Andrews, Texas

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Andrews, Texas
City of Andrews
Water tower
Water tower
Official seal of Andrews, Texas
Motto: 
"Move Ahead"
Location of Andrews, Texas
Location of Andrews, Texas
Coordinates: 32°19′17″N 102°33′6″W / 32.32139°N 102.55167°W / 32.32139; -102.55167Coordinates: 32°19′17″N 102°33′6″W / 32.32139°N 102.55167°W / 32.32139; -102.55167
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyAndrews
Named forRichard Andrews
Government
Council-Manager
 • TypeElected(non-compensatory)Mayor-Council/ appointed City Manager
 • City ManagerSteve Eggleston
 • MayorFlora Braly
Area
 • Total6.96 sq mi (18.03 km2)
 • Land6.95 sq mi (18.00 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
3,176 ft (968 m)
Population
 • Total11,088
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
14,109
 • Density2,030.07/sq mi (783.81/km2)
DemonymAndrewsite
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79714
Area code432
FIPS code48-03216[4]
GNIS feature ID1329539[5]
Websitewww.cityofandrews.org
Downtown Andrews
A rural scene on U.S. Route 385 north of Andrews

Andrews is the county seat of Andrews County in the Permian Basin of West Texas.[6] Andrews sits to the far southwest within the Texas Panhandle's plains, about 30 miles east of New Mexico.

Andrews was incorporated on February 2, 1937. Both the city and county were named for Richard Andrews, the first Texan soldier to die in the Texas Revolution.[7]

The population was 13,487 as of 2020.[8]

Geography[edit]

Andrews is located at 32°19′17″N 102°33′6″W / 32.32139°N 102.55167°W / 32.32139; -102.55167 (32.321401, –102.551733).[9] The city has a total area of 6.9 square miles (18 km2), all land.[10]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Andrews has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940611
19503,294439.1%
196011,135238.0%
19708,625−22.5%
198011,06128.2%
199010,678−3.5%
20009,652−9.6%
201011,08814.9%
2019 (est.)14,109[3]27.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2020 census[edit]

Andrews' racial composition[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 5,147 38.16%
Black or African American (NH) 166 1.23%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 80 0.59%
Asian (NH) 89 0.66%
Some Other Race (NH) 39 0.29%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 268 1.99%
Hispanic or Latino 7,698 57.08%
Total 13,487

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 13,487 people, 4,512 households, and 3,536 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, 9,652 people, 3,478 households, and 2,598 were families residing in the city. The population density was 2,017.5 people per square mile (779.6/km2). The 4,047 housing units averaged 845.9 per square mile (326.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.65% White, 2.04% African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 17.75% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 41.95% of the population.

Of the 3,478 households, 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were not families. About 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75, and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the age distribution was 31.5% under 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,774, and for a family was $36,172. Males had a median income of $31,527 versus $22,266 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,101. About 15.3% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economic development[edit]

Andrews is a city built on oil and soil. After the first oil well was drilled (1929) by Deep Rock Oil Company on Missourian Charles E. Ogden's property, Andrews County became one of the major oil-producing counties in Texas, having produced in excess of 1 billion barrels (160,000,000 m3) of oil. The cyclical nature of the oil business (as well as diminishing production on existing wells), though, has caused the community to look into new means of economic development, such as waste disposal, which in some areas has caused controversy.

Waste Control Specialists (WCS), owned by Harold Simmons and headquartered in Dallas, Texas, operates a 14,000-acre (57 km2) site in Andrews County on the border with New Mexico. The company was awarded a license to dispose of radioactive waste by the TCEQ in 2009. The permit allows for disposal of radioactive materials such as uranium, plutonium and thorium from commercial power plants, academic institutions, and medical schools.[16] The company finished construction on the project in 2011 and started disposing of waste in 2012. Two radioactive waste landfills are at the site. The 30-acre compact site is owned and regulated by the State of Texas for use by Texas, Vermont, and up to 36 other states. The 90-acre federal site is owned by the United States federal government and is used for Department of Energy and other federal waste.[16] The company employs 130 people or about 1% of the total labor force in Andrews.[17]

For years, a dispute has been simmering concerning to which state these waste sites belong: Texas or New Mexico? The straight north–south border between the two states was originally defined as the 103rd meridian, but the 1859 survey that was supposed to mark that boundary mistakenly set the border between 2.29 and 3.77 miles too far west of that line, making the waste sites, along with the current towns of Farwell, Texline, and part of Glenrio, appear to be within the State of Texas. New Mexico's short border with Oklahoma, in contrast, was surveyed on the correct meridian. New Mexico's draft constitution in 1910 stated that the border is on the 103rd meridian as intended. The disputed strip, hundreds of miles long, includes parts of valuable oilfields of the Permian Basin. A bill was passed in the New Mexico Senate to fund and file a lawsuit in the U.S. Supreme Court to recover the strip from Texas, but the bill did not become law. Today, land in the strip is included in Texas land surveys and the waste sites for all purposes are taxed and governed by Texas.[18]

The city was set to be the location of the now defunct $400 million HT3R project.

