Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree

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Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree (c.1521-1591) fought for the Scottish Reformation. His daughter married John Knox and he played a part in the defeat of Mary, Queen of Scots at the battle of Langside.

Biography[edit]

Andrew's father, Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Avondale, exchanged his lands and title to become Lord Ochiltree. When resistance to the Catholic religion and the rule of Dowager Queen Mary of Guise began to grow, Andrew was one of the first of the Lords of the Congregation who marched towards Perth in June 1559, and joined up with the rest at Edinburgh by 1 July. Ochiltree was a signatory to the Congregation's letters to Elizabeth I of England and William Cecil on 19 July 1559. John Knox wrote the letters, which state their whole intent was to remove superstition and "maintain the liberty this our country from the tyranny and thraldom of strangers." Cecil replied mentioning the example of the polity of Denmark, and wondering what place the Hamiltons, the former Duke of Châtelherault, the Earl of Arran and Lord David Hamilton might have in their scheme.[1]

On 27 April 1560, Ochiltree was a signature to the "Band of the Scottish Nobility", which pledged to expel the Queen Dowager's French forces and take plain part with the Queen of England's army, which had entered Scotland under the terms of the Congregation's Treaty of Berwick.[2] John Knox wrote in his History of the Reformation in Scotland that Ochiltree was a man more likely to look for peace than fight in the causeway.

Family[edit]

Lord Ochiltree married Agnes Cunningham of the Caprington family. His son and heir, Andrew Stewart, known as the Master of Ochiltree, predeceased him in 1578, and he was succeeded by his grandson, Andrew Stuart, 1st Baron Castle Stuart, 3rd Lord Ochiltree.[citation needed]

Andrew Stewart, Master of Ochiltree, and his wife Margaret Stewart, Mistress of Ochiltree, daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven, had five daughters, some of whom joined the household of Anne of Denmark in 1590. Mary (died 11 April 1606) married Sir Roger Aston a favourite of James VI who appointed him Gentleman of the Bedchamber in 1587.[3][4] Jean (or Anne) Stewart, one of the queen's maidens, married Gilbert Kennedy younger of Bargany. The wedding was celebrated at court with food and music.[5] However, it was said that James VI compelled the Laird of Bargany to arrange the marriage without a dowry, because he had sided with kirk ministers against him.[6] Jean's possessions were inventoried in 1605 after her death to be administered by her brother Josias Stewart of Bonnington.[7]

Lord Ochiltree's second son James Stewart became Lord Chancellor of Scotland.

Margaret Stewart and John Knox[edit]

Ochiltree's daughter, Margaret, who was around 16 years old married John Knox in 1563. The English resident diplomat in Scotland, Thomas Randolph noted that she was a near kinswoman of the Duke, meaning James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (Andrew's mother was the Duke's half-sister). He thought that Cecil would think his report madness.[8] They were married on Palm Sunday after the banns had been proclaimed in St Giles, Edinburgh. Randolph wrote that the Queen was angry at the marriage because Margaret was of the royal "blood and name".[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bain, Joseph, ed., Calendar of State Papers Scotland, vol. 1 (1898), pp.218, 220, 227-8, 234-5.
  2. ^ Bain, Joseph, ed., Calendar of State Papers Scotland, vol. 1 (1898), 383
  3. ^ Betham 1801, p. 37.
  4. ^ Wotton 1741, p. 107–108.
  5. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc., (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxii-iii.
  6. ^ Chronicle of the Kings of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1830), p.156.
  7. ^ James Paterson, History of the Counties of Ayr & Wigton Scotland: Carrick vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1864), pp. 195-9.
  8. ^ Bain, Joseph, ed., Calendar of State Papers Scotland, vol. 1 (1898), 680, (wives did not adopt their husband's surnames in 16th century Scotland)
  9. ^ Bain, Joseph, ed., Calendar of State Papers Scotland, vol. 2 (1900), 54.

References[edit]

  • Wotton, Thomas (1741), The English baronets, a genealogical and historical account of their families, Three Daggers and Queen's-Head, against St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street,: Thomas Wotton, pp. 107–108
  • Betham, William (1801), The Baronetage of England: Or The History of the English Baronets, and Such Baronets of Scotland, as are of English Families; with Genealogical Tables, and Engravings of Their Coats of Arms, 1, Burrell and Bransby, p. 37–38