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|Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt|
9 November 1856|
|Died||19 April 1919
|Place of burial||Novodeviche Cemetery|
|Service/branch||Imperial Russian Navy|
|Years of service||1878-1916|
|Commands held||Black Sea Fleet|
World War I
Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt (Russian: Андрей Августович Эбергард, occasionally transliterated as Ebergard) (9 November 1856 – 19 April 1919) was an Admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy of Swedish ancestry.
Eberhardt was born in Patras Greece, where his father was the Russian consul. Eberhardt graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps in 1878. From 1882 to 1884, he served in the Pacific Fleet as a signals officer. In 1886 he became a flag officer and adjutant to Admiral Ivan Shestakov (Minister of the Navy) and in 1891 he became a flag officer to Admiral Tyrtov commanding the Russian Pacific Squadron. In 1896 Eberhardt was moved to the Black Sea Fleet, where he was gunnery officer on the battleships Ekaterina II and Chesma. In 1898 he moved to the Far East, where he commanded the Admiral Nakhimov and took part in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion.
During the Russo–Japanese War, Eberhardt was chief naval aide to Yevgeni Ivanovich Alekseyev, the viceroy of Manchuria. In 1905, he was captain of the battleship Imperator Aleksandr II and in 1906 he was made captain of the Panteleimon. He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1907 and Vice Admiral in 1909.
Eberhardt was Russia's Chief of the Russian Naval General Staff from 1908 and Commander-in-Chief of the Black Sea Fleet from 1911. During World War I, his top achievement was setting up a naval blockade of the Zonguldak coal fields, choking the coal supply of the German-Turkish fleet. He also commanded the Russian battleship squadron during the Battle of Cape Sarych. However he was cautious to start further offensive actions against Turkish positions in the Bosporus and was replaced by Aleksandr Kolchak in 1916.
Honours and awards
- Order of St. Vladimir, 4th class with swords and bow (December 28, 1900), 3rd degree with swords, 2nd class with swords
- Gold Sword for Bravery
- Order of the White Eagle, with swords,
- Order of St. Alexander Nevsky with diamonds (for the Black Sea Fleet Command in 1914-1916.)
- Order of St. Stanislaus, 1st and 2nd classes
- Order of St. Anne, 1st and 2nd classes
- Order of St Michael and St George (United Kingdom)
- Order of the Rising Sun (Japan)
- Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword (Sweden)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, also awarded Commander and Chevalier (France)
- Commander of the Order of the Redeemer (Greece)
Media related to Andrei Augostovich Eberhardt at Wikimedia Commons
- Short biography
- Stephen McLaughlin, The Action off Cape Sarych, In Warship 2001-2002 Conways Maritime Press
- McLaughlin 2002