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Andrew Tate
Andrew Tate on the "Anything Goes With James English" Podcast in 2023.
Tate in 2023
Born
Emory Andrew Tate III

(1986-12-01) 1 December 1986 (age 37)
Nationality
Other namesCobra Tate
Occupations
Years active2005–present
Known for
MovementManosphere
Parent
RelativesTristan Tate (brother)
Martial arts career
Height6 ft 3 in (1.9 m)[1][2]
Weight205 lb (93 kg; 14.6 st)[2]
Division
StanceOrthodox
Fighting out of
TeamStorm Gym
Kickboxing record
Total86
Wins76
By knockout32
Losses9
Draws1
Mixed martial arts record
Total6
Wins4
By knockout1
By submission1
By decision2
Losses2
By decision2

Emory Andrew Tate III (born 1 December 1986) is an American-British social media personality, businessman, and former professional kickboxer. His controversial commentary has resulted in his expulsions from various social media platforms and concern that he promotes misogynist views to his audience.[3] As a divisive influencer,[4] Tate has amassed over 9 million followers on X;[5] and was the third-most "googled" person in 2023,[6] with most British adults aware of who he is.[7] He has been dubbed the "king of toxic masculinity",[8] as part of the manosphere;[9] is associated with far-right activists and ideologies,[10] and has previously self-described as a misogynist.[11] As of May 2024, Tate is facing three legal cases – two criminal and one civil – in Romania and the United Kingdom.[12]

Tate first began to kickbox in 2005, winning several kickboxing titles in the late 2000s and early 2010s. In 2016, he appeared on the British reality series Big Brother, but was removed as he was the suspect in an open rape investigation in the United Kingdom. The investigation was later dropped, prior to again being suspected in 2024.[13] After his kickboxing career, Tate and his brother, Tristan, began operating a webcam model business, followed by selling online courses. With his audience from his courses, he became prominent as an internet celebrity promoting a hyper-macho view of masculinity.[14][15][16] Tate's courses include: Hustler's University, which gained 100,000 subscribers, later rebranded to The Real World; and the secretive War Room group, which has been accused by the BBC of coercing women into sex work, and teaching violence against women.[17] In August 2023, it was estimated that Tate's online ventures generated US$5 million in revenue per month.[18]

In December 2022, Tate and his brother Tristan were arrested in Romania along with two women. All four were charged in June 2023 with rape, human trafficking, and forming an organised crime group to sexually exploit women. In July 2023, two of the accusers reportedly went into hiding after a campaign of online harassment, and the Tate brothers filed a defamation lawsuit claiming $5 million in damages against one of the accusers. In March 2024, British police obtained an arrest warrant for the Tate brothers as part of an investigation into rape and human trafficking, and a Romanian court authorised their extradition after the conclusion of the Romanian case. Tate and his brother have denied all charges.

Early life

Emory Andrew Tate III was born on 1 December 1986[19][20][21] at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.[22] He is biracial.[23] His African American father Emory Tate (1958–2015) was a chess international master,[24] and his White English mother Eileen Tate worked as a catering assistant.[25] He has a younger brother, Tristan, and a younger sister, Janine.[26] He was raised in Chicago, Illinois, and Goshen, Indiana.[27][28] After his parents divorced, his mother took him and his brother to Luton, England.[28] He was educated at Halyard High School and Luton Sixth Form College.[29][30]

Kickboxing career

Tate started practising boxing and other martial arts in 2005, and worked in the television advertising industry to support himself. In November 2008, he was ranked the seventh-best light heavyweight kickboxer in the United Kingdom by the International Sport Kickboxing Association (ISKA).[31] In 2009, he received his first championship when he won the British ISKA Full Contact Cruiserweight Championship in Derby, won the International Kickboxing Federation British belt and received the top rank in his division across Europe.[32][33] Tate's kickboxing nickname was "King Cobra".[34]

In 2011, Tate won his first International Sport Kickboxing Association (ISKA) world title in a rematch against Jean-Luc Benoît via knockout, having previously lost to Benoit by decision.[35] In 2012, Tate lost the Enfusion championship tournament to Franci Grajš.[1] Before his loss, he was ranked second-best light-heavyweight kickboxer in the world.[36] In 2013, Tate won his second ISKA world title in a 12-round match against Vincent Petitjean, making him world champion in two weight divisions.[37] He defended the ISKA Belt and Won the Enfusion Belt in 2014 making him a four-time world champion,[38] prior to retiring with 31 recorded fights.[39]

Big Brother

Tate gained widespread attention in 2016 when he appeared on the British reality series Big Brother, during its seventeenth series.[40] While appearing on the show, he came under scrutiny for previously having made homophobic and racist posts on Twitter.[41] He was removed from the show after six days, with producers citing a video apparently showing Tate hitting a woman with a belt.[42] Tate and the woman said that they were friends and that the actions in the video were consensual.[14][42][43] Vice later reported that the removal was caused by the producers becoming aware of an ongoing police investigation for rape, closed in 2019 with no charges filed.[44]

