Page semi-protected

Andy Burnham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Andy Burnham
Andy Burnham2.jpg
Burnham in 2009
Mayor of Greater Manchester
Assumed office
8 May 2017
DeputySir Richard Leese
The Baroness Hughes of Stretford
Preceded byTony Lloyd (Interim)
Secretary of State for Health
In office
5 June 2009 – 11 May 2010
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byAlan Johnson
Succeeded byAndrew Lansley
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
In office
24 January 2008 – 5 June 2009
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byJames Purnell
Succeeded byBen Bradshaw
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
28 June 2007 – 24 January 2008
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byStephen Timms
Succeeded byYvette Cooper
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
13 September 2015 – 6 October 2016
LeaderJeremy Corbyn
Preceded byYvette Cooper
Succeeded byDiane Abbott
Shadow Secretary of State for Health
In office
7 October 2011 – 13 September 2015
LeaderEd Miliband
Harriet Harman (Acting)
Preceded byJohn Healey
Succeeded byHeidi Alexander
In office
11 May 2010 – 8 October 2010
LeaderHarriet Harman (Acting)
Ed Miliband
Preceded byAndrew Lansley
Succeeded byJohn Healey
Shadow Secretary of State for Education
In office
8 October 2010 – 7 October 2011
LeaderEd Miliband
Preceded byEd Balls
Succeeded byStephen Twigg
Junior ministerial offices
Minister of State for Health
In office
5 May 2006 – 28 June 2007
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded byJane Kennedy
Succeeded byBen Bradshaw
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs
In office
9 May 2005 – 10 May 2006
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded byCaroline Flint
Succeeded byJoan Ryan
Member of Parliament
for Leigh
In office
7 June 2001 – 3 May 2017
Preceded byLawrence Cunliffe
Succeeded byJo Platt
Personal details
Born
Andrew Murray Burnham

(1970-01-07) 7 January 1970 (age 50)
Aintree, Liverpool,[1] England
Political partyLabour and Co-operative
Spouse(s)Marie-France van Heel
Children3
Alma materFitzwilliam College, Cambridge
WebsiteGMCA / The Mayor

Andrew Murray Burnham (born 7 January 1970) is a British Labour Party politician who has served as Mayor of Greater Manchester since 2017. He served in Gordon Brown’s Cabinet as Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 2007 to 2008, Culture Secretary from 2008 to 2009 and Health Secretary from 2009 to 2010. Burnham served as Shadow Home Secretary from 2015 to 2016 and was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leigh from 2001 to 2017. He is popularly nicknamed "King of the North" for his efforts to represent interests of the people of the North of England.[2][3][4][5][6]

Born in the Old Roan area of Aintree, Lancashire (now Sefton, Merseyside), Burnham was educated at comprehensive schools and graduated with a degree in English from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He worked as a researcher for Tessa Jowell from 1994 to 1997, then worked for the NHS Confederation in 1997 and as an administrator for the Football Task Force in 1998. He was a special adviser to Culture Secretary Chris Smith from 1998 to 2001. After the retirement of Lawrence Cunliffe, the Labour MP for Leigh, Burnham was elected to succeed him in 2001.

He was a member of the Health Select Committee from 2001 until 2003, then serving as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Home Secretary David Blunkett until 2004, when he became PPS to Education Secretary Ruth Kelly. He was promoted by Tony Blair to serve in his Government after the 2005 election as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Home Office. In 2006, Burnham was reshuffled to become Minister of State for Health. When Gordon Brown became Prime Minister in 2007, Burnham was promoted to Chief Secretary to the Treasury, a position he held until 2008, when he became Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. In 2009, he was promoted again to become Secretary of State for Health. In that role, he opposed further privatisation of National Health Service services and launched an independent inquiry into the Stafford Hospital scandal. After the Labour Party's defeat in the 2010 general election, Burnham was a candidate in the 2010 Labour leadership election, coming fourth out of five candidates. The contest was won by Ed Miliband. Burnham served as Shadow Secretary of State for Health until late 2010, when he was moved by Miliband to become Shadow Secretary of State for Education. He held that role for a year, then returning to the role of Shadow Health Secretary.

