Andrew Murray (minister)
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (June 2009)|
9 May 1828|
Graaff Reinet, South Africa
|Died||18 January 1917
Wellington, Western Cape, South Africa
Andrew Murray (9 May 1828 – 18 January 1917) was a South African writer, teacher, and Christian pastor. Murray considered missions to be "the chief end of the church."
Early life and education
Andrew Murray was the second child of Andrew Murray Sr. (1794–1866), a Dutch Reformed Church missionary sent from Scotland to South Africa. Andrew Murray was born in Graaff Reinet, South Africa. His mother, Maria Susanna Stegmann, was of French Huguenot and German Lutheran descent.
Andrew was sent to Aberdeen in Scotland for his initial education together with his elder brother, John. Both remained there until they obtained their master's degrees in 1845. From there, they both went to the University of Utrecht where they studied theology. The two brothers became members of Het Réveil, a religious revival movement opposed to the rationalism which was in vogue in the Netherlands at that time. Both brothers were ordained by the Hague Committee of the Dutch Reformed Church on 9 May 1848 and returned to the Cape.
Murray married Emma Rutherford in Cape Town, South Africa, on 2 July 1856. They had eight children together (four boys and four girls).
Religious work in South Africa
In 1889, he was one of the founders of the South African General Mission (SAGM), along with Martha Osborn and Spencer Walton. After Martha Osborn married George Howe, they formed the South East Africa General Mission (SEAGM) in 1891. SAGM and SEAGM merged in 1894. Because its ministry had spread into other African countries, the mission's name was changed to Africa Evangelical Fellowship (AEF) in 1965. AEF joined with Serving In Mission (SIM) in 1998 and continues to this day. Through his writings, Murray was also a key Higher Life or Keswick leader, and his theology of faith healing and belief in the continuation of the apostolic gifts made him a significant forerunner of the Pentecostal movement.
Murray died on 18 January 1917, four months before his 89th birthday. He was so influenced by Johann Christoph Blumhardt's Möttlingen revival that he included a portion of Friedrich Zündel's biography at the end of With Christ in the School of Prayer.
Murray authored over 240 books, including:
- Abide in Christ
- Absolute Surrender
- Be Perfect
- Divine Healing
- God's Will: Our Dwelling Place
- Holy in Christ
- How to Raise Your Children for Christ
- Humility: The Beauty of Holiness
- Let Us Draw Nigh
- Like Christ
- The Deeper Christian Life
- The Lord's Table
- The Holiest of All: An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews
- The Master's Indwelling
- The Ministry of Intercession
- The Power of the Blood of Christ
- The Prayer Life
- The Spirit of Christ
- The Spiritual Life
- The True Vine
- The Two Covenants
- The Secret of God's Presence
- Thy Will Be Done
- Waiting on God
- With Christ in the School of Obedience
- With Christ in the School of Prayer
- Working for God!
- Humility & Absolute Surrender
- "Murray, Andrew". Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa 7. Nasou Limited. 1971. p. 653. ISBN 978-0-625-00324-2.
- Andrew Murray, Keswick / Higher Life Leader: a Biographical Sketch, in The Doctrine of Sanctification, Thomas D. Ross, Great Plains Baptist Divinity School, 2014
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- Works by Andrew Murray at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Andrew Murray at Internet Archive
- Works by Andrew Murray at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Andrew Murray, Keswick / Higher Life Leader: a Biographical Sketch, in The Doctrine of Sanctification, Thomas D. Ross, Ph. D. Diss, Great Plains Baptist Divinity School, 2014
- True Vine Audio
- World Invisible Online Library Includes many Murray books
- Path2Prayer "has a collection of 40 Murray books in pdf form"
- Short Bio from The Healing and Revival Press
- Short Bio from the Wellington Museum
- Andrew Murray Centre in Wellington, South Africa
- Andrew Murray Bible School in South Africa