This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|His Most Eminent Highness |
Fra' Andrew Bertie
|Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta |
Servant of God
78th Prince and Grand Master
|Reign||11 April 1988 – 7 February 2008|
|Predecessor||Fra' Angelo de Mojana, 77th Prince and Grand Master|
|Successor||Fra' Matthew Festing, 79th Prince and Grand Master|
|Born||15 May 1929|
London, England, United Kingdom
|Died||7 February 2008 (aged 78)|
Rome, Lazio, Italy
|Burial||16 February 2008|
Santa Maria del Priorato Church, Rome, Italy
|Father||Lt. Cdr. the Hon. James Bertie|
|Mother||Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart|
On 20 February 2015 a formal inquiry for the cause of his beatification and canonisation was opened in Rome.
Bertie was born in London as the elder son of the James Bertie (youngest son of the 7th Earl of Abingdon) and Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart (daughter of the 4th Marquess of Bute). He was the fifth cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II, by common descent from King George III and his wife Charlotte Sophia.
He was educated at the English Roman Catholic public school, Ampleforth College, and graduated in Modern History from Christ Church, Oxford. He also attended the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London. From 1948 to 1950, he carried out military service in the Scots Guards, becoming a commissioned officer in 1949. After a short experience in the commercial sector, he taught modern languages (particularly French and Spanish but also German, Dutch, Tibetan and Maltese) for twenty-three years at Worth School, a Benedictine public school in Sussex, England. He was a judo black belt and taught judo at Worth School.
Grand Master of the Order of Malta
He also joined the government of the Order in 1981 as a member of the Sovereign Council, and in April 1988, he was elected Grand Master. Subsequently, he was Hospitaller of the Sanctuary of Lourdes, which is the annual pilgrimage site of SMOM. He succeeded the late Angelo de Mojana, the Milanese nobleman who had served the Order as Grand Master since 1962 and accomplished a great deal of modernization to the organization. Although it is considered sovereign, the Order of Malta is also a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, so Bertie's election needed the ratification of Pope John Paul II, which was obtained on 11 April 1988.
Bertie described the aims of the Order as "to help the poor and the sick; that is and always has been our primary aim":
- "The other military orders were there to fight the Saracens and to save Spain or the Holy Land or Prussia from the pagans. But we always had this special commitment to the poor and the sick. Our aims today are exactly the same as they were in 1099, the sanctification of our members through service to the sick."
Bertie never married or had children. He died in Rome from cancer on 7 February 2008, aged 78.
|Ancestors of Andrew Bertie|
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and style
His full title was: His Most Eminent Highness Fra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie, Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta, Most Humble Guardian of the Poor of Jesus Christ.
Honours and awards
- SMOM: Sovereign Military Order of Malta
- Grand Master (1988)
- Knight of Justice (1981)
- Member (1956)
- Argentina: Collar of the Order of the Liberator San Martín
- Brazil: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the National Order of the Southern Cross
- Chile: Collar of the Order of Merit of Chile
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion d’Honneur
- Germany: Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Holy See: Knight with the Collar of the Order of Pius IX
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great
- Malta: Honorary Companion of Honour with Collar of the National Order of Merit
- Monaco: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint-Charles
- Morocco: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Throne
- Panama: Gold Collar of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero
- Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (10 May 2007)
- Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry
- Romania: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Slovakia : Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross (1997)
- Spain: Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (21 May 1999)
- Venezuela: Collar of the Order of the Liberator
- Venezuela: Collar of the Order of Andrés Bello
- House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies: Bailiff Grand Cross with Collar of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Januarius
- House of Habsburg: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Austrian Branch)
- House of Karadjordjevic: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Karageorge
- House of Karadjordjevic: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle
- House of Romanov: Knight of the Order of St. Andrew
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Anna
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Vladimir
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stanislaus
- House of Savoy: Knight of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
- House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
- House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy
- Path to Peace Award (2005)
- Matteo Ricci Award (2006)
- Honorary citizen of Rapallo (1992), Veroli (1993), Lourdes (1999), Magione (2002), Birgu (2003), and Santa Severina (2003). In Bolivia in 2002 he was created Huesped Ilustre of La Paz, El Alto and Santa Cruz.
- Medicine and surgery, University of Bologna (1992)
- Jurisprudence, University of Malta (1993)
- Humanities, University of Santo Domingo (1995)
- Laws, St. John's University, Minnesota (2003)
- "1,300 arrive in Rome for the mass and initiation of the cause of beatification of Fra' Andrew Bertie". Order of Malta. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "Obituary: Fra Andrew Bertie". The Times. 23 February 2008. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
- "Pope Mourns Fra Bertie, Grand Master of the Order of Malta". Radio Vaticana. 8 February 2008. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Obituary: Fra' Andrew Bertie". Ampleforth College. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "Lithuanian Orders". Office of the President of the Republic of Lithuania. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "State Honours: Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross". Slovak Republic. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- "Royal Decree 887/1999 Andrew Bertie's induction as knight of the Collar of the Order of Isabella de Catholic". BOE Spanish Official Journal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
- "The Order and its Institutions: The Prince and Grand Master". www.orderofmalta.int. 9 February 2019.
- "The death is announced of HMEH 78th Prince and Grand Master Fra' Andrew Bertie". www.orderofmalta.int. 8 February 2008.
- Massa, Ariadne (9 February 2008). "Grandmaster of Knights of Malta dies in Rome". Times of Malta.
- "Obituaries: Fra' Andrew Bertie". The Daily Telegraph. 11 February 2008.
- Pullella, Philip (8 February 2008). "Knights of Malta Grand Master dies in Rome". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008.
- "The Order of Malta into mourning: Fra' Andrew Bertie, in memoriam". Njegoskij Fund Network. 8 February 2008. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008.
|Catholic Church titles|
Angelo de Mojana di Cologna
| Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller