Andrew I. Adamatzky is a British computer scientist, who is a Director of the Unconventional Computing Laboratory and Professor in Unconventional Computing at the Department of Computer Science and Creative Technology, University of the West of England in Bristol, United Kingdom.
Adamatzky is known for his research in unconventional computing. In particular, he has worked on chemical computers using reaction-diffusion processes. He has used slime moulds to plan potential routes for roadway systems and as components of nanorobotic systems, and discovered that they seek out sedatives in preference to nutrients. He has also shown that the billiard balls in billiard-ball computers may be replaced by soldier crabs.
Adamatzky is a director the International Center of Unconventional Computing, founding Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Cellular Automata (OCP Science, 2005-) and the Int Journal of Unconventional Computing (OCP Science, 2005-).
He appears in the 2014 documentary The Creeping Garden.
Adamatzky is the author or co-author of several books:
- Identification of Cellular Automata (Taylor & Francis, 1994)
- Computing in Nonlinear Media and Automata Collectives (Institute of Physics, 2001)
- Dynamics of Crowd-Minds: Patterns of Irrationality in Emotions, Beliefs and Actions (World Scientific, 2005)
- Reaction-Diffusion Computers (with Ben De Lacy Costello and Tetsuya Asai, Elsevier, 2005)
- Physarum Machines: Computers from Slime Mould (World Scientific, 2010)
- Reaction-Diffusion Automata (Springer, 2013)
- The Silence of Slime Mould (Luniver Press, 2014) (an album of art works)
In addition he is the editor or co-editor of several edited volumes:
- From Parallel to Emergent Computing (CRC Press, 2019, with Akl S., Sirakoulis G.)
- Slime Mould in Arts and Architecture (River Publishers, 2019).
- Shortest Path Solvers. From Software to Wetware (Springer, 2018).
- Unconventional Computing. Encyclopaedia of Complexity and Systems Science Series. (Springer, 2018)
- Reversibility and Universality. Essays Presented to Kenichi Morita on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday (Springer, 2018)
- Cellular Automata. Encyclopaedia of Complexity and Systems Science Series (Springer, 2018)
- Inspired by Nature (Springer, 2017, with Stepney S.)
- Emergent Computation: A Festschrift for Selim G. Akl (Springer, 2016)
- Advances in Unconventional Computing. Vol I. Theory (Springer, 2016)
- Advances in Unconventional Computing. Vol I. Prototypes, Models and Algorithms (Springer, 2016)
- Designing beauty: the Art of Cellular Automata (Springer, 2016, with Martinez G.)
- Advances in Physarum Machines: Sensing and Computing with Slime Mould (Springer, 2016)
- Robots and Lattice Automata (Springer, 2015, with Sirakoulis G.)
- Experiencing The Unconventional: Science In Art (World Scientific, 2015, with Schubert T.)
- Atlas of Physarum Computing (World Scientific, 2015)
- Automata, Universality, Computation. Tribute to Maurice Margenstern (Springer, 2014)
- Cellular Automata in Image Processing and Geometry (Springer, 2014, with Rosin P., Sun X.)
- Memristor Networks (Springer, 2014, with Chua L)
- Chaos, CNN, Memristors and Beyond (World Scientific, 2012, with Chen G.)
- Game of Life Cellular Automata (Springer, 2010)
- Automata-2008: Theory and Applications of Cellular Automata (Luniver Press, 2008, with Alonso-Sanz R., Lawniczak A., Martinez G., Morita K.)
- Unconventional Computing 2007 (Luniver Press, 2007, with De Lacy Costello B., Bull L., Stepney S., Teuscher C.)
- Artificial Life Models in Hardware (Springer, 2008, with Komosinski M.)
- Natural Computing (Springer, 2008, with Suzuki Y., Hagiya M., Umeo H.)
- From Utopian to Genuine Unconventional Computers (Luniver Press, 2005, with Teuscher C.)
- Artificial Life Models in Software (Springer, 2005, with Komosinski M.)
- Unconventional Computing 2005: From Cellular Automata to Wetware (Luniver Press, 2005, with Teuscher C.)
- Collision-Based Computing (Springer-Verlag: Berlin and London, 2002)
- Molecular Computing (MIT Press: Massachusetts, 2003, with Sienko T., Rambidi N., Conrad M.)
- "Future directions in computing: Chemical computing is an unconventional approach to computation that uses a "soup" where data is represented by different concentrations of chemicals", BBC News, 13 November 2007.
- Keim, Brandon (May 12, 2011), "Video: Slime Mold Engineers the Motorways of Spain", Wired.
- "Railways and slime moulds: A life of slime. Network-engineering problems can be solved by surprisingly simple creatures", The Economist, January 21, 2010.
- Sterling, Bruce (August 31, 2009), "It's a robot made of slime mold", Wired.
- Bland, Eric, "Plasmobot computer runs on slime mold: Powered by oat flakes, basic computer can perform different functions", MSNBC.
- Palmer, Jason (10 June 2011), "Slime mould prefers sedatives, say researchers: A simple life form known as a slime mould, used in unconventional computing, seems to have a taste for sedatives", BBC News.
- Aron, Jacob (April 12, 2012). "Computers powered by swarms of crabs". New Scientist. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- Solon, Olivia (April 14, 2012). "Computer Built Using Swarms Of Soldier Crabs". Wired. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- International Center of Unconventional Computing people, retrieved 2012-04-15.