Andrew J. McDonald

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Andrew McDonald
Gov. Malloy Announces His Intention to Nominate Andrew J. McDonald to Serve as Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court (39579031021).jpg
Associate Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court
Assumed office
January 24, 2013
Appointed byDan Malloy
Preceded byLubbie Harper
Member of the Connecticut Senate
from the 27th district
In office
January 2003 – January 2011
Preceded byGeorge Jepsen
Succeeded byCarlo Leone
Personal details
Born (1966-03-11) March 11, 1966 (age 52)
Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Charles Gray
EducationCornell University, (BA)
University of Connecticut, Hartford, (JD)

Andrew J. McDonald (born March 11, 1966)[1] is an American judge and former politician from Connecticut. He serves as an associate justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court.

He previously served as a member of the Connecticut State Senate from 2003 to 2011, representing the state's 27th district in Stamford and Darien as a Democrat. McDonald resigned from the legislature on January 4, 2011 to serve as Governor Dan Malloy's chief legal counsel, a post he left to join the bench.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

A Stamford native, McDonald is the son of Alex and Anne McDonald. His mother was a sixth-grade teacher who represented Stamford in the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1991 to 2003.[3]

McDonald was educated at the Stamford Public Schools (Stark, Dolan and Stamford High School), and completed a Bachelor's degree in Government from Cornell University. He completed a Juris Doctor at the University of Connecticut School of Law in 1991, and served as managing editor of the Connecticut Journal of International Law.[4]

McDonald was a litigation partner with Pullman & Comley, LLC, in Stamford from 1991.[4] He also worked as Director of Legal Affairs for the City of Stamford from 1999 to 2002. McDonald also served on the Stamford Board of Finance from 1995 to 1999, as the board's chairman from 1997 to 1999, and as co-chair of the Audit Committee from 1995 to 1997. He served on the Stamford Board of Representatives from the Cove from 1993 to 1995.

Political career[edit]

McDonald won narrow election to the Connecticut Senate in 2002, defeating his Republican opponent, Michael Fedele (who later served as Lieutenant Governor), by 53% to 47%. He was re-elected in 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. He served as Deputy Majority Leader and as Senate Chair of the Judiciary Committee.

In 2006 and 2007 McDonald challenged the decision of Connecticut Chief Justice William J. Sullivan to delay publication of a court decision in an effort to promote the chief justice candidacy of his colleague, Justice Peter T. Zarella. Sullivan challenged the power of a legislator to subpoena him to appear at a hearing, which led to a court challenge.[5]

In 2007 McDonald opposed a special session of the General Assembly to address parole issues following the horrific home invasion murders in Cheshire, stating "Legislating by bumper sticker motto is not the way to go."[6] Other Democrats were more willing to respond as Congressman Chris Murphy proposal making home invasion a federal crime.[7] McDonald relented under public pressure and a special session was held January 22, 2008 to pass laws declaring home invasion a class A felony and reforming the parole board. McDonald opposed a Three Strikes Law favored by Governor Jodi Rell to mandate life terms to career violent criminals; that measure failed to pass.

Rell reiterated her call for a Three Strikes bill on March 31, 2008 following the kidnapping and murder of an elderly New Britain woman committed by a sex offender recently released from Connecticut prison. Following the New Britain crime, McDonald lambasted the prosecutor who had handled the assailant's previous case, Waterbury State's Attorney John Connelly, who agreed to a plea bargain which sentenced the defendant to an eight-year prison term.[8] Defense lawyer Norm Pattis called McDonald a "knucklehead" for attacking Connelly as soft on crime, noting Connelly was responsible for most of the death penalty convictions in Connecticut.[9]

In March 2009 McDonald and Judiciary committee co-chair Mike Lawlor proposed a bill (SB 1098) to regulate the management of Roman Catholic parishes in Connecticut. The bill, by allowing parishioners to create a lay board to govern a parish, in which board all control over fiscal and administrative matters would be vested, would effectively have removed the Parish Priest and Bishop from their traditional positions of power. The bill was specific to the Catholic Church.. The public hearing on this bill was cancelled when, according to Capital Police, 1,000 supporters entered the Capital to protest. Another 4,200 were present outside the building.[10] Opponents charged the bill would violate the separation of church and state clause in the First Amendment. It would also violate the "Supremacy clause," and the Fourteenth Amendment barring discriminatory legislation.[11][12][13]

