Andrew Tyrie

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The Lord Tyrie
Official portrait, 2020
Chair of the Competition and Markets Authority
In office
20 June 2018 – 1 September 2020
Prime Minister
Preceded byThe Lord Currie
Succeeded byJonathan Scott (acting)
Chair of the Liaison Committee
In office
14 October 2015 – 3 May 2017
Preceded bySir Alan Beith
Succeeded bySarah Wollaston
Chair of the Treasury Select Committee
In office
10 June 2010 – 3 May 2017
Preceded byJohn McFall
Succeeded byNicky Morgan
Shadow portfolios
Shadow Paymaster General
In office
15 March 2004 – 6 May 2005
LeaderMichael Howard
Preceded byMark Prisk
Succeeded byMark Francois
Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
11 November 2003 – 15 March 2004
LeaderMichael Howard
Preceded byMark Prisk
Succeeded byMark Hoban
Parliamentary offices
Member of the House of Lords
Life peerage
12 June 2018
Member of Parliament
for Chichester
In office
1 May 1997 – 3 May 2017
Preceded byAnthony Nelson
Succeeded byGillian Keegan
Personal details
Born (1957-01-15) 15 January 1957 (age 66)
Rochford, Essex, England
Political partyNon-affiliated[1]
Other political
Conservative (before 2018)
Alma materTrinity College, Oxford
College of Europe
Wolfson College, Cambridge

Andrew Guy Tyrie, Baron Tyrie, PC (born 15 January 1957) is a British politician and former chair of the Competition and Markets Authority. A member of the Conservative Party, he was Member of Parliament (MP) for Chichester from 1997 to 2017. Tyrie was previously a special adviser at HM Treasury and chair of the Treasury Select Committee, having taken up the role on 10 June 2010.[2] He was described by Donald Macintyre of The Independent in 2013 as "the most powerful backbencher in the House of Commons",[3] and by The Economist as a liberal conservative.[4]

Early life[edit]

Tyrie was born at Rochford, Essex, on 15 January 1957.[5][6] He was educated at Felsted School and Trinity College, Oxford, where he read PPE, graduating in 1979.[5][7] He then attended the College of Europe at Bruges, where he received a postgraduate Certificate of Advanced European Studies, followed by Wolfson College, Cambridge, where he obtained the degree of MPhil.[5][7]

Tyrie worked at the group head office of BP from 1981 to 1983.[7] From 1990 to 1991, he was a Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, then a senior economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development from 1992 to 1997.[5][2][7] Tyrie contested Houghton and Washington in 1992.[6]

Parliamentary career[edit]

From 1997 to 2010[edit]

Tyrie was first elected as the Member of Parliament for Chichester at the 1997 general election when Labour returned to government. Following the Conservative Party's second defeat to Labour at the 2001 general election, William Hague announced that he would stand down from the leadership role; Tyrie became Kenneth Clarke's campaign manager in the following leadership election. Clarke was successful in the final ballot of MPs, but was defeated by Iain Duncan Smith in the full membership vote. Tyrie refused to join the new leader's shadow cabinet due to ideological differences.[8]

After Michael Howard succeeded Duncan Smith as Conservative leader, Tyrie served in his Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury between November 2003 and March 2004 and then as Shadow Paymaster General between March 2004 and May 2005.[6]

In 2005, he became Founding Chairman of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Extraordinary Rendition, a group of politicians in the British Parliament which examines the issue of extraordinary rendition and related issues.[5][9] He has been a member of the Public Accounts Commission since 1997 and served on the 1922 Committee Executive between 2005 and 2006.[6]

The Conservatives' third consecutive defeat following the 2005 election led Michael Howard to announce his resignation as party leader, triggering a leadership contest. Tyrie managed Ken Clarke's campaign, but was again unsuccessful – Clarke was eliminated in the first ballot. David Cameron went on to be elected leader. Tyrie did not join the shadow cabinet.

Tyrie is also a Council Member of the Centre for Policy Studies.[2] He is a shareholder of the Veritas Asian Fund[10] and Falcon Land Limited,[11] and he sits on the Board of Directors of Rugby Estates.[6][12] In his constituency, Tyrie has been involved locally, namely in supporting campaigns including the movement to prevent the Accident and Emergency Department at St Richard's Hospital from being downgraded.

Since 2010[edit]

On 10 June 2010, Tyrie was elected to chair the Treasury Select Committee, defeating original favourite Michael Fallon to succeed John McFall. He was returned unopposed to the Treasury Select Committee chairmanship following the 2015 general election.[13] Tyrie also represents the United Kingdom in the Inter-Parliamentary Union.[6]

The Financial Times speculated in 2012: "One possible reason why Mr Tyrie is still on the backbenches is that he irritated David Cameron by challenging his climate change policies. Mr Cameron did not ask him to become a Minister following the 2010 election and his nickname in senior Tory circles is 'Andrew Tiresome.'"[14]

In December 2015, Tyrie rebelled against the Cameron government by opposing its motion to join the US-coalition in carrying out airstrikes against ISIS.[15] In the following month, at a meeting of the Liaison Committee, which he chaired, Tyrie clashed with Cameron over the Prime Minister's refusal to release details regarding the UK's involvement in the Syrian civil war. At one point, Cameron exclaimed to Tyrie: "You don't know what you're talking about".[16] Tyrie's questioning during the January 2016 session of the committee was described in The Guardian as a "one-man opposition".[17] Tyrie, like Cameron, is a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club.

