Andrew D. Huberman

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Andrew D. Huberman
Andrew D. Huberman, Ph.D..jpg
Born1975 (age 45–46)
Alma materUniversity of California, Santa Barbara (B.A.)
University of California, Berkeley (M.A.)
University of California, Davis (Ph.D.)
Scientific career
FieldsNeuroscience
InstitutionsUniversity of California, San Diego
Stanford University School of Medicine
Websitehubermanlab.com

Andrew D. Huberman (born in 1975 in Palo Alto, California) is an American neuroscientist and tenured professor in the Department of Neurobiology at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He has made numerous important contributions to the fields of brain development, brain plasticity, and neural regeneration and repair. A large amount of that work focused on the visual system, including the mechanisms that control light-mediated activation of the circadian and autonomic arousal centers in the brain, as well as the brain control over conscious vision or sight.[1][2]

Huberman was awarded the McKnight Foundation Neuroscience Scholar Award (2013),[3] and a Biomedical Scholar Award from the Pew Charitable Trusts.[4] He is the recipient of the 2017 ARVO Cogan Award for making major contributions to the fields of vision science and efforts to regenerate the visual system and cure blindness.[5]

He is currently or has served on as an elected member of The National Institutes of Health Grants Advisory Panel "Sensory, Perceptual, and Cognitive Processes", and the Editorial Boards for Current Biology,[6] The Journal of Neuroscience, The Journal of Comparative Neurology, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Cell Reports[7], and Neural Development.[8] He is a member of Faculty 1000.[9]

Education[edit]

Huberman graduated from Henry M. Gunn High School in 1993. He received a B.A. from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1998, an M.A. from the University of California, Berkeley in 2000, and a Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the University of California, Davis in 2004.[10]

Graduate/Postdoctoral Research[edit]

From 1998–2000, Huberman worked in the laboratory of Irving Zucker and with Marc Breedlove, at University of California, Berkeley, as part of a team that defined how early androgen exposure impacts development,[11] and he performed the first experiments defining the structure of binocular visual pathways that set the circadian clock in the hypothalamus.[12] From 2000-2004, working as a Ph.D. student in the laboratory of Barbara Chapman at the Center for Neuroscience at the University of California, Davis, he discovered that neural activity and axon guidance molecules work in concert to ensure proper wiring of binocular maps in the brain.[13][14][15] Huberman was a Helen Hay Whitney Postdoctoral Fellow researcher in the laboratory of Ben A. Barres from 2005-2010.[10]

Huberman Lab[edit]

Research[edit]

Dr. Huberman was an Assistant Professor of Neurobiology and Neuroscience at University of California, San Diego from 2011–2015, where his group pioneered the use of genetic tools for the study of the visual system function, development and disease.[16][17][18][19][20][21] Among the Huberman Lab's discoveries was the finding that specific types of retinal neurons degenerate early in Glaucoma[22] a common blinding disease that depletes sight in > 70 million people worldwide and for which there is currently no cure.

After moving to Stanford in 2016, Huberman discovered and published[23] the use of non-invasive methods such as visual stimulation can enhance regeneration of damaged retinal neurons, leading to partial recovery from blindness, especially when the stimulation is paired with specific forms of gene therapy. The work was covered extensively in the popular press, including TIME Magazine and Scientific American and is part of the National Eye Institute’s Audacious Goals Initiative to restore vision to the blind. The Huberman Lab extended those findings to develop a human clinical trial using virtual reality technology to stimulate regeneration and plasticity of damaged retinal and other visual system neurons.

In 2017, the Huberman Lab created a state-of-the-art virtual reality platform for probing the neural mechanisms underlying pathologic fear and anxiety. That work involved collecting 360-degree video of common fear inducing scenarios such as heights and claustrophobia as well as atypical fear inducing situations such as swimming with Great White Sharks. The Huberman VR platform is aimed at making discoveries that hopefully will lead to developing new tools for humans to adjust their state in order to promote adaptive coping with stress.

