Andrei Chernov

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Andrei Chernov
Andrei Chernov.jpg
Andrei Aleksandrovich Chernov

(1966-08-27)27 August 1966
Moscow, Russia
Died16 August 2017(2017-08-16) (aged 50)
Moscow, Russia
Other namesAndrew Chernov, Ache
Alma materMoscow State University
Known for
Website (formerly

Andrei Aleksandrovich Chernov (Russian: Андре́й Алекса́ндрович Чернов, romanizedAndréj Aleksándrovič Černóv; 27 August 1966 – 16 August 2017), also known as Andrew Chernov and Ache, was a Soviet and Russian programmer who was one of the founders of the Russian Internet and the creator of the character encoding KOI8-R.[1]

He is also known for his contributions to the esoteric counterculture of the Russian 1990s, especially the popularization of Thelema and the name of Aleister Crowley in post-Soviet Russia. He also hosted the website, which contained a collection of various rare pieces of media, including anime and art by Fin de siècle painters like Nicholas Kalmakoff, Louis Wain, and Franz von Bayros.


Chernov was born in Moscow on 27 August 1966. He graduated from Moscow State University in the 1980s, after which he was employed at the first Russian Internet service provider Demos, and worked on the computer network RELCOM which linked Russia to the global network.[2]

Chernov developed the Cyrillic character encoding KOI8-R,[3] which he registered at the Internet Engineering Task Force in July 1993.[1]

In 1992-1996 he along with P. Sushkov worked on translation of the PGP software.[4]

From 1993 to 2000, Chernov was a member of the FreeBSD Core Team.[5] He is listed as contributor to the FreeBSD.[6] In 2000 he participated in the first full-team BSDCon meeting. Earlier he was denied entry to the US as he was deemed "unsuitable".[7]: 15 

Chernov died on August 16, 2017, at the age of 50 after a long illness.[2][8][9] Before that he allegedly suffered from osteoporosis and broken leg.[10]

Personal website[edit]

In December 2018, Chernov's personal website became unavailable due to the expiration of domain registration, after which it was reconstructed at the new address with the use of Wayback materials.[11]


  1. ^ a b "Registration of a Cyrillic Character Set". IETF Tools. Internet Engineering Task Force. July 1993. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Умер создатель кодировки KOI8-R Андрей Чернов". Газета.Ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  3. ^ Roman Czyborra. "The Cyrillic Charset Soup". Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ "PGP". — Крупнейший в Рунете архив старых программ. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Core Team Alumni". FreeBSD project. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Contributors to FreeBSD". Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  7. ^ Australian Open Systems Users Group. Conference (2002). AUUG 2002 : Measure, monitor, control : conference proceedings. Adrian Close. Kensington, N.S.W.: AUUG Inc. ISBN 0-9577532-4-1. OCLC 224026199.
  8. ^ "Умер создатель кодировки KOI8-R Андрей Чернов". (in Russian). Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Умер создатель основной кодировки рунета KOI8-R Андрей Чернов". 17 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Умер Андрей Чернов, автор кодировки KOI8-R и один из первых разработчиков FreeBSD". Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  11. ^ Natalia Konradova. Как из интернета (навсегда!) исчезают сайты и кто пытается этому помешать [How websites disappear from the Internet forever, and who tries to stop this] (in Russian).

External links[edit]