Breitbart at CPAC in 2012
|Born||Andrew James Breitbart|
February 1, 1969
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Died||March 1, 2012 (aged 43)|
Westwood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart failure due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy|
|Resting place||Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Tulane University (B.A.)|
|Occupation||Writer, columnist, journalist, publisher|
|Home town||Brentwood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
(m. 1997; his death 2012)
After helping in the early stages of The Huffington Post and the Drudge Report, Breitbart created Breitbart, a news and right-wing opinion website, along with multiple other "BIG" sites - BIGHollywood, BIGGovernment, BIGJournalism. He played central roles in the Anthony Weiner sexting scandal, the firing of Shirley Sherrod, and the ACORN 2009 undercover videos controversy. Commenters such as Nick Gillespie and Conor Friedersdorf have credited Breitbart with changing how people wrote about politics by "show[ing] how the Internet could be used to route around information bottlenecks imposed by official spokesmen and legacy news outlets" and "wield[ing] a rhetorical flamethrower in the culture wars" by using his own personal experiences and opinions as the basis for his media career.
Breitbart was born in Los Angeles, California, on February 1, 1969. He was the adopted son of Gerald and Arlene Breitbart, a restaurant owner and banker respectively, and grew up in the affluent neighborhood of Brentwood, Los Angeles. He was adopted at three weeks old and raised Jewish. His biological parents had been Irish American. He said that his birth certificate indicated his biological father was a folk singer. His adoptive mother had converted to Judaism when marrying his adoptive father. Breitbart studied at Hebrew school and had a Bar Mitzvah. Theologically he was an agnostic.
Breitbart attended Brentwood School, one of the country's top private schools, but did not distinguish himself, saying: "My sense of humor saved me". However, he discovered that he loved writing, publishing his first comedic piece in the school newspaper, the Brentwood Eagle, analyzing the inequality in his high school's senior and junior parking lots: "One had Mercedes and BMWs, the other Sciroccos and GTIs."" Breitbart remembers his upbringing as apolitical, except in one instance: when the family's rabbi tried to defend Jesse Jackson against charges of antisemitism after his "Hymietown" comment, his parents left the synagogue in protest.
Breitbart would remain "proudly and playfully Jewish" throughout his life, although not always religiously observant. He would sing Hebrew songs at work while also teasing his Orthodox Jewish colleagues for keeping a kosher diet. Joel Pollak wrote: "He carried his faith as he carried all his convictions: with a lighthearted touch but a deep commitment." Breitbart later said of his profession: "I'm glad I've become a journalist because I'd like to fight on behalf of the Israeli people... And the Israeli people, I adore and I love."
While in high school, Breitbart worked as a pizza delivery driver; he sometimes delivered to celebrities such as Judge Reinhold. He earned a BA in American studies from Tulane University in 1991, graduating with "no sense of [his] future whatsoever." His early jobs included a stint at cable channel E! Entertainment Television, working for the company's online magazine, and some time in film production.
Previously left-leaning in his politics, Breitbart changed his political views after experiencing "an epiphany" while watching the late 1991 confirmation hearings for Supreme Court justice Clarence Thomas, due to what he considered unfounded attacks on the part of liberals based on former employee Anita Hill's sexual harassment accusations. Breitbart later described himself as "a Reagan conservative" with libertarian sympathies.
Listening to radio hosts such as Rush Limbaugh helped Breitbart refine his political and philosophical positions, igniting an interest in learning that he had suppressed as a result of his distaste for the "nihilistic musings of dead critical theorists" that had dominated his studies at Tulane. In this era, Breitbart also read Camille Paglia's book Sexual Personae (1990), a massive survey of Western art, literature and culture from ancient Egypt to the 20th century, which, he wrote, "made me realize how little I really had learned in college."
Authorship, research, and reporting
Breitbart has been lauded for his role in the "evolution of pioneering websites" including The Huffington Post and The Drudge Report, and more recently his "Big" sites. Journalists such as Nick Gillespie and Conor Friedersdorf have credited Breitbart with bringing new voices to debates about politics and culture. Breitbart told Reason in 2004 that after feeling ignored by existing outlets, "We decided to go out and create our media." Described as "a series of do-it-yourself demonstration projects" and "conversation pits", the Breitbart websites have been both criticized and praised for their role in various political issues. Breitbart has been recognized for adopting an inclusive stance with regard to LGBT participation in the conservative movement. He has also been credited with helping to derail conspiracy theories about Barack Obama's citizenship.