In May, 2018, Huberman Laboratory published an article[24] in the journal Nature reporting their discovery of two new mammalian brain circuits: one that promotes fear and paralysis, and another that promotes “courageous”/confrontational reaction, to visually-evoked threats. That discovery prompted the now ongoing exploration of how these brain regions may be involved in humans suffering from anxiety-related disorders such as phobias and generalized anxiety.

In 2020, Huberman Lab initiated a collaboration with the laboratory of Dr. David Spiegel, M.D. in the Stanford Department of Psychiatry, to systematically study how particular patterns of respiration (i.e., breathing/breathwork) and the visual system influence the Autonomic Nervous System, stress, and other brain states, including sleep.

Public Education[edit]

Starting in 2019, Dr. Huberman initiated a series of short, daily Neuroscience Education posts to Instagram, in order to share exciting discoveries in the field as they relate to human health, development, and disease.

Podcasts[edit]

Dr. Huberman has been a guest on numerous podcasts discussing neuroscience including The Lex Fridman Podcast, The Rich Roll Podcast and The Joe Rogan Experience.

Huberman Lab Podcast[edit]

In January 2021, Dr. Huberman launched The Huberman Lab Podcast to further expand zero-cost-to-consumer science education.

List of Huberman Lab Episodes[edit]
Date Episode Title Synopsis
Dec 20, 2020 0 Welcome to the Huberman Lab Podcast Welcome to the Huberman Lab Podcast, a new podcast from Dr. Andrew Huberman.
Jan 4, 2021 1 How Your Brain Works & Changes Today’s episode provides an introduction to how the nervous system works to create sensations, perceptions, emotions, thoughts and behaviors, as well as how we can change our nervous system— a phenomenon known as neuroplasticity. The information sets the stage for all Huberman Lab Podcast episodes that follow by covering neurons, synapses, brain chemicals and the rhythms that control our ability to focus, learn and sleep… and more.
Jan 11, 2021 2 Master Your Sleep & Be More Alert When Awake Today's episode provides a host of information on what makes us sleepy, sleep soundly, and feel awake and alert. It covers a broad range of tools for anyone wishing to improve their sleep and wakeful state.
Jan 18, 2021 3 Using Science to Optimize Sleep, Learning & Metabolism “Office Hours” — In this episode I answer your most commonly asked questions about science-supported tools for accessing more alertness, better learning, and quality sleep. I also cover when to exercise, time meals, and how to systematically vary your temperature to achieve specific effects on your nervous system.
Jan 25, 2021 4 Find Your "Temperature Minimum" to Defeat Jetlag, Shift Work & Sleeplessness In this episode I discuss a simple and reliable measurement called your "temperature minimum" that you can use to rapidly adjust to new times zones when traveling, and to offset the bad effects of nocturnal shift work. I also discuss tools for adjusting sleep and waking rhythms in babies, teens, new parents and the elderly.
Jan 31, 2021 5 Understanding and Using Dreams to Learn and to Forget This episode is all about the two major kinds of dreams and the sorts of learning and unlearning they are used for. I discuss REM-associated dreams that control emotional learning and their similarity to various trauma treatments such as ketamine and EMDR. I also discuss Non-REM dreams and their role in motor learning and learning of detailed, non-emotionally-laden information. I relate this to science-backed tools for accessing more of the types of sleep and learning people may want.
Feb 8, 2021 6 How to Focus to Change Your Brain This episode introduces neuroplasticity- which is how our brain and nervous system learns and acquires new capabilities. I describe the differences between childhood and adult neuroplasticity, the chemicals involved and how anyone can increase their rate and depth of learning by leveraging the science of focus. I describe specific tools for increasing focus and learning. The next two episodes will cover the ideal protocols for specific types of learning and how to make learning new information more reflexive.
Feb 15, 2021 7 How to Learn Faster by Using Failures, Movement & Balance In this episode I discuss how we can use specific types of behavior to change our brain, both for sake of learning the movements themselves and for allowing us to learn non-movement based information as well. I describe the key role that errors plays in triggering our brains to change and how the vestibular (balance) system can activate and amplify neuroplasticity. As always, I cover science, and science-based practical tools.

