Jump to content

Andy Harris (politician)

Page protected with pending changes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Andy Harris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byFrank Kratovil
Member of the Maryland Senate
In office
January 13, 1999 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byVernon Boozer (9th)
Norman Stone (7th)
Succeeded byRobert Kittleman (9th)
J.B. Jennings (7th)
Constituency9th district (1999–2003)
7th district (2003–2011)
Personal details
Born
Andrew Peter Harris

(1957-01-25) January 25, 1957 (age 67)
New York City, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouses
Cookie Harris
(m. 1981; died 2014)
Nicole Beus
(m. 2017)
Children5
EducationJohns Hopkins University (BS, MD, MHS)
Signature
WebsiteHouse website
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
Branch/serviceUnited States Navy
Years of service1988–2010
RankCommander
UnitNavy Medical Corps
United States Navy Reserve
Battles/warsOperation Desert Storm

Andrew Peter Harris (born January 25, 1957) is an American politician and physician[1] serving as the U.S. representative for Maryland's 1st congressional district since 2011. The district includes the entire Eastern Shore, as well as several eastern exurbs of Baltimore. He is the only Republican member of Maryland's congressional delegation. Harris previously served in the Maryland Senate.

Early life, education, and career[edit]

Harris's father was Zoltán Harris, an anesthesiologist who was born in Miskolc, Hungary, in 1911 and emigrated to the U.S. in 1950; his mother, Irene (Koczerzuk), was born in Zarice, Poland.[2][3][4] Harris was born in New York, grew up in Queens, and attended Regis High School in Manhattan.[5]

Harris earned his BS in biology (1977) and his MD (1980) from Johns Hopkins University. The university's Bloomberg School of Hygiene and Public Health conferred his MHS in 1995 in health policy and management and health finance and management.[2]

Harris served in the Navy Medical Corps and the U.S. Naval Reserve as a lieutenant commander on active duty during Operation Desert Storm.[2] He previously worked as an anesthesiologist, an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine, and as chief of obstetric anesthesiology at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Harris also served as commanding officer for the Johns Hopkins Naval Reserve Medical Unit from 1989 to 1992.[2]

Maryland General Assembly[edit]

Harris was first elected to the Maryland Senate in 1998 for District 9, including part of Baltimore County.[6] He defeated his predecessor, Minority Leader F. Vernon Boozer, in the 1998 primary election.[7] A major factor in the race was Boozer's role in derailing an attempt to ban partial-birth abortion a year earlier; the bill's sponsor, fellow state senator Larry Haines, supported Harris's primary bid.[8] In the general election he defeated Democratic nominee Anthony O. Blades.

Harris's district was later redrawn to be District 7, representing parts of Harford County, succeeding Norman Stone.[9] He defeated Democratic nominee Diane DeCarlo in the general election in 2002,[10] and from 2003 to 2006 served as the minority whip.[2] He was reelected in 2006, defeating Patricia A. Foerster.[11] He was succeeded by J. B. Jennings.[12]

In August 2001, following speculation that U.S. Representative Bob Ehrlich would run for governor of Maryland in 2002, Harris formed an exploratory committee to explore a potential run for Congress in Maryland's 2nd congressional district.[13] He ultimately decided against running.[14]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

2008[edit]

Harris defeated incumbent Republican Wayne Gilchrest and State Senator E. J. Pipkin in the Republican primary for Maryland's 1st congressional district.[15] Harris ran well to the right of Gilchrest, a moderate Republican. He explained that he was upset with Gilchrest's decision to support a Democrat-sponsored bill setting a timetable for troop withdrawal from Iraq and suspected that many of his constituents also felt that way. He was endorsed by the Club for Growth,[16] which raised nearly $250,000 for him,[17] former governor Bob Ehrlich,[18] seven of 10 state senators who represent parts of the district, and House Minority Leader Anthony O'Donnell.[19] His general election opponent, Queen Anne's County State's Attorney Frank Kratovil, criticized the Club for Growth's policies, and Harris for having its support.[20] Gilchrest endorsed Kratovil.[21]

On paper, Harris had a strong advantage in the general election due to its Republican lean. Although Democrats and Republicans are nearly tied in registration, the district has a strong tinge of social conservatism that favors Republicans. It had been in Republican hands for all but 14 years since 1947, although Kratovil received a significant boost when Gilchrest endorsed him.[21]

On election night, Kratovil led Harris by 915 votes. After two rounds of counting absentee ballots, Kratovil's lead grew to 2,000 votes. Forecasting that there was little chance for Harris to close the gap, most media outlets declared Kratovil the winner on the night of November 7.[22][23] Harris conceded on November 11.

Harris dominated his longtime base in Baltimore's heavily Republican eastern suburbs, which account for most of the district's share of Baltimore County, but failed to carry a single county on the Eastern Shore.

2010[edit]

Harris ran again in the 1st District in 2010. He defeated Rob Fisher, a conservative businessman, in the primary.

Harris's primary win set up a rematch against Kratovil. Libertarian Richard James Davis and Independent Jack Wilson also ran. In the November 2 general election, Harris defeated Kratovil by 14%.

2012[edit]

The National Journal's Cook Political Report named Harris one of the top 10 Republicans most vulnerable to redistricting in 2012, noting that Maryland Democrats could redraw Harris's home in Cockeysville out of the 1st.[24] Instead, Roscoe Bartlett's 6th District was redrawn.[25] Some of Bartlett's shares of Harford, Baltimore, and Carroll counties were drawn into the 1st, making this already strongly Republican district even more so.

Harris was reelected, defeating Democratic nominee Wendy Rosen with 67% of the vote. Rosen withdrew from the race after being confronted with evidence that she had voted in both Maryland and Florida in the 2006 and 2008 elections.[26] Rosen had property in Florida, and Maryland law allowed property owners to vote in local elections even if they live elsewhere. But her Florida voting registration reportedly also gave her access to state and federal elections there, which was prohibited by Maryland law.[27][28] At the time Rosen withdrew, ballots had already been printed. John LaFerla, who had narrowly lost to Rosen in the primary, was endorsed as Rosen's replacement, but could only be a write-in.

