Andrea Horwath

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Andrea Horwath
MPP
Horwath infobox.PNG
38th Leader of the Official Opposition in Ontario
Assumed office
June 29, 2018
MonarchElizabeth II
PremierDoug Ford
Lieutenant GovernorElizabeth Dowdeswell
Preceded byVic Fedeli
Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party
Assumed office
March 7, 2009
DeputyJagmeet Singh
Sara Singh
John Vanthof
Preceded byHoward Hampton
Member of the Ontario Provincial Parliament
for Hamilton Centre
Hamilton East (2004–2007)
Assumed office
May 13, 2004
Preceded byDominic Agostino
Hamilton City Councillor
In office
December 1, 1997 – June 16, 2004
Serving with Ron Corsini (1997–2000)
Preceded byVince Agro
Bill McCulloch
Succeeded byBob Bratina
ConstituencyWard Two
Personal details
Born (1962-10-24) October 24, 1962 (age 56)
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
NationalityCanadian
Political partyNew Democratic
Domestic partnerBen Leonetti (c. 1985–2010)
Children1
Alma materMcMaster University
OccupationCommunity development coordinator
Signature

Andrea Horwath, MPP (/ˈhɔːrvæθ/ (About this sound listen); born October 24, 1962) is a Canadian politician and community development coordinator who is the Leader of the Official Opposition in Ontario and Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party. She is a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, representing the riding of Hamilton Centre, and was chosen as the party's leader at its 2009 leadership convention.

She is the first woman to lead the Ontario New Democratic Party, and one of only three women to serve as leader of a political party with representation in the provincial legislature (former Ontario Liberal Party leaders Kathleen Wynne and Lyn McLeod are the other two).

Early life, education, early career[edit]

Horwath was born and raised in Hamilton, Ontario, and has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Labour Studies from McMaster University. She worked part-time as a waitress to pay her way through university. Her father Andrew, an ethnic Hungarian, had immigrated to Canada from Slovakia, and worked on the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Oakville, Ontario.[1] Her mother, Diane, is of French and Irish descent.[2][3]

She worked closely with the Hamilton labour movement for several years, programming and providing literacy, numeracy and ESL training for workers. She subsequently got involved in the cooperative housing movement in Welland, and later became a community development coordinator for Hamilton's McQuesten Legal & Community Services, providing public legal education to groups working with tenants, injured workers and people with disabilities.

In 1996 Horwath earned a certificate of achievement in anti-racism training, and was an organizer o Hamilton's Days of Action campaign against provincial government cutbacks announced by Mike Harris. That year she received the Woman of the Year Award in Public Affairs from the Hamilton Status of Women Committee, in recognition of her work in the community. She also dedicated her time and efforts toward the field of social housing, and was subsequently awarded the Graham Emslie Award for Community Development in Housing by the Canadian Housing and Renewal Association.

She lives in Hamilton with her son Julian (born November 1992). In a March 2011 interview with the Toronto Star, she spoke publicly for the first time about the breakup of her longtime relationship with Julian's father, Hamilton businessman Ben Leonetti.[4] Horwath had met Ben Leonetti in her university years, when she was working part-time as a waitress and he was a jazz musician. The two lived together for 25 years without getting married and split up in 2010.[5]

Early political career[edit]

In the Canadian federal election of 1997, she was the NDP candidate against incumbent Liberal Stan Keyes in the riding of Hamilton West. Although unsuccessful, her second-place finish was a significant improvement on previous NDP efforts in the riding, and gave her an increased level of prominence in the city.

City councillor[edit]

Later in 1997, she was elected to Hamilton City Council for Ward Two, outpolling two incumbents who had represented the area for more than 20 years. She emerged as a prominent voice for the political left in the city, and was re-elected to council in 2000 and 2003. During her three terms as city councillor, she chaired the solid-waste-management committee and the municipal non-profit housing corporation.

Provincial politics[edit]

By-election victory[edit]

Horwath was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in a 2004 by-election in the then-extant provincial riding of Hamilton East, defeating Liberal candidate Ralph Agostino to succeed the deceased Liberal member Dominic Agostino, Ralph's brother. Winning 63.6 per cent of the vote, up from the NDP's 29.4 per cent in that riding six months earlier, her landslide victory boosted the NDP's seat count over the threshold for official party status in the legislature, and helped give the federal New Democratic Party a bounce in Hamilton that would continue into the federal election shortly thereafter.

2007 election[edit]

In the 2007 election, Horwath ran in the new riding of Hamilton Centre, due to redistricting that divided her former Hamilton East riding between Hamilton Centre and the new riding of Hamilton East—Stoney Creek. Horwath's new Hamilton Centre riding included approximately half of her former riding as well as a portion of the former Hamilton West riding where she had run federally in 1997. It also included her entire former city council ward.

In the leadup to the campaign, Horwath was expected to face Hamilton West Liberal incumbent Judy Marsales. However, Marsales opted not to run for another term, and Horwath easily defeated Liberal candidate Steve Ruddick on election day.

2009 NDP leadership campaign[edit]

On November 7, 2008, Horwath officially launched her campaign to win the party's leadership. The leadership election was held March 6–8, 2009. Horwath led on the first two ballots, and won on the third ballot with 60.4% of the vote defeating Peter Tabuns, Gilles Bisson and Michael Prue.[6]

2011 election[edit]

The 2011 provincial election saw a rise in support for the NDP under Horwath's leadership. The party won more than 20% of the popular vote for the first time since 1995 and almost doubled its seats to elect 17 members of the legislature. The election also resulted in the Liberal government of Dalton McGuinty being reduced to a minority government with the NDP holding the balance of power.

In April 2012, Horwath passed a leadership review at the party's convention with 76% support.

2014 election[edit]

In the 2014 provincial election, the NDP was able to maintain its seat count of 21 at dissolution despite the loss of three seats in Toronto, but lost the balance of power when the Liberals took a majority win in the election. Horwath has faced criticism from some party members and progressives for running a populist campaign which they described as right-wing.[7] Despite criticism of her leadership from some quarters, Horwath received a slightly increased level of support, 77%, at the party's post-election convention held on November 15.[8]

2018 election[edit]

Horwath ran in her third election as NDP leader against the Liberal government led by Kathleen Wynne and a Progressive Conservative Party led by Doug Ford. Horwath promised to introduce "Canada's first universal Pharmacare plan", highlighted by a universal dental plan and a prescription drug plan that "will initially cover 125 of the most commonly prescribed drugs".[9][10] She also promised a child care plan in which seventy per cent of Ontario parents "would either have free child care or pay an average of $12 a day in a licensed not-for-profit daycare".[11] Horwath promised to return Hydro One to public ownership by buying back privately held shares.[12] She also said that she would close the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station immediately, while the other party leaders have pledged to keep it open until 2024.[13] The NDP promised to increase corporate tax rates from 11.5 to 12.5 per cent,[14] as well as introducing an income tax increase for those earning over $220,000 per year.[15] Horwath said the province would fund half of the operating cost of municipal transit[16] and indicated that she would not introduce back-to-work legislation.[12]

The party's support in public opinion polls increased in May 2018,[17] leading to greater media attention and greater scrutiny for Horwath and her party. She ultimately led the party to official opposition status in the Legislature, the second highest number of seats in the party's history.[18]

Awards[edit]

In March 2012, Horwath received the EVE award which is sponsored by Equal Voice, a non-profit organization focused on promoting women in politics. Past recipients have included women from every level of government.[19]

Electoral record[edit]

Provincial[edit]

Ontario general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 23,866 65.25 +13.24
Progressive Conservative Dionne Duncan 5,730 15.67 +1.28
Liberal Deirdre Pike 3,979 10.88 −12.62
Green Jason Lopez 2,102 5.75 −2.78
None of the Above Tony Lemma 320 0.87
Libertarian Robert Young 288 0.79
Independent Maria Anastasiou 156 0.43
Communist Mary Ellen Campbell 134 0.37 −0.27
Total valid votes 100.0  
Source: Elections Ontario[20]
Ontario general election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 18,697 52.01 -9.32
Liberal Donna Tiqui-Shebib 8,450 23.50 +6.04
Progressive Conservative John Vail 5,173 14.39 +1.22
Green Peter Ormond 3,067 8.53 +4.81
Freedom Peter Melanson 334 0.93 +0.54
Communist Bob Mann 229 0.64 +0.28
Total valid votes 35,950 100.0  
New Democratic hold Swing -7.68
Source: Elections Ontario[21]
Ontario general election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 20,586 61.33 +16.74
Liberal Donna Tiqui-Shebib 5,861 17.46 -11.12
Progressive Conservative Don Sheppard 4,421 13.17 -1.60
Green Peter Ormond 1,249 3.72 -5.90
Libertarian Robert Kuhlmann 634 1.89
Independent Micheal Baldasaro 268 0.80
Family Coalition Steve Passmore 229 0.68 -0.94
Freedom Chris Lawson 130 0.39
Communist Anthony Gracey 122 0.36 -0.46
Reform Robert Szajkowski 67 0.20
Total valid votes 33,567 100.0
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 177 0.52
Turnout 33,744 42.43
Eligible voters 79,524
New Democratic hold Swing +13.93
Sources: Elections Ontario[22]
Ontario general election, 2007
Party Candidate Votes %
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 17,138 44.59
Liberal Steve Ruddick 10,985 28.58
Progressive Conservative Chris Robertson 5,678 14.77
Green Peter Ormond 3,698 9.62
Family Coalition Lynne Scime 623 1.62
Communist Bob Mann 314 0.82
Total valid votes 38,436 100.0
Hamilton East by-election, 2004
(Death of Dominic Agostino)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 15,185 63.6
Liberal Ralph Agostino 6,362 26.6
Progressive Conservative Tara Crugnale 1,772 7.4
Green Raymond Dartsch 448 1.9
Independent John Turmel 120 0.5

