Andrew Cunanan

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Andrew Cunanan
Andrew Cunanan in April 1997
Andrew Cunanan in April 1997
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive
Charges Serial murder
Description
Born Andrew Phillip Cunanan
(1969-08-31)31 August 1969
National City, California, United States
Died 23 July 1997(1997-07-23) (aged 27)
Miami Beach, Florida, United States
Cause of death Suicide (Gunshot to the mouth)
Nationality American
Status
Added 12 June 1997
Number 449
Deceased prior to capture

Andrew Phillip Cunanan (31 August 1969 – 23 July 1997) was an American spree killer[1] who murdered by firearm at least five people, including Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace and Chicago real estate developer Lee Miglin, during a three-month period in mid-1997. Cunanan's string of murders ended on July 23 with his suicide by firearm. He was 27 years old.

In his final years, Cunanan had lived without a specific job, befriending wealthy older men[2] and spending their money to impress acquaintances in the local gay community, by boasting about social events at clubs and often paying the check at restaurants.[3] One millionaire friend had broken up with Cunanan in 1996, the prior year.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

A collection of photos from the FBI, showing the ease with which Cunanan could change his appearance.

Andrew Phillip Cunanan was born August 31, 1969 in National City, California, to Modesto "Pete" Cunanan, a Filipino American,[4] and Mary Anne Schillaci, an Italian American, the youngest of four children. Modesto was serving in the US Navy in the Vietnam War at the time of his son's birth; after leaving the Navy, where he had served as a career officer, he worked as a stockbroker.[5]

In 1981, Cunanan's father enrolled him in the independent day school, The Bishop's School in the affluent La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego.[5] At school, Cunanan was remembered as being bright and very talkative, and testing with an I.Q. of 142.[6] As a teenager, however, he developed a reputation as a prolific liar given to telling fantastic tales about his family and personal life. He was also adept at changing his appearance according to what he felt was most attractive at a given moment.[5] Nonetheless, in high school he was voted ‘Least Likely to be Forgotten’.[7]

In 1988, when Andrew was 19, Modesto deserted his family and moved to the Philippines to evade arrest for embezzlement.[8] That same year, Cunanan – who identified as gay in high school and even then had liaisons with wealthy older men[8][9] – had begun frequenting local gay clubs and restaurants, and his deeply religious mother Mary Anne learned that Cunanan was gay.

During an argument, Andrew threw his mother against a wall, dislocating her shoulder. Later examination of his behavior from reports indicates that he may have suffered from antisocial personality disorder, a personality disorder characterized by an abnormal lack of remorse.[10]

After graduating from high school in 1987, Cunanan enrolled at the University of California, San Diego, where he majored in American History.[11] After dropping out, two years later, he settled in the Castro District of San Francisco.[5]

Adult life[edit]

Town and Country reported that in San Francisco, Cunanan – who also used the aliases Andrew DeSilva,[12] Lt. Cmdr. Andy Cummings, Drew Cunningham, and Curt Matthew Demaris[13] – "became a fixture in the nightlife of the Castro district, a gay neighborhood, befriending wealthy older men, and also reportedly took an interest in creating violent pornography."[5] Cunanan also socialized in the Hillcrest and La Jolla neighborhoods of San Diego, as well as in Scottsdale, Arizona, "apparently living off the largess of one wealthy patron or another,"[9] and at least in part, supporting himself by dealing drugs.[8]

In 1990, Cunanan first met Gianni Versace, whom he would eventually murder, at Colossus, a San Francisco nightclub.[5] Versace was in town to be feted for the costumes he had designed for the opera Capriccio.[14]

In 1996, Cunanan and Norman Blachford broke up; Blachford was a wealthy older man who had been hosting and financially supporting him. Now on his own, Cunanan maxed out his credit cards.[14][7] Cunanan's friend, Jeffrey "Jeff" Trail, had told Michael Williams (Trail's former roommate) that Cunanan had resumed his prior profession of selling drugs;[15] Cunanan also began increasingly consuming them.[14]

In late April 1997, Cunanan told friends he was leaving San Diego, beginning with a trip to Minneapolis to visit David Madson, 33, an up-and-coming architect and Cunanan's former lover, and their mutual friend Jeff Trail, 28, a former US Navy officer[12] working as a district manager for a propane delivery company. Both had distanced themselves from him.[16] Trail expected Cunanan to move to San Francisco upon leaving Minneapolis. A week before Cunanan killed him, Trail had told Williams that he had had a "huge falling out" with Cunanan and "I made a lot of enemies this weekend ... I've got to get out of here. They're going to kill me."[14]

On April 24, Cunanan and four friends attended a going-away party at California Cuisine, a rare occasion when Cunanan did not cover the food tab.[8] On April 25, Cunanan arrived in the Twin Cities and stayed at Madson's loft apartment.[7]

Murders[edit]

Jeffrey Trail[edit]