In 1995, Breitbart saw The Drudge Report and was so impressed that he e-mailed Matt Drudge. Breitbart said, "I thought what he was doing was by far the coolest thing on the Internet. And I still do." Breitbart described himself as "Matt Drudge's bitch" and selected and posted links to other news wire sources. Later, Drudge introduced him to a still-Republican Arianna Huffington and Breitbart subsequently assisted in the creation of The Huffington Post.
Breitbart wrote a weekly column for The Washington Times, which also appeared at Real Clear Politics. Breitbart also co-wrote the book Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon with Mark Ebner, a book that is highly critical of U.S. celebrity culture. On January 19, 2011, the conservative gay rights group GOProud announced Breitbart had joined its Advisory Council.
In April 2011, Grand Central Publishing released Breitbart's book Righteous Indignation: Excuse Me While I Save the World, in which he discussed his own political evolution and the part he took in the rise of new media, most notably at the Drudge Report and The Huffington Post.
Breitbart launched his first website as a news site; it is often linked to by the Drudge Report and other websites. It has wire stories from the Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse, Fox News, PR Newswire, and U.S. Newswire, as well as direct links to a number of major international newspapers. Its political viewpoint as well as its audience runs to the right within the U.S. political spectrum. In 2007, Breitbart launched a video blog, Breitbart.tv.
In 2011, Breitbart and one of his editors Larry O'Connor were sued for defamation by Shirley Sherrod, who had been fired after Breitbart posted a video of a speech given by Sherrod. The video had been selectively edited to suggest that she had purposely discriminated against a white farmer, while in reality the unedited video told the story of how she had helped that farmer. In July 2015, it was reported that Sherrod and Breitbart's estate had reached a tentative settlement. It was reported October 1, 2016, that the lawsuit was settled.
In 2009, Breitbart appeared as a commentator on Real Time with Bill Maher and Dennis Miller. In 2004, he was a guest commentator on Fox News Channel's morning show and frequently appeared as a guest panelist on Fox News's late night program, Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. Breitbart also appeared as a commentator in the 2004 documentary Michael Moore Hates America.
On October 22, 2009, Breitbart appeared on the C-SPAN program Washington Journal. He gave his opinions on the mainstream media, Hollywood, the Obama Administration and his personal political views, having heated debates with several callers.
In the hours immediately following Senator Ted Kennedy's death, Breitbart called Kennedy a "villain", a "duplicitous bastard", a "prick" and "a special pile of human excrement," adding, "Sorry, he destroyed lives. And he knew it," referring to Kennedy's actions during the Chappaquiddick incident, the Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination, and the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination.
In February 2010, Breitbart received the Reed Irvine Accuracy in Media Award during the Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington, D.C. During his acceptance speech, he responded directly to accusations by The New York Times reporter Kate Zernike that Jason Mattera, a young conservative activist, had been using "racial tones" in his allusions to President Barack Obama, and had spoken in a "Chris Rock voice". From the podium, Breitbart called Zernike "a despicable human being" for having made such allegations about what, according to him, was just Mattera's Brooklyn accent. At the same conference, Breitbart was also filmed saying to journalist Max Blumenthal that he found him to be "a jerk" and "a despicable human being" over a blog entry in which Blumenthal accused Breitbart of employing a racist. Blumenthal was referring to James O'Keefe over his having attended a Georgetown Law Center discussion on race featuring Kevin Martin, John Derbyshire, and Jared Taylor, the last of whom founded American Renaissance, an online magazine widely considered white supremacist. Neither O'Keefe nor Breitbart endorsed Taylor's views.
In 2011, Breitbart said that "of course" Donald Trump was not a conservative, adding:
But this is a message to those candidates who are languishing at 2 percent and 3 percent within the Republican Party who are brand names in Washington, but the rest of the country don't know ... celebrity is everything in this country. And if these guys don't learn how to play the media the way that Barack Obama played the media last election cycle and the way that Donald Trump is playing the election cycle, we're going to probably get a celebrity candidate.