After the 2015 general election, in which Labour lost to the Conservative Party, Miliband resigned as leader. Burnham launched his campaign to succeed Miliband in the resulting September 2015 leadership election. He finished a distant second behind Jeremy Corbyn.[7] Following the defeat, he accepted a role in Corbyn's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Home Secretary. In May 2016 Burnham announced his candidacy to become Labour's candidate for the Greater Manchester Mayoralty and was selected in August 2016.[8] He resigned as Shadow Home Secretary in October 2016 and was replaced by Diane Abbott. The mayoral election was held in May 2017 and the announcement of the June 2017 general election during the Mayoral campaign led him to stand down as an MP.[9]

Early life and education

Andrew Murray Burnham was born on 7 January 1970 in Aintree, Liverpool.[10][11] His father, Kenneth Roy Burnham, was a telephone engineer and his mother, Eileen Mary Burnham, was a receptionist.[10] He was brought up in Culcheth and educated at St Lewis Catholic Primary School and St Aelred's Roman Catholic High School. He studied English at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge.[12]

Early political career

Burnham joined the Labour Party in 1984 when he was 14.[13] From 1994 until the 1997 general election he was a researcher for Tessa Jowell. He joined the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1995. After the 1997 election, he was a parliamentary officer for the NHS Confederation from August to December 1997, before taking up the post as an administrator with the Football Task Force for a year.[10][14]

In 1998, he became a special adviser to the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, Chris Smith, a position he remained in until he was elected to the House of Commons in 2001.

Member of Parliament

After the retirement of Lawrence Cunliffe, Burnham successfully applied to be the parliamentary candidate for Leigh in Greater Manchester, then a safe Labour seat. At the 2001 election he was elected with a majority of 16,362, and gave his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 4 July 2001.[15]

Following his election to Parliament, Burnham was a member of the Health Select Committee from 2001 until 2003, when he was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Home Secretary David Blunkett. After Blunkett's first resignation in 2004, he became PPS to the education secretary Ruth Kelly.

In Government (2005–2010)

Burnham was promoted to serve in the Government after the 2005 election as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, with responsibility for implementing the Identity Cards Act 2006. In the government reshuffle of 5 May 2006, he was moved from the Home Office and promoted to Minister of State at the Department of Health. In Gordon Brown's first cabinet, announced on 28 June 2007, Burnham was appointed Chief Secretary to the Treasury, a position he held until 2008. During his time at the Treasury, he helped write the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review.[16]

Brown Cabinet (2008–2010)

In a re-shuffle in January 2008, Burnham was promoted to the position of Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, replacing James Purnell.[17] In June 2008, he apologised to the director of pressure group Liberty, Shami Chakrabarti, after she threatened to sue him for libel for smearing her reputation.[18]

In late 2008, Burnham announced government plans to tighten controls on internet content in order to "even up" what he described as an imbalance with TV regulations.[19][20][21] The announcement was followed by a speech to the music industry's lobbying group, UK Music, in which he announced "a time that calls for partnership between Government and the music business as a whole: one with rewards for both of us; one with rewards for society as a whole. (...) My job – Government's job – is to preserve the value in the system."[22]

In April 2009 after being heckled at the 20th anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster Burnham used the next day's cabinet meeting in Downing Street to ask then prime minister Gordon Brown if he could raise the issue of Hillsborough in Parliament. Brown agreed despite it not being on the agenda or on the government's radar.[23] The eventual result was the second Hillsborough inquiry. In 2014 when Burnham spoke at the 25th anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster he was cheered and applauded by the crowd.[24]

Burnham as Health Secretary, speaking at an event during the Labour Party conference in 2009