Online ventures

Online ventures pyramid as depicted in "Andrew Tate: The Man Who Groomed The World?", BBC Three documentary, August 2023. Numbers correspond to followers and subscribers of platforms.[45][46]

Tate's website offers training courses on accumulating wealth and "male–female interactions".[42] According to the website, he also operated a webcam studio using his girlfriends as the employees.[42] Tate and his brother Tristan started the webcam business, employing as many as 75 webcam models[47] to sell "fake sob stories" to male callers,[48] claiming to have made millions of dollars doing so.[49] Mary McNamara commented that Tate previously described himself as "a pimp",[50] and The Guardian wrote of his transition from a kickboxer to "a webcam pimp".[51] He would later acknowledge that the business model was a "total scam".[49]

In August 2023, it was estimated the Hustler's University and The War Room generated $5 million per month from subscriptions.[18] According to the Anti-Defamation League, Tate posted the following lesson to his TikTok account, for the appropriate response if a man is accused of infidelity:[52]

It's bang out the machete, boom in her face, you grip her up by the neck, 'WHAT’S UP BITCH'...you go fuck her. That’s how it goes, you go slap, slap, grab, choke, 'shut up bitch,' sex.

The Real World (formerly Hustler's University)

Tate operated Hustler's University, a platform where members paid a US$49.99 monthly membership fee to receive instruction on ways to make money outside traditional employment, such as cryptocurrency, copywriting, and e-commerce, which was facilitated by pre-recorded videos and a Discord server.[53] The website employed an affiliate marketing program, where members received a commission for recruiting others to the platform.[54] Tate became highly prominent in 2022 by encouraging members of Hustler's University to post large numbers of videos of him to social media platforms in an effort to maximise engagement.[14] In August 2022, the platform had amassed over 100,000 subscribers,[55] the Irish-American financial services company Stripe pulled out of processing subscriptions for the platform, and Hustler's University shut down its affiliate marketing program. Paul Harrigan, a marketing professor at the University of Western Australia, stated the affiliate program constituted a social media pyramid scheme.[56] After Hustler's University was shut down, Tate launched a rebranded version of the program called "The Real World" in October 2022.[57][54]

In January 2024, analysis from the Center for Countering Digital Hate found The Real World had generated 450 million views. Another channel, sharing the content, had gained nearly 300 million views, after bypassing social media bans using affiliate marketing schemes.[58]

War Room

The War Room promotes self-discipline, motivation and confidence building whilst giving members access to thousands of professionals from around the world who encourage personal responsibility and accountability, emphasising the importance of taking ownership of your choices and actions.

Andrew Tate, August 2023[59]

Advertised by Tate and costing $8,000, the War Room is described as "a global network in which exemplars of individualism work to free the modern man from socially induced incarceration" claiming to teach men "physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and financial development".[60] The alleged leader of the group, Miles Sonkin, also known as Iggy Semmelweiss, met Tate in 2018 and the group was established in 2019.[59][61] In August 2023, a BBC investigation led by Matt Shea discovered evidence of women groomed into online sex work by members of the group,[59] described as an all-male secretive society.[46]

The group chat, featuring 12,000 pages of encrypted messages, indicated that the group taught a "Pimpin' Hoes Degree" course, abbreviated to PhD, using techniques to "romantically seduce, emotionally manipulate and socially isolate women before luring them into performing on webcams".[17] A legal expert in human trafficking from Bucharest described the course as using all the practices of the "Lover Boy" strategy.[12] A deleted description of the defunct course on the website, that has since been used by prosecutors in Romania in the case against Tate, read:[12][28]

My job was to meet a girl, go on a few dates, sleep with her, test if she's quality, get her to fall in love with me to where she'd do anything I say, and then get her on webcam so we could become rich together,

Evidence suggested violence against women was also taught and discussed, with victims claiming sex was used as a manipulation technique. Members of the group believed they were performing "Pavlovian conditioning" on the women, with submission tests such as receiving tattoos on their bodies of members initials. A whistleblower, who claimed to be former head of sales and marketing, described the group as a cult that he had been "brainwashed" by.[59][62] A spokeswoman for Tate stated the BBC's findings "not only present false accusations, but insult the massive community that considers Andrew Tate a life changing positive force".[59] As of August 2022, there were 434 members and 45 potential victims, based on the leaked chat logs.[59]

Views and influence

Tate in an interview on Anything Goes with James English, 2021

Tate is an influencer in the 'manosphere'[9] and 'alpha male' community.[63] According to The Conversation, he is a recognised "thought leader" in the online manosphere, who is able to mobilise his supporters to spread his ideas to a broader audience.[64] Tate is also associated with right-wing[65][66] and far-right ideologies,[10][67][68] and has ties to the far-right,[69][70][12] including British activist Tommy Robinson.[71][72] He otherwise identifies as a libertarian[73] and has been dubbed the "king of toxic masculinity".[8] Tate's divisive commentary[4] has been criticised by various charities and organisations including the Anti-Defamation League,[52] White Ribbon Campaign,[74] Hope not Hate,[70] Rape Crisis England and Wales,[75] Centre for Countering Digital Hate,[76] Institute for Strategic Dialogue,[77] End Violence Against Women Coalition,[7] and Women's Aid.[78]