2014[edit]

Harris defeated Democratic nominee Bill Tilghman with over 70% of the vote.[29][30]

2016[edit]

Harris won the Republican primary, defeating three challengers with 78.4% of the vote.[31][32] Former Maryland state delegate Mike Smigiel came in second place with 10.8%.[32][33] Smigiel ran because he opposed Harris's strident opposition to marijuana decriminalization in the District of Columbia.[33][34]

In the general election, Harris won another term with 229,135 votes (67.8%),[35] defeating Democratic nominee Joe Werner, a "little-known Harford County attorney and perennial candidate"[36] who received 94,776 votes (28%).[35] Libertarian candidate Matt Beers received 14,207 votes (4.2%).[35] In February 2016, Harris was the first congressman to endorse Ben Carson for the Republican nomination for president.[37] Carson dropped out two weeks later after a poor performance in the Super Tuesday March 1 primaries.[38]

2018[edit]

While Harris was running for reelection, the Maryland Democratic Party accused him of ethics violations,[39] alleging that he might have violated ethics rules requiring members to report the source of spousal income and assets.[39] In response, the Harris campaign said the omission was a mistake, and Harris amended his filing once he became aware of the error.[39]

In the general election, Harris defeated Democratic nominee Jesse Colvin with 60% of the vote.[40][41]

2020[edit]

Harris defeated Democratic nominee Mia Mason with over 63% of the vote.[42]

2022[edit]

Harris had initially promised to serve only six terms (12 years) in the House, but opted to run again in 2022. He was reelected with 54.4% of the vote, easily his closest race since his 2010 victory.[43][44] As of March 2022, Maryland's congressional maps had not been finalized. A judge tossed out the state's new maps, calling the redistricted maps an "extreme partisan gerrymander" by Democrats. The rejected maps gave Democrats an advantage over Republicans in all eight of the state's congressional districts.[45]

Committee assignments[edit]

For the 118th Congress:[46]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Harris with Governor Larry Hogan, 2020

During the 117th United States Congress, GovTrack rated Harris as the 60th most conservative member of the House of Representatives.[49] The Washington Post described Harris as "an ardent supporter of President Donald Trump", whose right-wing populism he has called the "future of the Republican Party".[50] He initially endorsed neurosurgeon Ben Carson for president during the 2016 Republican primaries, but later backed Trump after Carson suspended his campaign.[51] A member of the House Freedom Caucus, Harris unsuccessfully ran for chairmanship of the Republican Study Committee in 2016, during which he campaigned on uniting the caucus and committee.[52]

Domestic policy[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Harris identifies as "pro-life".[53] He has consistently received 0 percent ratings from pro-choice groups, including NARAL Pro-Choice America, and 100 percent ratings from anti-abortion groups, such as the National Right to Life and the Susan B. Anthony List.[54]

During the 2000 legislative session, Harris introduced a bill to ban abortions after fetal viability.[55]

In 2004, Harris cosigned a letter opposing the Ronald Reagan and Christopher Reeve Stem Cell Research Act, which would require the state to provide $25 million toward stem cell research annually.[56] He also introduced the Human Cloning Prohibition Act, a bill to ban stem cell research in Maryland.[57] In 2006, Harris filibustered a bill to provide $25 million a year toward stem cell research.[58]

In 2006, Harris opposed a bill to allow pharmacists to provide patients with emergency contraception.[59] In July 2014, he praised the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., which exempted privately held for-profit corporations from having to cover contraception under the Affordable Care Act.[60] In 2023, Harris cosigned an amicus brief to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit supporting a lower court ruling in Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine v. FDA, which temporarily repealed the Food and Drug Administration's approval of mifepristone.[61]

In 2015, following the release of undercover videos by the Center for Medical Progress, an anti-abortion group, that purportedly showed Planned Parenthood selling tissues from aborted fetuses, Harris spoke in support of a bill to block Medicaid funds from health care providers that performed abortions.[62] He was later appointed to the United States House Select Investigative Panel on Planned Parenthood.[63]

During the 2019 State of the Union Address, Harris praised remarks made by President Donald Trump on efforts to restrict women's access to abortion.[64]

In 2021, Harris cosponsored the Life at Conception Act, a bill to ban abortions without exceptions.[65] In June 2022, Harris celebrated the Supreme Court's ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, which overturned Roe v. Wade.[66] Following the ruling, Harris said he would support a federal six-week abortion ban.[67] In July 2022, Harris voted against bills codifying Roe, to protect patients who travel across state lines to get an abortion,[68] and to protect the right to contraception.[69] During a debate in October 2022, he said he would support a bill introduced by Senator Lindsey Graham that would ban abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy.[65]

Budget and economy[edit]

Harris supports a federal balanced budget and opposes earmarks.[70] He opposes increases to the debt ceiling without cuts to federal spending,[71] and opposes increases to taxes[72] and to the federal minimum wage.[73] Harris supports eliminating tax deductions and implementing a flat tax.[74]

In August 2013, Harris proposed using the debt ceiling to delay the Affordable Care Act's implementation by one year as opposed to voting to defund it.[71][73] On October 16, 2013, Harris voted against the motion to end the government shutdown and raise the debt ceiling.[75]

In March 2015, Harris proposed "shutting down the White House" by halving appropriations funding as opposed to a government shutdown.[76]

In January 2018, Harris voted for a Senate stopgap funding bill to end the 2018–2019 United States federal government shutdown.[77] In March 2018, he voted against the $1.3 trillion omnibus spending package, calling it "fiscally irresponsible".[78]

In 2022, following a spike in gas prices as the result of the Russo-Ukrainian War, Harris supported efforts to extend Maryland's gas tax holiday until the end of the year.[79]

In April 2023, Harris praised the Republican debt ceiling plan, which limited spending to pre-pandemic levels with one percent annual growth over a decade.[80] He was among the 71 Republicans who voted against final passage of the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023 in the House.[81][82]

Education[edit]

During the 2001 legislative session, Harris introduced legislation to create a statewide program to provide state-funded scholarships to students attending private schools.[83]

Environment[edit]

Harris has questioned whether human activities have contributed to climate change,[84] but supports using technological developments, such as hydrogen cells and nuclear fusion, to tackle climate change.[85] He also supports providing federal funding toward Chesapeake Bay cleanup efforts,[86] having played an instrumental role in restoring $60 million in funding for the Chesapeake Bay cleanup program following earlier proposals that saw the program receive no funding.[87]

In July 2017, Harris amended the 2018 Consolidated Appropriations Act to ban federal funding for any wind farms projects that were closer than 24 nautical miles to the coastline. The amendment was seen as a response to the Maryland Public Service Commission's approval of two wind farms off the coast of Ocean City, both of which were planned to be at least 17 miles from the shore;[88][89] Harris claimed that the wind farms would be visible from the horizon and discourage tourism to Ocean City.[90][91] He later called for the Ocean City wind farm project to be revisited, claiming that it would interfere with Coast Guard shipping channels and Department of Defense military communications.[92] In 2023, after a dead humpback whale washed ashore Assateague Island, Harris called for a moratorium on wind farm construction, which he claimed without evidence was responsible for the whale's death.[93][94]

In 2018, Harris said that he supported offshore drilling, but opposed offshore drilling off the coast of Maryland.[95][87] In 2022, following a spike in gas prices as the result of the Russo-Ukrainian War, he said he supported restarting the Keystone pipeline to reduce gas prices.[96] In 2023, Harris called for an increase in natural gas and coal production as a means to lower the national deficit and counter China's influence on global markets.[97]

In 2019, Harris voted against rejoining the Paris Agreement.[98] He also voted against the Coastal and Marine Economies Act, which would ban any new offshore drilling activity off the Pacific or Atlantic coasts.[99]

Following the Francis Scott Key Bridge collapse in March 2024, Harris called on state and federal officials to "immediately reduce the environmental and regulatory burdens" that would hamper reconstruction of the bridge.[100]

