Andrew Adamatzky

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Andrew Adamatzky is a British computer scientist, who is a Director of the Unconventional Computing Laboratory and Professor in Unconventional Computing at the Department of Computer Science and Creative Technology, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Adamatzky is known for his research in unconventional computing. In particular, he has worked on chemical computers using reaction–diffusion processes.[1] He has used slime moulds to plan potential routes for roadway systems[2][3] and as components of nanorobotic systems,[4][5] and discovered that they seek out valerian tablets, promoted as a herbal sedative, in preference to nutrients.[6] He has also shown that the billiard balls in billiard-ball computers may be replaced by soldier crabs.[7][8]

Adamatzky is a director of the Unconventional Computing Laboratory,[9] founding Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Cellular Automata (OCP Science, 2005–) and the International Journal of Unconventional Computing (OCP Science, 2005–), and current Editor-in-Chief of Parallel Processing Letters (World Scientific, 2017–).[10]

He appears in the 2014 documentary The Creeping Garden and in the 2019 documentary Le Blob.


Adamatzky is the author or co-author of several books:

  • Identification of Cellular Automata (Taylor & Francis, 1994)
  • Computing in Nonlinear Media and Automata Collectives (Institute of Physics, 2001)
  • Dynamics of Crowd-Minds: Patterns of Irrationality in Emotions, Beliefs and Actions (World Scientific, 2005)
  • Reaction-Diffusion Computers (with Ben De Lacy Costello and Tetsuya Asai, Elsevier, 2005)
  • Physarum Machines: Computers from Slime Mould (World Scientific, 2010)
  • Reaction-Diffusion Automata (Springer, 2013)
  • The Silence of Slime Mould (Luniver Press, 2014) (an album of art works)

In addition he is the editor or co-editor of many edited volumes.


  1. ^ "Future directions in computing: Chemical computing is an unconventional approach to computation that uses a "soup" where data is represented by different concentrations of chemicals", BBC News, 13 November 2007.
  2. ^ Keim, Brandon (12 May 2011), "Video: Slime Mold Engineers the Motorways of Spain", Wired.
  3. ^ "Railways and slime moulds: A life of slime. Network-engineering problems can be solved by surprisingly simple creatures", The Economist, 21 January 2010.
  4. ^ Sterling, Bruce (31 August 2009), "It's a robot made of slime mold", Wired.
  5. ^ Bland, Eric, "Plasmobot computer runs on slime mold: Powered by oat flakes, basic computer can perform different functions", MSNBC, archived from the original on 2012-07-18.
  6. ^ Palmer, Jason (10 June 2011), "Slime mould prefers sedatives, say researchers: A simple life form known as a slime mould, used in unconventional computing, seems to have a taste for sedatives", BBC News.
  7. ^ Aron, Jacob (12 April 2012). "Computers powered by swarms of crabs". New Scientist. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
  8. ^ Solon, Olivia (14 April 2012). "Computer Built Using Swarms Of Soldier Crabs". Wired. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
  9. ^ Retrieved 2012-04-15. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Parallel Processing Letters Editorial Board, retrieved 2021-03-12.