|Bishop of Fiesole|
San Andrea Corsini in preghiera - Guido Reni (1630-1635).
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||13 October 1349|
|Term ended||6 January 1374|
by Francesco Silvestri
by Angelo Acciaioli
|Birth name||Andrea Corsini|
|Born||30 November 1302|
Florence, Republic of Florence
|Died||6 January 1374 (aged 71)|
Fiesole, Republic of Florence
|Feast day||4 February, 9 January (Carmelite Orders)|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||21 April 1440|
Rome, Papal States
by Pope Eugene IV
|Canonized||22 April 1629|
Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Papal States
by Pope Urban VIII
|Shrines||Santa Maria del Carmine|
Saint Andrea Corsini (30 November 1302 – 6 January 1374) was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate and professed member from the Carmelites who served as the Bishop of Fiesole from 1349 until his death. Corsini led a wild and dissolute life until an encounter with his mother moved him to go to the Santa Maria del Carmine church where he became resolved to join the Carmelites as a priest and friar. He exercised various roles in the order until he accepted with reluctance his episcopal position where he was resolved to impose greater mortifications upon himself and dedicate himself to the plight of the poor.
Devotion to the late bishop became so profound after his death that even miracles were reported at his tomb after his death. The longstanding and popular devotion to Corsini led to Pope Eugene IV confirming his beatification on 21 April 1440 and Pope Urban VIII canonizing him as a saint on 22 April 1629.
Andrew Corsini was born in Florence on 30 November 1302 into noble and illustrious Corsini house; he was born as one of twelve to Nicholas Corsini and Peregrina (some sources suggest Gemma) degli Stracciabende. One brother was Tommaso. Upon his birth he was named in honor of the apostle of that name for he was born on his feast. His parents - while he was still in the womb - placed him under the protection of the Blessed Virgin.
He was once wild and dissolute before he heard the call from the Lord and decided to consecrate himself to Him. Extravagance and vice were normal to him and it pained his devout mother. Once he prepared for a banquet and expressed himself in a disrespectful manner to his mother which moved her to tears. He cared little for that until she told him she saw him as a wolf among sheep in her dream confiding that she hoped he would convert from his wicked mannerisms. This made a profound impression on him and he set out at once for the Santa Maria del Carmine church to reflect where he resolved then and there to become a friar. He joined the Carmelites in Florence in 1318 for his novitiate and began a life of great mortification. His ordination to the priesthood was celebrated in 1328. Corsini's parents prepared music and a banquet for his ordination but he retreated to a little convent on the town's outskirts to celebrate his first Mass in relative peace. Corsini began preaching in Florence before he was sent for his studies in both Paris (at the college) and Avignon. He resided in Avignon with his cousin Cardinal Pietro Corsini. He returned to Florence in 1332 and was chosen as the prior for his convent.
Upon his return he became known as the "Apostle of Florence" and he was regarded as a prophet and a wonderworker. In 1348 as the Black Plague was prevalent in area he was appointed as the order's Tuscan Provincial during the General Chapter meeting in Metz. On 13 October 1349 a papal bull from Pope Clement VI appointed him as the Bishop of Fiesole and he hid himself upon learning of this appointment where he despaired. The inscription on his tomb states that "he was snatched from the Carmel to the church and the miter of Fiesole". This perhaps gave rise to the legend that he fled but that a child discovered him at the charterhouse at Enna and later accepted the nomination as bishop as the result of a vision.
He redoubled his austerities as a bishop (he wore a hair shirt and iron girdle as well as sleeping on a bed of vine-branches) and was lavish in his care of the poor; he was sought after as a peacemaker and this is most notable in Bologna where Pope Urban V (who learnt of his peacemaking abilities) sent him as a papal legate to heal the breach between the nobles and the people. The bishop kept six servants on hand and he appointed two vicars to aid him in governing his diocese. He also enforced discipline amongst the diocesan priests. Corsini tried to avoid discourse with women as much as possible and he kept a list of names of poor people so he knew who to visit and provide goods to in order to alleviate their suffering. On 28 March 1350 he issued an edict that regulated revenue to the poor "for the love of God" as he often said. On 1 June 1368 he consecrated the altar of the Figline Valdarno church.
It was reported that - in 1373 as he celebrated Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve - the Blessed Virgin appeared to him and told him he would leave this world on the Three Kings' feast. It came to pass as the vision had told him for he fell ill on Christmas night and he died as foretold. His remains were moved to Florence in the evening of 2 February 1373 and his remains were later found to be incorrupt upon exhumation in 1385. The location of his burial was damaged in 1771 but his remains were left undisturbed.
Miracles were so multiplied at his death that Pope Eugene IV permitted a public devotion to him but it was not confirmed on a formal level until his canonization; Eugene IV confirmed his beatification on 21 April 1440. The Florentines defeated the Milanese at the Battle of Anghiari on 29 June 1440 and attributed their success to Corsini's intercession. Petitions were lodged in 1465 and 1466 to Pope Paul II requesting the canonization and the pope appointed a commission to investigate the matter though it came to no conclusion. Pope Urban VIII canonized Corsini on 22 April 1629.
In 1675 after his canonization the members of the Corsini house had the Corsini Chapel built in the Carmelite church of Santa Maria del Carmine to provide his remains a more suitable resting place. Pope Clement XII - born Lorenzo Corsini - erected in the Roman Basilica of Saint John Lateran a magnificent chapel dedicated to his kinsman.
In 1702 or 1703 a statue in his honor was commissioned and the statue was placed along the colonnade in Saint Peter's Square.
- Book of the First Monks
- Constitutions of the Carmelite Order
- Santa Maria del Carmine
- Carmelite Rite
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Fiesole
- "Saint Andrew Corsini". Saints SQPN. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- Campbell, Thomas (1907). "St. Andrew Corsini". The Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "St. Andrew Corsini, Bishop (Feast)". Order of Carmelites. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Campbell, Thomas Joseph (1913). "St. Andrew Corsini". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
- Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.