Tate received attention in 2017 for his tweets describing his view of what qualifies as sexual harassment amid the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse cases, and for tweeting several statements about his view that sexual assault victims share responsibility for their assaults.[42] He has been criticised for saying that depression "isn't real",[20][79] and that women "belong in the home", "can't drive",[80] and are "given to the man and belong to the man",[20] as "a man's property".[80] Tate has also claimed that men prefer dating 18- and 19-year-olds, because they are "likely to have had sex with fewer men", in order to "make an imprint" on teenagers,[81] and that women who do not stay at home are "hoes".[82] According to Tate, certain comments were intended as jokes and have been taken out of context.[83]

Anything Goes with James English Interview

You can't slander me because I will state right now that I am absolutely sexist and I'm absolutely a misogynist, and I have fuck you money and you can't take that away.

Andrew Tate, 2021[84][85]

Prior to Tate going mainstream in 2022, he became known among the online far-right through his appearances on InfoWars and acquaintances including Mike Cernovich, Jack Posobiec, and Paul Joseph Watson,[86][87] and attended the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in 2019.[88] He is accused by Hope not Hate of having a "long history of racist statements, homophobia and links to the organised far-right".[70] In February 2023, Thierry Baudet, founder and leader of the far-right Forum for Democracy, described Tate as an "outspoken political dissident" and "courageous critic", tabling a motion in the Dutch parliament regarding his detention in Romania.[89] By May 2024, Tate had been platformed by far-right conservatives such as Tucker Carlson and Candace Owens, assuming himself as a proponent for "traditional views on men in the culture war raging over gender".[12]

In an interview with the BBC in June 2023, Tate stated that he was "acting under the instruction of God to do good things" and that; "I preach hard work, discipline. I'm an athlete, I preach anti-drugs, I preach religion, I preach no alcohol, I preach no knife crime."[83] In September, Tate came out in support of Russell Brand after he was accused of sexual assault by multiple women.[90][91] In November he accused Israel of "genociding" Palestinians and claimed that the Hamas attack on Israel was as "an eye for an eye".[92] In December, during a dispute with Piers Morgan, Tate described conspiracy theorist Alex Jones as a "f****** hero", after his reinstatement on Twitter,[93] previously describing him as "one of the greatest men on the planet".[70]

In January 2024, Tate questioned whether the Nazis were really the "bad guy" in World War II.[58] In March, the ADL reported that Tate "teaches his acolytes that women are inferior and morally deficient beings who are good only for sex and status building, and who deserve to be physically, sexually and emotionally abused", equating his philosophy to that of pick-up artists.[52] On 26 March, after the collapse of the Francis Scott Key bridge in Maryland, Tate falsely claimed the ship that collided with the bridge "was cyber-attacked".[94]

Reception

Beginning in 2022,[95] Tate's views and their influence on teenage boys and young men have become a particular concern of parents, teachers and mental health experts in much of the world, including in North America,[96] the United Kingdom,[95] Australia[97][98] and New Zealand.[99] His views have been described as "brainwashing a generation" by The New York Times, due to his influence in British schools,[100] with the Anti-Defamation League considering Tate's misogyny to exist in the mainstream.[52]

In August 2022, the White Ribbon Campaign, a nonprofit organisation opposing male-on-female violence, has called Tate's commentary "extremely misogynistic" and its possible long-term effects on his young male audience "concerning".[74] Hope not Hate asserted that Tate's social media presence might present a "dangerous slip road into the far-right" for his audience,[75] and criticises his ties to the far-right.[70] The Rape Crisis England and Wales claimed it was "unacceptable that such a blatant display of misogyny is being given a platform."[75] The Centre for Countering Digital Hate described Tate's videos as "extreme misogyny", after uncovering videos viewed millions of times referencing leaving and imprint on young women.[76] In response to the criticisms, Tate stated that his content includes "many videos praising women" and mainly aims at teaching his audience to avoid "toxic and low value people as a whole".[81] He further stated that he plays a "comedic character" and that people believed "absolutely false narratives" about him.[101]

In February 2023, Tim Squirrell of the Institute for Strategic Dialogue said Tate posed "a risk of radicalising young men into misogynist extremism".[77] In May, the director of policy at Hope not Hate described Tate as a "legitimising force" for misogynistic views and director of the End Violence Against Women Coalition commented it was "hugely concerning" that "Tate continues to wield influence on a significant proportion of younger men, who say they agree with his views on women, masculinity and how to be a man."[7] According to interviews by The Conversation in mid–2023, teachers explicitly identified Tate's influence over students, in reference to a dramatic increase in "sexism, misogyny and sexual harassment" in Australian classrooms.[102] In October, UK domestic abuse charity Women's Aid described Tate's content as a proxy for misogyny and sexism, stating that "the popularity of Tate is not a phenomenon in and of itself and, instead, is a current representation of existing misogyny".[78]