Gun policy[edit]

Harris opposes restrictions on the right to carry, but says that citizens who commit or threaten to commit a crime with a firearm should receive harsh sentences.[85] In 2017, he voted for the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act, a bill that would require all states recognize concealed carry permits issued by other states.[101]

During the 2000 legislative session, Harris opposed legislation that would require handguns sold in Maryland to have integrated mechanical safety devices.[102]

In January 2016, Harris said he supported a proposal by presidential candidate Donald Trump to eliminate gun-free zones at schools, arguing that gun-free zones led to an increase in school shootings.[85] After the Sutherland Springs church shooting on November 5, 2017, Harris compared gun control efforts to Nazi gun control measures, saying "Jews were not allowed to own guns in Nazi Germany and that didn't end well".[74] In 2018, Harris said he supported arming teachers.[101]

In 2022, Harris voted against a bill to ban assault weapons.[103]

Healthcare[edit]

Harris supports Maryland's "high-risk pool" healthcare system, voting in 2002 for a bill creating the health insurance pool.[104]

Harris opposes the Affordable Care Act (ACA),[105] which he has called a "government takeover of health care",[71] and ran in 2010 on a promise to repeal it.[106] During a town hall meeting in August 2013, he criticized the ACA's individual mandate and employer mandates, which he said encouraged businesses to increase part-time hiring. Harris also said he supported protecting health insurance access for individuals with pre-existing conditions as well as removing caps on insurance benefits.[73] In December 2013, he proposed using sequestration to increase the amount states would need to pay to expand Medicaid by 10 percent.[107]

In 2013, Harris introduced a bill that would repeal a provision of the ACA that required insurance companies to cover procedures performed by chiropractors, midwives, and similar medical staff. He also cosponsored the HIV Organ Policy Equity Act, a bill that allowed HIV-infected people to donate their organs to other HIV-infected people, which was signed into law by President Barack Obama in November 2013.[108]

In 2014, Harris said he supported an U.S. Department of Health and Human Services probe into glitches with Maryland's health insurance exchange, which was among the worst performing in the nation.[109][110] The probe, which concluded in March 2015, found that the state lacked oversight and internal controls that led to the state improperly spending $28.4 million in federal funding.[111]

Harris was initially supportive of the American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA), which would have partially repealed the ACA. He later said he would vote against the AHCA following last-minute changes made to the bill that he said "simply won't lower premiums as much as the American people need".[106] Harris dismissed Congressional Budget Office estimates that showed that eliminating cost-sharing subsidies would cause insurance premiums to grow 20 percent, calling it "another excuse by insurance companies to raise premiums".[112] In May 2017, Harris voted for the AHCA.[113]

In September 2017, Harris said he supported the Graham–Cassidy health care amendment, which would have returned control of Medicaid back to the states.[114] In October 2017, he said he supported the Trump administration's decision to end federal subsidies to help low-income people pay for out-of-pocket expenses under ACA.[115]

In 2018, Harris said he supported raising the full retirement age for Social Security from 67 to 70 years old.[101] He also said he supported imposing work requirements on "able-bodied adults" for Medicaid and food stamps.[116][117]

In 2019, Harris voted against the Never Forget the Heroes Act, a bill authorizing permanent health benefits for first responders during the September 11 attacks. In 2022, he voted against the Federal Firefighters Fairness Act, which would have eased the compensation claim process for federally employed firefighters diagnosed with mesothelioma.[118]

Immigration[edit]

Harris does not support a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants, saying in August 2013 that "if you came here illegally, you should be very happy if what we do is just to allow you to remain and contribute to the economy illegally".[73] He has also criticized amnesty as a "step back from the rule of law".[71] Harris supports expanding H-2B visas for agricultural and seasonal industries as well as immigration policy of Donald Trump.[119] In 2011, Harris co-signed a letter opposing a new U.S. Department of Labor rule to increase the hourly wages of H-2B visa workers.[120]

In 2014, Harris said he supported instituting a travel ban on Ebola endemic areas.[121]

In 2017, Harris said he supported Executive Order 13769, an executive order by President Donald Trump to temporarily suspend the United States Refugee Admissions Program and ban travel from six predominantly Muslim countries.[122] He also supported the Trump administration's plan to phase out the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.[123] In February 2019, he said he supported Trump's national emergency declaration to fund the construction of the U.S.–Mexico border wall, which he claimed would prevent drug trafficking, gang activity, and sexual violence.[124] Later that year, Harris voted against blocking the emergency declaration[125] and the American Dream and Promise Act,[126] and voted for a bill to provide $4.6 billion in humanitarian aid for migrants at the Mexico–United States border.[127]

In 2019, Harris criticized sanctuary city policies, saying that they "create an environment of the lack of rule of law".[128]

LGBT rights[edit]

In 2001, Harris led a filibuster of a bill prohibiting discrimination against same-sex couples, which lasted more than two hours and ended after two-thirds of state senators voted to limit debate.[129] He also unsuccessfully sought to amend the bill to allow people to discriminate on the basis of religion.[130]

In 2006, Harris said he supported a proposed constitutional amendment to "protect marriage between a man and a woman",[131] which he later cosponsored in 2013[132] and 2015.[133]

In 2013, Harris said he was disappointed with the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges, which legalized gay marriage throughout the United States.[134] In October 2014, the Human Rights Campaign placed Harris on its list of the 14 most "anti-equality" House members, citing his support for several anti-LGBT bills including one prohibiting on the use of Department of Defense property in gay marriages and another banning federal discrimination against people and organizations on the basis of religious beliefs.[135][136] In 2015, he cosponsored a resolution disagreeing with the Supreme Court ruling in Obergefell.[137]

In 2021, Harris voted against the Equality Act, a bill to add gender identity and sexual orientation to federal anti-discrimination laws.[138] In 2022, he voted against the Respect for Marriage Act, which codified same-sex and interracial marriage rights.[139][140]

In 2023, Harris voted for the Protection of Women and Girls Sports Act, a bill to ban transgender women from competing in female sports.[141] He also opposed a proposed U.S. Department of Education rule requiring elementary schools to allow students to participate in school sports programs based on their stated gender identity.[142] In July 2023, Harris voted to strip funding for LGBTQ projects from the 2024 United States federal budget, comparing its funding to a hypothetical Ku Klux Klan project because the "LGBTQ center organized a protest against conservative mothers".[143]

Marijuana[edit]

In January 2003, Harris said he opposed legalizing medical marijuana in Maryland, saying that he preferred that the issue be handled at the federal level.[144]

In 2014, Harris was the leading congressional critic of marijuana decriminalization in the District of Columbia bill, and led efforts in Congress to block decriminalization from taking effect.[145] Harris's amendment led to a call from D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray to boycott tourism to Harris's district and the boycott of Maryland's 1st congressional district,[146] as well as an online campaign requesting that D.C.-area businesses refuse him service.[147] Washington D.C. officials and marijuana activists called Harris's actions unwarranted congressional interference.[148]

