Andrei Zayonchkovski

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Andrei Zayonchkovski
Andrey M. Zaionchkovsky.jpeg
Born 1862
Died 1926
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Russian Imperial Army,
Red Army
Rank general
Commands held 30th army corps,
Dobruja Detachment
Battles/wars Russo-Japanese war
World War I (Romanian campaign)
Russian Civil War

Andrei Medardovich Zayonchkovski or Zaionchkovski (Russian: Андре́й Меда́рдович Зайончко́вский) (December 20 [O.S. December 8] 1862 - March 22, 1926) commanded the defence of the Romanian-Bulgarian border in Dobruja upon Romania's entry into World War I in August 1916.


The tomb of Andrey Zayonchkovsky in the Novodevichy Convent

After graduation from the Nicholas School of Military Engineering (Nikolaevskoe Inzhenernoe Uchilishche) in 1882, Zayonchkovski served in the 5th Sapper Battalion. In 1888 he graduated from the General Staff Academy and served in various staff positions.

During the Russo-Japanese War he commanded the 85th Vyborg Infantry Regiment and the 2nd brigade of the 3rd Siberian Infantry Division.

During World War I Zayonchkovski commanded first the 30th Army Corps. Following Romania's entry into the war on 27 August 1916, he commanded the Russian-Romanian Dobruja Army in charge of defending Dobruja against the Central Powers. He was relieved by general Dmitry Shcherbachev in April 1917 and was in retirement by the time of the October Revolution.

In 1918 he joined the Red Army, serving in various staff positions. After the end of the Russian Civil War he switched to teaching in the Red Army Military Academy and writing. He wrote a two-volume overview of World War I military operations.

While a professor, "Zaionchkovski worked as an agent for the Soviet secret police at the same time he was head of the conspiratorial anti-Bolshevik Monarchist Union (The Trust)."[1]


  1. ^ Time of Troubles: The Diary of Iurii Vladimirovich Got'e: Moscow, July 8, 1917 to July 23, 1922, ed. and trans. Terence Emmons (Princeton Univ Pr, 1988: ISBN 0-691-05520-3), p. 92.

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