Response

In contrast to the Department for Education,[a] the Shadow Education Secretary, Bridget Phillipson (pictured), believes schools in the UK should address Tate's influence using a "counterbalance" of male mentors.[104]

In February 2023, courses for teachers in the United Kingdom sold out on how to address Tate's views.[105] The head of UK counter-terror policing has stated "I'm concerned about the effect of that kind of rhetoric in the minds of young boys", regarding what was described as violent misogyny and other forms of extremist content, distributed online by Tate.[106] In April 2023, the Department for Education (DfE) discouraged discussion of Tate, with many citing his influence regarding sexual harassment and misogynistic incidents, and co-founder of charity Diversify expressing frustration over the refusal to provide any resources or training for teachers.[103]

In October 2023, the Australian government allocated AUD$3.5 million (£1.8 million) to counter "harmful gender stereotypes perpetuated online", in response to young fans of Tate who have been described as "increasingly bringing misogynist views into Australian schools." According to researchers at Monash University, Australian teachers have quit their jobs, students openly espoused "male supremacist" views, and Tate's views have shaped the way women and girls are treated by boys.[98][107]

In February 2024, the Shadow Education Secretary in the UK, Bridget Phillipson, said the Labour Party wanted to utilise male role models to counter misogyny from influencers such as Tate. The proposal would implement "peer-to-peer mentoring" programs for school staff, in order to directly address the impact of Tate and others. The general secretary of the National Education Union, Daniel Kebede, welcomed the plans stating that "schools would welcome more support on how to respond to the online sexism and sexual harassment".[104]

Surveys

In January 2023, a survey by "The Man Cave" of 500 teenage boys in Australia found 28 per cent looked up to Tate, while 36 per cent found him relatable. Of 24 schools, half of them said they were "seeing a significant and negative impact of his influence on our boys in the school".[108] The following month, a survey conducted by Hope not Hate found that eight in ten British males aged 16–17 had viewed Tate's content, with 45 per cent of British males aged 16–24 having a positive view of him, compared to 1 per cent of British women aged 16 and 17.[109]

In September 2023, YouGov data found 26 per cent of men aged 18–29, and 28 per cent of men aged 30–39, agreed with his views on women. Of the 63 per cent of British adults who had heard of Tate, 6 per cent held a positive view, with men making up 12 per cent and women 3 per cent of views, while approximately half had a negative view.[7][110]

In October 2023, a survey by Women's Aid and ORB International found 40 per cent of 7–18 year-olds had heard of Tate, including 21 per cent of 7–11 year-olds and otherwise 43–53 per cent of 11–18 year-olds. The report found a correlation between being exposed to Tate's content and having harmful perceptions of relationships,[78] with children exposed to such content being "five times more likely to think hurting people is OK".[111]

In February 2024, research from King's College London, the Center for Women's Global Leadership, and Ipsos,[112] determined that one in five men aged 16–29 who had heard of Tate held a favourable view,[113] compared to 7 per cent of women in the same age group. Based on the survey of over 3,700 respondents aged 16 and over, only 6 per cent held a favourable view, while more than three out of four held an unfavourable view. One in seven agreed with his views on male identity and gender roles, and 61 per cent disagreed.[112]

Social media

Tate became widely known in mid-2022 and was searched on Google more times than both Donald Trump and COVID-19 that July.[75] In August 2022, The Guardian reported that videos of Tate on TikTok have been viewed 11.6 billion times.[25] In December 2023, Tate had over 8.5 million followers on X (formerly Twitter),[114] an increase of 5 million since December 2022.[115] He was the third most "googled" person in 2023[6] and his Wikipedia article, with over 12 million views, was ranked among the top 25 English Wikipedia articles in 2023.[116]

Greta Thunberg Twitter
@GretaThunberg

yes, please do enlighten me. email me at smalldickenergy@getalife.com

December 28, 2022[117]

Andrew Tate Twitter
@Cobratate

Hello @GretaThunberg

I have 33 cars.

My Bugatti has a w16 8.0L quad turbo.

My TWO Ferrari 812 competizione have 6.5L v12s.

This is just the start.

Please provide your email address so I can send a complete list of my car collection and their respective enormous emissions.

