Andy Hardy

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Andy Hardy
Mickey Rooney (center) as Andy Hardy, with Judge Hardy (Lewis Stone) and Mrs. Hardy (Fay Holden), 1939
First appearanceStage:
Skidding (1928)
A Family Affair (1937)
Last appearanceAndy Hardy Comes Home (1958)
Created byAurania Rouverol
Portrayed byCharles Eaton (stage)
Mickey Rooney (film)
In-universe information
AliasAndrew Hardy
FamilyJudge James K. Hardy (father)
Emily Hardy (mother)
Marian Hardy (sister)
Mildred (Milly) Forrest (aunt)

Andrew "Andy" Hardy is a fictional character best known for the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer series of 16 films in which he was played by Mickey Rooney. The main film series was released from 1937 to 1946, with a final film made in 1958 in an unsuccessful attempt to continue the series. Hardy and other characters initially appeared in the 1928 play Skidding by Aurania Rouverol.[1] Early films in the series were about the Hardy family as a whole, but later entries focused on the character of Andy Hardy. Rooney was the only member of the ensemble to appear in all 16 films. The Hardy films, which were enormously popular in their heyday, were sentimental comedies, celebrating ordinary American life.


The Hardy family first appeared in Aurania Rouverol's play Skidding, which debuted on May 21, 1928, at the Bijou Theatre and ran until July 1929.[2] The original cast included Carleton Macy as Judge Hardy, Charles Eaton as Andy, Joan Madison as Myra, and Marguerite Churchill as Marion.[3] Samuel Marx recommended to MGM that the play be adapted into a film.[4]

First film[edit]

The initial Hardy film, A Family Affair (1937), was based directly on Rouverol's play and was produced without a view to producing a series. It featured Lionel Barrymore as Judge Hardy and Spring Byington as Mrs. Hardy, Andy's parents, and Margaret Marquis as Andy's on-again-off-again sweetheart, Polly Benedict.


Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney in Love Finds Andy Hardy

When the series was launched, most of the cast was changed, with the exception of Rooney, Cecilia Parker as Andy's older sister Marian Hardy, and Sara Haden as Aunt Milly (except for two films when Betty Ross Clarke appeared as Milly). The second and subsequent films starred Lewis Stone as Judge Hardy, Fay Holden as Mrs. Hardy, and Ann Rutherford as Polly Benedict. The Hardys' oldest child, married daughter Joan Hardy Martin, appeared only in the first film and was not mentioned in the subsequent films.

Most of the movies were set in the Hardys' fictional hometown of Carvel, located in Idaho in the original play, but described in the films as being in the Midwest. (In the short film Andy Hardy's Dilemma, the Hardys are described as living in Los Angeles, with no mention of Carvel.) All of the films were sentimental comedies celebrating ordinary American life. The people in Carvel were generally pious, patriotic, generous, and tolerant. The town represented MGM mogul Louis B. Mayer's idealized vision of his adopted country.[citation needed]

The early movies focused on the Hardy family as a whole, but the character Andy soon became the center of the series, and his name was featured in the title of the fourth film and all films from the seventh on.[5] They were instrumental in Rooney's rise to stardom. The first two Hardy films dealt with the danger of adultery among the younger generation, but the later ones avoided such controversial themes.[citation needed]

The central relationship in the movies was between Andy and his father. Judge Hardy, played by the grandfatherly looking Stone, was a man of absolute morality and integrity, with a stern demeanor, but a kind heart and droll sense of humor. A typical plot involved Andy getting into minor trouble with money or girls, usually because of youthful selfishness and a willingness to fudge the truth.[citation needed] This would lead to a "man-to-man" talk with his father, after which Andy would do the right thing.

In three films, Rooney was paired with Judy Garland, beginning with Love Finds Andy Hardy, and continuing with Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940) and Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941). Garland's character, Betsy Booth, is an aspiring singer and she sings in the first two of these films. However, although Garland songs were planned for the final film, they were eventually dropped. Unlike Garland-Rooney films outside of the Andy Hardy series, Rooney's Hardy character is not a musician, so Garland and Rooney do not perform together in the Hardy films.

Rooney played the character continuously from age 16 to 25, when he appeared in Love Laughs at Andy Hardy (1946), in which Andy returned to civilian life after fighting in World War II. Twelve years later, an attempt to revive the series with an older, wiser Andy was made in 1958 with Andy Hardy Comes Home, but it turned out to be the final film in the series. Thus, the Andy Hardy series ended with a "To Be Continued", which indeed has yet to be continued.


