Andrew Judde

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Andrew Judde
Monument to Sir Andrew Judde
in St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate
Lord Mayor of London
In office
1550–1550
MonarchEdward VI
Preceded bySir Rowland Hill
Succeeded bySir Richard Dobbs
Sheriff of London
In office
1544–1544
MonarchHenry VIII
Personal details
Born(1492-09-05)September 5, 1492
Tonbridge, Kent
Died(1558-09-04)September 4, 1558
London, UK
Resting placeSt Helen's, Bishopsgate, London, UK
51°30′53″N 0°04′54″W / 51.5148°N 0.0818°W / 51.5148; -0.0818
Spouse(s)Mary Murfyn
Agnes (Annys)
Mary Mathews
ChildrenJohn
Richard
Alice
Martha

Sir Andrew Judde or Judd (5 September 1492 – 1558) was a 16th-century English merchant and Lord Mayor of London.[1] He was knighted on 15 February 1551.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Tonbridge, the third son of John Judde, (d. 1493), gentleman, and Margaret, daughter of Valentine Chiche.[1] His mother was the granddaughter of an earlier Lord Mayor of London, Robert Chichele, and great-niece of Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury, and William Chichele, Sheriff of London.[2] He left for London and apprenticed with the Skinners Company; he was later the master of the company for four terms. He accumulated a large fortune, part of which he used to establish Tonbridge School in his home town. During his career as a merchant, he personally travelled to Russia, Spain, and the coast of Africa. He served as one of the Sheriffs of London in 1544, and was elected Lord Mayor of London in 1550.[3] As a result of his vigorous opposition to Wyatt's Rebellion, he gained the favour of Queen Mary and Philip II of Spain. He served as Mayor of the Staple of Calais.

Family[edit]

Sir Andrew Judde was married three times.[4]

  • He married first, by 1523,[5] Mary (d. 1542), daughter of Thomas Murfyn (d. 1523), an earlier Lord Mayor of London, and his first wife, Alice Marshall.[6] By her he had four sons, two of whom survived, and a daughter:[1]
    • John Judd
    • Richard Judd
    • Alice Judd, who married Thomas Smythe (1522–1591), collector of customs for London.[1]

(His first wife's stepsister, Frances Murfyn (c. 1520c. 1543), married, in 1534, Thomas Cromwell's nephew, Richard.[7] Alice Squire (d. 1560), the widow of her brother, Edward Murfyn, married circa 1528, Edward North (later Baron North).[8])

  • He married a second time, in 1542, to Agnes (Annys), about whom nothing is known.[1]
  • His third and final marriage was in 1552 to Mary (died 1602),[9] the wealthy widow of another skinner, Thomas Langton, and daughter of Thomas Mathews of Colchester. By his last wife, he had a daughter:[1]
    • Martha Judd, who married Robert Golding in Essex.[1]

Death[edit]

Judde died on 4 September 1558 and was buried in St Helen's, Bishopsgate, London.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Slack 2008.
  2. ^ Cox 1876, p. 247.
  3. ^ Beaven 1913, p. 30.
  4. ^ Slack 2008, p. 99.
  5. ^ Drake 1873, pp. vi–viii.
  6. ^ Lambarde 1931, p. 99: Thomas Murfyn married his second wife, Elizabeth Donne, in 1519, therefore Mary must be a daughter by his first wife.
  7. ^ Hofmann 1982.
  8. ^ Hawkyard 1982.
  9. ^ Will of Dame Mary Judd or Judde, Widow of Latton, Essex (P.C.C. 1602, Montague quire).

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beaven, Alfred B. (1913). The Aldermen of the City of London. Vol. II. London: Corporation of the City of London.
  • Cox, John Edmund (1876). The Annals of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, London. London: Tinsley Brothers.
  • Drake, William R. (1873). "Appendix I". Fasciculus Mervinensis, Being Notes Historical, Genealogical, and Heraldic of the Family of Mervyn. London: Privately printed. pp. vi–viii.
  • Hawkyard, A. D. K. (1982). "North, Edward (c.1504-64), of Kirtling, Cambs., the Charterhouse, Mdx. and London". In Bindoff, S.T. (ed.). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Boydell and Brewer.
  • Hofmann, T.M. (1982). "Cromwell, alias Williams, Richard (by 1512-44), of London; Stepney, Mdx. and Hinchingbroke, Hunts.". In Bindoff, S.T. (ed.). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Boydell and Brewer.
  • Lambarde, Fane (1931). "Sir Andrew Judde" (PDF). Archaeologia Cantiana. 43. Kent Archaeological Society: 99–102.
  • Machyn, Henry (1848). Nichols, John Gough (ed.). The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant–Taylor of London, from A. D. 1550 to A. D. 1563. [Camden Society. Publications]. Vol. XLII. Edited by John Gough Nichols. London, UK: Camden Society by J.B. Nichols and Son.
  • Slack, Paul (3 January 2008) [First Published 23 September 2004]. "Judde, Sir Andrew". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37622. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Vere-Hodge, H. S. (1953). Sir Andrew Judde, Lord Mayor of London 1550-1551, Mayor of the Staple of Calais, Six Times Master of the Skinners Company, Founder of Tonbridge School 1553. Tonbridge School Shop.
  • Wadmore, J. F. (1881). "Some Account of the History and Antiquities of the Worshipful Company of Skinners, London". Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 5. London: J. H. & J. Parker: 92−182. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  • Wriothesley, Charles (1875). Hamilton, William Douglas (ed.). A Chronicle Of England During The Reigns Of The Tudors: From A.D. 1485 To 1559 I. Vol. XI. London, UK: Camden Society.

External links[edit]