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Andriy Parubiy

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Andriy Parubiy
Андрій Парубій
Official portrait, 2016
Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
In office
14 April 2016[1] – 29 August 2019[2]
DeputyIryna Herashchenko
Preceded byVolodymyr Groysman
Succeeded byDmytro Razumkov
First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
In office
4 December 2014 – 14 April 2016
PresidentPetro Poroshenko
Preceded byIhor Kalietnik
Succeeded byIryna Herashchenko
Secretary of National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
In office
February 27, 2014 – August 7, 2014
PresidentOleksandr Turchynov
Preceded byAndriy Klyuyev
Succeeded byOleksandr Turchynov[3]
People's Deputy of Ukraine
6th convocation
In office
November 23, 2007 – December 12, 2012
ConstituencyOur Ukraine, No.80[4]
7th convocation
In office
December 12, 2012 – March 17, 2014
ConstituencyIndependent, No.21[5]
8th convocation
In office
November 27, 2014 – August 29, 2019
ConstituencyPeople's Front, No.4[6]
9th convocation
In office
August 29, 2019 – Present
ConstituencyEuropean Solidarity, No.2
Personal details
Born (1971-01-31) January 31, 1971 (age 53)
Chervonohrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyEuropean Solidarity (2019–)
Other political
People's Front (2014–2019)
Fatherland (2012–2014)
Front for Change (2012)
Our Ukraine (2004–2012)
Social-National Party of Ukraine (1994–2004)
Residence(s)Kyiv, Ukraine
Alma materLviv University

Andriy Volodymyrovych Parubiy (Ukrainian: Андрій Володимирович Парубій; born 31 January 1971) is a Ukrainian politician[7] who served as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, from 14 April 2016 to 29 August 2019.[1][2] He previously served as Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, appointed after the Euromaidan protests in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution,[8] until his resignation on August 7, 2014.[9][10]


In 1994 he graduated from the faculty of history of University of Lviv, receiving a diploma in the specialty "historian, teacher of history".

In 2001 he graduated from the graduate school of the State University Lviv Polytechnic, specialty "political science and sociology".


In the years leading up to the Ukrainian independence in 1991 Parubiy was an independence activist and was arrested by the authorities of the Ukrainian SSR for organizing an unsanctioned rally in 1989.[7] In 1991 he founded the far-right Social-National Party of Ukraine together with Oleh Tyahnybok;[11] the party combined radical nationalism and neo-Nazi features (by its name and the "Wolfsangel"-like sign).[7][12][13] In 1998–2004 Parubiy led the paramilitary organization of SNPU, the Patriot of Ukraine.[13] Parubiy left these organizations in 2004.[12]

Parubiy participated in the Orange Revolution in 2004.[7][14] In the 2007 parliamentary elections he was voted into the Ukrainian parliament on an Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc ticket. He then became a member of the deputy group that would later become For Ukraine!.[7] Parubiy stayed with Our Ukraine and became a member of its political council.[15]

Between 2002 & 2007 Parubiy was head of the L'viv based Society to Erect the Stepan Bandera Monument (Комитет из сплрудженния памятника степану вандери, KiSPSB), until the statue was completed. Prior to becoming a Deputy in the Verkhovna Rada in 2007, he was a deputy in the Lviv oblast council.[16] In February 2010 Parubiy asked the European Parliament to reconsider its negative reaction to former Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko's decision to award Stepan Bandera, the leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the title of Hero of Ukraine.[17]

In early February 2012 Parubiy left Our Ukraine because their "views diverged".[18] In 2012 he was re-elected into parliament on the party list of Batkivshchyna.[19]

From December 2013 to February 2014 Parubiy was a commandant of Euromaidan.[20] He was coordinator of the volunteer security corps for the mainstream protesters.[21] He was then appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.[8] This appointment was approved by (then) new Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on June 16, 2014.[22]

As Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, Parubiy supported the anti–terrorist operation against pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine.[23]

Parubiy with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Ambassador Geoffrey R. Pyatt, 7 July 2016

Parubiy resigned as Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council on August 7, 2014. He declined to say why, stating "I believe it is unacceptable to comment on my resignation in a time of war", and he would "continue to assist the front, primarily volunteer battalions".[9] President Poroshenko signed a decree confirming Parubiy's dismissal the same day.[10]

In September 2014 Parubiy became a founding member of his new party People's Front.[24] At the Ukrainian elections of October 2014 he was re-elected as People's Deputy on the party list "People's Front". On 4 December he was elected as Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada.

After the resignation of Volodymyr Groysman, on 14 April 2016 he was elected as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian equivalent of legislative speaker of parliament).[1]

On February 15, 2019, Parubiy signed a decree on the establishment of the parliamentary reform Office. The VR Chairman noted that it is planned to involve 15 employees in the work in the Office in accordance with the directions of parliamentary work[25]

In the July 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election Parubiy was placed second on the party list of European Solidarity.[26] The party won 23 seats (on the nationwide party list and 2 constituency seats) and thus Parubiy was re-elected to parliament.[27] On 29 August 2019 he was succeeded as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada by Dmytro Razumkov.[2]


Despite having left far-right politics in 2004[28] Parubiy has frequently been the target of disinformation and fake news by pro-Russian media, who routinely refer to him as a "Nazi", especially after the Revolution of Dignity. For example, after the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared the Law on National Referendums unconstitutional, Parubiy cautioned against the use of referendums to manipulate the population, pointing out that Adolf Hitler also used referendums in Nazi Germany to accomplish his goals;[29] Russian media (such as RIA Novosti, RT, Zvezda, NTV, Sputnik and others), Ukrainian pro-Russian media (112 Ukraine, NewsOne, Strana.ua, KP and others) and Ukrainian pro-Russian politicians (such as Vadim Rabinovich and Viktor Medvedchuk) distorted Parubyi's phrase, stating that Parubiy had openly praised Hitler. It was eventually debunked by the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group and media watchdog Detector Media.[30][31]