Cunanan's killing spree began in Minneapolis on 27 April 1997, with the murder of his close friend Jeffrey Trail, a former US Navy officer and propane salesman. Following an argument, Cunanan beat Trail to death with a claw hammer and left his body rolled in a rug in a loft apartment belonging to architect David Madson.[3]

David Madson[edit]

Madson, who had once been Cunanan's lover, was his second murder victim; Madson's body was found on the east shore of Rush Lake near Rush City, Minnesota, on 3 May 1997, with gunshot wounds to the head and back from a pistol Cunanan had taken from the home of his first victim, Jeff Trail.[17][18]

Lee Miglin[edit]

Cunanan next drove to Chicago and killed 72 year-old Lee Miglin, a prominent real estate developer, on 4 May 1997. Miglin had been bound with duct tape securing his hands and feet and wrapped around his head. He was then stabbed over 20 times with a screwdriver, and had his throat sawed open with a hacksaw.[19] Following this murder, Cunanan became the 449th fugitive to be listed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.

William Reese[edit]

Five days later, Cunanan, who had taken Miglin's car, found his fourth victim in Pennsville, New Jersey, at Finn's Point National Cemetery. Cunanan shot and killed 45 year-old caretaker William Reese, then stole his red pickup truck.

While the manhunt unsuccessfully focused on Reese's stolen truck, which Cunanan still had, he "hid in plain sight" in Miami Beach, Florida for two months.[20] Cunanan even used his own name to pawn a stolen item, despite knowing that police routinely review pawn shop records.[21]

Gianni Versace[edit]

On 15 July 1997, Cunanan murdered Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace, by shooting him twice on the front stairway of his Miami Beach mansion Casa Casuarina.[22] A witness attempted to pursue Cunanan, but was unable to catch up to him.

Responding police found Reese's stolen vehicle parked in a nearby garage, loaded with Cunanan's clothes, an alternative passport, and clipped newspaper reports of Cunanan's murders.[10]

Death[edit]

In the upstairs bedroom of a Miami Beach houseboat on 23 July 1997, eight days after killing Versace and with law enforcement hot on his trail, Cunanan killed himself with a gunshot through the mouth.[23] Cunanan used a .40 S&W caliber Taurus PT100 semi-automatic pistol which he had stolen from Jeff Trail, the first of his five victims, committing suicide with the same gun he used to kill Madson, Reese, and Versace.[10][21][24]

Cunanan's cremated remains are interred in the mausoleum at Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery in San Diego, California.[25]

Motive[edit]

Cunanan's precise motivation remains unknown. At the time of the murders, there was extensive public and press speculation that tied the crimes to Cunanan's discovery that he was HIV positive;[26] however, an autopsy found him to be HIV negative.[27][28]

Although police searched the houseboat where Cunanan died, he left no suicide note and few personal belongings,[2] surprising investigators, given his reputation for acquiring money and expensive possessions from wealthy older men.[2] Police considered few of the findings to be of note, except multiple tubes of hydrocortisone cream and a fairly extensive collection of fiction by C. S. Lewis.[2][29][30]

In popular culture[edit]

Non-fiction books[edit]

Films[edit]

Cunanan was portrayed by Shane Perdue in the film The Versace Murder (1998),[31] and by Luke Morrison in the television film House of Versace (2013).

Jonathan Trent portrayed Cunanan in the 2009 film Murder in Fashion a.k.a. Fashion Victim.[32]

Music[edit]

The American rock band Modest Mouse's album Strangers to Ourselves (2015) includes a song named after the case: "Pistol".

Television[edit]

Cunanan is portrayed by Darren Criss in The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story, the second season of the anthology series American Crime Story, which premiered on 17 January 2018. Criss later won an Emmy for his portayal. [33]

The television series Mugshots on Court TV (now TruTV) released an episode covering Cunanan, titled "Andrew Cunanan - The Versace Killer".[34]

Another true-crime show, Six Degrees Of Murder, featured Cunanan's crimes in "The Body in the Rug," the premiere episode of its first season, when it premiered on Investigation Discovery on 13 July 2016.[citation needed]

In Season 2, Episode 12 of American Dad the character Roger quotes Cunanan's yearbook by saying “Après mois le déluge” then attributing the quote to Cunanan.[citation needed]