Breitbart often appeared as a speaker at Tea Party movement events across the U.S. For example, Breitbart was a speaker at the first National Tea Party Convention at Gaylord Opryland Hotel in Nashville on February 6, 2010. Breitbart later involved himself in a controversy over allegations of homophobic and racial slurs being used at a March 20, 2010, rally at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., by asserting that slurs were never used, and that "it was a set-up" by Nancy Pelosi and the Democratic Party. Breitbart offered to donate $100,000 to the United Negro College Fund "for any audio/video footage of the N-word being hurled," claiming that the several Congressmen made it up. Breitbart insisted Congressman John Lewis and several other witnesses were forced to lie, concluding that "Nancy Pelosi did a great disservice to a great civil rights icon by thrusting him out there to perform this mischievous task. His reputation is now on the line as a result of her desperation to take down the Tea Party movement."
In February 2012, a YouTube video showed Breitbart yelling at Occupy D.C. protesters outside a Washington, D.C. hotel hosting a Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). The video showed security escorting Breitbart back to the hotel while he told the protesters to "behave yourself", and alluding to reported assaults of women at Occupy encampments, he repeatedly yelled, "Stop raping people", and called the protestors "filthy, filthy, raping, murdering freaks!" David Carr said with the incident Breitbart had caused his last "viral storm on the Web."
Breitbart appeared posthumously in Occupy Unmasked, a documentary film by Steve Bannon that contends that the Occupy Wall Street movement of "largely naïve students and legitimately concerned citizens looking for answers" is actually orchestrated by sinister, violent, and organized leaders with the purpose of not just changing, but destroying the American government.
On the night of March 1, 2012, Breitbart collapsed suddenly while walking in Brentwood. He was rushed to Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead just after midnight. He was 43 years old. An autopsy by the Los Angeles County Coroner's Office showed that he had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, with focal coronary atherosclerosis, and died of heart failure. He was buried in the Jewish plot at the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery.
In remembrance, Republican presidential candidates Rick Santorum, Mitt Romney, and Newt Gingrich praised Breitbart. Santorum called Breitbart's death "a huge loss" that strongly affected him. Romney praised Breitbart as a "fearless conservative," while Gingrich remembered him as "the most innovative pioneer in conservative activist social media in America". A special episode of Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld aired the day after his death as the host and panelists paid their tributes and showed clips from his appearances on the show.
- Righteous Indignation: Excuse Me While I Save the World. Grand Central Publishing. April 15, 2011. ISBN 978-0-446-57282-8.
- With Ebner, Mark C. (March 10, 2005). Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon – The Case Against Celebrity. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-70624-3.
- Andrew Breitbart, Breitbart.com Publisher Archived October 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. C-SPAN, October 22, 2009. Breitbart referred to the "Democrat-media complex" several times...
- "Breitbart.com has Drudge to thank for its success". Cnet news. November 2005. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- Ng, Christina. "Publisher and Author Andrew Breitbart Dead". ABC News. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Roshan, Maer; Slayton, Hunter R. (March 8, 2012). "What Really Killed Andrew Breitbart? The Likely Cause of Death The Mainstream Media Ignored". AlterNet. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Gillespie, Nick (March 2, 2012). "How Andrew Breitbart changed the news". CNN.
- Friedersdorf, Connor (March 8, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart's Legacy: Credit and Blame Where It's Due". Politics. Atlantic Media. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart, Conservative Blogger, Dies at 43". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
- Farhi, Paul (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart built Internet empire by combining new media, partisan slant". United States: The Washington Post. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- "Andrew Breitbart". NNDB. p. 1. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Christopher Beam. "Big Breitbart: Andrew Breitbart is messing with you". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- Taranto, James (October 16, 2009). "The Weekend Interview With Andrew Breitbart: Taking On the 'Democrat-Media Complex'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 20, 2009. Retrieved October 18, 2009.
- Lowenfeld, Jonah (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart, Republican Jewish media mogul, is dead at 43". Jewish Journal.
- "Comment: Andrew Breitbart, Israel and Judaism" By Benjamin Weinthal, Jerusalem Post, April 3, 2012
- "Andrew Breitbart, the unabashedly 'biased journalist'” by Jonah Lowenfeld, June 13, 2011, Jewish Journal
- Righteous Indignation, page 17
- McCain, Robert Stacy (May 29, 2007). "'News addict' gets his fix". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
- "Take AIM: Andrew Breitbart".
- Righteous Indignation, p. 36
- Gillespie, Nick (March 2, 2012). "How Andrew Breitbart changed the news". CNN. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- "Lists: What's Your Source for That? Where Andrew Breitbart gets his information". ReasonOnline.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
- "How Andrew Breitbart Helped Launch Huffington Post". Buzzfeed. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- "Wiley: Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon – The Case Against Celebrity – Andrew Breitbart, Mark Ebner". wiley.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009.