In November 2014, D.C. residents voted to legalize recreational cannabis for adults, with 68% in favor.[149] Despite this, Harris said he would use "all resources available to a member of Congress to stop this action".[150] On December 9, 2014, congressional leaders announced a deal on a spending bill that included language that would prohibit the D.C. referendum from taking effect. Harris said that "the Constitution gives Congress the ultimate oversight about what happens in the federal district."[145] He said he believes that cannabis is a gateway drug.[151]

In 2022, Harris added a provision to the $1.5 trillion spending omnibus package that barred D.C. from legalizing, regulating and taxing the sale recreational cannabis, overriding the will of D.C. voters.[152][153] Democrats opposed Harris's provision, but Republicans sharply opposed attempts to remove the provision.[152] In February 2024, amid federal efforts to lower the drug designation of marijuana from a schedule 1 substance to a schedule 3, Harris wrote to the Food and Drug Administration criticizing the agency for not "sufficiently examining the effect of daily marijuana use" and the impact of marijuana use on driving, pregnant women, and children.[154]

Social issues[edit]

During the 2003 legislative session, Harris voted against a bill to impose a two-year moratorium on death penalty sentences.[155]

In 2006, Harris voted in favor of a bill to legalize slot machine gambling in Maryland, but said he would only support a "limited plan" that required statewide and local referendums to legalize slots.[156]

In April 2009, Harris led opposition to the scheduled screening of the pornographic film Pirates II: Stagnetti's Revenge at the University of Maryland, College Park,[157] threatening to withhold state funding from the university if it showed the film.[158] Following this threat, the university cancelled the screening of the film.[159] After portions of the film were screened by students at the campus lecture hall, Harris unsuccessfully sought to amend the state budget to block funding for the University System of Maryland until it adopted a policy on showing pornographic material on campus,[160] which was later watered down into a compromise requiring the university system to develop policies on what kind of films could be shown on campus, which he supported.[161][162] In November 2009, the University System of Maryland Board of Regents unanimously voted against adopting a policy to restrict the screening of pornographic films on campus.[163]

In 2010, Harris said he opposed the Park51 project, a proposal to build a mosque two blocks from the World Trade Center site of the September 11 attacks, calling it "blatantly disrespectful".[164]

In 2016, Harris voted against renaming a post office in Winston-Salem, North Carolina after civil rights activist Maya Angelou, who he called a "communist sympathizer", citing her support for the Cuban Revolution.[165]

In 2019, Harris voted against renewing the Violence Against Women Act.[166]

In 2020, Harris voted against removing an expired congressional deadline for the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment.[167]

In 2020, Harris said he supported President Trump's decision to deploy the National Guard in response to George Floyd protests.[168][169] He voted against removing a marble bust of Justice Roger B. Taney from the U.S. Capitol,[170] saying that while he supported proposals to add a bust of Justice Thurgood Marshall, he believed the Taney bust should remain as a "teaching moment".[171]

Veterans[edit]

The PACT ACT which expanded VA benefits to veterans exposed to toxic chemicals during their military service, received a "nay" from Harris.[172] Regarding cannabis, despite lobbying from VSOs such as the DAV[173] Harris also voted against 2022 MORE Act.[174][175]

Governance[edit]

COVID-19 response[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Harris opposed prohibitions on indoor dining during the COVID-19 pandemic[176] and stay-at-home orders, and was skeptical of face masks.[119] In March 2020, he voted for, and later criticized,[177] the CARES Act.[178] On May 2, 2020, Harris addressed protesters in Salisbury attempting to pressure Maryland governor Larry Hogan to lift restrictions, saying, "I am a physician. Let me tell you something: It is safe to begin to reopen Maryland."[179] Harris also called on the state to partially reopen areas with low cases of COVID-19 and to lift restrictions on "low-risk businesses", such as golf courses and small businesses.[180] In February 2021, Harris cosponsored a bill that would block state or local governments from receiving federal COVID-19 relief funds if they enacted restrictions affecting small businesses.[181]

In August 2020, Harris promoted the use of hydroxychloroquine to treat COVID-19,[182] despite the lack of evidence for its effectiveness and the subsequent opposition from NIH and WHO to its use for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients.[183][184]

In December 2020, Harris voted against a measure to raise stimulus checks sent out under the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 to $2,000 per individual.[185] In February 2021, he voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[186]

Harris supported COVID-19 vaccination efforts,[187] but opposed vaccine mandates.[188] In March 2021, he led a letter to Acting United States Secretary of Health and Human Services Norris Cochran urging him to review the two-dose strategy used for Pfizer-BioNTech's and Moderna's COVID-19 vaccines, arguing that a single-dose plan would "save the lives of up to 40,000 American seniors".[189][190] In July 2021, amid a surge in COVID-19 cases resulting from the delta variant, Harris urged constituents to get the COVID-19 vaccine.[191]

Elections[edit]

In 2004, Harris criticized a state plan to use electronic voting machines in the 2004 general election and introduced a bill requiring voting machines to print voters' choices onto a paper ballot.[192] He later unsuccessfully sued to block the state from using electronic voting machines during the 2004 elections.[193][194] In 2006, Harris again criticized the state for using electronic voting machines in its 2006 elections, claiming without evidence that it would lead to voter fraud and suggesting that Iraq and Afghanistan "had more secure elections than Maryland does".[195]

In 2008, Harris supported a bill that would require voters to show proof of citizenship to participate in Maryland elections.[196]

In 2018, Harris introduced the Protecting Election Systems from Foreign Control Act, which would ban state election boards from contracting with foreign election systems vendors.[197]

2020 presidential election[edit]

In August 2020, Harris dismissed accusations that U.S. Postmaster General Louis DeJoy was attempting to undercut mail-in balloting, which he called a "conspiracy theory". He said he opposed using universal mail-in ballots to conduct the 2020 presidential election, claiming without evidence that it would "result in people who aren't qualified to have ballots getting them and in some cases people who are qualified not getting them".[198] Harris later voted against a bill to increase U.S. Postal Service funding by $25 billion to help the agency prepare for the election.[199]

After Joe Biden won the 2020 presidential election and President Donald Trump refused to concede while making false claims of fraud, Harris defended Trump's efforts to overturn the election.[176] Harris falsely claimed there were "large-scale voting irregularities" and "secret, unobserved vote counting in the swing states",[176] and called on Attorney General William Barr to investigate "these crimes".[200]

In December 2020, Harris was one of 126 Republican members of the House of Representatives to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election.[176] The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state.[201][202][203]

In July 2022, the United States House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack revealed that Harris was present at a White House meeting with Republican House members on December 21, 2020, to discuss a plan to "encourage members of the public to fight the outcome on January 6".[204][205] He confirmed his attendance to this meeting during a debate in October 2022, during which he said he would "take the invitation again" and added that it was "not planning an insurrection". Harris also said that he accepted the results of the 2020 presidential election at the debate, and called for national voter ID laws.[65]

