David Andrew Whiten
1948 (age 72–73)
|Known for||research in social cognition|
|Title||Professor of Evolutionary and Developmental Psychology; Professor Wardlaw Emeritus at University of St Andrews in Scotland|
|Institutions||University of St Andrews|
|Main interests||evolution of social cognition in human and non-human primates|
David Andrew Whiten, known as Andrew Whiten (born 1948) is a British zoologist and psychologist, Professor of Evolutionary and Developmental Psychology, and Professor Wardlaw Emeritus at University of St Andrews in Scotland. He is known for his research in social cognition, specifically on social learning, tradition and the evolution of culture, social Machiavellian intelligence, autism and imitation, as well as the behavioral ecology of sociality. In 1996, Whiten and his colleagues invented an artificial fruit that allowed to study learning in apes and humans.
Personal life and education
Whiten started reading and lecturing at the University of St Andrews in 1970, joined the Department of Psychology in St Andrews in 1975, and became professor of evolutionary and developmental psychology in 1997. Whiten was co-founder of the Scottish Primate Research Group. In 2003, he founded the Centre for Social Learning and Cultural Evolution at the University of St Andrews. He also was founder and first director of the primate research center Living Links to Human Evolution (short: Living Links) that opened 2008 in Edinburgh Zoo and draws more than 250,000 visitors per year.
- British Academy since 2000
- British Psychological Society since 2000
- Royal Society of Edinburgh since 2001
- Cognitive Science Society since 2013
He was member of the Editorial Board of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences, from 2008 to 2013. He additionally chaired the Research Awards Committee of the British Academy from 2011 to 2013.
Awards and honors
Whiten was awarded the Delwart International Scientific Prize by the Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium in 2001, the Rivers Memorial Medal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (RAI), and the Osman Hill Medal of the Primate Society of Great Britain in 2007. He is the first and only scientist who was awarded both, the Sir James Black Medal (in 2014) and the Senior Prize and Medal for Public Engagement (in 2015) by the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
- Professor Andrew Whiten. britac.ac.uk
- Professor Andrew Whiten has been awarded the Royal Society of Edinburgh’s Senior Prize and Medal for Public Engagement. st-andrews.ac.uk, April 17, 2015
- Professor Andrew Whiten: Osman Hill Memorial Lecturer, 2010. In: Primate Eye. Primate Society of Great Britain. No. 102. October 2010. p. 3-4
- A. Whiten et al.: Imitative learning of artificial fruit processing in children (Homo sapiens) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), 1996. In: Journal of comparative psychology 110 (1), 3. doi:10.1037/0735-7036.110.1.3
- Ludwig Huber: Social learning affects object exploration and manipulation in keas, Nestor notabilis. In: Animal Behaviour, 2001, 62, 945–954 doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1822
- Bruce Gilchrist: The descendants of Charles Gilchrist and Catherine Robinson: married in Boston, Lincolnshire, 1798. Gateway Press, 2004
- Edinburgh becomes heart of monkey study business. The Guardian, November 9, 2004
- "Andrew Whiten". st-andrews.ac.uk. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Andrew Whiten at royalsociety.org
- News of Members. In: The Psychologist. Vol 15, No 2. February 2002
- Andrew Whiten: Prizes. st-andrews.ac.uk
- "Honorary Graduates". ed.ac.uk. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Award". st-andrews.ac.uk. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Andrew Whiten". Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Heriot-Watt University Honorary Graduates since 1966. hw.ac.uk
- Honorary Graduates of the University of Stirling - Emeritus Professor Andrew Whiten. stir.ac.uk
- Honorary graduates 2016/17. ed.ac.uk
- Whiten, Andrew (2017). "Social Learning and Culture in Child and Chimpanzee". Annual Review of Psychology. 68: 129–154. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044108. PMID 28051932.
- Whiten, Andrew (2015). "Experimental studies illuminate the cultural transmission of percussive technologies in Homo and Pan". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 370 (1682): 20140359. doi:10.1098/rstb.2014.0359. PMC 4614722. PMID 26483537.
- Van De Waal, E.; Borgeaud, C.; Whiten, A. (2013). "Potent Social Learning and Conformity Shape a Wild Primate's Foraging Decisions". Science. 340 (6131): 483–485. doi:10.1126/science.1232769. PMID 23620053. S2CID 206546598.
- Whiten, Andrew; Erdal, David (2012). "The human socio-cognitive niche and its evolutionary origins". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 367 (1599): 2119–2129. doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0114. PMC 3385679. PMID 22734055.
- Whiten, Andrew; Hinde, Robert A.; Laland, Kevin N.; Stringer, Christopher B. (2011). "Culture evolves". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 366 (1567): 938–948. doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0372. PMC 3049105. PMID 21357216.
- Whiten, Andrew; Horner, Victoria; De Waal, Frans B. M. (2005). "Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees". Nature. 437 (7059): 737–740. doi:10.1038/nature04047. PMID 16113685. S2CID 4408848.
- Whiten, A.; Goodall, J.; McGrew, W. C.; Nishida, T.; Reynolds, V.; Sugiyama, Y.; Tutin, C. E. G.; Wrangham, R. W.; Boesch, C. (1999). "Cultures in chimpanzees". Nature. 399 (6737): 682–685. doi:10.1038/21415. PMID 10385119. S2CID 4385871.
- Whiten, Andrew; Custance, Deborah M.; Gomez, Juan-Carlos; Teixidor, Patricia; Bard, Kim A. (1996). "Imitative learning of artificial fruit processing in children (Homo sapiens) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)". Journal of Comparative Psychology. 110 (1): 3–14. doi:10.1037/0735-7036.110.1.3. PMID 8851548.
- A. Whiten, Richard W. Byrne (ed.): Machiavellian intelligence. Social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes, and humans, 1988.