- "Conservative Media Mogul Andrew Breitbart to Join GOProud's Advisory Council". Goproud.org. January 21, 2011. Archived from the original on August 3, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Daly, Corbett D. "Conservative website posts private pictures of Anthony Weiner." CBS News. June 6, 2011.
- "Where Breitbart's Audience Fits on the Political Spectrum". Pew Research Center's Journalism Project. October 21, 2014.
- Owen, Rob. The next wave: Ex-WTAE anchor Scott Baker changes channel to run Web news site, Post-Gazette
- Zeleny, Jeff; Wheaton, Sarah (February 13, 2011). "At Gathering, Ron Paul Is No. 1 for 2012". The New York Times. pp. A21. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Gerstein, Josh (July 1, 2015). "Breitbart, Sherrod near libel settlement". Politico. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- Tierney Sneed (October 1, 2015). "Ex-USDA Official Settles Her Lawsuit Over Breitbart Video That Got Her Fired". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
- "BREITBART: 'My Real Time With Bill Maher'". Washington Times. March 16, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- "National Review Online". nationalreview.com. Retrieved November 2, 2009.
- "Not all Kennedy critics hold fire". Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- "Compromise: what Pennsylvania lawmakers could learn from Ted Kennedy" (editorial), The Patriot-News (Pennsylvania), August 28, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
- "Opinion: Ted Kennedy, the liberal adversary to the conservative movement". digitaljournal.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
- Beam, Christopher, "'Media Is Everything. It's Everything.' Slate's 2010 profile of Andrew Breitbart", Slate.com, March 15, 2010.
- "Max Blumenthal confronted by Andrew Breitbart and Larry O'Connor/Stage right at CPAC 10". YouTube. February 20, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Weigel, David (August 17, 2016). "Five things to know about Breitbart, the new force in the Trump campaign". Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Breitbart Keynote Part 1 of 4, Nashville, February 2010[dead link] Part 2[dead link] Part 3[dead link] Part 4[dead link]
- Breitbart, Andrew (April 2, 2010). "Barack Obama's Helter-Skelter, Insane Clown Posse, Alinsky Plans to 'Deconstruct' America". Big Journalism. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012.
- Alexander, Andrew (April 11, 2010). "Allegations of spitting and slurs at Capitol protest merit more reporting". Washington Post. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
- Carr, David (April 13, 2012). "The Life and Death of Andrew Breitbart". The New York Times.
- Sources that describe the confrontation with Occupy protesters at CPAC 2012:
- The Web is Talking About Andrew Breitbart's Occupy D.C. Freakout, by Seth Abramovitch, The Atlantic, February 12, 2012
- Eighty-Seven Seconds of Andrew Breitbart Yelling, by David Weigel, Slate, February 11, 2012
- WATCH: Andrew Breitbart LOSES It On Occupy Wall Street Protesters Archived December 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., by Grace Wyler, Business Insider, March 6, 2012
- Andrew Breitbart Dies: Most Controversial Moments (Video), by The Daily Beast, March 1, 2012
- Andrew Breitbart Dead at 43, by Kat Stoeffel and Hunter Walker, The New York Observer, January 3, 2012
- EXCLUSIVE VIDEO: Blogger Andrew Breitbart to Occupiers: ‘Stop Raping People!’ Archived April 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., by Emily Crockett, Campus Progress, February 10, 2012
- Andrew Breitbart Confronts Occupy Crowd At CPAC, Demands They ‘Stop Raping People’, by Frances Martel, Mediaite, March 1, 2012
- Right-Wing Blog Mogul Andrew Breitbart Flips Out at Occupy D.C. Outside CPAC Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., by Benjamin R. Freed, DCist, February 10, 2012
- Occupiers Berated By Breitbart; Times Looks At Movement's Next Moves Archived April 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., by Esther Zuckerman, The Village Voice, February 11, 2012
- "Andrew Breitbart autopsy report" (PDF). Autopsyfile.org.
- Ng, Christina (March 1, 2012). "Publisher and Author Andrew Breitbart Dead".
- Blankstein, Andrew (May 16, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart died of heart failure, narrowing of artery, coroner finds". L.A. Times. L.A. Times.
- Beth Fouhey; Philip Elliott (March 6, 2012). "Limbaugh and the GOP: The media stars and politics". Associated Press. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- CBS News. March 1, 2012.
- Red Eye Remembers Andrew Breitbart. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
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