Andrea Pisano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Andrea Pisano
Known forArchitecture, sculpture
Detail of Andrea Pisano's panel for the Florence Baptistery.

Andrea Pisano (Pontedera 1290 – 1348 Orvieto)[1][2] also known as Andrea da Pontedera, was an Italian sculptor and architect.


Pisano initially learned the trade of a goldsmith.[3] He later became an apprentice of Mino di Giovanni, about 1300, and worked with him on the sculpture for S. Maria della Spina at Pisa and elsewhere. He produced his main works in Florence. It is assumed that Giotto di Bondone was eventually more influential on his style than his earlier teacher. He produced the first (southside) of the three bronze doors of the Baptistery in Florence. He worked on this major project between 1330-1336. The door consists of a number of small quatrefoil panels, the lower eight containing single figures of the Virtues, and the rest scenes from the life of John the Baptist.[4]

Andrea Pisano, while living in Florence, also produced many important works of marble sculpture, all of which show Giotto's influence. In 1340 he succeeded Giotto as Master of the Works of Florence's Cathedral.[1] There he produced a series of reliefs, possibly designed by his former teacher, including the double band of panel-reliefs which Pisano executed for the great campanile. The subjects of these are the Four Great Prophets, the Seven Virtues, the Seven Sacraments, the Seven Works of Mercy and the Seven Planets. The duomo contains the most important works of Pisano in marble. In 1347 he became Master of the Works at Orvieto Cathedral, which had already been designed and begun by Lorenzo Maitani.[4][1] These and the cathedral's doors are Pisano's only surviving works. Pisano is known for contributing to freeing modern art from Byzantine influence. He died in 1348.[1]

Andrea Pisano had two sons, Nino and Tommaso.[4] Both eventually succeeded him as Master of the Works at Orvieto Cathedral.

Giorgio Vasari includes a biography of Andrea Pisano in his Lives.

Pisano's nost famous apprentice was Andrea di Cione, better known as Andrea Orcagna. Another of his apprentices, Giovanni di Balduccio, executed the shrine of Sant'Eustorgio in Milan.[4]



  1. ^ a b c d Huntley, G. Haydn (1976). "Pisano, Andrea". In William D. Halsey (ed.). Collier's Encyclopedia. Vol. 19. New York: Macmillan Educational Corporation. p. 82.
  2. ^ Murray, P. & L. (1996). Dictionary of art and artists. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0.
  3. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Andrea Pisano" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pisano, Andrea". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 647–648.

External links[edit]