Andropogoneae

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Andropogoneae
Andropogon scoparius.jpg
Andropogon scoparius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Supertribe: Andropogonodae
Tribe: Andropogoneae (1824)
Dumort.
Subtribes

12 subtribes, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Sacchareae Dumort. (1824)
  • Coiceae Nakai (1943)
  • Euchlaeneae Nakai (1943)
  • Imperateae Godr. & Gren. (1855)
  • Maydeae Dumort. (1824, nom. illeg.)
  • Ophiureae Dumort. (1824)
  • Rottboellieae Kunth (1829)
  • Sacchareae Rchb. ex Horan. (1847, as Saccharinae)
  • Tripsaceae C.E. Hubb. ex Nakai (1943)
  • Zeeae Rchb. (1828, unranked)
  • Zeeae Nakai (1943)

The Andropogoneae, sometimes called the sorghum tribe, are a large tribe of grasses (family Poaceae) with roughly 1,200 species in 90 genera, mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. They include such important crops as maize (corn), sugarcane, and sorghum.[2] All species in this tribe use C4 carbon fixation, which makes them competitive under warm, high-light conditions.[1]

Andropogoneae is classified in supertribe Andropogonodae together with its sister group Arundinelleae. Subdivisions include 12 subtribes, but the position of several genera within them is still unresolved (incertae sedis). Hybridisation was probably important in the evolution of the Andropogoneae, and the tribe's systematics is still not completely resolved.[1]

Subtribes and genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918.  open access publication - free to read
  2. ^ Also called "kaoliang": "Shensi", in The Columbia-Viking Encyclopedia (1953), New York: Viking. Another spelling is "gaoliang."