Judicial career[edit]

After two years of serving as Governor Dan Malloy’s chief legal counsel, McDonald was nominated to a seat on the Connecticut Supreme Court on December 27, 2012.[14] His nomination required the approval of the Connecticut General Assembly. The Joint Committee on Judiciary of the Connecticut General Assembly approved his nomination by a vote of 40–2 on January 14, 2013.[15] On January 23, his nomination won the approval of the Senate by a vote of 30–3 and of the House by a vote of 125–20.[16] He took his seat on the bench the following day.

In November 2017, the Chief Justice of Connecticut Chase T. Rogers announced that she would retire in February 2018.[17] Governor Malloy announced on January 8, 2018, that he had nominated McDonald to be the next Chief Justice, to succeed Rogers.[18] However, in March 2018, McDonald’s nomination was rejected by the Connecticut Senate in a 19-16 vote, with all 18 Republican state senators voting no.[19] If he’d been confirmed, McDonald would have been the first openly gay person to serve as chief justice of a U.S. state supreme court.[18] Governor Malloy subsequently nominated justice Richard A. Robinson to be chief justice, instead of McDonald.[20]

Personal[edit]

McDonald is gay.[21] His campaigns have won the backing of the Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund. McDonald married Charles Gray in 2009. He is one of twelve LGBT state supreme court justices currently serving in the United States.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Justice Andrew J. McDonald - Biography". Jud.ct.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  2. ^ "Both Judiciary Panel Leaders Leaving To Join Malloy: Lawlor Takes Budget Office Post, McDonald To Be Chief Legal Counsel". Hartford Courant. December 16, 2010.
  3. ^ Haigh, Susan (2007-10-05). "Anne McDonald, 74; mastered issues as Connecticut lawmaker - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  4. ^ a b Leblanc, Jeanne (January 9, 2018). "Andrew McDonald '91 Nominated Chief Justice of CT Supreme Court". University of Connecticut School of Law. University of Connecticut. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  5. ^ "Microsoft Word - Sullivan_cleanedup.doc" (PDF). Jud.state.ct.us. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  6. ^ "Headless Horseman". Headlesshorseman2008.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2008.
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 26, 2009. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
  11. ^ "Connecticut goes after the mackerel snappers | For What It's Worth". Christopherfountain.wordpress.com. 2009-03-08. Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 11, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  13. ^ "State Legislature sets sights on Roman Catholic Church - Update". Radio Vice Online. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  14. ^ "Gov. Dannel P. Malloy nominates Andrew McDonald to Serve on State Supreme Court". Courant.com. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ Dixon, Ken (2013-01-23). "McDonald approved for state Supreme Court - Connecticut Post". Ctpost.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  17. ^ Pazniokas, Mark; Thomas, Jacqueline Rabe (November 2, 2017). "Chase T. Rogers to resign as chief justice". The Connecticut Mirror. Hartford, CT. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Mahoney, Edmund (January 8, 2018). "Malloy Nominates Andrew McDonald To Be Nation's First Openly Gay Chief Justice". Hartford Courant. Hartford, CT. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  19. ^ Dixon, Ken (March 27, 2018). "Republicans reject McDonald for Supreme Court chief". Connecticut Post. Bridgeport, CT. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  20. ^ Pazniokas, Mark (April 5, 2018). "Malloy nominates Richard A. Robinson as chief justice". The Connecticut Mirror. Hartford, CT. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  21. ^ "County Fair: The Queering of Connecticut". Fairfield County Weekly. 28 February 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-02-28
Connecticut Senate
Preceded by
George Jepsen
Member of the Connecticut Senate
from the 27th district

2003–2011
Succeeded by
Carlo Leone
Legal offices
Preceded by
Lubbie Harper
Associate Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court
2013–present
Incumbent