In September 2022, Harris voted against the Electoral Count Reform and Presidential Transition Improvement Act of 2022, a bill that made multiple revisions to the voting, certification, counting, and transition process in wake of the January 6 United States Capitol attack.[206]

Impeachments[edit]

On October 31, 2019, Harris voted with his fellow Republicans in opposition to a resolution outlining rules for then-ongoing impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump.[207][208] On December 18, 2019, he voted against both articles of impeachment of the first impeachment of President Trump.[209][210]

Harris was one of four representatives who did not cast a vote regarding the second impeachment of President Trump on January 13, 2021.[211] He tweeted that he opposed it, calling it divisive and a waste of time, and that he needed to be in the operating room caring for patients.[212] During the 117th United States Congress, Harris cosponsored two different resolutions to impeach President Joe Biden.[213][214] He also cosponsored a resolutions to impeach Attorney General Merrick Garland and Secretary of State Antony Blinken,[215][216] who he blamed for the United States' withdrawal from Afghanistan.[217] Very early in the 118th Congress, Harris cosponsored a resolution to impeach Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas.[218]

Redistricting[edit]

Maryland's 1st congressional district from 2013 to 2023

Harris supports using independent redistricting commissions to draw redistricting plans for federal offices,[219] calling it the "biggest thing you could do to increase cooperation between the two parties". He has described himself as a beneficiary of gerrymandering, pointing to the 1st district's configuration as having been carved out to elect a Republican to Congress and get more Democrats elected elsewhere in Maryland.[85] During his time in the Maryland Senate, Harris sought to pass legislation requiring Maryland to use an independent commission to redraw its districts.[220]

During the 2020 redistricting cycle, the Maryland General Assembly redrew Maryland's congressional districts to make Maryland's 1st congressional district more competitive for Democrats by redrawing the 1st district from one that voted for Trump by 20 points to one where Biden slightly won in 2020,[221] an effort that Harris opposed.[222] He instead supported the maps drawn by Governor Larry Hogan's Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission, an independent redistricting commission made up of three Democrats, Republicans, and Independent voters.[223] In March 2022, Judge Lynne A. Battaglia struck down the Maryland General Assembly's new congressional districts as an "extreme partisan gerrymander",[224] prompting legislators to pass a new congressional map that undid changes to make the 1st district more competitive.[225]

Storming of the Capitol[edit]

In an interview with WBAL-TV just after evacuating the Capitol after it was stormed, Harris downplayed the violence of the riot, saying "Obviously, later we heard there was a gunshot, but other than that, there was no indication that this was a truly violent protest, as violent as one as you would worry about." Harris also said he understood the rioters' frustrations and repeated false claims of election fraud.[226] During a debate in October 2022, he denied that the Capitol attack was an "insurrection", stating that the only people who had weapons during the attack were Capitol police officers.[65]

On January 6, 2021, after the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, Harris had a verbal altercation with Representative Al Lawson on the House floor after taking offense at Representative Conor Lamb's criticism of House Republicans for pushing unfounded conspiracy theories.[227] During an interview the next day, Harris falsely claimed that leftist provocateurs were behind the storming of the Capitol.[226]

In May 2021, Harris voted against a measure creating the January 6 commission, calling it "another partisan stunt from Speaker Pelosi".[228]

In June 2021, Harris was among 21 House Republicans to vote against a resolution to give the Congressional Gold Medal to police officers who defended the U.S. Capitol on January 6,[229] which he had called a "stunt".[230]

Foreign policy[edit]

Harris supports increasing federal defense funding to combat threats to national security.[85] In 2013, he said he supported cuts to the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to support expanding the military.[71]

In 2015, Harris voted against the Trade Promotion Authority.[231] In 2019, he voted for the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, a successor to NAFTA.[232]

Hungary[edit]

Speaking at CPAC Hungary 2024

In 2018, Harris led a letter opposing a U.S. State Department plan to provide $700,000 for independent media in Hungary, which he charged as having "distorted the record" of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán. In 2022, he praised Orbán's leadership in a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference in Hungary.[233][234] In 2022, Harris was one of 63 Republicans to vote against a nonbinding resolution to support NATO, which he later defended by saying that the military alliance had "unfairly criticized the governments of Hungary and Poland", both of which are members of NATO.[235][236]

Iran[edit]

In 2015, Harris said he opposed the Iran Nuclear Deal, which he said would go toward buying "weapons that will end up killing Americans at some point in the future".[237][238] He later called for increased sanctions on Iran, including a ban on any nuclear enrichment in the country.[239]

Israel[edit]

Harris supports Israel's right to defend itself and the Abraham Accords.[240] He has criticized the European Union for funding what he called "illegal building" by the Palestinian National Authority in the Judea and Samaria Area, and suggested in December 2022 that the United States should provide funding to Israel for developing infrastructure in these areas.[241] In November 2023, amid the 2023 Israel–Hamas war, Harris said he opposed providing humanitarian aid to Palestine and criticized the Biden administration for "interfering" with Israel's handling of the war.[242]

Libya[edit]

In 2011, Harris voted to end the U.S. military presence Libya and to limit the use of funds supporting NATO operations in Libya.[243]

Myanmar[edit]

In 2021, Harris was one of 14 Republican representatives to vote against a measure condemning the Myanmar coup d'état.[244]

Syria[edit]

In 2013, Harris said he opposed the American-led intervention in the Syrian civil war.[245][246] In 2014, after the Obama administration carried out over 150 airstrikes on the Islamic State in Syria, he called for a new authorization vote on the U.S.-led intervention.[247]

In April 2017, Harris said he supported the Trump administration's decision to launch airstrikes against the Syrian airfield believed to be responsible for the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack.[248] He also supported the April 2018 missile strikes against Syria following the Douma chemical attack.[249]

In 2019, Harris raised concerns over President Trump's withdrawal of troops from the Turkey-Syria border,[250] but ultimately voted against condemning the withdrawal.[251] In 2023, he was among 47 Republicans to vote in favor of H.Con.Res. 21, which directed President Joe Biden to remove U.S. troops from Syria within 180 days.[252][253]

Turkey[edit]

In 2019, Harris was one of 16 House members to vote against imposing sanctions against Turkey for its invasion of northern Syria, and one of 11 House members to vote against recognizing the Armenian genocide.[254]

Ukraine[edit]

Harris is supportive of congressional efforts to provide Ukraine with various forms of aid amid the Russo-Ukrainian War.[255] In April 2022, he co-signed a letter to President Joe Biden urging him to extend temporary protected status to Ukrainian refugees who sought to enter the United States.[256]

During a town hall meeting in August 2023, Harris suggested that the U.S. should begin winding down on aid to Ukraine and negotiating for the end of the war, pointing to the national deficit and the 2023 Ukrainian counteroffensive, which he deemed to be a failure.[257]

Roy Moore[edit]