In 1972, Andrews became the site of the first Kirby Company vacuum cleaner factory outside of the original location in Ohio. It is often referred to as "Kirby West" to signify the westward expansion of the company, which employs about 200 people.

In 2011, the city opened Business Park South to provide more incentive options for attracting businesses. Energy Business Park was also opened by the city in 2014.[19]

The city completed more than $3 million in airport renovations. Voters approved bonds to construct a new $13 million loop around town, which opened in October 2013.[20] A new $2 million fire station opened at the end of 2013. A new $60 million hospital opened in 2015.[21]

Stores in the town began to sell alcohol for the first time on December 19, 2013.

A $28-million jail broke ground in April 2019. A $5-million expansion of city hall and new food bank were also started.[22]

Education[edit]

Students are served by the Andrews Independent School District. The school opened two new $18.5 million elementary school campuses and a $20 million performance center at the high school in 2008.

The high school started issuing laptop computers to each student in 2012. The elementary and middle-school campuses also began to issue iPad tablets to all students. Students are allowed to take the devices home, but must return them at the end of the school year.[23]

Due to increased enrollments, several construction projects began construction in 2013. New classrooms were added to all school campuses.[24]

A $53-million bond was passed in 2018 for new construction due to growth.[25]

Junior college[edit]

The Andrews Business and Technology Center was completed in January 2006, in conjunction with Odessa College and the University of Texas of the Permian Basin. The school focuses on technology and is a hub for distance learning. A $1 million expansion of the campus was completed in 2013 adding space for a registered nurse program.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Andrews County Veterans Memorial[edit]

The Andrews County Veterans Memorial is a memorial in Andrews that was created in 2006 as a tribute to those Andrews County residents who served in the United States' armed forces. Soldiers from every major conflict in which America has participated are honored.[26]

Andrews Bird Viewing Trail[edit]

The Andrews Bird Viewing Trail opened to the public in 2007. The park includes a 0.2-mile trail alongside ponds with an overlook deck, benches, and an observation binocular stand.

ACE Arena[edit]

To attract events to the community, the county funded and built ACE Arena (a multipurpose arena), which opened in March 2007. A smaller outdoor arena was also constructed in 2012 adjacent to the indoor arena.

Andrews Splash Park[edit]

The city approved a $2 million water park to replace the former city pool in 2013.[27]

Legacy Park and Museum[edit]

The city relocated a historic home to property adjacent to the Andrews County Veterans Memorial in 2013, and a plan was approved in 2019 that was to transform the home into a museum. A memorial to first responders and other additions are planned as part of the Legacy Park development.[28]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Highway 385 (north–south), State Highway 115 (east–west), and State Highway 176 (east–west) pass through Andrews.

Route markers for Andrews Loop 1910 resemble state highway loop route markers and bear the city logo (not pictured).

Andrews Loop 1910 is a 13.1-mile-long (21.1 km), $12.5 million, city-maintained, ring road that through trucks are directed to follow. Although it is not a state highway, it is designated similar to a state highway loop, with a special blue shield. The number refers to the year Andrews County was organized, a name chosen after a citywide competition was held to name the new loop.[20]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Black Gold was filmed in Andrews for its first season.[34]
  • Parts of Gasland were filmed in Andrews.[35]
  • A music video for the song "Legacy" by Neal Coty was filmed in Andrews.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Tarpley, Fred (July 5, 2010). 1001 Texas Place Names. University of Texas Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-292-78693-6.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  11. ^ "Climate Summary for Andrews, Texas".
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  14. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Reference at abcnews.go.com". ABC News.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Daniel Gertson. "Border War Brewing?". Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  19. ^ "Andrews Economic Development". Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
  20. ^ a b Williams, Alexa (October 8, 2013). "Reliever Route Finally Opens in Andrews". Midland, TX: KWES-TV. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  21. ^ "Yourbasin". Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  22. ^ JuYeon Kim. "Breaking ground for new Sheriff's Office and jail". Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  23. ^ CBS 7 KOSA http://www.cbs7kosa.com/news/details.asp?ID=37786. {{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  24. ^ "CBS 7 - Your Eye on West Texas". Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  25. ^ Staff Writer. "Andrews ISD to vote on $53 million bond". Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  26. ^ Andrews County Veterans Memorial Andrews County Veterans Memorial http://www.andrewscountyveteransmemorial.com/index.htm. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)[permanent dead link] Retrieved January 13, 2008
  27. ^ "Splash Parks Approved for Andrews". July 16, 2013.
  28. ^ "'Legacy Park' coming to Andrews".
  29. ^ "Chad Campbell". PGA Tour. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  30. ^ "Elmer Kelton American author". Brittanica. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  31. ^ "About Max Lucado". Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  32. ^ "NMSU to honor writer Max Evans at commencement for his life's work". Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  33. ^ "Shaud Rashae Williams". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  34. ^ Reimagining Rural: Urbanormative Portrayals of Rural Life ISBN 978-1-49853-408-6 p. 45.
  35. ^ Galbraith, Kate (July 2, 2010). "Josh Fox: The TT Interview". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]