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Andreas Mogensen

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Andreas Mogensen
Mogensen in 2020
Born (1976-11-02) 2 November 1976 (age 47)[1]
Copenhagen, Denmark
Other namesAndreas Enevold Mogensen, Andy Mogensen
Alma materImperial College London (MEng)
UT Austin (PhD)
OccupationAerospace engineer
Space career
ESA astronaut
Time in space
208 days, 22 hours and 34 minutes
Selection2009 ESA Group
MissionsSoyuz TMA-18M/Soyuz TMA-16M, SpaceX Crew-7 (Expedition 69/70)
Mission insignia

Andreas Enevold "Andy" Mogensen (born 2 November 1976) is a Danish engineer and ESA astronaut who is best known for being the first Dane to fly in space as part of the European Space Agency's Iriss program.[2] Mogensen has also been involved in a number of other space-related projects throughout his career, including working as a test engineer for ESTEC and as a member of the European Astronaut Corps. In addition to his work with ESA, he has also worked with NASA and other international space agencies. Mogensen returned to space in August 2023 for his second spaceflight to the ISS onboard SpaceX Crew Dragon as the first non-American to serve as a pilot.

Education and early career[edit]

He was born in Copenhagen. Mogensen attended primary school at Rygaards International School in Hellerup, where he graduated in 1992.[3] He received an International Baccalaureate from Copenhagen International School in 1995.[4] He then went to the Imperial College London where he obtained an MEng degree in Aeronautical Engineering in 1999. Between 2001 and 2003 he worked as an engineer in the R&D department of Vestas Wind Systems in Denmark. Subsequently, Mogensen earned a PhD degree in Aerospace Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin in 2007. Furthermore, as part of his studies, he spent a semester at the Instituto Superior Técnico - University of Lisbon in Lisbon, Portugal.[5] Mogensen worked in Germany as an altitude and orbit control system and guidance, navigation & control engineer for HE Space Operations associated with the SWARM mission. He furthermore worked as a contractor for EADS Astrium in Portugal at the Institute for Systems and Robotics. In addition, he stayed in a large number of other countries, including Thailand, Singapore, England, Portugal, Congo and the United States. His position when he was selected by ESA was Aerospace Engineering at Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey.

Space career[edit]

In ESA[edit]

Mogensen was selected to become the first Danish astronaut by the European Space Agency in May 2009. He completed initial training and became a member of the European Astronaut Corps in November 2010.

In 2013, Mogensen served as cavenaut into the ESA CAVES[6] training in Sardinia, alongside David Saint-Jaques, Soichi Noguchi, Nikolai Tikhonov, Andrew Feustel and Michael Fincke.

On 10 June 2014, NASA announced that Mogensen would serve as an aquanaut aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory during the NEEMO 19 undersea exploration mission, which began on 7 September 2014 and lasted seven days.[7][8]

Between September and November 2021, Mogensen participated in the fourth edition of ESA PANGAEA training program.[9] Together with the NASA astronaut Kathleen Rubins, Mogensen went to the Italian Dolomites, to the Ries Crater in Germany and the volcanic landscapes of Lanzarote, Spain.[10] ESA's Pangaea program prepares astronauts and space engineers to identify planetary geological features for future missions to the Moon, Mars and asteroids.[11]

Mogensen (second from right) during NEEMO 19


Mogensen's mission to the ISS was called "Iriss". The mission name was chosen from suggestions received from across Europe. "Iriss" had two logos, one to highlight the overall mission and one for the educational outreach activities.

Mogensen exercising in the Destiny Laboratory

On 2 September 2015, Mogensen was launched with Soyuz TMA-18M to ISS and landed with Soyuz TMA-16M ten days later. He was travelling with another visiting flight engineer, Aidyn Aimbetov. Among the items Andreas brought along were LEGO figures[12] and a poster for Copenhagen Suborbitals.[13]

Because of the short mission duration, Mogensen worked up to 9.5-hour days instead of the 8-hour workdays that are normal on the station.[14] His missions included remote control of a robot on Earth,[15] and filming Red Sprites and Blue Jets lightnings above thunderclouds,[16] directed from Earth.[17] He also tried a new kind of Skinsuit to alleviate back-pain astronauts feel due to the lengthening of their spine and used augmented reality goggles during his maintenance tasks.[14]

Mogensen left the station on 11 September 2015. Sergey Volkov was the ascent pilot (TMA-18M) and Gennady Padalka was the descent pilot (TMA-16M).[18] The crew landed at 00:51 UTC on 12 September 2015, just over three hours after departing the ISS.