Honors and awards[edit]

List of publications[edit]

clock Due to the abundance of articles Huberman published, this section is still in progress.

Year Title Publication Author(s) Volume/Issue Citation
2021 Human Responses to Visually Evoked Threat Current Biology Melis Yilmaz Balban, Erin Cafaro, Lauren Saue-Fletcher, ...,

A. Moses Lee, Edward F. Chang, Andrew D. Huberman

31: 1–12
2020 Sight Restored By Turning Back the Epigenetic Clock Nature Huberman AD 588: 34-36
2020 Neurotoxic reactive astrocytes drive neuronal death following retinal injury. Cell Reports Huberman AD, Liddelow SAGuttenplan KA, Stafford BA, El-Danaf R, Adler D, Münch AM, Weigel M 31: 107776.
2020 A chromatic retinal circuit encodes sunrise and sunset for the brain. Current Biology Rivera A, Huberman AD 30: R316-318.
2019 Sub-topographic maps for regionally enhanced analysis of visual space in the mouse retina. The Journal of Comparative Neurology El-Danaf RN, Huberman AD 527: 259-269. doi: 10.1002/cne.24457
2019 Molecular fingerprinting of On-Off direction selective retinal ganglion cells across species and relevance to primate visual circuits. Journal of Neuroscience Dhande OS, StaffordBK, Franke K, El-Danaf, Percival KA, Phan AH, LiP, Hansen BJ, Nguyen PL, Berens P, Taylor WR, Callaway E, Euler T, Huberman AD 39: 78- 95.
2019 Creating Fears: It’s all in your line of sight. Current Biology Yilmaz M, Huberman AD 29: R1232-1234.
2018 Synaptic convergence patterns onto retinal ganglion cells are preserved despite topographic variation in pre- and postsynaptic territories. Cell Reports Yu WQ, El-Danaf RN, Okawa H, Pacholec JM, Matti U, Schwarz K, Odermatt B, Dunn FA, Lagnado L, Schmitz F, Huberman AD, Wong ROL 25: 2017-2026.
2018 A midline thalamic circuit determines reactions to visual threat. Nature Salay LD, Ishiko N, Huberman AD 557: 183-189.
2018 A comprehensive, unbiased view of neural networks: more than meets the eye. Neuron Jung H-Y, Huberman AD 100: 1019-1021.
2018 Assembly and repair of eye-to-brain connections. Current Opinion in Neurobiology Varadajaran S, Huberman AD 53: 198-209.
2017 Strict independence of parallel and poly-synaptic axon-target matching during visual reflex circuit assembly. Cell Reports Seabrook TA, Dhande OS, Ishiko N, Wooley VP, Nguyen PL, Huberman AD 21: 3049- 3064
2017 Uniformity from diversity: vast-range light sensing in an individual neuron type. Cell Varadajaran S, Huberman AD 171: 738-740.
2017 Architecture, function and assembly of the mouse visual system. Annual Review of Neuroscience Seabrook TA*, Burbridge TJ*, Crair MC, Huberman AD 40: 499-538.
2017 Regenerating optic pathways from the eye to the brain. Science Laha B, Stafford BK, Huberman AD 356: 1031–1034.
2017 Signal integration in thalamus: labeled lines go cross-eyed and blurry. Neuron Stafford BK, Huberman AD 93: 717-720.
2016 Cortico-fugal output from visual cortex promotes plasticity of innate motor behavior. Nature Liu BH, Huberman AD, Scanziani M 538: 383-387.
2016 Neural activity promotes long distance, target-specific regeneration of adult retinal axons. Nature Neuroscience Lim J-H, Nguyen PL, Lien BV, Wang C, Zukor K, He Z, Huberman AD 19: 1073-84
2016 Life goes by: a visual circuit for signaling perceptual- motor mismatch: Nature Neuroscience Ishiko N, Huberman AD 19: 177-9.
2015 Cell type-specific manipulation with GFP-dependent Cre recombinase. Nature Neuroscience JT Chung Yiu, Rudolph S, Dhande OS, Lapan S, Drokhlyansky E, Huberman AD, Regehr W, Cepko C 18: 1334-41.
2015 Contactin-4 mediates axon-target specificity and functional development of the accessory optic system. Neuron Osterhout JA, Stafford BS, Nguyen PL, Yoshihara Y, Huberman AD 86: 985-99.
2015 Functional Assembly of accessory optic system circuitry critical for compensatory eye movements. Neuron Sun LO, Brady CM, Cahill H, Sakuta H, Dhande OS, Noda M, Huberman AD, Nathans J, Kolodkin AL 86: 971-84
2015 Characteristic patterns of dendritic remodeling in early-stage glaucoma: evidence from genetically identified retinal ganglion cell types. Journal of Neuroscience El-Danaf RN, Huberman AD 35: 2329-2343.
2015 Assassins of eyesight. Nature Huberman AD, El-Danaf RN 527: 456-457.
2015 Retinal and subcortical contributions to visual feature selectivity. Annual Review of Vision Science Dhande OS, Stafford BS, Lim A, Huberman AD 1: 291-328.