December 27, 2022[118]

In December 2022, Tate addressed the environmentalist Greta Thunberg in a tweet extolling his carbon-emitting automobiles and asked for her email address to give her more information. Thunberg replied with the fake, satirical email address "smalldickenergy@getalife.com". The exchange received substantial attention on Twitter,[119] with Thunberg's retort quickly becoming one of the most-liked tweets ever.[120]

Tate gained notoriety on social media for promoting a "hyper-masculine, ultra-luxurious lifestyle" and a "hyper-macho image".[121][15] According to The Guardian in February 2023, Tate is popular among British teenage boys, who mimic his phrases and philosophies. They reported that "virtually every parent in Britain" had heard of him, and that parents and schoolteachers expressed concern that he was influencing boys to exhibit misogynistic and aggressive behaviour.[40] CNN reported that students as young as middle schoolers have regurgitated his abuse and harassed female classmates. In the UK and Australia, sexual harassment in schools has also been blamed on Tate's influence.[122]

In January 2024, research from the Center for Countering Digital Hate claimed YouTube had earned up to £2.4 million in advertising revenue from Tate's content, accusing the company of being "happy to continue to turn a blind eye". The figure was described as "wildly inaccurate and overinflated" by the platform, highlighting that the majority of channels were not monetised for such revenue.[58]

Deplatforming

Three of Tate's Twitter accounts have been suspended at different times. In 2021, an account that he created to evade his previous ban was verified by Twitter, contrary to their policies. The account was subsequently permanently banned, and Twitter said the verification occurred in error.[42]

In August 2022, following an online campaign to deplatform him, Tate was permanently banned from Facebook and Instagram, losing 4.7 million followers from the latter.[123] Parent company Meta claimed he had violated their policy on "dangerous organizations and individuals".[124] TikTok, where videos featuring Tate's name as a hashtag have been viewed over 13 billion times, also removed his account after determining that it violated their policies on "content that attacks, threatens, incites violence against, or otherwise dehumanises an individual or a group".[86] Shortly thereafter, YouTube also suspended his channel, where he had 760,000 subscribers,[75] citing multiple violations, including hate speech and COVID-19 misinformation, and he later deleted his own Twitch channel, that had 50,000 subscribers.[125] In November 2022, after the acquisition of Twitter by Elon Musk, Tate's Twitter account was reinstated.[126]

Tate responded to the bans by saying that, while most of his comments were taken out of context, he took responsibility for how they were received.[20] The YouTuber and boxer Jake Paul denounced Tate's sexism, but characterised the bans as censorship.[47] Tate's content continues to circulate on Facebook, Instagram, and TikTok after the bans via fan accounts.[127][128] Following the bans, Tate moved to alt-tech platforms Gettr and Rumble, causing the latter to briefly become the most downloaded app on the App Store.[129][130]

Personal life

In 2017, Tate moved from the United Kingdom to Romania with his brother, Tristan Tate, with whom he runs multiple businesses. He said that he moved because he liked "living in countries where corruption is accessible for everybody"[131] and believed that he would be less likely to face rape charges in Romania. He claimed that Romanian police would ask women reporting rapes for "evidence" or "CCTV proof", whereas in the Western world, amid the MeToo movement, Tate said that any woman "at any point in the future can destroy your life."[132][133][85][134] Tate reportedly has a number of children living in Romania whom he occasionally visits.[135][136]

Tate was raised Christian[137] but later became an atheist.[138] By early 2022, he identified as a Christian again, and said that he tithed £16,000 to the Romanian Orthodox Church on a monthly basis.[139][140] After a video of him praying at a mosque in Dubai went viral in October 2022, he announced on his Gettr account that he had converted to Islam.[141][142][143]

On 4 March 2023, while incarcerated in Romania, Tate's legal team stated "he has a dark spot on his lung, most likely a tumor" following a medical consultation in Dubai, sparking online rumours related to whether he has lung cancer.[144] On 5 March, Tate denied on Twitter that he had cancer.[145]

Criminal investigations

In Britain

2015–2019

Tate was arrested in July 2015 after complaints were filed by two women, accusing Tate of rape and assault in 2014. He was again arrested on suspension of rape in December 2015, after an accuser presented messages sent by Tate in which he stated, "I love raping you". In response to the allegations, a spokesperson for Tate stated "Andrew vehemently denies any involvement in criminal activities such as rape or physical abuse."[12]

In 2019, after a four-year investigation, the Crown Prosecution Service declined to file charges for any of the allegations for sexual violence and physical abuse, stating that the evidence "did not meet our legal test, and there was no realistic prospect of a conviction", and that "it would be wrong to say there was just one issue" with the evidence. The three women have commented that the case was mishandled, with the police apologising for delays in the investigation, while according to Tate, the police "found [exculpatory] messages from the girls' phones".[44][146][147]

2024–present

In March 2024, the UK's Westminster Magistrates' Court issued a European arrest warrant against the Tate and his brother Tristan. According to Tate's representative, the charges are based on allegations of sexual aggression from 2012–2015. Bedfordshire police stated that the warrant was "part of an ongoing investigation into allegations of rape and human trafficking", alongside Romanian authorities.[13] The two were detained by the Romanian police on 11 March, after the prosecutor of the Bucharest Court of Appeal ordered them to be detained for a day until the court decided on the execution of the warrant.[148][149] On 12 March, the Romanian court ruled that the brothers can be extradited to the UK only after the Romanian trial for human trafficking concludes.[150] The Tate brothers "categorically reject all charges".[151]

