Andrew Weaver

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Andrew J. Weaver
Leader of the Green Party of British Columbia
In office
9 December 2015 – 6 January 2020
Preceded byAdam Olsen (interim)
Succeeded byAdam Olsen (interim)
Member of the British Columbia Legislative Assembly
for Oak Bay-Gordon Head
In office
14 May 2013 – 24 November 2020
Preceded byIda Chong
Succeeded byMurray Rankin
Personal details
Born1961 (age 62–63)
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Political party
Alma materUniversity of Victoria
  • Climate scientist
  • Former politician

Andrew John Weaver OBC is a Canadian scientist and politician who represented the riding of Oak Bay-Gordon Head from 2013 to 2020 in the British Columbia Legislative Assembly. Weaver was the leader of the Green Party of British Columbia from 2015 to 2020. After leaving the Green caucus in January 2020, he continued to sit as an independent member but did not run for reelection in the 2020 BC election.


Weaver was born in Victoria, British Columbia, and graduated from Oak Bay High School in 1979.

He received a BSc in mathematics and physics from the University of Victoria in 1983, a Certificate of Advanced Study in mathematics (Master of Advanced Study) from the University of Cambridge in 1984, and a PhD in applied mathematics from the University of British Columbia in 1987.[1]

After finishing his PhD, Weaver worked as a postdoctoral fellow in the School of Mathematics at the University of New South Wales in Australia in 1988, and in the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean at the University of Washington in Seattle in 1989.[2] Prior to joining the University of Victoria in 1992, he spent three years as an assistant professor in the department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at McGill University.[2] Weaver is a professor and, prior to his election to the BC Legislature, was the Canada Research Chair in climate modelling and analysis in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences at the University of Victoria, where he has worked for 25 years. He was the Lansdowne Professor until 2017.[3]

Weaver has chaired or served as a member of numerous local, national and international committees. From 2003 to 2004, he was president of the Victoria Confederation of Parent Advisory Councils (VCPAC).[4] In 2004–2005 he was president of the University of Victoria Faculty Association and served as their chief negotiator in the 2003 and 2006 collective bargaining. Weaver has been engaged in public outreach and science communication. He sat on the CRD Roundtable on the Environment, and has delivered numerous public and school presentations and hosted many school field trips to his university laboratory over his career.[4] He continues to lead the development of the Vancouver Island School Based weather station project.[5]

Weaver has authored or coauthored over 200 peer-reviewed papers in climate, meteorology, oceanography, earth science, policy, education and anthropology journals.[6] He was a lead author in the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th scientific assessments.[7] He was the chief editor of the Journal of Climate from 2005 to 2009.

Honours and awards[edit]

Weaver is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, the American Geophysical Union,[8] the American Meteorological Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.[9]

Over the years he has received numerous awards including the NSERC–EWR Steacie Memorial Fellowship in 1997, the Killam Research Fellowship and a CIAR Young Explorers award as one of the top 20 scientists in Canada under the age of 40 in 2002,[10] the CMOS President's Prize in 2007. He was a lead author in the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change—the group that, with Al Gore, won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.[11] He also received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2008 and the Royal Society of Canada Miroslaw Romanowski Medal and the A.G. Huntsman Award for Excellence in Marine Science in 2011. In 2008 he was appointed to the Order of British Columbia[7] and in 2013 he was awarded a Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal. In 2014, Weaver received an Honorary DSc from McMaster University. He gave the 2010 Elizabeth R. Laird Lecture at the Memorial University of Newfoundland.[12]


His book, Keeping our Cool: Canada in a Warming World was published by Viking Canada in September 2008 (ISBN 978-0-670-06800-5). His second book, Generation Us: The Challenge of Global Warming was published by Raven Books in 2011 (ISBN 978-1-55469-804-2).[1]


Andrew Weaver in conversation with Silver Donald Cameron

Weaver joined the British Columbia Green Party in October 2012 as the party's deputy leader and candidate for the riding of Oak Bay-Gordon Head.[13] He was elected in the 2013 provincial election as the first Green Party MLA in British Columbia's history.[14]