2015 When visual circuits collide: motion processing in the brain. Cell Salay LD, Huberman AD 162: 241-243.
2015 Cortical cliques: a few plastic neurons get all the action. Neuron Seabrook TA, Huberman AD 86: 1113-6.
2014 Birthdate and outgrowth timing predict cellular mechanisms of axon-target matching in the developing visual pathway. Cell Reports Osterhout JA, El-Danaf RN, Nguyen PL, Huberman AD 8: 1006-1017
2014 A dedicated circuit links direction selective retinal ganglion cells to primary visual cortex. Nature A, Huberman AD 507: 358-361.
2014 So many pieces, one puzzle: cell type specification and visual circuitry in flies and mice. Genes and Development Wernet MF, Huberman AD, Desplan C 28: 2565-2584.
2014 Visual Circuits: mouse retina no longer a level playing field. Current Biology Dhande OS, Huberman AD 24: R155-6.
2014 Retinal ganglion cell maps in the brain: implications for visual processing. Current Opinion in Neurobiology Dhande OS, Huberman AD 24: 133-142.
2013 Genetic dissection of a retinal output circuit for image stabilization. Journal of Neuroscience Dhande OS*, Estevez M*, El-Danaf RN, Nguyen PL, Quatrocci L, Berson DM, Huberman AD 33: 17797-813
2013 Diverse visual features encoded in mouse lateral geniculate nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience Piscopo DM, El-Danaf RN, Huberman AD*, Niell CM* 33: 4642-4656.
2013 Trans-synaptic tracing with vesicular stomatitis virus reveals novel retinal circuitry. Journal of Neuroscience Beier K, El-Danaf RN, Huberman AD, Demb J, Cepko CL 33: 35-51.
2012 Wiring visual circuits, one eye at a time. Nature Neuroscience El-Danaf RN, Huberman AD 15: 1-2.
2012 Visual Cognition: rats compare shapes among the crowd. Current Biology Cruz-Martin A, Huberman AD 22: R18-20.
2011 Cadherin-6 mediates axon-target matching in a non-image-forming visual circuit. Neuron Osterhout JA, Josten NJ, Yamada J, Pan F, Wu S-W, Nguyen PL, Panagiotakos G, Inoue YU, Egusa SF, Volgyi B, Inoue T, Bloomfield S, Barres BA, Berson DM, Feldheim DA*, Huberman AD* 71: 632-639.
2011 Pathway-specific genetic attenuation of glutamate release alters select features of competition-based visual circuit refinement. Neuron Koch SM, Dela Cruz CG, Hnasko TS, Edwards RH, Huberman AD, Ullian EM 71: 1-8.
2011 Transgenic mice reveal unexpected diversity of on-off direction selective retinal ganglion cell subtypes and brain structures involved in motion processing. Journal of Neuroscience Rivlin-Etzion M, Zhou K, Wei W, Elstrott J, Nguyen PL, Barres BA, Huberman AD*, Feller MB* 31: 8760-9.
2011 The down syndrome critical region regulates retinogeniculate refinement. Journal of Neuroscience Blank M, Fuerst PG, Stevens B, Nouri N, Kirkby L, Warrier D, Barres BA, Feller MB, Huberman AD, Burgess RW, Garner CG 31: 5764-5776.
2011 What can mice tell us about how vision works? Trends in Neurosciences Huberman AD, Niell CM 34: 464-73.
2010 Emergence of laminar specific retinal ganglion cell connectivity by axon arbor retraction and synapse elimination. Journal of Neuroscience Cheng TW, Liu XB, Faulkner RL, Stephan AH, Barres BA, Huberman AD, Cheng HJ 30: 16376-16382.
2010 Milestones and mechanisms for generating specific synaptic connections between the eyes and the brain. Current Topics in Developmental Biology Josten NJ, Huberman AD 93: 229-59.
2010 Molecular and cellular mechanisms of lamina-specific axon targeting. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology Huberman AD, Clandinin TC, Baier H 2 (3): a001743.
2010 The Developmental Remodeling of Eye‐Specific Afferents in the Ferret Dorsal Lateral Geniculate Nucleus. The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology Speer CM, Mikula S, Huberman AD, Chapman B 293(1):1-24. doi:10.1002/ar.21001
2009 They Won’t Help You Find a Partner, but They’ll Guarantee You Some Personal Space. Neuron Huberman AD. Mammalian DSCAMs 2009;64(4):441-443. doi:10.1016/j.neuron..11.011
2009 Genetic identification of an On-Off direction selective retinal ganglion cell subtype reveals a layer-specific subcortical map of posterior motion. Neuron Huberman AD*, Wei W*, Elstrott J*, Stafford BK, Feller MB, Barres BA 62: 327-334.
2009 Gabapentin receptor alpha2delta-1 is a neuronal thrombospondin receptor responsible for excitatory

