Andrew Ritchie (British Army officer)

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Andrew Stephenson Ritchie
Born (1953-07-30) 30 July 1953 (age 63)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1973–2006
Rank Major-General
Service number 495574
Commands held 1st Royal Horse Artillery
4th Division
RMA Sandhurst
Awards Commander of the Order of the British Empire

Major-General Andrew Stephenson Ritchie, CBE (born 30 July 1953) is a retired British officer and former Commandant of the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. He is now Director of Goodenough College, London.

Early life[edit]

Ritchie was born on 30 July 1953 in London, England. He is the son of Dilys (née Stephenson) and Canon David Caldwell Ritchie. He was educated at Harrow County Boys' School until 1971. While serving in the British Army, he was able to attend the University of Durham between 1975 and 1978, where he gained a third-class degree in Law and Politics.[1]

Military career[edit]

Richie was commissioned into the Royal Artillery on 10 March 1973 as a second lieutenant.[2] He was promoted to lieutenant on 10 March 1975,[3] and to captain on 10 September 1979.[4] He saw service in Belize, Rhodesia, Northern Ireland and West Germany from 1974 to 1984. Having attended the Staff College, Camberley, he was promoted to major on 30 September 1985.[5] He then was posted to the Ministry of Defence in 1986–1987 before joining the 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery, with which he served in Germany, Cyprus, and the United Kingdom from 1988 to 1990.[1]

He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 30 June 1990.[6] He was Director of Army Plans from 1990 to 1992, then commanded the 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery from 1992 to 1995. He was promoted to colonel on 30 June 1995.[7] He saw service in Bosnia from 1995 to 1996. He was promoted to brigadier on 31 December 1996 with seniority from 30 June 1996,[8] before taking the Higher Command and Staff Course in 1997. He was Director of Personal Services (Army) from 1998 to 2000 and was at the Royal College of Defence Studies in 2001, then was Director of Corporate Communications (Army) in 2001–2002.[1] On 1 April 2002, he was promoted to major-general and appointed General Officer Commanding the 4th Division.[9] He served as Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst from 5 January 2003[10] to 2006.[1] He retired on 1 August 2006.[11]

Commandant of Sandhurst[edit]

Ritchie's tenure as Commandant of Sandhurst coincided with the attendance of Princes William and Harry at the academy, but was marred by a series of high-profile security breaches by journalists. In June 2005, a tabloid reporter successfully smuggled a fake bomb into the academy, and also claimed to have filmed footage of Prince Harry in the supposedly secure military compound.[12] The incident prompted a full security review by Defence Secretary John Reid. In August 2005, a journalist for another tabloid was successfully offered a job at Sandhurst despite using obviously fake credentials.[12] A further security incident occurred in January 2006, when the entire camp went into alert over a bomb; it later turned out to be a false alarm caused by a fake bomb made for cadet exercises, which had been fallen off a vehicle and then been found by Ritchie, who then raised the alarm.[12] It was reported in the Daily Telegraph in January 2006 that in the ensuing controversy, Ritchie was saved from being sacked by a personal intervention from Prince Charles, with the Prince of Wales reported to have made "'high-level' phone calls of support" to government ministers and senior officials, and issuing "a hand-written letter" of support for Ritchie.[13] Ritchie resigned as Commandant of Sandhurst in April 2006, resigning from the army shortly thereafter.[12] At the time of his resignation, Ritchie had been assigned to serve a tour of duty of up to four months in Iraq, but the timing of his resignation meant that he did not end up going there.[14]

Ritchie also gave a controversial Daily Telegraph interview during his Sandhurst tenure, in which he discussed suitable placements for army officers with the words, "Clearly, if say a regiment plays a lot of polo and you are a rugby player, you probably won't want to go to the polo-playing regiment", before conceding in the same interview, "I rather regret using that example", and stressed that the army was far more accessible today than when he first joined in the 1970s.[15]

After leaving Sandhurst, Ritchie instructed media law firm Harbottle & Lewis, who successfully sued the Daily Mirror on his behalf over a front-page story (subsequently repeated in the Daily Express and The Times) headlined, "Harry's Army Chief quits 'over stress'", and "Fall Out! Exclusive: Sandhurst chief quits job after stress of looking after Princes". The Mirror offered a full retraction, paid an undisclosed sum in damages (Ritchie's writ had been for £100,000 in damages), plus legal costs, and accepted that as an army officer, Ritchie, "has been trained to deal with stress."[16][17][18][19][20] In an interview with Ritchie after his retirement, the Daily Telegraph noted, "There were conflicting reports that 52-year-old Gen Ritchie had either been forced out, or so stressed by the security scare that he opted for early retirement", which Ritchie dismissed as "complete rubbish."[21]

