Andrei Eberhardt

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Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt
Ebergard AA.jpg
Born (1856-11-09)9 November 1856
Patras, Greece
Died 19 April 1919(1919-04-19) (aged 62)
Place of burial Novodeviche Cemetery
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch  Imperial Russian Navy
Years of service 1878-1916
Rank Admiral
Commands held Black Sea Fleet
Battles/wars Boxer Rebellion
Russo-Japanese war
World War I

Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt (Russian: Андрей Августович Эбергард, occasionally transliterated as Ebergard) (9 November 1856 – 19 April 1919) was an Admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy of Swedish ancestry.[1]

Eberhardt was born in Patras Greece, where his father was the Russian consul. Eberhardt graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps in 1878. From 1882 to 1884, he served in the Pacific Fleet as a signals officer. In 1886, he became a flag officer and adjutant to Admiral Ivan Shestakov (Minister of the Navy) and in 1891 he became a flag officer to Admiral Tyrtov commanding the Russian Pacific Squadron. In 1896 Eberhardt was moved to the Black Sea Fleet, where he was gunnery officer on the battleships Ekaterina II and Chesma. In 1898 he moved to the Far East, where he commanded the Admiral Nakhimov and took part in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion.

During the Russo–Japanese War, Eberhardt was chief naval aide to Yevgeni Ivanovich Alekseyev, the viceroy of Manchuria. In 1905, he was captain of the battleship Imperator Aleksandr II and in 1906 he was made captain of the Panteleimon. He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1907 and Vice Admiral in 1909.

Eberhardt was Russia's Chief of the Russian Naval General Staff from 1908 and Commander-in-Chief of the Black Sea Fleet from 1911. During World War I, his top achievement was setting up a naval blockade of the Zonguldak coal fields, choking the coal supply of the German-Turkish fleet. He also commanded the Russian battleship squadron during the Battle of Cape Sarych. However he was cautious to start further offensive actions against Turkish positions in the Bosporus and was replaced by Aleksandr Kolchak in 1916.

Eberhardt retired from service in 1917 and was arrested by the Cheka in 1918 but released. He died in 1919 and is buried in the Novodeviche Cemetery in St Petersburg.

Honours and awards[edit]

References and External links[edit]

Media related to Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt at Wikimedia Commons

  • Short biography
  • Stephen McLaughlin, The Action off Cape Sarych, In Warship 2001-2002 Conways Maritime Press
  1. ^ McLaughlin 2002