Andrott

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Andrott
Andrott is located in India
Andrott
Andrott
Location of Andrott Island in Lakshadweep
Geography
LocationArabian Sea
Coordinates10°49′N 73°40′E / 10.81°N 73.67°E / 10.81; 73.67Coordinates: 10°49′N 73°40′E / 10.81°N 73.67°E / 10.81; 73.67
ArchipelagoLakshadweep
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Total islands1
Major islands
  • Andrott
Area4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)[1]
Length1.4 km (0.87 mi)
Width4.7 km (2.92 mi)
Coastline10 km (6 mi)
Highest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Administration
TerritoryUnion territory of Lakshadweep
DistrictLakshadweep
Island groupLaccadive Islands
Tehsils of IndiaAndrott
Subdivisions of IndiaAndrott
Largest settlementAndrott (pop. 11000)
Demographics
Population11464 (2014)
Pop. density2,300 /km2 (6,000 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsMalayali, Mahls
Additional information
Time zone
PIN68255x
Telephone code0489x
ISO codeIN-LD-07[2]
Official websitewww.lakshadweep.gov.in
Literacy84.74%
Avg. summer temperature32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature28.0 °C (82.4 °F)
Sex ratio0.9685 /

Andrott Island, also known as Androth Island, is a small inhabited island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, a group of 36 coral islands scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India[3] It has a distance of 2,006 km (1,246 mi) south of the city of Delhi.

History[edit]

Andrott Island had been known as 'Divanduru' in the past, a name that is found in some old French maps. It belongs to the Laccadive Islands subgroup, which had been historically a part of the Arakkal Kingdom.[4]

Nowadays the island of Andrott is a protected territory and not a tourist destination.

Geography[edit]

Andrott Island is the nearest to the mainland from all the islands in the group[5] and it is also the longest, as well as the biggest (area-wise) island.

It is located approximately 198 kilometres (123 mi) from Kozhikode and 293 kilometres (182 mi) from Kochi.[6] The island has an area of 4.98 square kilometres (1.92 sq mi) and is the only island of the group to have a west-east orientation.[6] It has a lagoon area of 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

Most of its inhabitants are Muslims and there is also a Hindu minority. The Saint Hasrat Ubaidullah, who is believed to have converted the Lakshadweep Islands to Islam, died here. His remains are entombed in the Jumah mosque.[7]

The island also houses several Buddhist archaeological remains.[6]

Administration[edit]

The island belongs to the township of Andrott of Andrott Tehsil.[8]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Andrott
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
30.9
(87.6)
32.2
(90.0)
33.1
(91.6)
32.8
(91.0)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.1
(86.2)
30.0
(86.0)
30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.7)
Average low °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.5
(77.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10.5
(0.41)
2.4
(0.09)
6.0
(0.24)
25.9
(1.02)
130.4
(5.13)
401.7
(15.81)
486.1
(19.14)
238.6
(9.39)
182.2
(7.17)
166.5
(6.56)
129.8
(5.11)
90.2
(3.55)
1,870.3
(73.62)
Source: India Meteorological Department (1965-1979)[9]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Lakshadweep. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2016.
  2. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. ^ Singh VS, Sarwade DV, Mondal NC, Nanadakumar MV, Singh B (October 2008). "Evaluation of groundwater resources in a tiny Andrott Island, Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India". Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 158 (1–4): 145–54. doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0569-y. PMID 18839323.
  4. ^ Geneviève Bouchon, Mamale de Cananor, Librairie Droz, ISBN 9782600033541, p. 40
  5. ^ "Androth Island - Lakshadweep U.T". Archived from the original on 27 January 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "India9.com:Andrott Island".
  7. ^ "Islands and Shoreline Lakshadweep". Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Tehsils info" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Climate of Andrott" (PDF). India meteorological department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2014.

External links[edit]