CNS synaptogenesis.

Cell Eroglu C, Allen NJ, Susman MW, O’Rourke NA, Park CY, Oxkan E, Chakraborty C, Mulinyawe SB, Annis DS, Huberman AD, Green EM, Lawler J, Dolmetsch R, Garcia KC, Smith SJ, Luo ZD, Rosenthal A, Mosher DF, Barres BA 139: 380-92
2009 Mammalian DSCAMs: They won’t help you find a partner, but they’ll guarantee you some personal space. Neuron Huberman AD 64: 441-43.
2008 Architecture and activity-mediated refinement of axonal projections from a mosaic of genetically-identified retinal ganglion cells Neuron Huberman AD, Manu M, Koch SM, Susman MW, Brosius Lutz A, Ullian EM, Baccus SA, Barres BA 59: 425-438
2008 Mechanisms underlying development of visual maps and receptive fields. Annual Review of Neuroscience Huberman AD, Feller MB, Chapman B 31: 479-509.
2007 The classical complement cascade mediates CNS synapse elimination. Cell Stevens B, Allen NJ, Vazquez LE, Howell GR, Christopherson KS, Nouri N, Micheva KD, Mehalow AK, Huberman AD, Stafford B, Sher A, Litke AM, Lambris JD, Smith SJ, John SW, Barres BA 131: 1164-78
2007 Mechanisms of eye-specific visual circuit development. Current Opinion in Neurobiology Huberman AD 17: 73-80.
2006 Neuronal pentraxins mediate synaptic refinement in the developing visual system. Journal of Neuroscience Bjartmar L*, Huberman AD*, Ullian EM*, Reneteria R, Lu X, Xu W, Stellwagen D, Prezioso J, Susman MW, Stokes C, Cho R, Copenhagen D, Worley P, Malenka RC, Ball S, Peachey NS, Chapman B, Nakamoto M, Barres BA, Perin MS 26: 6269-81.
2006 Spontaneous retinal activity mediates development of ocular dominance columns and binocular receptive fields in V1. Neuron Huberman AD, Speer CM, Chapman B 52: 247-5
2006 Dynamics of spontaneous activity in the fetal macaque retina during development of retinogeniculate pathways. Journal of Neuroscience Warland DK, Huberman AD, Chalupa LM 26: 5190-7
2006 Nob mice wave goodbye to eye-specific segregation. Neuron Huberman AD 50: 55-177.
2006 Target-derived cues instruct synaptic differentiation. Journal of Neuroscience Huberman AD 26: 1063-1064.
2005 Ephrin-As mediate targeting of eye-specific projections to the lateral geniculate nucleus. Nature Neuroscience Huberman AD, Murray KD, Warland DK, Feldheim DA, Chapman B 8: 1013-1021.
2005 Early and rapid targeting of eye-specific axonal projections to the lateral geniculate nucleus in the fetal macaque. Journal of Neuroscience Huberman AD, Dehay C, Berland M, Chalupa LM, Kennedy H 25: 4014-4023
2003 Eye-specific retinogeniculate segregation independent of normal neuronal activity. Science Huberman AD, Wang GY, Liets LC, Collins OA, Chapman B, Chalupa LM 300: 994-998.
2003 Crossed and uncrossed retinal projections to the hamster circadian system. Journal of ComparativeNeurology Muscat L, Huberman AD, Jordan CL, Morin LP 466: 513- 24.
2002 Decoupling eye-specific segregation from lamination in the lateral geniculate nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience Huberman AD, Stellwagen D, Chapman B 22: 9419-29.