Mogensen received the Danish Royal Medal of Recompense for his efforts.[19]


In March 2022, he was selected as pilot of SpaceX Crew-7. On its launch in August 2023, he became the first European pilot of a spacecraft and the first pilot of a US spacecraft who is not a US citizen. He also served as the ISS Expedition 70 commander. The European segment of the mission is called "Huginn".[20] Crew-7 and Mogensen returned to Earth on 12 March 2024.[21]

Personal life[edit]

He resides in Copenhagen, Denmark. His pastimes include rugby, mountaineering, and diving.


  1. ^ "Andreas Mogensen – den første danske astronaut" [Andreas Mogensen – the first Danish astronuat]. Rumrejsen 2015 (in Danish). Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Andreas Mogensen: Space Viking" (PDF). European Space Agency. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2023. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Former Rygaards Student Blasts into Space!". Rygaards International School. 2 September 2015. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015.
  4. ^ Albrechtsen, Kathrine (14 October 2014). "Første danske astronaut slog en tur forbi Hellerup" [First Danish astronaut visited Hellerup]. Sjællandske Nyheder (in Danish). Archived from the original on 25 November 2023.
  5. ^ "Andreas Mogensen". European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 23 November 2023.
  6. ^ Sauro, Francesco; De Waele, Jo; Payler, Samuel J.; Vattano, Marco; Sauro, Francesco Maria; Turchi, Leonardo; Bessone, Loredana (1 July 2021). "Speleology as an analogue to space exploration: The ESA CAVES training programme". Acta Astronautica. 184: 150–166. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2021.04.003. hdl:11585/819077. ISSN 0094-5765. S2CID 234819922.
  7. ^ Lewis, Robert E. (10 June 2014). "NASA Announces Two Upcoming Undersea Missions" (Press release). NASA. 14-158. Archived from the original on 26 November 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  8. ^ Bergin, Chris (11 June 2014). "NEEMO returns with two new underwater missions". NASASpaceFlight.com. Archived from the original on 26 October 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  9. ^ "What is Pangaea?". European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 2 November 2023. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Astronaut training in the land of volcanoes". Caves & pangaea blog. European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 25 May 2023. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Back to the future". Caves & pangaea blog. European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 26 September 2023. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  12. ^ "The story behind the LEGO astronauts". iriss mission blog. European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 7 July 2023.
  13. ^ Mogensen, Andreas [@Astro_Andreas] (15 September 2015). "Held og lykke til @CopSub i deres forsøg på at nå rummet! Personlig erfaring siger det er det hårde arbejde værd!" [Good luck to @CopSub in their attempt to reach space! Personal experience says it's worth the hard work!"] (Tweet) (in Danish). Archived from the original on 16 September 2015 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ a b "A 'sprint' mission". IRISS. European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 7 July 2023.
  15. ^ "VIDEO: Sådan udførte Andreas robotforsøget fra rummet" [VIDEO: This is how Andreas performed the robot experiment from space]. Ingeniøren (in Danish). Archived from the original on 8 July 2023.
  16. ^ "Andreas Mogensen har optaget en enestående video af kæmpelyn" [Andreas Mogensen has recorded unique video of super-lightning]. Rumrejsen 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.
  17. ^ "How DMI found giant lightning for Andreas" (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. 17 September 2015. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  18. ^ "UK's Major Peake delighted by historic ISS assignment". NASASpaceFlight.com. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 4 June 2023.
  19. ^ "Astronaut Andreas Mogensen modtager Den Kongelige Belønningsmedalje i guld med krone og inskription" [Astronaut Andreas Mogensen receives The Royal Commemorative Medal in gold with crown and inscription] (in Danish). Kongehuset. 16 September 2015. Archived from the original on 11 March 2023.
  20. ^ "Introducing Huginn" (Press release). European Space Agency. 18 August 2022. Archived from the original on 24 September 2023. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  21. ^ Dooren, Jennifer M. (12 March 2024). "Splashdown! NASA's SpaceX Crew-7 Finishes Mission, Returns to Earth" (Press release). NASA. 24-040. Archived from the original on 11 April 2024.

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