According to the lawyer representing the accusers, Matthew Jury, they received information that Tate had told Adin Ross he planned to flee Romania, and requested British police have him detained.[152] Jury also called on Piers Morgan and Tucker Carlson to no longer give Tate a platform, or otherwise to "properly interrogate him on the allegations", describing the spread of disinformation over the allegations in the UK and elsewhere as damaging.[153]

In May 2024, the three women involved in the investigation with Hertfordshire constabulary, along with a fourth British women, brought a civil case against Tate in the High Court in order to sue for "injuries they suffered", with papers served at his home in Romania. According to the women, the court granted an order to protect their anonymity, in order to be protected by potential harassment and abuse.[154][155]

In Romania: 2022–present

On 11 April 2022, the U.S. embassy received a report that an American citizen was being held against her will in a property owned by the Tate brothers in Pipera, Romania.[156] The Romanian police raided the home, and a nearby webcam studio belonging to the Tates, where they discovered four women. Two of them, the American and another Romanian woman, told the police they were being held against their will, sparking an in-rem[b] investigation into human trafficking and rape by DIICOT, the Romanian anti-organised crime agency.[158][159] The two brothers were interrogated and released. At the time, they were heard as witnesses rather than suspects.[160]

Arrest, investigation and asset seizures

On 29 December 2022, the police arrested both Tate brothers and two women.[161][162] All four are suspected of human trafficking and forming an organised crime group, and one of them (unidentified due to Romanian law) is suspected of rape. DIICOT accuses the Tates of having recruited women through the "loverboy" method—which consists of misrepresenting one's intention to commit to a romantic relationship—and having forced them to create explicit content for websites like OnlyFans, as part of an organised crime group the Tates are alleged to have formed in early 2021. DIICOT identified six potential victims.[156][163] Social media rumours attributed Andrew Tate's arrest to pizza boxes shown in his response video to Greta Thunberg, which Romanian authorities denied.[164][87]

As of 5 January 2023, two potential victims had joined the case as civil parties and filed statements against the suspects.[165] On 7 January, one of the Tates' lawyers said that the defense team had still not obtained a copy of the evidence presented by the prosecution to the judge. The lawyer also said that the Tate brothers had not been given an accurate translation during their hearing for the 30-day extension. He requested the opportunity to confront the accusers in court, and said that some of the six potential victims identified by DIICOT had not filed a complaint against the suspects.[166] Two women who have lived with the Tate brothers have publicly defended them,[167][168] and two of the six alleged victims identified by DIICOT, have denied that they were victimised.[169][170]

Romanian authorities seized 29 assets, including 15 cars and more than 10 properties, as well as watches and sums of money, that belonged to the Tate brothers or their companies, totaling to almost US$4 million.[171][172] If they are convicted, these assets will be forfeited to the state and used to pay civil and moral damages to any victims.[173] On 14 January 2023, the cars at the Tates' home were transported to a storage location.[174] On 11 December, a Romanian court rejected the request to return assets seized during the investigation.[175] On 8 January 2024, this decision was overturned by the Bucharest's Court of Appeal after successful appeal, with the court ordering a new trial over the seized assets.[176][177]

Rape and human trafficking charges

On 13 June 2023, DIICOT adjusted the charges from human trafficking to "human trafficking in continued form", a more serious charge.[178] One additional victim was identified, bringing the total count to seven.[179][180][181] On 20 June, the four accused were indicted on charges of rape, human trafficking, and forming an organised crime group to sexually exploit women. They continue to deny all charges and remain under investigation concerning money laundering and trafficking of minors.[121] Tate's attorney argue that he was playing an online character,[12] while Tate and his supporters have spread various conspiracy theories about the criminal charges.[182][183]

Sky News reported that the allegations include committing "human trafficking in Romania and other countries", including the United States and United Kingdom.[153] ABC News reported that the case centres around three women – of American, Moldovan, and British nationality, respectively – who accuse the Tates of "luring [them] to Romania and exploiting them on webcam".[12] According to the Anti-Defamation League, "Prosecutors allege that Tate raped at least one of the women repeatedly, controlled them by threatening them with violence and financial ruin and posted pornographic videos to the women’s social media accounts."[52]

In January 2024, the case was heard in the preliminary chamber, prior to a trial date being set,[184] and in April 2024, a Romanian court ruled that all the four defendants could be tried in the country, without specifying any date for the trial.[185][186] The Bucharest Tribunal decided that the case against Tate "met the legal criteria", and the ruling has been appealed by the defendants.[187]