Burnham was again promoted becoming Secretary of State for Health in June 2009. He held the post until the Labour government resigned after the 2010 general election. In July 2009, a month after he became health secretary, Burnham launched an independent inquiry chaired by the QC Robert Francis into unusually high mortality rates at Stafford Hospital.[25] The inquiry found systematic failures at the hospital, and was critical of care provided by the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust.[26][27] A wider public inquiry, also led by Robert Francis, was launched in 2010 by his successor as health secretary, Andrew Lansley. It found serious failings at the hospital but concluded it would be "misleading" to link those failings to a particular number of deaths.[28][29] After leaving office, reports claimed that Burnham and his predecessor as health secretary, Alan Johnson, had rejected 81 requests for an inquiry sitting in public to examine the high rate of deaths at Stafford hospital.[30] According to The Daily Telegraph, after initial concerns were raised about links between mortality rates and standards of care in 2005, there were up to 2,800 more deaths than expected across 14 NHS trusts highlighted as having unusually high death rates.[30] These figures for deaths were however discredited. A report, the Keogh Review, following an investigation into the 14 NHS trusts by Bruce Keogh, described the use of such statistical measures as "clinically meaningless and academically reckless".

In Opposition (2010–2017)

First leadership campaign (2010)

Burnham became Shadow Secretary of State for Health after May 2010 following the defeat of Gordon Brown's government. Following Brown's resignation as leader of the Labour Party, Burnham declared his intention to stand in the subsequent leadership contest.[31] He launched his leadership campaign in his Leigh constituency on 26 May.[32] Burnham stood on his philosophy of "aspirational socialism", aligning himself with Intern Aware's campaign to end unpaid internships. He made policy commitments including the creation of a national care service and replacing inheritance tax with a land value tax. Burnham finished fourth, eliminated on the second ballot with 10.4% of the vote. The leadership contest was won by Ed Miliband.

Miliband Shadow Cabinet (2010–2015)

In October 2010, Burnham was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Education and election co-ordinator for the Labour Party. As shadow education secretary, Burnham opposed the coalition government's plans for "free schools". He argued for moving the education system back towards a comprehensive system.[33]

Burnham speaking at the NHS Confederation annual conference in 2014

A year later, he was appointed to the role of Shadow Secretary of State for Health, which he held until 2015.

In July 2013 The Daily Telegraph reported that Burnham's staff had edited his Wikipedia page to remove criticisms of his handling of the Stafford Hospital scandal. Burnham's office claimed they had removed false statements that had been drawn to their attention.[34]

Second leadership campaign (2015)

On 13 May 2015, Burnham announced that he would stand to replace Ed Miliband in the 2015 leadership election.[35] He stressed the need to unite the party and country and "rediscover the beating heart of Labour."[36]

He attracted press criticism for claiming £17,000 in expenses to rent a London flat, despite owning another within walking distance of the House of Commons. A spokesperson for Burnham said that renting out the original flat was necessary to "cover his costs" as parliamentary rule changes meant he was no longer able to claim for mortgage interest expenses.[37] Burnham was criticised for jokingly saying that Labour should have a woman leader "when the time is right", with the New Statesman saying that he had "tripped over his mouth again". He also said that he would resign from the Shadow Cabinet if Labour supported leaving NATO, something which Jeremy Corbyn had talked about.[38][39]

Burnham came second to Jeremy Corbyn in the election, with 19% of the vote in the first round, compared to 59% for Corbyn.[7]

Corbyn Shadow Cabinet (2015–2017)

Burnham giving his final Shadow Home Secretary speech at the party conference in 2016

In September 2015, Burnham accepted an appointment as shadow home secretary in the first Shadow Cabinet of Jeremy Corbyn and remained in the role after the 2016 reshuffle.[40]

On 27 April 2016, the day after the Hillsborough inquest verdict that found the 96 Hillsborough deaths had occurred as a result of unlawful killing, Burnham made a speech to the House of Commons calling for those responsible to be held to account. Condemning South Yorkshire Police, which had instigated a cover-up in the aftermath of the tragedy, he described the force as being "rotten to the core" while suggesting that the cover-up had been "advanced in the committee rooms of this House and in the press rooms of 10 Downing Street". The eleven-minute statement drew applause from MPs, a response that is generally against convention at Westminster.[41][42]