Also, a 1940 short subject promoting the Community Chest was called Andy Hardy's Dilemma (18 minutes).[7]


  • Names in white rectangles show which actors appeared in each film. A dark grey rectangle indicates that the character did not appear in that film.
Character Title
A Family Affair You're Only Young Once Judge Hardy's Children Love Finds Andy Hardy Out West with the Hardys The Hardys Ride High Andy Hardy Gets Spring Fever Judge Hardy and Son Andy Hardy Meets Debutante Andy Hardy's Private Secretary Life Begins for Andy Hardy The Courtship of Andy Hardy Andy Hardy's Double Life Andy Hardy's Blonde Trouble Love Laughs At Andy Hardy Andy Hardy Comes Home
Andy Hardy Mickey Rooney
Judge Hardy Lionel Barrymore Lewis Stone
Emily Hardy Spring Byington Fay Holden
Aunt Milly Sara Haden Betty Ross Clarke Sara Haden
Marion Hardy Cecilia Parker Cecilia Parker Cecilia Parker
Polly Benedict Margaret Marquis Ann Rutherford
Henry, the bailiff Erville Alderson Erville Alderson Erville Alderson
Wayne Trent Eric Linden Robert Whitney
Frank Redmond Charley Grapewin Frank Craven
Hoyt Wells Selmer Jackson
Tommy Charles Peck Charles Peck Charles Peck Charles Peck
Betsy Booth Judy Garland Judy Garland Judy Garland
Jimmy MacMahon Gene Reynolds Gene Reynolds
Dennis Hunt Don Castle
Augusta Marie Blake Marie Blake
Beezy George P. Beakston George P. Beakston Joey Forman
Peter Dugan Raymond Hatton Joseph Crehan
Don Davis John T. Murray
George Benedict Addison Richards Addison Richards Addison Richards Addison Richards
Principal Davis John Dilson John Dilson
Phrasie Daisey Maxine Conrad June Presser
Clarabelle Margaret Early Margaret Early
Harry Land Todd Karns Todd Karns
Jeff Willis William Lundigan
Joe Wilkins, the Postman John Butler
Red Frank Coghlan Jr.
Kay Wilson Bonita Granville

Screen debuts[edit]

The Andy Hardy series served as a platform for MGM to introduce new performers, some of whom became stars themselves.[5] As examples, Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938) featured Lana Turner in one of her first film appearances, while Andy Hardy's Private Secretary (1941) launched Kathryn Grayson's movie career, and Andy Hardy's Double Life (1942) marked the screen debut of Esther Williams.

Other adaptations[edit]

Public service announcements[edit]

A number of public service announcements involving the Andy Hardy character and his father were shown in theaters in the 1940s. A notable example had Andy trying to persuade his father to give him $200 for a car. Instead, his father took him on a tour of several charities that needed the money more. After each visit to a charity, the car Andy wanted to buy became more and more decrepit.

Radio series[edit]

From late 1949 into 1952, The Hardy Family was syndicated by MGM as a half-hour weekly series on radio, with a cast including Mickey Rooney, Fay Holden and Lewis Stone, and writers including Jack Rubin and Jameson Brewer, directed by Thomas A. McAvity. Radio historian J. David Goldin identifies the personnel and summarizes a dozen episodes, with episode numbers suggested more than 70 episodes were broadcast.[8] Seven episodes of the series are preserved in an Internet Archive collection.[9]

Comic books[edit]

In June 1947, Fiction House's Movie Comics published a comic book adaptation of the film Love Laughs at Andy Hardy.[10][11]

Andy Hardy was also the subject of a six comic books published by Dell in 1952–1954.[12][13] Only in the former does the drawing of Andy Hardy resemble Mickey Rooney.[citation needed]

Proposed television adaptation[edit]

In the 1960s, NBC considered an Andy Hardy TV series, and MGM shot a pilot episode for the network in early 1962. Jimmy Hawkins, who had teenage roles in several popular sitcoms, played Andy, and veteran character actor Philip Ober played Judge Hardy.[14] Despite indications that the network would pick up the show for its 1962–63 season, that never happened.


  1. ^ "Fan Site Home Page". Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  2. ^ "Aurania Rouverol – Broadway Cast & Staff | IBDB". IBDB. Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  3. ^ "Skidding Original Broadway Cast - 1928 Broadway". Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  4. ^ Lertzman, Richard A.; Birnes, William J. (2015-10-20). The Life and Times of Mickey Rooney. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-5011-0098-7.
  5. ^ a b 1939: Hollywood's Greatest Year. Turner Classic Movies, 2009.
  6. ^ Judge Hardy and Son at the American Film Institute Catalog
  7. ^ "Andy Hardy's Dilemma: A Lesson in Mathematics... and Other Things". IMDb.
  8. ^ Goldin, David. "Hardy Family, The". RadioGOLDINdex. University of Missouri, Kansas City. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
  9. ^ "Def GP". "The Hardy Family 08 Eps". The Internet Archive. The Internet Archive. Retrieved May 6, 2023.
  10. ^ "Movie Comics #3". Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  11. ^ Zillner, Dian; Zillner, Jeff (1994). Hollywood collectibles: the sequel. ISBN 0887405711.[page needed]
  12. ^ "Andy Hardy (1952 Dell) comic books". Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  13. ^ The comic book: the one essential guide for comic book fans everywhere by Paul Sassienie Chartwell Books, Inc., 1994
  14. ^ "Andy Hardy (1962)". IMDb.