Municipal[edit]

2003 Hamilton Election: Councillor, Ward 2
Candidate Votes %
Andrea Horwath (x) 4,601 63.81
James Novak 1,993 27.64
Ronald Berenbaum 325 4.51
Jerry Moore 291 4.04
2000 Hamilton Election: Councillor, Ward 2
Candidate Votes %
Andrea Horwath (x) 4,192 50.0
Ron Corsini (x) 3,263 39.0
Ed Fisher 911 11.0
1997 Hamilton Election: Councillor, Ward 2
Candidate Votes %
Andrea Horwath 3,587 28.1
Ron Corsini 3,364 26.4
Vince Agro (x) 2,097 16.4
Bill McCulloch (x) 2,097 16.4
Jason Capobianco 902 7.1
John Kenyon 512 4.0
Jim Savage 208 1.6

Federal[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1997: Hamilton West
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Stan Keyes (x) 20,951
New Democratic Andrea Horwath 7,648
Progressive Conservative John Findlay 6,510
Reform Ken Griffith 6,285
Natural Law Brian Rickard 323
Marxist–Leninist Wendell Fields 170

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mehler Paperny, Anna (September 23, 2011). "For Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath, it's all about connecting". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  2. ^ "The game-changer: Horwath in the spotlight as budget battle looms". April 12, 2013. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  3. ^ Talaga, Tanya (September 8, 2011). "Horwath gets support from her mom to kick off her campaign". thestar.com. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  4. ^ "Horwath opens up about life as a single mom". thestar.com. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  5. ^ Diebel, Linda (October 3, 2011). "The Leaders: Andrea Horwath, Steeltown street fighter". thestar.com. Archived from the original on May 31, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  6. ^ Campbell, Murray (March 7, 2009). "Horwath wins Ontario NDP leadership". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  7. ^ Walkom, Thomas (May 28, 2014). "Gang of 34 letter points to real problems within Horwath's NDP". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  8. ^ Leslie, Keith (November 15, 2014). "Andrea Horwath wins 77 percent in leadership review at NDP convention, will stay on as leader". National Post. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  9. ^ Benzie, Robert; Rushowy, Kristin (March 19, 2018). "Andrea Horwath unveils $1.2B public dental plan". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  10. ^ Benzie, Robert (March 17, 2018). "Ontario NDP pledges full dental coverage as part of universal health care plan". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  11. ^ Benzie, Robert (March 17, 2018). "Ontario NDP pledges full dental coverage as part of universal health care plan". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Ferguson, Rob (May 22, 2018). "An NDP government would not use back-to-work legislation to end strikes, party leader Andrea Horwath says". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  13. ^ "Promises from Ontario's 3 main political parties on nuclear and booze". The Canadian Press. May 22, 2018. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  14. ^ Leslie, Keith (May 22, 2014). "Ontario NDP would hike corporate taxes: Horwath". Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  15. ^ Crawley, Mike (May 23, 2018). "As Ontario NDP rises in polls, its platform and candidates get closer scrutiny". CBC News. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  16. ^ "Ontario NDP, Liberals talk transit promises after Ford pledges gas price cut". The Canadian Press. May 17, 2018. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  17. ^ Perkel, Colin (May 24, 2018). "NDP, Tories tied at 37 per cent support, new poll suggests; Liberals trail at 21". Global News. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  18. ^ Brean, Joseph (June 8, 2018). "An opportunity missed, Andrea Horwath welcomes loss as victory". National Post. Retrieved July 3, 2018. She meant the NDP's 33 per cent of the popular vote and 40 ridings is the best showing in a provincial election since Rae
  19. ^ "Equal Voice Toronto announces 2012 EVE Award Recipient Andrea Horwath". 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  20. ^ "Candidate Search". Elections Ontario. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  21. ^ Elections Ontario (2014). "Official result from the records, 031 Hamilton Centre" (PDF). Retrieved 27 June 2015.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Elections Ontario (2011). "Official return from the records / Rapport des registres officiels - Hamilton Centre" (PDF). Retrieved 3 June 2014.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]