Andrij Dobriansky

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Andrij Dobriansky
Andrij Dobriansky with songs by J.B.Wesolowsky.jpg
Native name Андрій Всеволод Добрянський
Born (1930-09-02)September 2, 1930
Lviv, Ukraine
Died February 1, 2012(2012-02-01) (aged 81)
New York City, United States
Alma mater Amherst College
Occupation Opera singer (bass-baritone)

Andrij Vsevolod Dobriansky (Ukrainian: Андрій Всеволод Добрянський; September 2, 1930 – February 1, 2012) was a principal artist with the Metropolitan Opera for 30 years where he sang over 60 roles in over 900 performances.[1] As a displaced person in post-war Germany, he earned a scholarship to study chemistry at Amherst College,[2] but later decided to forgo chemistry and pursued a career in opera.[3] The bass-baritone had the longest career with the Met of any Ukrainian-born artist.[4]

Early life[edit]

Andrij Dobriansky was born in 1930 on the outskirts of Lviv,[5][6] during the interbellum period of rule by the Second Polish Republic. His father, Agaton Dobriansky, was a Ukrainian officer and veteran of both the Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen and the Ukrainian People's Army, and his mother, Teodora (née Wynnytsky de Chechil), was a violinist at the Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet.[7]

Solomiya Krushelnytska's home in Lviv.

After his parents separated, his mother moved with him and his younger sister, Zvenislava, to live in the heart of the city in the same building where Solomiya Krushelnytska,[5] a renowned soprano of the early 20th century, lived. The building was known as a haven for intellectuals and artists.[8] In this environment, the young Dobriansky was exposed several opera singers such as the tenor Vasyl Tysiak, baritone Lev Reinarovych, and bass Ivan Rubchak.[5]

Trapped in Lvov after the Nazi and Soviet invasions of Poland, Andrij, Zvenislava, and their mother managed to stay together until 1944, when 13-year-old Andrij was "rounded up" (Polish: Łapanka) and sent by train to work as a labor camp conscript in Germany.[8] He finished his secondary education in a displaced persons camp near Heidenau.[7][9] After the passage of the Displaced Persons Act, he received a scholarship to Amherst College and arrived in America in October 1950 aboard the USS General S. D. Sturgis.[10]

Career[edit]

Dobriansky made his professional singing debut with the Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company on November 10, 1964.[11] He performed the role of Jake Wallace, a traveling camp minstrel, in Puccini's La fanciulla del West. The following year, he was selected from among 1,300 singers to sing with the touring National Company of the Metropolitan Opera.[12] For several years he would tour more than a dozen cities throughout the United States annually, some for engagements of only one night,[13] alongside other up-and-coming singers. Dobriansky made his Metropolitan Opera Company debut in on 11 February 1970 once again in Puccini's La fanciulla del West, this time in the role of the miner Happy.[14] His repertoire of comprimario roles led to his becoming a staple in the Met roster. His long career at the Met included the Met premieres of Les mamelles de Tirésias (1981), Verdi's I vespri siciliani (1974), the world premiere of The Ghosts of Versailles (1991), as well as in new Met stagings of Khovanshchina (1985),[15] Arabella (1983), Prodaná nevěsta (1978), Gianni Schicchi (1974), La fille du régiment (1972), Werther (1971), and Der Freischütz (1971).[16] He can be heard on many archived Metropolitan Opera broadcasts and telecasts, including the company's first pay-per-view broadcast of its gala performance celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center.[17][18]

Dobriansky was also an art song recitalist and oratorio soloist. He performed with many symphony orchestras and opera companies, including the Seattle Opera, the Boston Opera,[19] the Newport Music Festival, the Berkshire Opera,[20] and the Chautauqua Music Festival.[21] His final operatic performance was on January 6, 1996, performing the role of Ivan in Strauss' Die Fledermaus.[1][22]