Pre-trial detention and restrictions

After an initial 24-hour pre-trial detention following the arrests on 29 December 2022, the judge prolonged their detention by 30 days.[156] The Tates appealed the extension, but the appeal was rejected on 10 January 2023.[188][189] Under Romanian law, it can be prolonged for a maximum of 180 days.[190] On 20 January, a Romanian court extended the brothers' pre-trial detention until 27 February;[191] the court's reasoning was based on a desire to safeguard the investigation, and avoid the Tates leaving the country.[192] On 25 January, while being taken for questioning at Romania's organised crime unit, Andrew said the case against him was "empty" and told reporters that "they know we have done nothing wrong".[193]

On 1 February, he appealed the decision to extend his detention. The appeal was rejected by the Bucharest Court of Appeal.[194] That same day, Tina Glandian, a lawyer who has previously represented Chris Brown and Mike Tyson, was added to the legal team. She released a public statement alleging that the situation constituted a "violation of international human rights".[195] On 21 February, a Romanian judicial institution once again prolonged the detention of the Tate brothers for an additional 30-day period.[196] Prosecutors alleged wiretaps of phone calls made by Tate to two associates, instructing them to lobby two Romanian right-wing politicians, George Simion and Diana Iovanovici Șoșoacă, to support his release.[197]

On 14 March, their petition for bail was refused for the third time.[198] Subsequently, on 29 March, their detention period was lengthened until the end of April.[199][200] On 31 March, the Bucharest Court of Appeal overturned the previous court's decision, transitioning the brothers' pre-trial detention to house arrest, initially set until 29 April and later extended to the end of August.[201][202] In total, the four suspects, including the Tate brothers, were held in police custody from 29 December 2022 until 31 March 2023.[178]

On 4 August, their house arrest was replaced with judicial control until 2 October, allowing the four accused to leave their house, but not Ilfov County.[203] On 28 September, the travel restriction was relaxed after an appeal, allowing him to travel within Romania.[204] The decision was overturned on appeal, but restrictions were again relaxed by a Romanian judge on 28 November.[205]

On 30 January 2024, the Bucharest Court of Appeal rejected Tate's appeal to relax judicial control measures, after pre-trial restrictions imposed on 18 January were extended for a further 60 days. The restrictions determine that he cannot leave the country.[184] On 10 May, The Bucharest Tribunal extended the same travel restrictions against Tate for an additional 60 days,[206] and on 20 May, Tate lost his appeal in the Bucharest Court of Appeal to have the restrictions relaxed.[207]

Online harassment and lawsuit

In February 2023, the legal team for the Tate brothers confirmed that a cease and desist letter was sent to at least one of the accusers in December 2022, threatening to sue her and her parents for $300 million over defamatory statements.[208][209]

Two of the accusers reportedly went into hiding after being targeted by an online harassment campaign, described as an attempt to "scare them into silence" by a "troll army". Senior legal counsel at the National Center on Sexual Exploitation, who are advising the women, alleges Tate's following targeted her clients with thousands of online threats, including doxing the accusers, their relatives, as well as the use of private investigators.[210]

In July, the Tate brothers then filed a defamation lawsuit against one of the accusers, their parents and two other individuals, in Florida's Palm Beach County, seeking $5 million in damages. The Tates claim the five conspired to falsely accuse them of human trafficking and rape, costing them their freedom as well as income from social media and business ventures.[211]