2001 Finger-length ratios and sexual orientation. Nature Williams TJ, Pepitone ME, Christensen SE, Cooke BM, Huberman AD, Breedlove NJ, Breedlove TJ, Jordan CL, Breedlove SM 404: 455-6.
2000 Clozapine does not induce a motor impairment in operant responding for heat reinforcement. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Huberman A, Turek VF, Carlisle HJ 67: 307-12.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stanford Profile".
  2. ^ "Publications".
  3. ^ "McKnight Foundation Neuroscience Scholar Award".
  4. ^ "Pew Charitable Trusts".
  5. ^ "Cogan Award".
  6. ^ http://www.cell.com/current-biology/editorial-board
  7. ^ "Cell Reports".
  8. ^ "Neural Development".
  9. ^ "Faculty Opinions".
  10. ^ a b "Curriculum Vitae: Andrew D. Huberman, Ph.D." (PDF). hubermanlab.com. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  11. ^ Williams, T. J.; Pepitone, M. E.; Christensen, S. E.; Cooke, B. M.; Huberman, A. D.; Breedlove, N. J.; Breedlove, T. J.; Jordan, C. L.; Breedlove, S. M. (2000-03-30). "Finger-length ratios and sexual orientation". Nature. 404 (6777): 455–456. Bibcode:2000Natur.404..455W. doi:10.1038/35006555. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 10761903. S2CID 205005405.
  12. ^ Muscat, Louise; Huberman, Andrew D.; Jordan, Cynthia L.; Morin, Lawrence P. (2003-11-24). "Crossed and uncrossed retinal projections to the hamster circadian system". The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 466 (4): 513–524. doi:10.1002/cne.10894. ISSN 1096-9861. PMID 14566946. S2CID 9722540.
  13. ^ Huberman, Andrew D.; Feller, Marla B.; Chapman, Barbara (2008-01-01). "Mechanisms Underlying Development of Visual Maps and Receptive Fields". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 31 (1): 479–509. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.31.060407.125533. PMC 2655105. PMID 18558864.
  14. ^ Huberman, Andrew D; Murray, Karl D; Warland, David K; Feldheim, David A; Chapman, Barbara (2005). "Ephrin-As mediate targeting of eye-specific projections to the lateral geniculate nucleus". Nature Neuroscience. 8 (8): 1013–1021. doi:10.1038/nn1505. PMC 2652399. PMID 16025110.
  15. ^ Huberman, Andrew D.; Speer, Colenso M.; Chapman, Barbara (2006-10-19). "Spontaneous retinal activity mediates development of ocular dominance columns and binocular receptive fields in v1". Neuron. 52 (2): 247–254. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2006.07.028. ISSN 0896-6273. PMC 2647846. PMID 17046688.
  16. ^ Huberman, Andrew D.; Manu, Mihai; Koch, Selina M.; Susman, Michael W.; Lutz, Amanda Brosius; Ullian, Erik M.; Baccus, Stephen A.; Barres, Ben A. (2008-08-14). "Architecture and activity-mediated refinement of axonal projections from a mosaic of genetically identified retinal ganglion cells". Neuron. 59 (3): 425–438. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.07.018. ISSN 1097-4199. PMID 18701068. S2CID 1519009.