During the primary race of the 2017 special election to fill the Senate seat formerly held by Jeff Sessions, Harris endorsed Roy Moore in his primary campaign against the incumbent, Luther Strange. Following the news of sexual misconduct allegations against Moore, Harris said Moore should withdraw from the race if the allegations were true.[258]

Electoral history[edit]

Year Office Election Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1998 Maryland Senate, District 9[259] General Andy Harris Republican 24,814 61% Anthony O. Blades Democratic 15,780 39%
2002 Maryland Senate, District 7[260] General Andy Harris Republican 23,374 57.8% Dianne DeCarlo Democratic 16,991 42.1% Write-ins 44 0.1%
2006 Maryland Senate, District 7[261] General Andy Harris Republican 23,453 56.6% Patricia A. Foerster Democratic 17,972 43.3% Write-ins 35 0.1%
2008 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[15] Primary Andy Harris Republican 33,627 43.4% Wayne Gilchrest Republican 25,624 33.1% E.J. Pipkin Republican 15,700 20.3%
2008 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[262] General Frank Kratovil Democratic 177,065 49.1% Andy Harris Republican 174,213 48.3% Richard James Davis Libertarian 8,873 2.5% Write-ins 35 0.1%
2010 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[263] General Andy Harris Republican 155,118 54.1% Frank Kratovil Democratic 120,400 42.0% Richard James Davis Libertarian 10,876 3.8% Write-ins 418 0.15%
2012 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1 General Andy Harris Republican 212,204 63.4% Wendy Rosen Democratic 92,812 27.5% Muir Wayne Boda Libertarian 12,857 3.8% Write-ins 17,887 5.3%
2014 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1 General Andy Harris Republican 176,342 70.4% Bill Tilghman Democratic 73,843 29.5% Write-ins 233 0.1%
2016 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[264] General Andy Harris Republican 242,574 67.0% Joe Werner Democratic 103,622 28.6% Matt Beers Libertarian 15,370 4.2% Write-ins 531 0.1%
2018 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[265] General Andy Harris Republican 183,662 60.0% Jesse Colvin Democratic 116,631 38.1% Jenica Martin Libertarian 5,744 1.9% Write-ins 149 0.0%
2020 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[266] General Andy Harris Republican 250,901 63.4% Mia Mason Democratic 143,877 36.4% Write-ins 746 0.2%
2022 U.S. House of Representatives, MD-1[267] General Andy Harris Republican 159,673 54.4% Heather Mizeur Democratic 126,511 43.1% Daniel Frank Thibeault Libertarian 6,924 2.4% Write-ins 250 0.1%

Personal life[edit]

Harris was married for 30 years to Sylvia "Cookie" Harris, who died of a heart attack on August 28, 2014.[268] They had five children. In July 2017, he married Nicole Beus, a Baltimore County political and marketing consultant[269][176][270] who serves as the chair of the Maryland Republican Party.[271]

Harris lives in Cambridge on the Eastern Shore, having previously lived in Cockeysville, a suburb of Baltimore. He considered himself a "citizen-legislator," having maintained his medical practice while in the State Senate.[272]

Harris has been an active member in the community as a member of the Knights of Columbus, an officer in the Thornleigh Neighborhood Improvement Association (vice president, 1984–85; president, 1985–86), a member of the Board of Directors of the Sherwood Community Association (1987–91), and vice president of St. Joseph's School Home-School Association from 1992 to 1994. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Maryland Leadership Council (1995–98), as a member of the North Central Republican Club (treasurer, 1997–98; vice president, 1998), and as a delegate to the 2004 Republican Party National Convention. Harris received the Dr. Henry P. and M. Page Laughlin Distinguished Public Officer Award from the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland in 2001.[272]

2021 gun incident[edit]

On January 21, 2021, Harris tried to enter the House floor with a gun, setting off a metal detector. This was in violation of new security measures adopted after the storming of the U.S. Capitol. Harris was not allowed to enter and returned 10 minutes later without a gun, at which point he was allowed entry.[273] U.S. Capitol Police began an investigation into the incident.[274]

Ivermectin prescriptions[edit]