Since his running for office, Weaver has been a strong supporter of the development of the clean technology industry and a firm critic of the LNG Canada project. Weaver called the LNG plan a "pipe-dream", asserting that Liberal government promises of a $1 trillion boost to the provincial GDP, a $100 billion prosperity fund, and the elimination of the provincial debt and sales tax are unsubstantiated and irresponsible.[15] Weaver has also been involved in several local issues, most recently calling for a reconsideration of the Capital Regional District's sewage treatment plan in 2013.[16]

In August 2013, Weaver chose not to take on leadership of the BC Green Party stating: "I have an ambitious agenda for my term as MLA and achieving this requires focus and hard work. I consider it in the best interests of my constituents, the party and the province if, for now, I focus on my role as MLA and support a new interim leader who can concentrate on building the party."[17]

However, Weaver also stated that if he decided to re-run in the 2017 provincial election and was still the only elected BC Green Party MLA, he would then seek leadership of the party.[18]

On 24 November 2015 Weaver announced his bid to run for leader of the British Columbia Green Party.[19][20] He was acclaimed to this position on 9 December 2015.[21]

In the 2017 election, Weaver was reelected and the BC Green Party increased their share of the popular vote to 16.8% from 8.13%. Weaver was joined by BC Green MLAs Sonia Furstenau and Adam Olsen, forming the first BC Green Caucus in the province's history.[22] The election ended in a minority government, with the Greens holding the balance of power. Weaver led the subsequent negotiations with the BC Liberal Party and BC NDP. The Greens ultimately opted to remain an opposition party rather than forming a formal coalition and signed a Confidence and Supply Agreement with the BC NDP. The Agreement commits Weaver, Furstenau and Olsen to vote with the BC NDP government in matters of confidence, such as provincial budgets, and commits both parties to implementing a number of shared policy priorities.[23]

In October 2019, Weaver announced that, due to a family health issue, he would step down as Green Party leader once another leader had been chosen and that he would not seek re-election to the Legislative Assembly.[24][25] Adam Olsen became interim leader effective 6 January 2020.[26] Weaver later announced that he was leaving the leadership, and the Green caucus, effective 20 January 2020, before a new leader could be elected, citing the need to "attend to personal matters". He continued to serve as an independent[27] and was replaced by Murray Rankin in the 2020 election.[28]

Lawsuit over National Post articles[edit]

The British Columbia Supreme Court ruled that Weaver had been libelled in a series of National Post articles written by Terence Corcoran, Peter Foster and Kevin Libin that accused him of scientific misconduct in his studies of climate change, among other claims. In Weaver v. Corcoran[29] the court ruled that the charges were false and that "the defamation in this case was serious. It offended Dr. Weaver's character and the defendants refused to publish a retraction". The court awarded Weaver $50,000 in damages, ordered that the offending articles be removed from the newspaper's archives and that a complete retraction be published. The National Post appealed the decision.[30][31] On 21 April 2017, the British Columbia Court of Appeal ordered a retrial in the defamation suit, citing an error in the judge's analysis of the articles pertaining to the suit.[32][33]

Documentary film[edit]

Weaver is featured in the documentary film Running on Climate. Filming began before Weaver was nominated as a candidate and continued through the 2013 election campaign.[34]

Electoral record[edit]

2017 British Columbia general election: Oak Bay-Gordon Head
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Green Andrew Weaver 15,405 52.20 +11.77 $50,974
Liberal Alex Dutton 7,008 23.74 −5.55 $62,220
New Democratic Bryce Casavant 6,972 23.63 −4.79 $42,402
Vancouver Island Party Jin Dong Yang-Riley 66 0.23 $100
4BC Xaanja Ganja Free 59 0.20 $115
Total valid votes 29,510 100.00
Total rejected ballots 89 0.30 −0.08
Turnout 29,599 71.99 +2.43
Registered voters 42,117
Source: Elections BC[35][36]
2013 British Columbia general election: Oak Bay-Gordon Head
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Green Andrew Weaver 10,722 40.43 +31.52 $111,365
Liberal Ida Chong 7,767 29.29 −17.35 $128,726
New Democratic Jessica Van der Veen 7,536 28.42 −16.03 $105,108
Conservative Greg Kazakoff 492 1.86 $3,550
Total valid votes 26,517 100.00
Total rejected ballots 102 0.38 −0.25
Turnout 26,619 69.56 +2.70
Registered voters 38,267
Source: Elections BC[37]


