|Born||3 February 1928|
|Died||16 May 2000 (aged 72)|
|Occupation||novelist, politician, diplomat|
|Genre||novel, short story|
|Notable works||A Mass for Arras (pl.: Msza za miasto Arras)|
Andrzej Szczypiorski (pronounced [ˈandʐɛj ʂt͡ʂɨˈpjɔrskʲi] (listen); 3 February 1928 – 16 May 2000) was a Polish novelist and politician. He served as a member of the Polish legislature, and was a Solidarity activist interned during the military crackdown of 1981. He was a secret police agent in the 1950s.
He was son of Adam Szczypiorski, a political activist, historian and mathematician, and Jadwiga née Epsztajn. Szczypiorski had a sister Wiesława (1924–1945). He spent his childhood in Warsaw.
During World War II Szczypiorski studied at an underground university called the "flying university" due to the regular changing of its location for safety. He was a partisan of the Polish People’s Army, and a participant of the Warsaw Uprising. After the Uprising he was arrested and condemned to imprisonment at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he survived until 1945.
In 1946–1947 he studied political science in the Warsaw Consular Diplomatic Academy. In 1948–1956, Szczypiorski worked as an editor in the Katowice Silesian Theater. During this period, in 1952, he made his literary debut in the magazine "Życie Literackie" using the pseudonym 'Maurice S. Andrews' and was inducted into the Polish Writers' Union. He won the Austrian State Prize for European Literature in 1988.
In 1956–1958, he was selected to serve in the Polish Embassy to Denmark, after which he returned to work as an editor on the radio and for publications. He later served as a member of the Polish legislature. He was also a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. Prior to his death, Szczypiorski converted to Calvinism, and is buried in the Protestant Reformed Cemetery in Warsaw.
After his death it became known that Szczypiorski was a collaborator of the Polish communist secret police in the years of Stalinism in Poland.
- 1961: Czas przeszły (The Past Time), Iskry, Warsaw.
- 1966: Podróż do krańca doliny (Journey to the End of the Valley), Iskry, Warsaw.
- 1967: Karol Świerczewski – Walter. W 20 rocznicę śmierci, ZG ZBoWiD, Krajowa Komisja Dąbrowszczaków: „Sport i Turystyka”, Warsaw.
- 1968: Niedziela, godzina 21.10: wybór felietonów radiowych, 1964–1967, Czytelnik, Warsaw.
- 1971: Msza za miasto Arras, Czytelnik, Warsaw.
- 1980: Trzej ludzie w bardzo długiej podróży (Three People On A Very Long Journey), Czytelnik, Warsaw.
- 1983: Z notatnika stanu wojennego, Polonia, London.
- 1986: Początek (The Origin), Instytut Literacki, Paris.
- 1990: Amerykańska whiskey i inne opowiadania (American Whiskey and Other Stories), Kantor Wydawniczy SAWW, Poznań.
- 1991: Noc, dzień i noc (Night, Day and Night), Kantor Wydawniczy SAWW, Poznań.
- 1994: Autoportret z kobietą (Autoportrait with a Woman), Kantor Wydawniczy SAWW, Poznań.
- 1999: Gra z ogniem (Playing with Fire), Sens, Poznań.
Awards and honours
- 1972: Polish PEN-Club Prize
- 1988: Austrian State Prize for European Literature
- 1989: Nelly Sachs Prize
- 1994: Herder Prize
- 1995: Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts
- 1995: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1997: Order of Polonia Restituta by the President of the Republic for his services to Poland
- ^ a b "Tajemnica Szczypiorskiego (Szczypiorski's Secret)". Newsweek.pl Polska. 7 May 2006. Archived from the original on 18 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- ^ a b c d e "Andrzej Szczypiorski". Diogenes Verlag (in German). 9 February 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- ^ "Österreichische StaatspreisträgerInnen für Europäische Literatur" (in German). Oesterreich-Bibliotheken im Ausland. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- ^ a b "Andrzej Szczypiorski – Bio-Bibliography under Downloads" (PDF). Diogenes Verlag (in German). 9 February 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- ^ Krafczyk, Eva (16 May 2000). "Schriftsteller: Andrzej Szczypiorski gestorben". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- ^ "Hüter der Bundeslade". Der Spiegel (in German). 3 December 1989. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- ^ "Pour le Mérite: Andrzej Szczypiorski" (PDF). www.orden-pourlemerite.de. 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- ^ "Andrzej Szczypiorski odznaczony przez Romana Herzoga" (in Polish). Retrieved 1 September 2021.
- 1928 births
- 2000 deaths
- Writers from Warsaw
- Polish Calvinist and Reformed Christians
- Converts to Calvinism
- Polish male writers
- Members of the Senate of Poland 1989–1991
- Knights Commander of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class)
- Herder Prize recipients
- Armia Ludowa members
- Warsaw Uprising insurgents
- Sachsenhausen concentration camp survivors
- Child soldiers in World War II