  17. ^ Huberman, Andrew D.; Wei, Wei; Elstrott, Justin; Stafford, Ben K.; Feller, Marla B.; Barres, Ben A. (2009-05-14). "Genetic identification of an On-Off direction-selective retinal ganglion cell subtype reveals a layer-specific subcortical map of posterior motion". Neuron. 62 (3): 327–334. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2009.04.014. ISSN 1097-4199. PMC 3140054. PMID 19447089.
  18. ^ Dhande, Onkar S.; Estevez, Maureen E.; Quattrochi, Lauren E.; El-Danaf, Rana N.; Nguyen, Phong L.; Berson, David M.; Huberman, Andrew D. (2013-11-06). "Genetic dissection of retinal inputs to brainstem nuclei controlling image stabilization". The Journal of Neuroscience. 33 (45): 17797–17813. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2778-13.2013. ISSN 1529-2401. PMC 3818553. PMID 24198370.
  19. ^ Osterhout, Jessica A.; Josten, Nicko; Yamada, Jena; Pan, Feng; Wu, Shaw-wen; Nguyen, Phong L.; Panagiotakos, Georgia; Inoue, Yukiko U.; Egusa, Saki F. (2011-08-25). "Cadherin-6 mediates axon-target matching in a non-image-forming visual circuit". Neuron. 71 (4): 632–639. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2011.07.006. ISSN 1097-4199. PMC 3513360. PMID 21867880.
  20. ^ Cruz-Martín, Alberto; El-Danaf, Rana N.; Osakada, Fumitaka; Sriram, Balaji; Dhande, Onkar S.; Nguyen, Phong L.; Callaway, Edward M.; Ghosh, Anirvan; Huberman, Andrew D. (2014-03-20). "A dedicated circuit links direction-selective retinal ganglion cells to the primary visual cortex". Nature. 507 (7492): 358–361. Bibcode:2014Natur.507..358C. doi:10.1038/nature12989. ISSN 1476-4687. PMC 4143386. PMID 24572358.
  21. ^ Osterhout, Jessica A.; Stafford, Benjamin K.; Nguyen, Phong L.; Yoshihara, Yoshihiro; Huberman, Andrew D. (2015-05-20). "Contactin-4 mediates axon-target specificity and functional development of the accessory optic system". Neuron. 86 (4): 985–999. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2015.04.005. ISSN 1097-4199. PMC 4706364. PMID 25959733.
  22. ^ El-Danaf, Rana N.; Huberman, Andrew D. (2015-02-11). "Characteristic patterns of dendritic remodeling in early-stage glaucoma: evidence from genetically identified retinal ganglion cell types". The Journal of Neuroscience. 35 (6): 2329–2343. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1419-14.2015. ISSN 1529-2401. PMC 6605614. PMID 25673829.
  23. ^ Lim, Jung-Hwan A; Stafford, Benjamin K; Nguyen, Phong L; Lien, Brian V; Wang, Chen; Zukor, Katherine; He, Zhigang; Huberman, Andrew D (2016). "Neural activity promotes long-distance, target-specific regeneration of adult retinal axons". Nature Neuroscience. 19 (8): 1073–1084. doi:10.1038/nn.4340. PMC 5708130. PMID 27399843.
  24. ^ Salay, Lindsey D.; Ishiko, Nao; Huberman, Andrew D. (2018-05-02). "A midline thalamic circuit determines reactions to visual threat". Nature. 557 (7704): 183–189. Bibcode:2018Natur.557..183S. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0078-2. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 29720647. S2CID 13742480.

External links[edit]