On 25 April 2017, as his final act in Parliament, he delivered an adjournment debate that lasted over an hour on the Contaminated Blood Scandal.[43] Burnham used the debate to present a raft of evidence stating "this scandal amounts to a criminal cover-up on an industrial scale" and that "these are criminal acts". He said that if the Government did not set up an Investigation into the scandal that he would refer his evidence to the police.[44][45]

Mayor of Greater Manchester (2017–present)

Burnham campaigning for mayor

On 5 May 2016, a spokesperson for Burnham confirmed that he had been approached by party officials in Greater Manchester, asking him to consider resigning from the Shadow Cabinet of Jeremy Corbyn in order to run in the upcoming mayoral election in 2017. On 18 May 2016, he confirmed that he was running for Mayor.[46] Burnham was selected as the Labour candidate in August 2016.[8] In September 2016, Burnham said that he would resign as Shadow Home Secretary once a replacement had been found, in order to concentrate on his mayoral bid.[47] He was succeeded by Diane Abbott in October. Burnham said, if elected as Greater Manchester's mayor, he would resign his seat as the member of parliament for Leigh. However, the 2017 general election was declared a fortnight before the mayoral election; Burnham did not stand as a candidate.[9]

Burnham was elected to the new role of mayor of Greater Manchester on 5 May 2017. He received 63% of the vote, winning majorities in all ten of Greater Manchester's boroughs.[48] In his mayoral victory speech he said that "[politics] has been too London-centric for too long … Greater Manchester is going to take control. We are going to change politics and make it work better for people."[49]

The issue of homelessness in Greater Manchester was a major focus of Burnham's mayoral campaign. He pledged to donate 15% of his mayoral salary to charities tackling homelessness if elected.[50] After his election he outlined his plan to launch a "homelessness fund", with money going to homeless charities and mental health and rehabilitation services.[51] He pledged to end homelessness in Greater Manchester by 2020[52] however in November 2019 he admitted he would miss his target.[53]

Burnham signed off on a new £10 yearly charge for pensioners who wished to continue to use their TFGM travel passes on the regions trains and trams.[54] The charge is said to help fund a London style bus system. Pensioners in London get free travel on all public transport in London from the age of 60[55] with Burnham keeping the Manchester system linked to the much later state pension age.[56]

He welcomed the additional measures implemented across Greater Manchester and Lancashire by Secretary of State for Health and Social Care Matt Hancock in July during the COVID-19 pandemic, in the knowledge that at the time some areas across North West England had lower infection rates than the rest of the country.[57] On 15 October 2020 Burnham, along with other North West leaders, backed away from the later government talks to place Greater Manchester in tier 3 - the most restrictive - of a new three-tier categorisation.[58] He cited the grants system for businesses and 60% furlough scheme for employees as insufficient and said they would push people into poverty and destitution which would outweigh the impact of the virus if mitigated correctly.[59] Many of the concerns such as the impact on businesses and employees were shared by local Conservative MPs in Greater Manchester and hinterlands surrounding the area.[60][61]

Political views

Burnham has said that he joined the Labour Party at the age of 14 after having been "radicalised" by the miners' strike of 1984–85.[62] Ideologically, he identifies as a socialist.[63][64] In his 2010 leadership bid Burnham emphasised his philosophy of 'aspirational socialism',[64] which he described as redistributive, collectivist and internationalist.[65] He is a strong opponent of nationalism, which he called as an "ugly brand of politics".[66] Burnham's politics have been described as soft left by a number of media outlets, including the Financial Times, the New Statesman and LabourList.[67][68][69] Iain Martin in The Times described Burnham as a "former Blairite" and associated with New Labour.[70]

Burnham is a feminist; he also supports the use of all-women shortlists for parliamentary candidate selections.[71] He is a supporter of LGBT rights and voted in favour of same-sex marriage in 2013.[72] In an interview in The Daily Telegraph in October 2007, Burnham said: "I think it's better when children are in a home where their parents are married" and "it's not wrong that the tax system should recognise commitment and marriage", creating controversy because his views replicated the policies of the Conservative Party.[73]