Tyrie was opposed to Brexit prior to the 2016 EU membership referendum.[18]

Select committees[edit]

He has been a member of House of Commons select committees, including:

Post-parliamentary career[edit]

Tyrie stood down as a Member of Parliament in 2017, deciding not to stand as a candidate in the snap general election.[19][20]

In April 2018, he was confirmed as the next Chair of the Competition and Markets Authority.[21] In June 2020, Tyrie's departure from the role was announced, taking effect in September.[22] It was reported that he had become frustrated by the limitations of the role.[23] However it was later speculated that Tyrie had been forced to stand down by CMA board members who had opposed his reformist agenda.[24]

Tyrie was created a Life Peer on 12 June 2018, taking the title Baron Tyrie, of Chichester in the County of West Sussex.[25] He decided to sit in the House of Lords as a non-affiliated peer due to his role at the independent CMA.[26]


  • Subsidiarity: As History and Policy (with Andrew Adonis, 1990)
  • Cautionary Tale of EMU: Some Mistakes, Some Remedies (1991)
  • The Prospects For Public Spending (1996)
  • Reforming the Lords: A Conservative Approach (1998)
  • Leviathan at Large: The New Regulator for the Financial Markets (with Martin McElwee, 2000)
  • Never Say Never: Common Sense on the Euro (2002)
  • Mr Blair's Poodle: An Agenda for Reviving the House of Commons (CPS, 2003)
  • Mr Blair's Poodle Goes to War: The House of Commons, Congress, Iraq (CPS, 2004)
  • Pruning The Politicians: The case for a smaller House of Commons (2005)
  • Greater Transparency for UK Retail Banking: A Proposal (2007)
  • Account Rendered (with Roger Gough and Stuart McCracken, 2011)


  1. ^ "Lord Tyrie". Parliament of the United Kingdom.
  2. ^ a b c "Centre for Policy Studies Advisory Board". Archived from the original on 22 January 2012.
  3. ^ MacIntyre, Donald (2 April 2013). "Andrew Tyrie: The most powerful backbencher in the House of Commons". Independent. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Keir Starmer, a Lilliputian against a giant". The Economist. 3 December 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e "About Andrew". Archived from the original on 8 October 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Parliament". BBC News.
  7. ^ a b c d "Politics".
  8. ^ "Tories 'need US-style primaries'". BBC News. 14 December 2001.
  9. ^ "The APPG on Extraordinary Rendition".
  10. ^ "Funds".
  11. ^ "Free business profile for FALCONLANDGROUP.COM provided by Network Solutions".
  12. ^ Archived 30 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Winning candidates for select committee Chairs announced". UK Parliament. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  14. ^ George Parker (26 January 2012). "Tyrie aims to bring 'Sun King' down to earth". Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  15. ^ Andrew Sparrow (3 December 2015). "Cameron wins Syria airstrikes vote by majority of 174 – as it happened". The Guardian.
  16. ^ Craig, Jon (12 January 2016). "PM In Heated Clashes Over Syria Secrecy Row". Sky News.
  17. ^ John Crace (12 January 2016). "David Cameron sees red as the liaison committee bares its teeth". The Guardian.
  18. ^ Goodenough, Tom (16 February 2016). "Which Tory MPs back Brexit, who doesn't and who is still on the fence?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  19. ^ "Andrew Tyrie to step down from UK parliament". Financial Times. 25 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022.
  20. ^ Chu, Ben (25 April 2017). "Commons Treasury Select Committee chair Andrew Tyrie to leave Parliament at general election". The Independent. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  21. ^ Burton, Lucy (11 April 2018). "Ex-City inquisitor Andrew Tyrie to head up competition watchdog". The Telegraph.
  22. ^ "CMA Chairman Andrew Tyrie to step down". GOV.UK. 18 June 2020.
  23. ^ Zoe Wood (18 June 2020). "Andrew Tyrie quits UK competition watchdog over 'limits' of role". The Guardian.
  24. ^ Kate Beioley; George Parker; Kadhim Shubber (28 June 2020). "Tyrie was ousted in CMA boardroom coup". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022.
  25. ^ "No. 62325". The London Gazette. 15 June 2018. p. 10672.
  26. ^ "Andrew Tyrie won't take Conservative whip in Lords". BBC. 22 May 2018.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Chichester
Succeeded by
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by Gentlemen
Baron Tyrie
Followed by
The Lord Pickles