Andrey Andreyev (politician)

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Andrey Andreyev
Андрей Андреев
Andrey Andreyev in 1924.jpg
Andreyev in 1924
Chairman of the Party Control Commission of the Central Committee
In office
19 March 1939 – 5 October 1952
Preceded by Nikolai Yezhov
Succeeded by Matvei Shkiryatov
In office
1930–1931
Preceded by Grigol Ordzhonikidze
Succeeded by Jānis Rudzutaks
People's Commissar for Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate
In office
22 November 1930 – 9 October 1931
Preceded by Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze
Succeeded by Jānis Rudzutaks
Personal details
Born (1895-10-30)30 October 1895
Kuznetsovo, Smolensk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 5 December 1971(1971-12-05) (aged 76)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Citizenship Soviet
Nationality Russian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Andrey Andreyevich Andreyev (Russian: Андре́й Андре́евич Андре́ев; 30 October 1895 – 5 December 1971) was a Soviet Communist politician who to power during the rule of Joseph Stalin, joining the Politburo as a candidate member in 1926 and as a full member in 1932. Andreyev also headed the powerful Control Commission of the Soviet Communist Party in 1930 and 1931 then again continuously from 1939 until 1952.

After the death of Stalin Andreyev was removed from the Politburo and placed in a largely ceremonial position as a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Andrey Andreyevich Andreyev was the son of a peasant peasant family.[1] Andreyev left the village to work as an industrial worker, assuming a position in a munitions factory during World War I.[2]

Andreyev was married to Dora Khazan (1894-1961), who was a student along with Stalin's second wife, Nadya Alliluyeva, at an industrial academy.[1] Together the couple had two children, a son named Vladimir (born 1919) and a daughter named Olga (born 1921).[1]

Political career[edit]

Andreyev joined the Bolshevik Party in 1914.[1]

He was a member of the Politburo from 1932 until 1952. Andreyev was a Chairman of the Soviet of the Union from 1938 until 1946 and directed the party's powerful Control Commission during 1930-1931 and again from 1939 until 1952.[1]

In 1949 he was briefly People's Commissar for Agriculture.[3] This was also the year of the Leningrad case for which Andreyev built up a case against Nikolai Voznesensky, accusing him of losing 526 documents from Gosplan.[4]

Andreyev was dismissed from Politburo in 1952, although he remained a vice-premier of the Soviet government. Andreyev fell from grace in 1953 following the Central Committee Plenary Meeting (convened immediately after Lavrentiy Beria's dismissal. After 1953 Andreyev was made a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet,[1] a largely ceremonial position.

Death and legacy[edit]

Andrey Andreyev died 5 December 1971. Despite his historical importance and decades of tenure in the top ranks of Soviet government officials, Andreyev's funeral was not attended by either Leonid Brezhnev, the General Secretary of the CPSU, or Alexei Kosygin, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers.[5]

Andreyev is remembered for having loved the music of Tchaikovsky, mountaineering, and nature photography.[6]

During his life Andreyev was four times awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, and other awards. He is the namesake of the AA-20 locomotive, which he is credited for sponsoring as the head of the Soviet railway system from 1931 to 1935.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Sheila Fitzpatrick, On Stalin's Team: The Years of Living Dangerously. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015; pg. 317.
  2. ^ "Stalin's Hammer," Time, Oct. 25, 1943.
  3. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar. New York: Knopf, 2004; pg. 533.
  4. ^ Montefiore, Stalin, pg. 529.
  5. ^ Evan Mawdsley and Stephen K. White, The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members, 1917–1991. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000; pg. 145.
  6. ^ Montefiore, Stalin, pg. 224.