Kickboxing record

Professional kickboxing record
76 Wins (32 Stoppages), 9 Losses, 1 Draw
Date Result Opponent Event Location Method Round Time
2020-12-16 Win Cosmin Lingurar KO Masters 8[212][2] Bucharest, Romania TKO (retirement) 2 2:02
2020-11-16 Win Iulian Strugariu RXF One Night 3 Show[213] Bucharest, Romania TKO (punches) 1 0:49
2020-02-10 Win Miralem Ahmeti KO Masters 7[1][214] Bucharest, Romania KO (left high kick) 1 0:58
2016-12-03 Loss Ibrahim El Boustati Enfusion Live 44[1][215] The Hague, Netherlands TKO (Eye Injury) 1 N/A
For Enfusion Live World Light Heavyweight Title −90 kg.
2015-03-14 Win Jean-Luc Benoît Boxe in Défi 16[216] Muret, France Decision 7 2:00
2015-01-01 Win Liang Ling K-1 China vs. USA[1] Changsha, China Decision 3 3:00
2014-06-29 Win Wendell Roche Enfusion Live 19[1] London, England TKO 2 N/A
Wins Enfusion Live World Light Heavyweight Title −90 kg.
2014-04-26 Loss Miroslav Cingel Enfusion Live 17, Semi-finals[1][217] Žilina, Slovakia Decision 3 3:00
2014-03-15 Win Cyril Vetter Power Trophy 2014[214][218][219] Châteaurenard, France KO 1 (12) N/A
Defended ISKA World Full-Contact Light Cruiserweight Title −84.6 kg.
2013-12-01 Win Laszlo Szabo Enfusion Live 11[1][220][221] London, England Decision (unanimous) 3 3:00
2013-06-29 Win Marlon Hunt Enfusion Live 6[1][222][223][224] London, England Decision (unanimous) 3 3:00
2013-03-30 Win Marino Schouten Enfusion Live 3[1][225][226] London, England Decision (unanimous) 3 3:00
2013-03-09 Win Vincent Petitjean Power Trophy 2013[214][227][228][229][230] Châteaurenard, France Decision (split) 12 2:00
Wins ISKA World Full-Contact Light Cruiserweight Title −84.6 kg.
2013-02-02 Win David Radeff Enfusion Live 1[1][231] Zwevegem, Belgium Decision (unanimous) 3 3:00
2012-12-02 Loss Franci Grajš Enfusion 3: Trial of the Gladiators[1][232][233][36][33] Ljubljana, Slovenia KO (knee) 1 N/A
For Enfusion 3 Tournament Championship Title, −85 kg.
2012-12-02 Win Ritchie Hocking Enfusion 3: Trial of the Gladiators, Semi-finals[1] Ljubljana, Slovenia KO 1 N/A
2012-05-12 Loss Sahak Parparyan It's Showtime 56[1][212][234][235] Kortrijk, Belgium Decision (unanimous) 5 3:00
For It's Showtime 85MAX World Title −85 kg.
2012-03-31 Win Joe McGovan The Main Event[1] Manchester, England KO (three knockdowns) 1 1:23
2011-11-12 Loss Vincent Petitjean La 18ème Nuit des Champions[214][236] Marseille, France Decision (unanimous) 8 2:00
For NDC Full-Contact title −85 kg.
2011-08-17 Win Adnan Omeragić Enfusion 3: Trial of the Gladiators, Quarter Final[1] Ohrid, North Macedonia TKO (eye injury) N/A N/A
2011-08-12 Win Sammy Masa Enfusion 3: Trial of the Gladiators, First round[1] Ohrid, North Macedonia KO 2 N/A
2011-06-05 Win Jean-Luc Benoît Pure Force 9[1][214][237][238][239] Luton, England KO 8 (12) 2:00
Wins ISKA World Full-Contact Light Heavyweight Title −81.5 kg.
2011-03-19 Loss Jean-Luc Benoît Boxe in Défi 12[240][241] Muret, France Decision 12 2:00
For Vacant ISKA World Full-Contact Light Heavyweight Title −81.5 kg.
2010-10-16 Win Jamie Bates History in the Making 4[242][243][244] Nottingham, England KO (HeadKick) 8 N/A
2009-09-26 Win Daniel Hughes IKF Kickboxing[245] Bristol, England KO 1 (10) N/A
Wins International Kickboxing Federation British Cruiserweight Title −84.5 kg.
2009-04-25 Win Paul Randall Championship Kickboxing[246][247] Derby, England KO 5 2:00
Wins ISKA English Full-Contact Cruiserweight Title.
2008-09-14 Win Mo Kargbo Absolute Adrenaline[248] Bournemouth, England TKO 5 N/A
2008-07-12 Win Ollie Green International Kickboxing at the Circus Tavern[249][250] Essex, England TKO 4 1:00
2008-05-11 Win Lee Whitfield IKF Pro & Amateur Kickboxing[251] Kent, England Decision 6 (6) 2:00
2008-02-24 Loss Luke Sines IKF Pro & Amateur Kickboxing[252] Kent, England Decision (unanimous) 5 (5) 2:00
2007-04-07 Loss Scott Gibson Golden Belt[253][254][255] Hove, England TKO (overhand right) 4 (7) 0:37
For ISKA British Full-Contact Light Heavyweight Golden Belt Title −81.5 kg.
Legend:   Win   Loss   Draw/No contest   Notes

Mixed martial arts record

Professional record

Professional record breakdown
1 match 1 win 0 losses
By knockout 1 0
Res. Record Opponent Method Event Date Round Time Location Notes
Win 1–0 Shane Kavanagh KO (punches) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 13 6 Jun 2010 1 3:00 Essex, England [256][212] [257]

Amateur record

Professional record breakdown
5 matches 3 wins 2 losses
By submission 1 0
By decision 2 2
Res. Record Opponent Method Event Date Round Time Location Notes
Win 3–2 Luke Barnatt Decision (unanimous) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 12 20 Mar 2010 3 5:00 Essex, England [256][212][257]
Loss 2–2 Reza Meldavian Decision (unanimous) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 4 2 Jun 2007 3 5:00 Essex, England [257][258]
Win 2–1 Matthew Wilkins Decision (unanimous) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 3 24 Feb 2007 2 5:00 Essex, England
Loss 1–1 William Morley Decision (unanimous) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 2 4 Nov 2006 2 5:00 Southend-on-Sea, England [257][259]
Win 1–0 Lee Mayo Submission (guillotine choke) Ultimate Warrior Challenge 1 10 Jun 2006 2 1:05 Southend-on-Sea, England [257][260]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In February 2023, officials from the Department for Education discouraged teachers from discussing Tate's views in personal, social, health and economic education, when approached for help by head teachers.[103]
  2. ^ Meaning, "for the facts"[157]

References

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External links