  1. ^ a b "Andrew Weaver, Professor and Canada Research Chair in Climate Modelling and Analysis, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria" (PDF). Metro Vancouver. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Andrew Weaver, BC Green Party Candidate, Ready To Surprise Voters". HuffPost. 21 April 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  3. ^ UVic Climate People
  4. ^ a b Weaver, Andrew. "Meet Andrew Weaver". Victoria, BC: Andrew Weaver. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Victoria Weather". Archived from the original on 13 October 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Weaver Publications". Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Dr. Andrew Weaver". Victoria, BC: Legislative Assembly of BC. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Andrew Weaver elected as American Geophysical Union fellow". University of Victoria. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Andrew Weaver". HuffPost. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Andrew Weaver". Vancouver Sun. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Climate Change & the Economy—a conversation with Dr. Andrew Weaver". Greens of BC. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Laird lecturer to discuss global warming". Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Nobel-contributing climate scientist Andrew Weaver to run for B.C. Greens". Vancouver, BC: Metro Vancouver. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  14. ^ Shaw, Rob (6 June 2013). "Andrew Weaver walks into history as B.C.'s first Green party MLA". Times Colonist. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  15. ^ Cleverley, Bill (19 September 2013). "B.C.'s liquefied natural gas plan a 'pipe dream,' says Green MLA Andrew Weaver". Times Colonist. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  16. ^ Wright, Mat (13 August 2013). "Province Flexible on CRD Sewage Project". Andrew Weaver. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  17. ^ Pope, Danielle (16 August 2013). "MLA Weaver leaves door open to leadership". Victoria News. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  18. ^ Keller, James (14 August 2013). "Andrew Weaver: Green Leader Should Be Someone Else, For Now". Huffintgon Post. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  19. ^ "Andrew Weaver to seek B.C. Green Party leadership". CBC News. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  20. ^ Kines, Lindsay (24 November 2015). "Andrew Weaver says he's ready to lead B.C. Greens". Victoria, BC: Times Colonist. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  21. ^ Woodford, Shane (9 December 2015). "BC Greens elect Andrew Weaver as next leader". CKNW. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  22. ^ Johnson, Lisa (10 May 2017). "Greens celebrate 'historic' BC wins amid minority uncertainty". CBC News. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  23. ^ Baker, Paula (29 May 2017). "BC Greens and NDP strike deal for 'stable minority government'". Global News. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  24. ^ Larsen, Karin (7 October 2019). "Andrew Weaver says he'll step down as B.C. Green Party leader". CBC News. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  25. ^ Harnett, Cindy (7 October 2019). "Andrew Weaver stepping down as leader of B.C. Green Party, won't run for re-election". Times Colonist. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  26. ^ "B.C. Green MLA Adam Olsen named new interim party leader". CBC News. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  27. ^ "Former BC Green leader Andrew Weaver to sit as an independent in legislature". The Globe and Mail. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  28. ^ "2020 Provincial General Election Final Voting Results". Elections BC. 8 November 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  29. ^ Weaver v. Corcoran, 2015 BCSC 165 (Justice Burke) available online at [1]
  30. ^ "National Post appeals ruling on defaming B.C. scientist Andrew Weaver". CBC News. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  31. ^ Mendleson, Rachel (10 March 2015). "National Post appealing libel ruling in Andrew Weaver case". Toronto Star. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  32. ^ B.C. Appeal Court overturns decision in Andrew Weaver's defamation suit
  33. ^ Weaver v. Corcoran, 2017 BCCA 160 (Justice Dickson) available at:
  34. ^ Hill, Dara (21 September 2015). "Professor Lynne Quarmby is Running on Climate". Burnaby, BC: The Peak. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  35. ^ "2017 Provincial General Election - Statement of Votes" (PDF). Elections BC. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  36. ^ "Election Financing Reports". Elections BC. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  37. ^ "Statement of Votes - 40th Provincial General Election" (PDF). Elections BC. Retrieved 17 May 2017.

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