Andrew I. Adamatzky (Russian: А. И. Адамацкий) is a Russian and English computer scientist, a professor in the department of computer science at the University of the West of England in Bristol, where he works in the International Center of Unconventional Computing. Prior to moving to England, Adamatzky was a research fellow in the Biophysics department at Saint Petersburg State University in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and also worked for Galafox Ltd. there.
Adamatzky is the author or co-author of five books:
- Identification of Cellular Automata (Taylor & Francis, 1994)
- Computing in Nonlinear Media and Automata Collectives (Institute of Physics, 2001)
- Dynamics of Crowd-Minds: Patterns of Irrationality in Emotions, Beliefs and Actions (World Scientific, 2005)
- Reaction-Diffusion Computers (with Ben De Lacy Costello and Tetsuya Asai, Elsevier, 2005)
- Physarum Machines: Computers from Slime Mould (World Scientific, 2010)
In addition he is the editor or co-editor of several edited volumes.
Adamatzky is known for his research in unconventional computing. In particular, he has worked on chemical computers using reaction-diffusion processes. He has used slime moulds to plan potential routes for roadway systems and as components of nanorobotic systems, and discovered that they seek out sedatives in preference to nutrients. He has also shown that the billiard balls in billiard-ball computers may be replaced by soldier crabs.
- International Center of Unconventional Computing people, retrieved 2012-04-15.
- About the author, Identification of Cellular Automata.
- Adamatzky, Andrew (1994), "Research activities at the Biophysics Department of St. Petersburg State University", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 68 (3): 364, doi:10.1016/0165-0114(94)90195-3.
- "Future directions in computing: Chemical computing is an unconventional approach to computation that uses a "soup" where data is represented by different concentrations of chemicals", BBC News, 13 November 2007.
- Keim, Brandon (May 12, 2011), "Video: Slime Mold Engineers the Motorways of Spain", Wired.
- "Railways and slime moulds: A life of slime. Network-engineering problems can be solved by surprisingly simple creatures", The Economist, January 21, 2010.
- Sterling, Bruce (August 31, 2009), "It's a robot made of slime mold", Wired.
- Bland, Eric, "Plasmobot computer runs on slime mold: Powered by oat flakes, basic computer can perform different functions", MSNBC.
- Palmer, Jason (10 June 2011), "Slime mould prefers sedatives, say researchers: A simple life form known as a slime mould, used in unconventional computing, seems to have a taste for sedatives", BBC News.
- Aron, Jacob (April 12, 2012). "Computers powered by swarms of crabs". New Scientist. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- Solon, Olivia (April 14, 2012). "Computer Built Using Swarms Of Soldier Crabs". Wired. Retrieved April 15, 2012.