Andrei Bubnov

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Andrei Bubnov
Андрей Бубнов
People's Commissar for Enlightment
In office
September 1929 – October 1937
Prime Minister Aleksei Rykov
Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Anatoly Lunacharsky
Succeeded by Pyotr Tyurkin
Head of the Political Directorate of the Red Workers' and Peasants' Army
In office
17 January 1924 – 1 October 1929
President Mikhail Frunze
Kliment Voroshylov
Preceded by Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko
Succeeded by Yan Gamarnik
Head of Military-Revolutionary Committee of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
In office
12 July – 18 September 1918
Preceded by Volodymyr Zatonsky
Succeeded by Fyodor Sergeyev
Member of the 6th Politburo
In office
10 October – 29 November 1917
Full member of the 13th Secretariat
In office
30 April – 31 December 1925
Candidate member of the 14th, 15th Secretariat
In office
1 January 1926 – 13 July 1930
Full member of the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th Orgburo
In office
2 June 1924 – 10 February 1934
Personal details
Born Andrei Sergeyevich Bubnov
(1884-04-03)April 3, 1884
Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Russian Empire
Died 1 August 1938(1938-08-01) (aged 55)
Shooting range "Kommunarka", Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Political party CPSU (1903-)
Alma mater Moscow Agricultural Institute
Occupation revolutionary, politician, Communist ideologist

Andrei Sergeyevich Bubnov (Russian: Андре́й Серге́евич Бу́бнов) (23 March 1884 – 1 August 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia, and member of the Left Opposition.


Andrei Bubnov was born in Ivanovo-Voznesensk in Vladimir Governorate (now Ivanovo, Ivanovo Oblast, Russia) on 23 March 1884 into a local merchant's family.[1] He was of Russian ethnicity.[2] He studied at the Moscow Agricultural Institute and while a student joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) in 1903. He was a supporter the Bolshevik faction of the party and over the years would be arrested by the czarist government a total of thirteen times. In 1909 Bubnov was made an agent of the Central Committee in Moscow but the following year he was back in prison.[citation needed] On his release he was sent to organize workers in Nizhny Novgorod. He also contributed to Pravda.

On the outbreak of the First World War Bubnov became involved in the anti-war movement. He was arrested in October, 1916, and exiled to Siberia.

Bubnov returned to Moscow after the February Revolution. He joined the Moscow Soviet and was elected as one of the seven members of the first legendary Politburo: Lenin, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Trotsky, Stalin, Sokolnikov and Bubnov.[3] As a member of the Military Revolutionary Committee he helped organize the October Revolution.

During the Russian Civil War Bubnov joined the Red Army and fought on the Ukrainian Front. After the war he joined the Moscow Party Committee, and became a member of the Left Opposition.

Andrei Bubnov signed the Declaration of 46 in October 1923, but in January, 1924, he switched to supporting Joseph Stalin and was rewarded by being appointed as Head of Political Control of the Red Army. Elected to Central Committee, he replaced Lunacharsky as People's Commissar for Education.

As Commissar for Education he ended the period of progressive, experimental educational practices and switched the emphasis to training in practical industrial skills.

He was arrested by the NKVD during the Great Purge on 17 October 1937, expelled from the Party Central Committee in November 1937, sentenced to death on 1 August 1938 and shot the same day.[4] Bubnov was posthumously rehabilitated in 1958. His close relatives were still searching for him in various psychiatric hospitals in the 1970s.


  1. ^ "Guide to the history of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union". Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  2. ^ "Жертвы политического террора в СССР". Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  3. ^ Dmitri Volkogonov, Lenin. A New Biography, translated and edited by Harold Shukman (New York: The Free Press, 1994), p. 185.
  4. ^ "Жертвы политического террора в СССР". Retrieved 2013-06-13.