Bogucki on the screen.
11 November 1904|
|Died||29 July 1978
|Resting place||Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw|
|Occupation||Actor, singer, songwriter|
|Known for||Own career and for helping pianist Władysław Szpilman|
Bogucki and his wife Janina née Godlewska (8 March 1908 – 19 June 1992) are known for helping and hiding the Polish Jewish pianist Władysław Szpilman during the Nazi occupation of Poland. Szpilman's life inspired the 2002 film The Pianist, and both Bogucki and his wife were portrayed in the film.
Although he lived in Warsaw for most of his life, Bogucki also worked in several other cities. He lived in Warsaw's Mariensztat neighborhood from 1947 until the end of his life, and he is buried in the Powązki Cemetery in the western part of Warsaw.
Bogucki was awarded the Order of Polonia Restituta for his career and actions during World War II. In 1978 the Yad Vashem institute awarded him and his wife the Righteous Among The Nations award, an award given to non-Jewish people who helped Jews during the Nazi persecution.
Bogucki was born to a family with long-standing traditions in theatre and stage. His parents were the actors Stanisław Bogucki and Róża Bogucka-Rapacka. He was the grandson of the famous Polish actor and director Wincenty Rapacki.
Bogucki attended and graduated as a cavalry officer from the Officer's Cadet School in Grudziądz. While at school he participated in equestrian competitions and became an officer in the Polish Army. He served in the 7th Regiment Cavalry in Mińsk Mazowiecki, but was discharged for health reasons in 1929. In the same year he began appearing in stage plays for children. From then on, he focused on his acting career.
World War II
During World War II, Bogucki and his wife were involved with the anti-Nazi Polish resistance movement, the Armia Krajowa (Home Army). In February 1944 they were contacted through members of the Jewish underground by their friend, the pianist Władysław Szpilman, who was working as a slave laborer as one of the remaining Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto. Anticipating that the Germans were planning to liquidate even the slave workers (most other Jews had already been deported to Treblinka), Szpilman, with help from Bogucki, escaped the ghetto and hid on the non-Jewish side of Warsaw. With help from Bogucki, Janina and others, Szpilman survived the war. His life was later the basis for the 2002 film The Pianist.
After the war, in the 1950s Szpilman composed songs especially for Andrzej and Janina, including the popular Czerwony autobus (Red bus).
Bogucki began working onstage on 30 April 1930. He performed at the Polish Theatre in Warsaw for three years between 1930 and 1933 and later worked at the New Comedy Theater between 1933 and 1934. He also worked for theaters in Łódź and Kraków.
After the end of World War II, he returned to the stage at the Polish Army Theatre in Łódź, where he performed between 1945 and 1947. He went on to work in several other theaters, including the National Theater, Warsaw, where he played from 1969 until his death in 1978.
Career as a singer
Bogucki began his singing career in 1931 at the Banda Theater, where he remained for a year until 1932. It was his distinctive singing voice that brought him most of his popularity.
After 1945, he continued to write songs and launched a number of hits in the radio.
He was a longtime employee of the Polish Radio. In addition, he worked with Radio Theatre of the Imagination (as a presenter, singer and reciter, and as a popularizer of music and literature).
- 1917 – Pokój nr 13, Tajemnica Alei Ujazdowskich, Wanda Barska, Tajemnica hotelu w Tajemnice Warszawy
- 1933 – Jego ekscelencja subiekt (His Excellency, The Shop Assistant)
- 1933 – Szpieg w masce
- 1934 – Śluby ułańskie
- 1935 – Manewry miłosne
- 1936 – Pan Twardowski
- 1936 – Bolek i Lolek
- 1937 – Pan redaktor szaleje
- 1937 – Niedorajda
- 1938 – Za winy niepopełnione
- 1939 – Złota Maska
- 1939 - The Vagabonds
- 1953 – Żołnierz zwycięstwa
- 1953 – Sprawa do załatwienia
- 1956 – Nikodem Dyzma
- 1959 – Małpa w kąpieli
- 1968 – Wniebowstąpienie
- 1970 – Epilog norymberski
- 1975 – Jej powrót
- 1976 – Zagrożenie
Theatre on television
- 1955 – Wesele
- 1962 – Romantyczni
- 1963 – Taniec księżniczki
- 1963 – Syn marnotrawny
- 1963 – Pan Benet
- 1964 – Don Juan, czyli Kamienny gość
- 1965 – Skąpiec
- 1966 – Szwejk na tyłach
- 1966 – Katarynka jako Radca
- 1969 – Mieszczanin szlachcicem
- 1970 – Dziewczęta z Nowolipek
- 1972 – Zabezpieczenie macierzyństwa
- 1972 – Elektra
- 1973 – Norwid
- 1974 – Twarz pokerzysty
- 1975 – Emancypantki
- 1976 – Jedenaste przykazanie
- 1977 – Dyplomaci i sztabowcy w Przed burzą
- 1978 – Filomena Marturano
Television films and series
- 1965 – Ping-Pong w Perły i dukaty
- 1968 – Stawka większa niż życie
- 1973 – Wielka miłość Balzaka
- 1973 – Janosik (TV series)
- 1975 – Czterdziestolatek
- 1977 – Noce i dnie (TV series)
- 1977 – Lalka (TV series)
- 1981 – Najdłuższa wojna nowoczesnej Europy
- Dąbrowski, Wojciech (2008). Gwiazdozbior Polskiej Piosenki XX Wieku. Część I – Dwudziestolecie międzywojenne kompozytorzy, autorzy tekstów, wykonawcy. p. 10.
- "Janina Godlewska, czyli ta piosenkarka która uratowała Szpilmana". onet.pl. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- Szpilman, Wladyslaw (2000). The Pianist: The Extraordinary True Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw. Macmillan. pp. 131–133. ISBN 978-0-312-26376-8.
- "Andrzej Bogucki". Słownik Biograficzny Teatru Polskiego 1900-1980. Teatr w Polsce. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- "Andrzej Bogucki". filmpolski.pl. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
Odznaczony Krzyżem Kawalerskim Orderu Odrodzenia Polski, Nagrodą Prezesa Rady Ministrów za twórczość rewiową.
- Andrzej Bogucki – his activity to save Jews' lives during the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem website
- "Andrzej Bogucki" (in Polish). e-teatr.pl. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- "Andrzej Bogucki". Baza Filmwebu. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- "Andrzej Bogucki i Chór Czejanda" (in Polish). .SOHO. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
Za występy w radiowych programach dla dzieci otrzymał nagrodę państwową.
- "Bogucki Andrzej: Bogucki filmpolskipl" (in Polish). Retrieved 21 December 2011.
Współpracował z radiowym Teatrem Wyobraźni (jako prezenter, piosenkarz i recytator, a także – popularyzator muzyki i literatury), a także z teatrzykiem Eterek.