Later life[edit]

After retiring from the service, he was appointed as Director of Goodenough College in London, a residential college for postgraduate students, taking his post in July 2006.[1][22]

Private life[edit]

In 1981, Ritchie married Camilla Trollope, and they have one son and two daughters.[1] His Who's Who entry lists his hobbies as hunting, opera, tennis and golf.[1]

Ritchie has been a Trustee of the British Forces Foundation since 2003, President of the Royal Artillery Hunt, a Member of the Council of Marlborough College, and a Governor of Princess Helena College since 2006, and a director of Larkhill Racecourse since 2008.[1]

Honours and decorations[edit]

Ritchie was awarded the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service on 8 November 1996 "for gallant and distinguished services in the former Republic of Yugoslavia during the period 21st December 1995 to 20th June 1996".[23] In the 1999 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[24]

He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 100 (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers) on 17 February 2001.[25] He was Deputy Colonel Commandant of the Adjutant General's Corps from 3 November 2005[26] to 2 July 2006.[11] He was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Royal Regiment of Artillery on 1 March 2006,[27] and relinquished the position on 1 March 2011.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h 'RITCHIE, Maj.-Gen. Andrew Stephenson', in Who's Who 2011 (A. & C. Black, 2011)
  2. ^ "(Supplement) no. 45956". The London Gazette. 16 April 1973. pp. 4932–4933. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  3. ^ "(Supplement) no. 46513". The London Gazette. 11 March 1975. p. 3286. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  4. ^ "(Supplement) no. 47991". The London Gazette. 29 October 1979. p. 13567. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  5. ^ "(Supplement) no. 50279". The London Gazette. 7 October 1985. p. 13864. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  6. ^ "(Supplement) no. 52200". The London Gazette. 2 July 1990. pp. 11360–11361. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  7. ^ "(Supplement) no. 54091". The London Gazette. 3 July 1995. pp. 9194–9195. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  8. ^ "(Supplement) no. 54648". The London Gazette. 13 January 1997. p. 465. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  9. ^ "(Supplement) no. 56524". The London Gazette. 2 April 2002. p. 3964. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  10. ^ "(Supplement) no. 56818". The London Gazette. 14 January 2003. p. 413. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  11. ^ a b "(Supplement) no. 58058". The London Gazette. 1 August 2006. p. 10460. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Commandant set to leave RMAS", 20 April 2006, Get Hampshire, accessed on 21 December 2011[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Prince Charles 'saved career of Sandhurst commander'", 6 January 2006, Daily Telegraph, accessed on 21 December 2011
  14. ^ "Camilla's playing the mistress!", Daily Mail, 23 November 2005, accessed on 13 June 2012
  15. ^ "'I don't treat Harry like dirt'", 2 October 2005, Daily Telegraph, accessed on 21 December 2011
  16. ^ "Harbottle & Lewis advise Andrew Ritchie on his libel win against The Daily Mirror", Harbottle & Lewis website[permanent dead link], accessed on 21 December 2011
  17. ^ "Army officer set to see Mirror in court", 27 April 2007, Reuters, accessed on 21 December 2011[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "William and Harry tutor gets 'substantial' damages from Daily Mirror", 4 October 2007, Press Gazette, accessed on 21 December 2011[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Mirror pays damages to princes' army tutor", 4 October 2007, The Guardian, accessed on 21 December 2011
  20. ^ "Ex-Sandhurst head wins damages over royal stress claim", 4 October 2007, Reuters, accessed on 21 December 2011
  21. ^ "The Army is a moral force. It's a force for good in the world. That's why people join" – interview, Daily Telegraph, 3 June 2006, accessed on 13 June 2012
  22. ^ Andrew Ritchie Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. at goodenough.ac.uk, accessed 23 February 2011
  23. ^ "no. 54574". The London Gazette. 7 November 1996. p. 14851. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  24. ^ "(Supplement) no. 55513". The London Gazette. 12 June 1999. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  25. ^ "(Supplement) no. 56164". The London Gazette. 2 April 2001. p. 4052. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  26. ^ "(Supplement) no. 57845". The London Gazette. 20 December 2005. p. 16382. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  27. ^ "(Supplement) no. 57945". The London Gazette. 4 April 2006. p. 4707. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  28. ^ "(Supplement) no. 59755". The London Gazette. 12 April 2011. p. 6982. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
Military offices
Preceded by
John Holmes
General Officer Commanding the 4th Division
2002–2003
Succeeded by
David Judd
Preceded by
Philip Trousdell
Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
2003–2006
Succeeded by
Peter Pearson
Academic offices
Preceded by
Major-General Timothy Toyne Sewell
Director of Goodenough College
2006–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent