Andrew Donald Booth
Andrew Donald Booth (11 February 1918 – 29 November 2009) was a British electrical engineer, physicist and computer scientist, who was an early developer of the magnetic drum memory for computers. He is known for Booth's multiplication algorithm.
The son of Sidney Booth (died 1955) a cousin of Sir Felix Booth, he was raised in Weybridge, Surrey, and educated at Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School. In 1937, he won a scholarship to read mathematics at Jesus College, Cambridge. Booth left Cambridge without taking a degree, having become disaffected with pure mathematics as a subject. He chose an external degree from the University of London instead, which he obtained with a first.
From 1943 to 1945, Booth worked as a mathematical physicist in the X-ray team at the British Rubber Producers' Research Association (BRPRA), Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, gaining his PhD in crystallography from the University of Birmingham in 1944. In 1945, he moved to Birkbeck College, University of London, where his work in the crystallography group led him to build some of the first electronic computers in the United Kingdom including the All Purpose Electronic Computer, first installed at the British Rayon Research Association. Booth founded Birkbeck's department of numerical automation and was recently named a fellow at the university. He also did early pioneering work in machine translation.
Booth married mathematician and computer engineer Kathleen Hylda Valerie Britten in 1950, and had two children; between 1947 and 1953, together they produced three computing machines.
- School of computer science and information systems: A short history (PDF), 50 years of Computing, UK: Birkbeck School of Computing, 2008
- Coding system for the APE(X)C, AU: Murdoch, archived from the original on 7 June 2011, retrieved 2 November 2018.
- Booth, A.D. and Britten, K.H.V. (1947) Coding for A.R.C., Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
- Booth, A.D. and Britten, K.H.V. (1947) General considerations in the design of an all-purpose electronic digital computer, Institute for Advance Study, Princeton
- Booth, A.D. and Britten, K.H.V. (1948) The accuracy of atomic co-ordinates derived from Fourier series in X-ray crystallography Part V, Proc. Roy. Soc. Vol A 193 pp305–310
- The Electronic Principles of Digital Computers, Electronics Forum (1948);
- Booth, Andrew D; Britten, Kathleen HV (September 1947), "Principles and Progress in the Construction of High-Speed Digital Computers", Quart. Journ. Mech. and Applied Math., 2: 182–197, doi:10.1093/qjmam/2.2.182.
- Booth, A.D (1949) A Magnetic Digital Storage System, Electronic Engineering
- Booth, A.D. (1950) The Physical Realization of An Electronic Digital Computer, Electronic Engineering
- Booth, A.D. (1952) On Optimum Relations Between Circuit Elements and Logical Symbols in the Design of Electronic Calculators, Journal of British Institution of Radio Engineers
- Booth, A.D. and Booth K.H.V. (1953) Automatic Digital Calculators, Butterworth-Heinmann (Academic Press) London
- Andrew Booth: scientist who invented the magnetic storage device, The Times, 12 January 2010.
- Johnson, Roger. Pioneer Profile: Andrew Booth. Resurrection, Issue 51, Summer 2010. London: Computer Conservation Society.
- Mark Ward (2 April 2016). "From punch cards to smartphones". BBC News Online.
- The work of Professor Andrew D. Booth, Department of Computer Science, Birkbeck College, London, UK.
- Collin, Andrew. Andrew Booth's Computers at Birkbeck College. Resurrection, Issue 5, Spring 1993. London: Computer Conservation Society.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Computer Science at Birkbeck College
- Booth, Andrew (2003). H. L. Somers (ed.). Mechanical Translation. Readings in machine translation. MIT Press.