Andrew of Constantinople

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Andrew of Constantinople (Andrew the Fool-for-Christ or Andrew, the Fool; Greek: Ἀνδρέας ὁ Σαλός; died in 936) is considered a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church, and is revered as a Fool for Christ.

Andrew, a Slav by birth, was a slave of Theognostus, who was serving as a bodyguard in Constantinople.[1] Later, he decided to become a Fool for Christ, living out his goal with humility and patience.

According to certain sources, Andrew had a vision of Most Holy Theotokos in the Blachernae church of Constantinople, while the city was surrounded by enemy troops (by some sources, Muslim Arabs).[1]

Andrew and his disciple Epiphanus testified that they saw the Holy Virgin surrounded by many angels and Saints, praying and extending her Omophorion (protection) over the faithful. After this vision, Constantinople was saved when its attackers retreated. That vision and the avoidance of Constantinople's destruction that was attributed to it inspired the creation of one of the most famous Eastern Orthodox holidays: the feast of the Protection of the Theotokos.

Andrew died in 936. His memory is commemorated by Eastern Orthodox communities on October 15 (Oct. 2 old calendar). The earliest manuscript of his Greek hagiography is a quire in Munich in a 10th-century uncial script. The work was also translated into Georgian and Slavonic.[2]

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  1. ^ a b Orthodox Church in USA
  2. ^ Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). "Andrew the Fool". The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 93. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.

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