In his 2015 leadership bid, Burnham pledged to commit Labour to "a policy of progressive renationalisation of the railway system".[74][75] Burnham also favours a universal graduate tax to replace student tuition fees,[76] and voted against the most recent increase in fees.[77] He has advocated a 'National Care Service', integrating care services into the National Health Service[78] Burnham's key economic policies in his leadership bid included a new levy to fund social care, extending the higher minimum wage to all ages (it currently only applies to those over 25), and banning zero-hour contracts.[79] Burnham described the mansion tax proposed by Ed Miliband as "the politics of envy", saying he knew it would lose votes when his mother phoned and told him it represented a return to the 1970s.[80]

Burnham is a strong supporter of devolving power and, in his 2015 leadership campaign, criticised the "Westminster Bubble", the London-centric focus in British politics and perceived detachment from life outside Westminster.[81] However, some opponents and political commentators accused him of being a part of the same bubble that he criticises.[82] He views devolution of powers to Greater Manchester (including an elected mayor) as an opportunity for urban regeneration. He also called for a focus on Northern identity.[83] After he was elected as Mayor of Greater Manchester, he described the new powers for northern cities as "the dawn of a new era".[49] Burnham feels the government does not invest enough money in the North of England, saying: "Almost five years after the government promised us a northern powerhouse, we learn that public spending in the north has fallen while rising in the south. This has got to stop and it is time that the north came to the front of the queue for public investment".[84]

Personal life

Burnham has a brother, Nick, who is the principal of Cardinal Newman College, Preston. Burnham married Marie-France van Heel, who is Dutch,[85] in 2000, having been in a relationship since university.[73] The couple have a son and two daughters. Burnham was brought up as a Roman Catholic.[86] In the 2015 leadership contest he praised Pope Francis, but urged him to promote a progressive stance on gay rights.[87] In a newspaper interview during the contest he stated that he had been repeatedly at odds with the Catholic Church all the time that he had been an MP and that this had resulted in strained personal relationships.[88]

Burnham was the honorary chairman of Leigh Centurions for a short time and is now an honorary vice-president. Burnham was a talented junior cricketer (playing for Lancashire CCC Juniors) and keen footballer, and competed at both sports for his college. He has played for Labour's "Demon Eyes" football team and is a lifelong fan of Premier League football club Everton.[89][90] In July 2003, Burnham played for Conference club Leigh RMI in a pre-season friendly against Everton.[91] He came on as an 88th minute substitute for Neil Robinson in the 1–1 draw at Hilton Park.[91]

In December 2017 it was announced that Burnham would succeed Dean Andrew as president of the Rugby Football League in July 2018.[92] Burnham was replaced by Tony Adams as president of the league in the summer of 2019.[93]