The ABC television network documentary and news series 20/20 released an episode reporting on evidence tying Cunanan to the murder of Versace [35][36][37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FBI — Serial Killers, Part 6: Andrew Cunanan murders a fashion icon". FBI. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gibson, Dirk Cameron (2006). Serial Murder and Media Circuses. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 138. 
  3. ^ a b c Haynes, Dion; Secter, Bob (16 May 1997). "The many faces of Andrew Cunanan: 'He could win anyone over'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois: Tronc. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Welkom, Robert W. (19 September 1997). "Cunanan's father plans documentary on son's life". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Vargas, Chanel (28 February 2018). "Who is Andrew Cunanan, the man who murdered Gianni Versace?". Town and Country. 
  6. ^ Orth, Maureen (2000). Vulgar Favors. New York City: Dell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-440-22585-0. 
  7. ^ a b c Kennedy, Helen (15 May 1997). "Double Life of the party boy: a dark side foretold years ago". 
  8. ^ a b c d Zeeland, Steven (23 July 1997). "Killer queen: Andrew Cunanan, my love rival". The Stranger. Seattle. 
  9. ^ a b Potter, Matt (22 May 1997). "La Jolla gentlemen and the party boy: Andrew Cunanan – boy toy for socialites Norman Blachford and Lincoln Aston". San Diego Reader. 
  10. ^ a b c Esposito, Danielle; Douglas, John E.; Burgess, Ann W.; Burgess, Allen G. (2006). "Case Study: Andrew Cunanan". In Douglas, John E.; Burgess, Ann W.; Burgess, Allen G. Crime Classification Manual: A standard system for investigating and classifying violent crimes (2nd ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 448–452. ISBN 978-0-7879-8501-1. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "Andrew Cunanan". Famous Criminals. Crimeandinvestigation.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "One Good Man". People. 11 August 1997. 
  13. ^ Pasternak, Judy; Perry, Tony (25 July 1997). "Fugitive's death leaves a trail of contradictions". Los Angeles Times. 
  14. ^ a b c d Thomas, Evan (27 July 1997). "Facing death". Newsweek. 
  15. ^ Manson, Bill (29 May 1997). "Friends remember Cunanan victim: Ex-Navy officer Jeff Trail killed with claw hammer". San Diego Reader. 
  16. ^ Menta, Anna (14 February 2018). "Assassination of Gianni Versace, Episode 5, Fact vs. fiction: What American Crime Story got right". Newsweek. 
  17. ^ "America's Most Wanted': Andrew Cunanan". Amw.com. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  18. ^ Recktenwald, William; Martin, Andrew (8 May 1997). "New Twist in Miglin Case". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois: Tronc. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  19. ^ Kastor, Elizabeth; Weeks, Linton (17 July 1997). "Five lives cut short". Washington Post. Washington, DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  20. ^ Orth, Maureen (September 1997). "The Killer's Trail". Vanity Fair. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  21. ^ a b Phillips, Andrew (4 August 1997). "Versace's killer kills self". Maclean's. Toronto, Ontario: Rogers Media. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. 
  22. ^ Lecayo, Richard (21 June 2001). "Tagged for Murder". Time. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 2 March 2018. 
  23. ^ Herzog, Kenny (21 March 2018). "The Assassination of Gianni Versace: Fact-checking the season finale, Alone". Vulture.com. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  24. ^ Janofsky, Michael (25 July 1997). "Suspect's suicide brings relief and normality". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Publishing Company. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  25. ^ "Andrew Phillip Cunanan (1969-1997)". Find a Grave. Retrieved 13 August 2018. BURIAL: Holy Cross Cemetery San Diego, San Diego County, California, USA; PLOT: Rosary Chapel 6 
  26. ^ Cenite, Mark (March 1, 2005). "The Obligation to Qualify Speculation". Journal of Mass Media Ethics. Abingdon, Oxford: Taylor & Francis Group. 20 (1): 43–44. doi:10.1207/s15327728jmme2001_4. Retrieved April 25, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Who is Andrew Cunanan?". CNN. July 17, 1997. Archived from the original on 12 January 2006. 
  28. ^ Miami Medical Examiner. Cunanan, Andrew – Autopsy report #1997-01742. 
  29. ^ Raworth, Ben (July 2009). "July 15: Gianni Versace killed". This day in history. Maxim. San Antonio, Texas: Biglari Holdings. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  30. ^ Stoddard Smith, Tyler (18 July 2012). Whore Stories: A revealing history of the world's oldest profession. Adams, Massachusetts: Adams Media. p. 172. 
  31. ^ Madigan, Nick (14 January 1998). "Versace wraps case in Miami". Variety. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  32. ^ Catsoulis, Jeannette (21 January 2010). "Reimagining the culprit in Versace's murder". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 July 2018. 
  33. ^ Nemetz, Dave (17 November 2017). "American Crime Story: Versace gets January premiere date on FX". tvline.com. Retrieved 9 November 2017. 
  34. ^ Goosenberg Kent, Ellen (Director) & Parsons Peditto, John (Producer) (6 September 2013). "Andrew Cunanan: Versace's killer". Mugshots. New York City. TruTV. Fisher Klingenstein Films. 
  35. ^ Dying to be famous: The Versace Murders, series 20/20, season 40, episode 45, first aired 7 July 2017, runtime 40 minutes
  36. ^ "Dying to be famous: The Versace murders". imdb.com. 20/20. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018. 
  37. ^ "ABC News' 20/20 searches for answers in the murder of legendary designer Gianni Versace, Friday 7 July". disneyabcpress.com. ABC Television. 5 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018. 

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