carp (2001), shot with five hidden cameras in the atrium of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, targets architectural dominance of modern gallery spaces. Using the original soundtrack of an acoustic guide at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, she "... writhes with pleasure as the recorded voice draws attention to the undulating curves and textured surfaces of the surrounding space" which she takes literally in an "erotic encounter". Fraser's sexual display towards the architecture reveals the irony of the erotic words used on the audio tour to describe the museum's structure.
In her videotape performance Untitled (2003), 60 minutes in duration, Fraser recorded a hotel-room sexual encounter at the Royalton Hotel in New York, with a private collector, who had paid close to $20,000 to participate, "not for sex, according to the artist, but to make an artwork." According to Andrea Fraser, the amount that the collector had paid her has not been disclosed, and the "$20,000" figure is way off the mark. Only five copies of the 60-minute DVD were produced, three of which are in private collections, one being that of the collector with whom she had had the sexual encounter; he had pre-purchased the performance piece in which he was a participant. The contractual agreement, arranged by Friedrich Petzel Gallery, was proposed by Fraser as an assertion against the commoditization of art. Although critiqued both within and outside of the art world for prostituting herself, Fraser problematizes whether selling art to collectors in of itself is a form of prostitution.
Fraser's video installation Projection (2008) stages a psychoanalytic session in which the viewer is addressed as analyst, patient and voyeuristic spectator. The work is based on the transcripts of real psychoanalytic consultations, adapted into twelve monologues and alternated so that Fraser plays the roles of both analyst and patient. Looking directly into the camera, Fraser creates the effect of interacting with the image on the opposite wall but also with the viewer in the middle of the room, who becomes the object, or ‘psychoanalytic screen’, of each projection.
Fraser's performance piece, Not Just a Few of Us (2014), performed for Prospect.3 explores the desegregation struggles in New Orleans.
Fraser has taught at University of California, Los Angeles, the Maine College of Art, Vermont College, the Whitney Independent Study Program, Columbia University School of the Arts, and the Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College.
Fraser's work has been shown in public galleries including the Philadelphia Museum of Art (1989); the Kunstverein München, (Germany, 1993, 1994); the Venice Biennale (Italy, 1993); the Sprengel Museum (Hannover, Germany, 1998); the Kunstverein Hamburg (Germany, 2003); the Whitechapel Art Gallery (London, England, 2003); the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art (2005); the Frans Hals Museum (Haarlem, The Netherlands, 2007); and the Centre Pompidou (Paris, 2009). In 2013, a major retrospective of her work was organized by the Museum Ludwig, Cologne, in conjunction with her receipt of the Wolfgang Hahn Prize.
Fraser's work is held in major public collections including the Art Institute of Chicago; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Fogg Museum, Cambridge; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Museum Ludwig, Cologne; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Philadelphia Museum of Art; and the Tate Modern, London.
Fraser has received fellowships from Art Docent Matter Inc., the Franklin Furnace Fund for Performance Art, the National Endowment for the Arts, and New York Foundation for the Arts. She also received a Foundation for Contemporary Arts Grants to Artists award (2017). In December 2019 she was the subject of a significant article in the New York Times.
- Phaidon Editors (2019). Great women artists. Phaidon Press. p. 143. ISBN 0714878774.
- "UCLA Department of Art - Faculty". www.art.ucla.edu. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
- Three Histories: The Wadsworth According to MATRIX 114 Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford.
- "Spotlight: Andrea Fraser - Arts - The Harvard Crimson". www.thecrimson.com. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
- Andrea Fraser: Boxed Set, February 11 — April 4, 2010 Archived May 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Cambridge.
- Evans, S. (2009). Beyond the Turnstile. AltaMira Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0759112216
- La, Kristie T. (30 March 2010). "Spotlight: Andrea Fraser". The Harvard Crimson.
- Andrea Fraser - Professor, New Genres UCLA.
- Fraser, 2005
- Martha Schwendener (February 9, 2012), At the Mausoleum, Art About Art Houses The New York Times.
- Pollack, 2002
- "Little Frank And His Carp (2001)". Youtube.com.
- Martin, Richard. "Andrea Fraser Little Frank and his Carp 2001". tate.org.uk. TATE. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Martin, Richard. "Little Frank and His Carp: Summary". Tate.
- Trebay, 2004
- Saltz, 2007
- "Andrea Fraser". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
- Andrea Fraser, 28 October 2013 – 31 August 2014 Tate Modern, London.
- "Andrea Fraser :: Foundation for Contemporary Arts". www.foundationforcontemporaryarts.org. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- tate.org: Andrea Fraser's works in the collection.
- "Have We Finally Caught Up With Andrea Fraser?".
- Fraser, Andrea (2005). Museum Highlights. Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-06244-5.
- Pollack, Barbara (July 2002). "Baring the truth". Art in America. ISSN 0004-3214. Archived from the original on 2005-04-21. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Trebay, Guy (2004-06-13). "Sex, Art and Videotape". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-10-26. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- Dimitrikaki, Angela (July 2011). "Labour, Ethics, Sex and Capital On Biopolitical Production in Contemporary Art". n.paradoxa:international feminist art journal. vol. 28 pp.5-15.
- Sykes, Rebecca. “Andrea Fraser and the Psychoanalytic Character of Critique: From Normotic Performance to a Space of Play.” Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, vol. 89, no. 2, June 2020, pp. 79–99. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00233609.2020.1779807.
- Meyer, James. “The Strong and the Weak: Andrea Fraser and the Conceptual Legacy.” Grey Room, no. 17, Fall 2004, pp. 82–107. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1162/1526381042464590.
- Cahan, SusanE. “Regarding Andrea Fraser’s Untitled.” Social Semiotics, vol. 16, no. 1, Apr. 2006, pp. 7–15. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/10350330500487711.
- Fraser, Andrea. “There's No Place like Home.” Whitney Biennial 2012, edited by Elisabeth Sussman and Jay Sanders, Whitney Museum of American Art, 2012, pp. 28–33.
- Fraser, Andrea. "What's Intangible, Transitory, Mediating, Participatory, and Rendered in the Public Sphere?" October, no. 80, Spring 1997, p. 111. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2307/778810.
- Batalion, Judith. “Towards a ‘Depth Sociology’ School of Acting: An Interview with Andrea Fraser.” Contemporary Theatre Review, vol. 20, no. 3, Aug. 2010, pp. 329–339. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/10486801.2010.488837.
- Doran, Anne. “'It's Important to Be Specific About What We Mean by Change': A Talk With Andrea Fraser.” ARTnews.com, ARTnews.com, 18 Nov. 2019, www.artnews.com/art- news/artists/its-important-to-be-specific-about-what-we-mean-by-change-a-talk-with-andrea-fraser-7467/.
- Byrne, Louis. "Museum Highlights: The Writings of Andrea Fraser by Andrea Fraser, Alexander Alberro (Ed.).” Art Book, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2007, pp. 40–41. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/j.1467-8357.2007.00767.x.