References

  1. ^ At the time of his birth in 1970, ‘Merseyside’ did not exist. ‘Lancashire’ is correct
  2. ^ Martin, Iain. "Andy Burnham: Is the 'king of the north' unprincipled or the real deal?". ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  3. ^ Diver, Tony; Neilan, Catherine (20 October 2020). "Manchester moved to Tier 3 as Andy Burnham warns country will fracture". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  4. ^ "How did Andy Burnham reinvent himself as king of the north?". The Independent. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Londoners follow Leeds and Manchester by braving cold for first night in tier 2". Metro. 18 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Coronavirus: Andy Burnham is the 'King of the North' - a crown the PM believed he'd won". Sky News. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Jeremy Corbyn wins Labour leadership contest". BBC News. 12 September 2015. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Burnham Picked As Manchester Mayor Candidate". Archived from the original on 9 August 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Andy Burnham says he won't stand again as Leigh MP regardless of mayoral election outcome". ITV News. 19 April 2017. Archived from the original on 20 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  10. ^ a b c "Burnham, Rt Hon. Andrew (Murray), (born 7 Jan. 1970), PC 2007; Mayor of Greater Manchester (Lab), since 2017". WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.001.0001/ww-9780199540884-e-41936. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Andy's biography from his Andy4Leader web-site". Archived from the original on 5 July 2010.
  12. ^ "Biography of Andy Burnham : Department of Health". Webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Tougher than he appears; Andy Burnham tells Ian Hernon that politics is lacking leaders people can relate to". The Free Library. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009.
  14. ^ Woodward, Will (26 January 2008). "New culture secretary keeps an open mind on licence fee". The Guardian. London: Guardian News & Media. Archived from the original on 5 October 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  15. ^ "House of Commons Hansard; vol 371, part 14, col 333". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 4 July 2001. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  16. ^ "Andy Burnham: Labour spending was not profligate". The Guardian. 17 May 2015. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  17. ^ "Sometimes a problem really is an opportunity... for others". The Times. 25 January 2008. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009.
  18. ^ Percival, Jenny (23 June 2008). "Chakrabarti-Davis row: Liberty head accepts letter of apology from Burnham". The Guardian. London: Guardian News & Media. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
  19. ^ Sweney, Mark (26 September 2008). "Government to tighten up web controls". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010.
  20. ^ "The medium and the message". BBC News. 1 October 2008. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010.
  21. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (11 June 2008). "Andy Burnham hints at tighter control of online content". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010.
  22. ^ "Andy Burnham and Charlie McCreevy speak at UK Music's first creators' conference". Archived from the original on 16 July 2010.
  23. ^ Johnson, Mark (16 April 2014). "ough disaster speaks of his pride". Liverpool Echo. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. Roy Dixon was singled out for praise by Andy Burnham MP at yesterday's Hillsborough memorial service
  24. ^ McCarthy, Mike (15 April 2014). "Liverpool Remembers Hillsborough Disaster". Sky News. British Sky Broadcasting. Archived from the original on 29 April 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Fresh inquiry at failing hospital". BBC. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  26. ^ Sarah Boseley (24 February 2010). "Mid Staffordshire NHS trust left patients humiliated and in pain". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  27. ^ Robert Francis QC (24 February 2010). Robert Francis Inquiry report into Mid-Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust. House of Commons. ISBN 978-0-10-296439-4. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  28. ^ "How many people died "unnecessarily" at Mid Staffs". Full Fact. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  29. ^ Robert Francis QC (24 February 2010), "Volume I, Section G: Mortality statistics" (PDF), Independent Inquiry into care provided by Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust January 2005 – March 2009, The Stationery Office, p. 352, ISBN 978-0-10-296439-4, HC375-I, retrieved 9 November 2010, it has been concluded that it would be unsafe to infer from the figures that there was any particular number or range of numbers of avoidable or unnecessary deaths at the Trust.
  30. ^ a b Mason, Rowena (17 February 2013). "Mid Staffs: Labour Government ignored MP requests for public inquiry into deaths". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015.
  31. ^ "Andy Burnham and Diane Abbott join Labour leadership race". The Daily Telegraph. London. 19 May 2010. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
  32. ^ Burnham seeks to stand out from leadership crowd BBC News, 26 May 2010