Ecumenical Patriarchate: cross of St. Andrew the First-Called[32]


  1. ^ a b c Rada appoints Andriy Parubiy its speaker, Interfax-Ukraine (14 April 2016)
  2. ^ a b c Razumkov elected as Chairman of Verkhovna Rada, Ukrinform (29 August 2019)
  3. ^ Turchynov becomes secretary of Ukraine's NSDC, Interfax-Ukraine (December 16, 2014) President Poroshenko decides to appoint Turchynov Ukraine's NSDC secretary – source, Interfax-Ukraine (December 16, 2014)
  4. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VI convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  5. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  6. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on January 4, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Парубій Андрій". LIGA (in Ukrainian). Retrieved May 24, 2024.
  8. ^ a b "Ukraine's new government: Who's who". AFP. February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Parubiy steps down as secretary of Ukraine's NSDC". Interfax-Ukraine. August 7, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  10. ^ a b Poroshenko signs decree dismissing Parubiy as NSDC secretary, Interfax-Ukraine (August 7, 2014)
  11. ^ "Who are the protesters in Ukraine?". The Washington Post. February 12, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Ivan Katchanovski interview with Reuters Concerning Svoboda, the OUN-B, and other Far Right Organizations in Ukraine, Academia.edu (March 4, 2014)
  13. ^ a b Umland, Andreas; Anton Shekhovtsov (September–October 2013). "Ultraright Party Politics in Post-Soviet Ukraine and the Puzzle of the Electoral Marginalism of Ukrainian Ultranationalists in 1994–2009". Russian Politics and Law. 51 (5): 41. doi:10.2753/RUP1061-1940510502. S2CID 144502924. Retrieved February 20, 2015. It is noteworthy that of these various Ukrainian nationalist parties the SNPU was the least inclined to conceal its neofascist affiliations. Its official symbol was the somewhat modified Wolf's Hook (wolfsangel), used as a symbol by the German SS division Das Reich and the Dutch SS division Landstorm Nederland during World War II and by a number of European neofascist organizations after 1945. As seen by the SNPU leadership, the Wolf's Hook became the "idea of the nation." Moreover, the official name of the party's ideology, "social nationalism," clearly referred back to "national socialism" – the official name of the ideology of the National-Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) and of the Hitlerite regime. The SNPU's political platform distinguished itself by its openly revolutionary ultranationalism, its demands for the violent takeover of power in the country, and its willingness to blame Russia for all of Ukraine's ills. Moreover, the SNPU was the first relatively large party to recruit Nazi skinheads and football hooligans. But in the political arena, its support in the 1990s remained insignificant.
  14. ^ Kiev Protesters Look Beyond Vote, The Washington Post (December 5, 2004)
  15. ^ (in Ukrainian) Президія Політичної Ради партії Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Our Ukraine
  16. ^ Rossolinski-Liebe, Grzegorz (October 1, 2014). Stepan Bandera -- The Life & Afterlife of a Ukrainian Nationalist. ibidem Press. p. 444. ISBN 978-3838206844.
  17. ^ Parubiy asks European Parliament to reconsider its decision on Bandera, Kyiv Post (February 26, 2010)
  18. ^ (in Ukrainian) Я вийшов з "Нашої України", Ukrayinska Pravda (February 3, 2012)
  19. ^ (in Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (November 11, 2012)
  20. ^ "Парубий снова стал комендантом на Евромайдане". Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  21. ^ Radicals a wild card in Ukraine’s protests, The Washington Post (February 2, 2014)
  22. ^ Poroshenko approves National Security and Defense Council membership, Interfax-Ukraine (June 16, 2014)
  23. ^ Parubiy says anti-terrorist operation will continue as separatists in Lugansk, Donetsk reject Putin’s call to postpone referendum, Kyiv Post (May 8, 2014)
  24. ^ Yatseniuk elected head of political council of People's Front Party Archived January 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Demotix (September 9, 2014)
  25. ^ (in Ukrainian) В Украине создали Офис парламентской реформы, Unn.com.ua (February 15, 2019)
  26. ^ "Десятка партії Порошенка: Парубій, Геращенко, Джемілєв".
  27. ^ CEC counts 100 percent of vote in Ukraine's parliamentary elections, Ukrinform (26 July 2019)
    (in Russian) Results of the extraordinary elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 2019, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 July 2019)
  28. ^ Young, Cathy (May 22, 2014). "Fascism Comes to Ukraine–From Russia". Reason.com. Retrieved June 19, 2022. the widely cited Counterpunch piece contains several inaccuracies. It... describes national security chief Andriy Parubiy as a "co-founder of Svoboda" without mentioning his post-2004 move to moderate and even left-of-center parties
  29. ^ Парубий: Этой осенью важно рассмотреть Избирательный кодекс, retrieved June 3, 2022
  30. ^ Coynash, Halya (September 10, 2018). "Russian propaganda fakes 'praise for Hitler' by Ukrainian Speaker Parubiy". Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group.
  31. ^ Sklyaevska, Hala (September 7, 2018). "Как Парубия превратили в любителя Гитлера: хроника российского вброса". Detector Media (in Ukrainian). Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  32. ^ "Patriarch Bartholomew awards Uniate Parubiy with St. Andrew cross". spzh.news. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by Secretary of National Security and Defense Council
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
Succeeded by