Andrott

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"Androth" redirects here. For the place of J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, see Minor places in Beleriand § Androth.
Andrott
Native name: ആന്ധ്രോത്
Andrott is located in India
Andrott
Location of Andrott Island in Lakshadweep
Geography
Location Arabian Sea
Coordinates 10°49′N 73°40′E / 10.81°N 73.67°E / 10.81; 73.67Coordinates: 10°49′N 73°40′E / 10.81°N 73.67°E / 10.81; 73.67
Archipelago Lakshadweep
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • Andrott    
Area 4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)[1]
Length 1.4 km (0.87 mi)
Width 4.7 km (2.92 mi)
Coastline 10 km (6 mi)
Highest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Administration
Territory Union territory of Lakshadweep
District Lakshadweep
Island group Laccadive Islands
Tehsils of India Andrott
Subdivisions of India Andrott
Demographics
Demonym Malayali
Population 11464 (as of 2014)
Density 2,300 /km2 (6,000 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Malayali, Mahls
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 68255x
Telephone code 0489x
Official website www.lakshadweep.gov.in
ISO Code IN-LD-07[2]
Literacy 84.74%
Avg. summer temperature 32.0 °C (89.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 28.0 °C (82.4 °F)
Sex ratio 0.9685 /
unit_pref Metric

Andrott Island (Malayalam: ആന്ധ്രോത് ദ്വീപ്), also known as Androth Island, is a small inhabited island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, a group of 36 coral islands scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India[3] It has a distance of 2,006 km (1,246 mi) south of the city of Delhi.

History[edit]

Andrott Island had been known as 'Divanduru' in the past, a name that is found in some old French maps. It belongs to the Laccadive Islands subgroup, which had been historically a part of the Arakkal Kingdom.[4]

Nowadays the island of Andrott is a protected territory and not a tourist destination.

Geography[edit]

Andrott Island is the nearest to the mainland from all the islands in the group[5] and it is also the longest, as well as the biggest (area-wise) island.

It is located approximately 198 kilometres (123 mi) from Kozhikode and 293 kilometres (182 mi) from Kochi.[6] The island has an area of 4.98 square kilometres (1.92 sq mi) and is the only island of the group to have a west-east orientation.[6] It has a lagoon area of 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

Most of its inhabitants are Muslims and there is also a Hindu minority. The Saint Hasrat Ubaidullah, who is believed to have converted the Lakshadweep Islands to Islam, died here. His remains are entombed in the Jumah mosque.[7]

The island also houses several Buddhist archaeological remains.[6]

Administration[edit]

The island belongs to the township of Andrott of Andrott Tehsil.[8]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Andrott
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
30.9
(87.6)
32.2
(90)
33.1
(91.6)
32.8
(91)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.1
(86.2)
30.0
(86)
30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
30.95
(87.71)
Average low °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.5
(77.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.92
(76.84)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10.5
(0.413)
2.4
(0.094)
6.0
(0.236)
25.9
(1.02)
130.4
(5.134)
401.7
(15.815)
486.1
(19.138)
238.6
(9.394)
182.2
(7.173)
166.5
(6.555)
129.8
(5.11)
90.2
(3.551)
1,870.3
(73.633)
Source: India Meteorological Department (1965-1979)[9]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Lakshadweep. 
  2. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. ^ Singh VS, Sarwade DV, Mondal NC, Nanadakumar MV, Singh B (October 2008). "Evaluation of groundwater resources in a tiny Andrott Island, Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India". Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 158 (1-4): 145–54. doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0569-y. PMID 18839323. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  4. ^ Geneviève Bouchon, Mamale de Cananor, Librairie Droz, ISBN 9782600033541, p. 40
  5. ^ Androth Island - Lakshadweep U.T
  6. ^ a b c "India9.com:Andrott Island". 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Tehsils info
  9. ^ "Climate of Andrott" (PDF). India meteorological department. Retrieved 31 May 2014.