  33. ^ Tickle, Louise (9 November 2010). "Andy Burnham, advocate for the comprehensive system". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  34. ^ Hall, Melanie (21 July 2013). "Shadow Health Secretary Andy Burnham's staff deleted 'negative' Wikipedia references". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009.
  35. ^ Dathan, Matt (13 May 2015). "Andy Burnham becomes third candidate to declare Labour leadership bid". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  36. ^ "Andy Burnham: We must find 'heart of Labour'". BBC News. 13 May 2015. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015.
  37. ^ Tufft, Ben (24 May 2015). "Andy Burnham claims £17,000 a year in rent for London flat – despite owning another that's walking distance from Westminster". Independent. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  38. ^ "Andy Burnham: Labour should have a woman leader "when the time is right"". 25 August 2015. Archived from the original on 28 August 2015.
  39. ^ "Burnham 'would resign from Corbyn cabinet' over Nato and Trident stance". 25 August 2015. Archived from the original on 28 March 2017.
  40. ^ "Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn names Andy Burnham shadow home secretary". BBC News. 13 September 2015. Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  41. ^ Stuart, Andrew (27 April 2016). "Andy Burnham's 11-minute speech on Hillsborough that left the Commons silent – and drew a round of applause". Manchester Evening News. Trinity Mirror. Archived from the original on 1 May 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  42. ^ Cooper, Charlie (27 April 2016). "Hillsborough verdict: Andy Burnham demands South Yorkshire police chief resigns in extraordinary speech". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Archived from the original on 30 April 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  43. ^ "Contaminated Blood - Hansard Online". hansard.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 5 September 2017.
  44. ^ Weaver, Matthew (26 April 2017). "Andy Burnham demands NHS contaminated blood inquiry". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 May 2017.
  45. ^ "NHS contaminated blood was 'criminal cover-up' - Burnham". BBC News. 26 April 2017. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017.
  46. ^ McCann, Kate (18 May 2016). "Andy Burnham confirms he will run for Mayor of Manchester". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  47. ^ "Labour's Andy Burnham quits shadow cabinet to focus on Manchester mayoral bid". Archived from the original on 1 October 2016.
  48. ^ Williams, Jennifer (5 May 2017). "Andy Burnham elected as Greater Manchester's mayor". men. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  49. ^ a b Illingworth, James (5 May 2017). "Mayor Andy Burnham's victory speech – Manchester 1 Liverpool 0". Wigan Today. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  50. ^ Williams, Jennifer (6 January 2017). "Mayor candidate says he'll give 15pc of salary to fight homelessness". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  51. ^ Barnes, Sophie (8 May 2017). "Burnham launches homelessness fund after election win". Inside Housing. Retrieved 16 May 2017.[permanent dead link]
  52. ^ "Andy Burnham: I'll end rough sleeping in Greater Manchester by 2020". The Big Issue. 10 May 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  53. ^ "Metro mayor may 'miss rough sleepers' target'". 16 November 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  54. ^ "Bus firm hits out at 'frustrating' new £10 charge for pensioners' travel". The Bolton News. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  55. ^ "What is a Freedom Pass and at what age can you get it?". Your Money Advice. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  56. ^ "Travel pass for older people". Transport for Greater Manchester.
  57. ^ Williams, Jennifer; Britton, Paul; Fitzgerald, Todd; Shammas, John (31 July 2020). "Government announce new Greater Manchester local lockdown measures". Manchester Evening News.
  58. ^ Roberts, Lizzie (14 October 2020). "Andy Burnham resists Manchester's possible entry into Tier 3 lockdown and warns of legal action". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  59. ^ Bardsley, Andrew (10 October 2020). "Northern leaders including Andy Burnham reject new coronavirus furlough measures - they won't 'surrender residents to hardship'". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  60. ^ Robson, Steve (11 October 2020). "Labour and Tory MPs in Greater Manchester refuse to support mass closure of pubs". Manchester Evenning News. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  61. ^ Pidd, Helen (15 October 2020). "Manchester united: ministers' tier 3 talks enrage both Labour and Tories". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  62. ^ "Who is Andy Burnham? In 90 seconds". The Daily Telegraph. 17 June 2015. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  63. ^ "Why I am a Socialist", by the leadership candidates". Next Left. June 2010. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  64. ^ a b Stratton, Allegra; Wintour, Patrick (1 July 2010). "Andy Burnham's Labour leadership bid based on a return to socialist values". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  65. ^ "Andy Burnham launches "Aspirational Socialism" manifesto". labourlist.org. LabourList. 23 August 2010. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  66. ^ "Solidarity not separation declares Burnham as he calls Nationalism an "ugly brand of politics"". Herald Scotland. 