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1 January 1956|
27 April 2015 (aged 59)|
Academy Award for Best Cinematography |
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
Andrew Lesnie ACS ASC (1 January 1956 – 27 April 2015) was an Australian cinematographer. He was best known as the cinematographer for The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–2003) and its prequel The Hobbit trilogy (2012–2014), both directed by New Zealand director Peter Jackson. He received the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for his work on The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring in 2002.
Early life and career
Lesnie was born in Sydney, Australia, the son of Shirley (Lithgow) and Allan Lesnie, who worked for the family's company, butcher suppliers Harry Lesnie Pty Ltd.
He was educated at Sydney Grammar School. Andrew was well liked and popular at school. Lesnie finished 6th form and his Higher School Certificate in 1974. He started his career in 1978 as an assistant camera operator on the film Patrick (1978) while he was still in school at Australian Film, Television and Radio School (AFTRS). sd
His first job after graduation in 1979 was as a cameraman on the Logie Award-winning Australian magazine-style afternoon TV show Simon Townsend's Wonder World. Simon Townsend gave Lesnie almost daily opportunities to develop his craft with little restriction over a wide variety of stories and situations, and to experiment with camera and lighting techniques in hundreds of locations and situations. After two years of working on the show, Lesnie moved on to numerous Australian film and television productions, including the mini-series Bodyline.
His work began receiving major attention after the release of the anthropomorphic pig story Babe (1995) and its sequel, Babe: Pig in the City. He was director of photography on Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings trilogy, and received an Oscar for his work on The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring in 2002. Since then, he filmed several other Jackson-directed films, including King Kong and The Lovely Bones, and also filmed The Hobbit films directed by Jackson.
The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001-03)
Lesnie used motion picture camera company Arri's Arriflex 435, Arriflex 535, and ArriCam Studio 35mm film cameras for the trilogy. He used Carl Zeiss Ultra Prime Lenses and Kodak's 5279 (tungsten-balanced) film stock to photograph the films.
Lesnie planned far ahead into the production with Peter Jackson with previsualisation programs to help establish frame sizes and angles, as well as construction of sets. During filming, Lesnie emphasised earthly colours in the makeup and wardrobe of the cast and extras.
At the acceptance speech for his Oscar win for Fellowship of the Ring, Lesnie dedicated his acceptance to chief lighting technician Brian Bansgrove, who he described as a major contributor to the quality of the film's cinematography.
The Hobbit trilogy (2012-14)
For production, Lesnie used Red Digital Cinema's Epic cameras as well as Carl Zeiss Ultra Prime Lenses to photograph the film. Jackson and Lesnie decided to shoot the film in 3D with as many as 15 stereoscopic camera rigs (2 cameras each) with 3ality. They also decided to shoot the film in an uncommon frame rate of 48 frames per second versus the industry standard of 24 frames per second. This would make Lesnie the first cinematographer to employ such a method that claims to induce more clarity, reduce motion blur, and make 3D easier to watch.
The Water Diviner
Lesnie lived on Sydney's north coast. He was a member of both the Australian Cinematographers Society and the American Society of Cinematographers. Lesnie died of a heart attack in his Sydney home on 27 April 2015.
Lesnie was the director of photography on the following films, unless noted otherwise.
- Fair Game (1986)
- The Delinquents (1989)
- The Girl Who Came Late (1991)
- Temptation of a Monk (You seng) (1993) (with Arthur Wong)
- Babe (1995)
- Two If by Sea (1996)
- Doing Time for Patsy Cline (1997) Won AFI Award for Best Cinematography
- Babe: Pig in the City (1998)
- The Sugar Factory (1998)
- The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) Won Academy Award for Best Cinematography
- The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002)
- The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) Won BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography
- Love's Brother (2004)
- King Kong (2005)
- Happy Feet (2006) (live action unit)
- I Am Legend (2007)
- Shine a Light (2008) (camera operator)
- The Lovely Bones (2009)
- Bran Nue Dae (2009)
- The Last Airbender (2010)
- Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011)
- The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
- The Turning (2013) ("Reunion" segment)
- The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013)
- Healing (2014)
- The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014)
- The Water Diviner (2014)
- Moran, Albert and Vieth, Errol (2005).The A to Z of Australian and New Zealand Cinema Scarecrow Press, Inc.
- The Australian Film and Television Companion – compiled by Tony Harrison, Simon & Schuster, Australia (1994)
- "The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring". shotonwhat.com. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014.
- Gray, Simon (December 2002). "A Fellowship in Peril (p.3)"
- Gray, Simon (December 2002). "A Fellowship in Peril (p.2)"
- "The contenders: Nominees for 16th annual ASC awards. (ASC Awards).(American Society of Cinematographers)". 2002-02-15.
- "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". shotonwhat.com.
- Egan, Jack (21 December 2012) "Contendor – Director of Photography Andrew Lesnie, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey"
- Kilday, Gregg (13 November 2013) "Despite 'The Hobbit,' Hollywood Isn't Adopting 48 Frames Per Second"
- "Cinematographer Andrew Lesnie has died from a heart attack". Herald Sun. 28 April 2015.
- "THE TURNING" (PDF). ABC Online. Retrieved 28 April 2015.