Andrew Ferrara

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Andrew Ferrara or Andrea Ferrara, was a type of sword-blade that was highly esteemed in Scotland in the 16th and 17th centuries. Sir Walter Scott notes that the name of Andrea de Ferrara was inscribed "on all the Scottish broadswords that are accounted of peculiar excellence".[1]

Andrea Ferrara was born in Fonzaso in Italy (which is located in the province of Belluno-Dolomiti) and was an active and esteemed producer before and after his staying in Scotland (the ruins of his workshop are still in Belluno in the place called Busighel, near the river Ardo). This confirms the general belief reported by Scott that Ferrara was a Spanish or Italian artificer who was brought to Scotland in the early 16th century by James III to instruct the Scots in the manufacture of the high-quality steel blades current in Renaissance Europe.[2]

According to some sources the name of the manufacturer was Andrea dei Ferrari of Belluno, according to others, Andrew Ferrars or Ferrier of Arbroath.[3]

The term came to be used generically as a term for the Scottish basket-hilted broadsword.[4] If the sword was of high quality it was referred to as a "true Andrew Ferrara".[5]

His method of manufacture remains much a mystery, but it is suspected that they were made by interlamination, a process of welding the blade in alternate layers of iron and steel. Andrew Ferrara blades were special in their extreme flexibility. For instance, it is said that Andrew Ferrara, the manufacturer of the blades, always carried one wrapped up in his bonnet. They rarely broke, even under immense force and when used to deal horizontal blows.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sir Walter Scott (1833). Introductions, and Notes and Illustrations to the Novels, Tales, and Romances of the Author of Waverley. R. Cadell. p. 116. 
  2. ^ William Gilpin (1792). Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1776, on Several Parts of Great Britain: Particularly the High-lands of Scotland ... R. Blamire. p. 1. 
  3. ^ "Chambers 20th Century Dictionary", W. & R. Chambers Ltd., Edinburgh, 1983
  4. ^ William Hutchison Murray (1982). Rob Roy MacGregor: His Life and Times. Canongate. ISBN 978-0-86241-538-9. 
  5. ^ Visitor: Or Monthly Instructor. Religious Tract Society. 1848. p. 194. 
  6. ^ The Foreign Quarterly Review. 26. L. Scott. 1841. p. 1. 

See also[edit]