31 July 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  67. ^ Ganesh, Janan (3 August 2015). "The soft left is the real threat to Labour". FT.com. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  68. ^ Rampen, Julia (28 September 2016). "Andy Burnham quits shadow cabinet: "Let's end divisive talk of deselections"". New Statesman. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  69. ^ Fisher, Trevor (15 August 2018). "Blair's legacy is toxic. That's why we need a soft left revival". LabourList. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  70. ^ Martin, Iain (17 October 2020). "Andy Burnham: Is the 'king of the north' unprincipled or the real deal?". The Times. Retrieved 17 October 2020. ... Here was someone who had been singled out by the leadership class to carry the New Labour flame to a new generation. ... A serial leadership contestant since then, he came a distant second to Mr Corbyn in 2015. The decision to serve in what followed left the former Blairite pledging loyalty to a Marxist leadership amid a far-left takeover.
  71. ^ Fisher, Lucy (13 April 2014). "The Government has a women problem – and its down to the feminist men to fix it". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  72. ^ "Andy Burnham MP, Leigh – Gay rights". TheyWorkForYou. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  73. ^ a b Sylvester, Rachel; Thomson, Alice (15 October 2007). "Marriage is important, children do notice". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  74. ^ "Andy Burnham Newsnight Interview Reveals Labour Leadership Hopeful Would Renationalise The Railways". Huffington Post. 29 July 2015. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  75. ^ "Andy Burnham pledges to renationalise railway network". BBC News. BBC. 4 August 2015. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  76. ^ "Andy Burnham plans commission for graduate tax and 'care levy'". PoliticsHome.com. 28 July 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  77. ^ "Andy Burnham MP, Leigh". TheyWorkForYou. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  78. ^ Burke, Stephen (2 October 2009). "National care service – what's the big idea?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  79. ^ "Andy Burnham's ten key economic policies". Archived from the original on 22 August 2015.
  80. ^ "Andy Burnham: I knew 'spiteful' mansion tax was toxic when Mum phoned to complain". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  81. ^ Pidd, Helen (11 August 2015). "Andy Burnham: 'I've never been part of the Westminster in-crowd'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  82. ^ Cowley, Jason (24 June 2015). "Andy Burnham thinks he is an outsider but he's really just another member of the Guild". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  83. ^ Burnham, Andy (1 March 2017). "Andy Burnham: northern devolution should follow the example of Wales, not Scotland". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017.
  84. ^ North of England continues to see bigger cuts in public spending, report finds Archived 5 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian
  85. ^ "The reality of a dream job". Guardian. 28 January 2008. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  86. ^ Merrick, Jane (24 March 2013). "Keep the faith, Andy Burnham tells NHS and Church". The Independent. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  87. ^ Saul, Heather (27 May 2015). "Andy Burnham urges Pope Francis to back same-sex marriage and bring the Catholic Church 'into the 21st century'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  88. ^ "Interview: Andy Burnham addresses 'hurtful' attacks on his equality record". Pinknews.co.uk. 25 June 2015. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  89. ^ Labour MP (22 October 2002). "Andy Burnham". BBC News. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
  90. ^ Brown, Colin (20 June 2008). "Andy Burnham: The Mr Nice Guy who talked his way into a nasty situation". The Independent. London: Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
  91. ^ a b "Leigh RMI 1-1 Everton". EvertonFC.com. Everton Football Club. 26 July 2003. Archived from the original on 3 October 2003. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  92. ^ "Mayor of Greater Manchester Andy Burnham named new RFL president". Sky Sports. 21 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  93. ^ "Tony Adams to become new president of Rugby Football League". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.

External links

Audio clips
Video clips
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lawrence Cunliffe
Member of Parliament
for Leigh

20012017
Succeeded by
Jo Platt
Political offices
Preceded by
Stephen Timms
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Yvette Cooper
Preceded by
James Purnell
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Ben Bradshaw
Preceded by
Alan Johnson
Secretary of State for Health
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Andrew Lansley
Preceded by
Andrew Lansley
Shadow Secretary of State for Health
2010
Succeeded by
John Healey
Preceded by
Ed Balls
Shadow Secretary of State for Education
2010–2011
Succeeded by
Stephen Twigg
Preceded by
John Healey
Shadow Secretary of State for Health
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Heidi Alexander
Preceded by
Yvette Cooper
Shadow Home Secretary
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Diane Abbott