Sir Andrew Large
Andrew McLeod Brooks Large
7 August 1942
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
|Known for||Bank of England Deputy Governor (2002–06)|
Sir Andrew McLeod Brooks Large was Deputy Governor of the Bank of England, and a member of its Monetary Policy Committee from September 2002 to January 2006. He is retired and serves on a lot of boards and "now acts independently for central banks and governments" about financial stability and financial crisis prevention.
Early life and education
Andrew McLeod Brooks Large was born 7 August 1942, the son of Major General Stanley Eyre Large, MBE. He was educated at Winchester College, a boarding school in Winchester, Hampshire. As a boy he travelled the world with his father, a Scottish army doctor. He attended Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, for university, where he earned a B.A. with honours and an M.A.
Large began his career with British Petroleum, where he worked from 1964 to 1971. BP put him in marketing, sent him to Malaysia, and then to the French business school INSEAD, where he got his MBA in 1970.
In 1971 Large began his career as an investment banker that lasted for 20 years, first at Orion Bank and then at the Swiss Bank Corporation, where he served on the management board from 1987 to 1989 (the only non-Swiss person on the executive team). As such, he got a seat on the London Stock Exchange council during the so-called "Big Bang" of the 1980s as well as a seat on the Takeovers Panel. In the early 1990s, he moved to Wales in the hopes of running his own advisory firm while "picking up directorships" (Nuclear Electric, Rank Hovis McDougall, Dowty, English China Clays, and Phoenix Securities); he was the adviser behind most of London's Big Bang mergers.
In 1992, he became chairman of the UK Securities and Investments Board (SIB), the precursor of today's Financial Services Authority (FSA). In the wake of the 1992 pension fund scandal, when it came to light that businessman Robert Maxwell had plundered more than $1.6 billion from the pension fund of the Mirror Group, his failing company, in a desperate and unsuccessful attempt to keep it afloat. Large stopped short of proposing the end of the self-regulation among asset managers that had been established in the 1980s, he suggested more SIB leadership. As SIB Chair, Large started the reforming the SIB; instead of conducting the "Maxwell witch-hunt that ministers demanded", he combined "lighter regulation with stricter disclosure and tougher penalties". Large resigned in 1997, after the general election that ushered in a new Chancellor named Gordon Brown who wanted to ramp up financial regulation.
Next, he served as deputy chairman of Barclays Bank from 1998 to 2002, during which he was also Chairman of Euroclear, the Brussels-based financial services company. At the same time he, served as the Managing Director of the IMF's Capital Markets Consultative Group between 1999 and 2002, and chaired for the Group of Thirty a global report into strengthening the global financial infrastructure for clearing and settlement.
He was the first chair of the Hedge Fund Working Group, which has been rechristened the Standards Board for Alternative Investments (SBAI) in September 2017. During his leadership, the group created the original standards. He also serves on the advisory board of the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF), where he is regularly involved in meetings about financial and monetary policy. He is also Chairman of the Senior Advisory Board of Oliver Wyman, Senior Adviser to the Standards Board for Alternative Investments (formerly the Hedge Fund Standards Board), Chairman of the Advisory Committee of Marshall Wace, a hedge fund, and Chairman of the Board Risk Committee of Axis Capital, Bermuda.
Sir Andrew Large was knighted in 1996. On 3 April 2012, his wife, Lady Susan Large, was appointed the new High Sheriff of Powys at a ceremony in Brecon Guildhall. He collects ancient varieties of apple trees which he grows at his home in Wales and is President of the Marcher Apple Network, "group of apple enthusiasts keen to revive old varieties of apples and pears" that has turned into a charity that "strives to protect these varieties in a number of different ways".
Large has a keen interest in education. He served as Warden of Winchester College, his alma mater, until September 2008. Additionally, he also chaired the INSEAD Advisory Council (where he got his MBA) and was a member of the INSEAD Board from 1998 to 2010.
- "Sir Andrew Large: Advisor to the Board". SBAI. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Profile: Sir Andrew Large". The Scotsman. 8 September 2002. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Sir Andrew Large, MBA'70". INSEAD. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- Prokesch, Steven (24 June 1992). "Maxwell's Mirror Group Has $727.5 Million Loss". New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Figure 9: Timeline of UK regulatory events" (PDF). The Investment Association. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- Dunne, Helen (4 September 2002). "Sir Andrew Large joins Bank as deputy". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "About Us". Marcher Apple Network. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
|Governor: Sir Edward George (June 1997 – June 2003)|
|October 2002 – May 2003:||George | King | Allsopp | Nickell | Bean | Barker | Tucker | Bell | Large|
|June 2003:||George | King | Nickell | Bean | Barker | Tucker | Bell | Large | Lambert|
|Governor: Mervyn King (June 2003 – July 2013)|
|July 2003 – June 2005:||King | Nickell | Bean | Barker | Tucker | Bell | Large | Lambert | Lomax|
|July 2005 – January 2006:||King | Nickell | Bean | Barker | Tucker | Large | Lambert | Lomax | Walton|