Andrey Toshev

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Andrey Toshev
Андрей Тошев
Andrey Toshev.jpg
26th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
In office
21 April 1935 – 23 November 1935
Monarch Boris III
Preceded by Pencho Zlatev
Succeeded by Georgi Kyoseivanov
Personal details
Born 16 April 1867
Stara Zagora, Ottoman Empire
Died 10 January 1944(1944-01-10) (aged 76)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Political party Non-Party
Profession Diplomat

Andrey Slavov Toshev (Bulgarian: Андрей Славов Тошев) (16 April 1867, Stara Zagora – 10 January 1944) was Prime Minister of Bulgaria in 1935. He was also a Bulgarian scientist and a diplomat. Toshev was a professor of botany.[1]

Appointed by Tsar Boris III, Toshev was chosen for his unflinching loyalty in the uncertainty following the counter coup by Boris loyalists against the government of Zveno that had assumed power in a coup the previous year. He headed a purely civilian cabinet after a period of military rule and was, in effect, a puppet of the Tsar.[2] Indeed, at 68 years of age, the Premiership was Toshev's first major political role.[3] His task was to contain the military, work on the constitution, and to construct a new popular movement.[4] His Premiership proved short-lived since he made no progress on any of those fronts by November. At that time, it was discovered that Damyan Velchev had slipped back into the country — presumably with the intention of conspiring against the king — and Toshev was replaced by Georgi Kyoseivanov.[4]

Toshev also served in diplomatic roles as the Bulgarian ambassador to Serbia from 1909 to 1913,[5] in which capacity he helped bring about the formation of the Balkan League.[citation needed] He was also as the Bulgarian ambassador to Constantinople from 1913 to 1914 and instrumental in negotiating the Treaty of Constantinople.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pashanko Dimitroff, King of Mercy: Boris III of Bulgaria, 1894-1943, Wexford and Barrow, 1993, p. 157
  2. ^ S.G. Evans, A Short History of Bulgaria, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1960, p. 173
  3. ^ Charles A. Mose, Dimitrov of Bulgaria: A Political Biography of Dr. Georgi M. Dimitrov, Caroline House, 1979, p. 112
  4. ^ a b Crampton, R.J. (2005). A Concise History of BULGARIA. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 161. 
  5. ^ Frederick B. Chary, The History of Bulgaria, ABC-CLIO, 2011, p. 78
  6. ^ Richard C. Hall, The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War, Routledge, 2002, p. 125