A proponent of Ukrainian music in the United States, he frequently performed and conducted works by Ukrainian composers.[23] In 1968, he recorded an album of songs composed by the popular Ukrainian musician Bohdan Weselowsky, entitled Andrij Dobriansky with songs by J.B. Wesolowsky.[24] For decades, he performed as a soloist with the New York-based Dumka chorus[25] and served as artistic director and consultant to many Ukrainian musical productions, including the Ukrainian Composers Series at the Town Hall[26] and the Ukrainian Institute of America,[3][27][28] From 1980 until his death, Dobriansky was a liturgical cantor as well as the director of the Andrey Sheptytsky choir at Saint George Ukrainian Catholic Church in New York's Little Ukraine.[29]

A portrait of the artist can be found at the Metropolitan Opera Gallery at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. His legacy of Ukrainian liturgical singing and community involvement was documented briefly by his children on the PBS series Bare Feet in NYC.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fox, Margolit (7 March 2012). "Andrij Dobriansky Dies at 81; Sang at the Met More Than 900 Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Співаки України. Kiev: Знання. 2011. ISBN 978-617-07-0077-3. 
  3. ^ a b Huk, Camilla (4 March 2012). "Andrij Dobriansky, bass-baritone of Metropolitan Opera, 81" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. p. 4. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "A list of every performer (singer, dancer, or conductor) with one hundred performances or more". MetOpera Database. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Zhytkevych, Anatoliy (15 September 2011). "Барвисті Тони Бас-Баритона". Meest online. 
  6. ^ Лабунька, Ілля (25 March 2012). "Спомин про маестра Андрія Добрянського". Svoboda (newspaper). p. 19. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Vasylyk, Andriy. "Добрянський Андрій". Каталог українського звукозапису. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Давні мелодії "Музикальної кам’яниці"". Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  9. ^ Татарський, Зенко. "Мій спогад про Стаха". Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Ellis Island passenger manifest". Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Opera in Philadelphia · Performance Chronology 1950 - 1974" (PDF). FrankHamilton.org. p. 207. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "28 Singers Picked For Touring Unit". The New York Times. 26 March 1965. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "Metropolitan Opera To End National Tours". Los Angeles Times. 22 June 1985. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  14. ^ "Met Performance, CID:220440". Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  15. ^ Winship, Frederick M. (15 October 1985). "New 'Khovanshchina' at Met Opera". UPI. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  16. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (30 September 1971). "Met Revives ‘Freischutz,’ 1821 Masterpiece". The New York Times. p. 56. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "Met Performance, CID:306000". Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  18. ^ Rothstein, Edward (25 September 1991). "The Met Celebrates Itself in Gala Opening". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  19. ^ Oakes, LoisAnn (17 February 1989). "A Bravura Cast For 'Don Pasquale' At Cedar Crest". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  20. ^ Rice, Bill (22 July 1985). "Berkshire Festival Opera Plans Debut Performance". The Schenectady Gazette. p. 8. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  21. ^ T.M.S. (8 November 1965). "'Cinderella' at State Theater". The New York Times. p. 44. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "Met Performance, CID:322960". Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  23. ^ T.M.S. (2 December 1968). "Andrij Dobriansky Brings Songs of Ukraine Home". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2016. 
  24. ^ Осташ, Ігор (2013). Бонді, або повернення Богдана Весоловського. Duliby. pp. 220–223. ISBN 978-966-8910-73-9. 
  25. ^ Кузьмович, Ольга (1977). "Сучасні визначні українці — Андрій Добрянський" (PDF). "Юнак" — журнал пластового юнацтва. 4 (163): 5. 
  26. ^ "Ukrainian Music Foundation To Hold Inaugural Concert" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. 10 October 1976. p. 10. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  27. ^ Smindak, Helen Perozak (12 September 1980). "Panorama of Ukrainian Culture in the Big Apple" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. p. 9. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Internationally known artists to perform concert of "Religious Music of Ukraine"" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. 24 January 1988. pp. 8, 16. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  29. ^ 100 Anniversary of St. George Ukrainian Catholic Church in New York City. Toronto, Canada: The Basilian Press. 2008. p. 21. 
  30. ^ City of New York . Bare Feet in NYC: Season 1: Ep. 7 - Little Ukraine

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