Andrey Andreyev (politician)
Andreyev in 1924
|Chairman of the Party Control Commission of the Central Committee|
19 March 1939 – 5 October 1952
|Preceded by||Nikolai Yezhov|
|Succeeded by||Matvei Shkiryatov|
|Preceded by||Grigol Ordzhonikidze|
|Succeeded by||Jānis Rudzutaks|
|People's Commissar for Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate|
22 November 1930 – 9 October 1931
|Preceded by||Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze|
|Succeeded by||Jānis Rudzutaks|
30 October 1895|
Kuznetsovo, Smolensk Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||5 December 1971
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Andrey Andreyevich Andreyev (Russian: Андре́й Андре́евич Андре́ев; 30 October 1895 – 5 December 1971) was a Soviet Communist politician who rose to power during the rule of Joseph Stalin, joining the Politburo as a candidate member in 1926 and as a full member in 1932. Andreyev also headed the powerful Control Commission of the Soviet Communist Party in 1930 and 1931 then again continuously from 1939 until 1952.
After the death of Stalin Andreyev was removed from the Politburo and placed in a largely ceremonial position as a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
Andreyev was married to Dora Khazan (1894-1961), who was a student along with Stalin's second wife, Nadezhda Alliluyeva, at an industrial academy. Together the couple had two children, a son named Vladimir (born 1919) and a daughter named Olga (born 1921).
He was a member of the Politburo from 1932 until 1952. Andreyev was a Chairman of the Soviet of the Union from 1938 until 1946 and directed the party's powerful Control Commission during 1930-1931 and again from 1939 until 1952.
In 1949 he was briefly People's Commissar for Agriculture. This was also the year of the Leningrad case for which Andreyev built up a case against Nikolai Voznesensky, accusing him of losing 526 documents from Gosplan.
Andreyev was dismissed from Politburo in 1952, although he remained a vice-premier of the Soviet government. Andreyev fell from grace in 1953 following the Central Committee Plenary Meeting (convened immediately after Lavrentiy Beria's dismissal. After 1953 Andreyev was made a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, a largely ceremonial position.
Death and legacy
Andrey Andreyev died 5 December 1971. Despite his historical importance and decades of tenure in the top ranks of Soviet government officials, Andreyev's funeral was not attended by either Leonid Brezhnev, the General Secretary of the CPSU, or Alexei Kosygin, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
During his life Andreyev was four times awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, and other awards. He is the namesake of the AA-20 locomotive, which he is credited for sponsoring as the head of the Soviet railway system from 1931 to 1935.
- Sheila Fitzpatrick, On Stalin's Team: The Years of Living Dangerously. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015; pg. 317.
- "Stalin's Hammer," Time, Oct. 25, 1943.
- Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar. New York: Knopf, 2004; pg. 533.
- Montefiore, Stalin, pg. 529.
- Evan Mawdsley and Stephen K. White, The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members, 1917–1991. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000; pg. 145.
- Montefiore, Stalin, pg. 224.