In October 2021, Harris said on a radio show he prescribed ivermectin to constituents for treatment of COVID-19.[275] Ivermectin is used to treat parasites in livestock and river blindness in humans. It is not approved by the FDA for treatment of COVID-19. During a discussion of vaccine mandates by the House Freedom Caucus in November 2021, Harris said that a complaint was filed against him with a physicians board for prescribing ivermectin.[276]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andrew Harris on Moving from Medicine to Politics". Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e CongressmanAndy Harris: Biography Archived September 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  3. ^ "Rep. Andy Harris's unexplained "Gulag story"". October 19, 2018. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  4. ^ "Irene Koczerzuk Harris". The Winchester Star. July 21, 2020. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  5. ^ Memoli, Mike. "Mr. Harris Goes to Washington". Regis Alumni News. 75 (2 (Winter 2011)): 10–11. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  6. ^ Maryland State Board of Elections. "1998 Gubernatorial Election". state.md.us. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  7. ^ Maryland State Board of Elections. "1998 Gubernatorial Election". state.md.us. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  8. ^ "'Partial Birth' Ban Set to Pass in Md". The Washington Post. March 11, 1999. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD State Senate 7 Race - Nov 05, 2002". ourcampaigns.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  10. ^ Maryland State Board of Elections. "2002 Gubernatorial Election". state.md.us. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  11. ^ Maryland State Board of Elections. "Official 2006 Gubernatorial General Election results for State Senator". state.md.us. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD State Senate 7 Race - Nov 07, 2006". ourcampaigns.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  13. ^ Nitkin, David; Francke, Caitlin (August 28, 2001). "He's ready to dip a toe in congressional waters". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ Green, Andrew A. (May 6, 2002). "Pledges by GOP boost chances of Bentley run". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ a b "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
  16. ^ Club for Growth Endorses Andy Harris Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Andy Harris For Congress press release. August 13, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  17. ^ OpenSecrets.org Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. OpenSecrets
  18. ^ Ehrlich supports Harris for seat Archived February 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Associated Press, Washington Times. October 19, 2007. Retrieved October 19, 2007.
  19. ^ Eleven Republican Incumbents Have to Watch Their Backs in House Primaries By CQ Staff. October 2, 2007. Retrieved October 19, 2007.
  20. ^ Anti-tax group’s support not paying dividends Archived October 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Politico
  21. ^ a b Gilchrest crosses party lines, endorses Democrat Kratovil, even cutting an ad for him[permanent dead link] Baltimore Sun
  22. ^ "AP: Kratovil Winner Of 1st District Seat". WJZ-TV. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
  23. ^ "Maryland's 1st District". CNN. Archived from the original on November 7, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
  24. ^ Wasserman, David; Edwards, Julia (April 15, 2011). "Top 10 Republicans Most Vulnerable to Redistricting". Cook Political Report. National Journal. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  25. ^ "Delaney defeats Bartlett in the 6th District". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 12, 2022.
  26. ^ Lash, Steve (December 20, 2012). "Former candidate Rosen charged with illegal voting | Maryland Daily Record". Retrieved December 12, 2022.
  27. ^ Brown, Matthew Hay (September 14, 2012). "Democrat withdraws from 1st District congressional race after allegations she voted in two states". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  28. ^ "The lesson of Wendy Rosen". The Baltimore Sun. September 11, 2012. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  29. ^ Cox, Jeremy. "Andy Harris re-elected in landslide". The Daily Times. Archived from the original on October 29, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  30. ^ "WBOC's 2014 Maryland Primary Election Results". WBOC 16. November 6, 2014. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  31. ^ Holland, Liz. "Andy Harris not worried about GOP challenges in primary". The Daily Times. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  32. ^ a b "Maryland Primary Election Results 2016". The New York Times. September 29, 2016. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  33. ^ a b Rachel Kurzius, Sorry, D.C.—Andy Harris Won His Primary Race Archived March 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, DCist (April 27, 2016).
  34. ^ Jacobs, Benjamin (March 19, 2015). "Washington DC's legal weed debate spills over into Maryland politics". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  35. ^ a b c Maryland U.S. House 1st District: Results: Andy Harris Wins Archived December 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New York Times (December 13, 2016).
  36. ^ Benjamin Freed, Activists Tried to Defeat the Maryland Congressman Who Messed With DC’s Pot Laws. Here’s Why They Failed Archived December 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Washingtonian (April 27, 2016).
  37. ^ Cheney, Kyle (February 17, 2016). "Ben Carson gets his first congressional endorsement". Politico. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
  38. ^ Costa, Robert; Terris, Ben (March 2, 2016). "Ben Carson tells supporters he sees no 'path forward' for presidential campaign". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 16, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  39. ^ a b c Hernández, Arelis R. "Rep. Andy Harris accused of ethical violation for failing to disclose wife's income". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  40. ^ Hernández, Arelis R. "Meet the Democrat challenging Rep. Andy Harris, Maryland's only Republican in Congress". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on August 1, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  41. ^ "Maryland Election Results: First House District". The New York Times. January 28, 2019. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  42. ^ "Official 2020 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on January 31, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  43. ^ "Official 2022 Gubernatorial General Election Results for Representative in Congress". elections.maryland.gov. Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 13, 2022.
  44. ^ Flynn, Meagan (July 13, 2022). "Committee: Rep. Harris attended White House meeting to plan for Jan. 6". Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 13, 2022. Retrieved July 13, 2022. Harris, despite previously saying he would hew to a six-term limit, is seeking a seventh term in Congress this year.
  45. ^ Macagnone, Michael (March 25, 2022). "Maryland judge throws out Democrat-leaning congressional map". Roll Call. Archived from the original on March 28, 2022. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  46. ^ "Andy Harris". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved April 12, 2023.
  47. ^ "What is the House Freedom Caucus, and who's in it?". Pew Research Center. October 20, 2015. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  48. ^ "Full list of Freedom Caucus Members after 2022 midterms results". Newsweek. November 10, 2022. Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  49. ^ "2022 Report Cards". GovTrack. February 12, 2023. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  50. ^ Flynn, Meagan (January 28, 2021). "Heather Mizeur, former Md. state delegate, to challenge Rep. Andy Harris in 2022". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  51. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (November 15, 2016). "House GOP not conservative enough? Rep. Andy Harris says he can fix that". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  52. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (November 17, 2016). "Maryland congressman loses bid to lead a conservative House GOP caucus". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  53. ^ Haq, Mina; Tonic, Sydney (December 1, 2016). "Maryland's Democrats vow Planned Parenthood fight". Capital News Service. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  54. ^ "Card image cap Andy Harris' Ratings and Endorsements". VoteSmart.org. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  55. ^ Miller, Kevin (February 11, 2000). "Haines to withhold partial-birth abortion bill this year". Carroll County Times. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  56. ^ Green, Andrew A. (December 19, 2004). "Stem cell funding sought". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  57. ^ "Outright ban on stem cell research debated in Annapolis". The Daily Record. March 25, 2004. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  58. ^ Emery, Chris (February 28, 2006). "Filibuster Battle Over Stem Cell Bill Looms in General Assembly". Capital News Service. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  59. ^ Rosen, Jill (February 16, 2006). "Bill targets Plan B access". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  60. ^ Bollinger, Josh (July 1, 2014). "Md. officials respond to court's contraceptives decision". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  61. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (April 13, 2023). "Texas judge's abortion pill ruling supported by 69 Republicans in Congress". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  62. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (September 29, 2015). "Harris challenges Easton Planned Parenthood". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  63. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole; Kelly, Erin (October 23, 2015). "Andy Harris chosen to aid probe of Planned Parenthood". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  64. ^ Bravender, Robin (February 6, 2019). "State of the Union: Md. Dems Skeptical of Trump's Calls for Unity". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  65. ^ a b c d Barker, Jeff (October 26, 2022). "Republican U.S. Rep. Andy Harris, Democrat Heather Mizeur spar over Jan. 6, abortion in animated debate". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  66. ^ Scharper, Julie (June 26, 2022). "Maryland leaders react strongly to Supreme Court overturning Roe". Baltimore Banner. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  67. ^ Lee, John (June 27, 2022). "U.S. Rep. Harris would back national 'heartbeat' abortion ban". WYPR. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  68. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (July 15, 2022). "U.S. House Passes Bills to Ensure Nationwide Abortion Access, Interstate Travel". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  69. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (July 21, 2022). "U.S. House passes bill guaranteeing contraception access, with eight GOP votes". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  70. ^ Allen, Kelley L. (June 14, 2012). "Harris holds town hall meeting in Easton". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  71. ^ a b c d e Anderson, David (August 8, 2013). "Congressman Harris meets with capacity crowd in Bel Air". The Aegis. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  72. ^ "Maryland's Harris taking anti-tax stance to US House". The Daily Record. Associated Press. November 3, 2010. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  73. ^ a b c d Sharp, Andrew (August 22, 2013). "Harris answers questions on health care, NSA, and more". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  74. ^ a b Tarpley, Faith (November 12, 2017). "Andy Harris talks tax reform at Wi-Hi town hall". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  75. ^ Fritze, John (October 21, 2013). "Harris attacks Obamacare on Crossfire". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  76. ^ DeBonis, Mike (March 5, 2015). "Rep. Andy Harris, considering Senate run, floats defunding the White House". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  77. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (January 22, 2018). "Md. Congressional Delegation Splits on Shutdown Vote". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  78. ^ Kurtz, Josh (March 25, 2018). "Md. Congressional Delegation Splits on Government Funding Bill". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  79. ^ Sears, Bryan P. (June 27, 2022). "Md. Republicans call for gas tax pause through 2022". The Daily Record. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  80. ^ Sears, Bryan P. (May 19, 2023). "What a federal debt default could mean for Maryland: recession, unpaid workers, loss of benefits". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  81. ^ Gans, Jared (May 31, 2023). "Republicans and Democrats who bucked party leaders by voting no". The Hill. Retrieved June 6, 2023.
  82. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (May 31, 2023). "U.S. House approves debt limit package, sending it to Senate with just days until default deadline". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  83. ^ Libit, Howard (February 6, 2001). "Vouchers, charter schools featured in state GOP education reform plan". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  84. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (September 21, 2015). "Md. Rep. Harris recalls 'profound experience' with pope". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  85. ^ a b c d e Bollinger, Josh (January 19, 2016). "Rep. Harris hears from Mid-Shore residents at town hall". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  86. ^ Fritze, John (March 16, 2017). "Trump's budget suggests major changes in Md". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  87. ^ a b Cox, Jeremy (February 12, 2018). "In rare break from Trump, Rep. Andy Harris opposes Maryland offshore drilling". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  88. ^ Kurtz, Josh (October 19, 2017). "Gone With the Wind? Ocean City's Last-Ditch Effort to Push the Turbines Away". Maryland Matters. Retrieved January 12, 2023.
  89. ^ Siegel, Rachel (July 22, 2017). "Rep. Andy Harris erects new obstacle in path of Md. wind-farm projects". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  90. ^ Cox, Jeremy (July 18, 2017). "Harris amendment imperils Maryland offshore wind project". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  91. ^ Soper, Shawn (July 20, 2017). "Late Distance Amendment Could Derail Offshore Wind Project". Maryland Coastal Dispatch. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  92. ^ Gaines, Danielle E.; Kurtz, Josh (August 17, 2019). "And Still More Notes from MACo". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  93. ^ Gessler, Paul (January 19, 2023). "Dead whale washes up in Maryland as environmental activists call for offshore wind investigation". CBS News. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  94. ^ Zullo, Robert (March 1, 2023). "Wind and whales: 'No evidence' links projects to deaths". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  95. ^ "Rep. Harris doesn't support offshore drilling off Maryland". The Daily Record. Associated Press. February 12, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  96. ^ Detmer, Mike (March 11, 2022). "Harris talks Ukraine, gas prices with Eastern Shore lawmakers". The Star Democrat. The Kent Island Bay Times. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  97. ^ Hubbard, Matt (August 18, 2023). "Harris concerned by national debt at Rising Sun town hall". Cecil Whig. Retrieved August 21, 2023.
  98. ^ Bravender, Robin (May 2, 2019). "House Votes Symbolically to Keep U.S. in Paris Climate Accord". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  99. ^ Winter, Allison (September 11, 2019). "Md. Members Divide Along Party Lines as House Votes to Ban Offshore Drilling". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  100. ^ Fischler, Jacob (March 27, 2024). "Federal rebuild of Baltimore bridge 'will not be quick or easy or cheap,' Buttigieg says". Maryland Matters. Retrieved March 27, 2024.
  101. ^ a b c Sharpe, Charlene (March 20, 2018). "Gun Rights A Hot Topic At Congressman's Town Hall Meeting". Maryland Coastal Dispatch. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  102. ^ Miller, Kevin (March 24, 2000). "Governor's gun bill pried out of committee". Carroll County Times. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  103. ^ Figueroa, Ariana (July 29, 2022). "U.S. House passes ban on assault weapons after spate of gun violence". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  104. ^ Cohn, Meredith; Fritze, John (May 6, 2017). "Insuring the uninsurable: GOP health plan draws on high-risk pool used in Maryland". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  105. ^ Anderson, Jessica (March 11, 2017). "Rep. Andy Harris meets with constituents on health care, the bay, other issues". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  106. ^ a b Fritze, John (March 23, 2017). "Rep. Andy Harris remains a 'no' on GOP health care bill". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  107. ^ Fritze, John (December 5, 2013). "Harris floats Obamacare change to address budget". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  108. ^ Fritze, John (December 3, 2013). "GOP's Harris takes on health care policy". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  109. ^ Fritze, John (March 9, 2014). "Federal inspector to audit Maryland health exchange". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  110. ^ Norman, Brett (March 10, 2014). "Feds to investigate Md. exchange". Politico. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  111. ^ Cohn, Meredith; Fritze, John (March 27, 2015). "Audit says Maryland overbilled federal government $28.4M in health exchange launch". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  112. ^ Cohn, Meredith; Fritze, John (August 27, 2017). "Maryland's Eastern Shore, a GOP stronghold, home to thousands who now have insurance thanks to Obamacare". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  113. ^ "How Did Local Lawmakers Vote on Obamacare Repeal?". NBC Washington. May 4, 2017. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  114. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (September 20, 2017). "Raskin warns the next stop for Cassidy-Graham bill could be the House". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  115. ^ McDaniels, Andrea K. (October 13, 2017). "End of Obamacare subsidies creates an uproar". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  116. ^ Holland, Liz (August 11, 2018). "Harris fields questions on marijuana, wind energy at town hall". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  117. ^ Miller, Jenna (December 13, 2018). "Harris lone Eastern Shore dissent on new $867 billion Farm Bill". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  118. ^ Wintrode, Brenda (August 20, 2022). "Maryland firefighter union censures U.S. Rep. Harris, state Sen. Kagan at annual convention". Baltimore Banner. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  119. ^ a b Flynn, Meagan (October 17, 2020). "Maryland congressional races: Meet the incumbents and their challengers". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  120. ^ Divilio, Daniel (September 24, 2011). "Harris, Milukski unite to battle new seafood industry regulations". Cecil Whig. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  121. ^ Rector, Kevin (October 16, 2014). "Ebola fears continue to mount, spill into port business, politics". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  122. ^ "Rep. Harris Supports Trump's Refugee, Travel Ban Executive Order". CBS News. January 30, 2017. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  123. ^ "Maryland immigrant rights supporters attack Trump move as cruel". Capital News Service. September 5, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  124. ^ Bravender, Robin (February 15, 2019). "Md. Dems Rip Trump's Emergency Declaration; Harris Sees Need for Tighter Border". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  125. ^ Bravender, Robin (February 26, 2019). "Md. Delegation Splits Along Party Lines as House Votes to Block Trump's Emergency Declaration". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  126. ^ Bravender, Robin (June 4, 2019). "Md. Advocates Hail House Passage of Dream Act". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  127. ^ Bravender, Robin (June 27, 2019). "Md. Dems Split as House Relents, Passes McConnell-Backed Border Aid Bill". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  128. ^ Gamard, Sarah (March 18, 2019). "Andy Harris town hall: Guns, immigration are hot topics". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  129. ^ Libit, Howard (March 28, 2001). "Senate OKs gay rights bill, 32-14". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  130. ^ Barker, Jeff (March 27, 2001). "Senators filibuster rights bill for gays". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  131. ^ Barnhardt, Laura (November 1, 2006). "Ex-union leader takes on Harris in Senate race". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  132. ^ "Md. rep. still looking to ban same-sex marriage". WBAL-TV. July 3, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  133. ^ Huelskamp, Tim (February 12, 2015). "Cosponsors - H.J.Res.32 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): Marriage Protection Amendment". www.congress.gov. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  134. ^ Fritze, John (June 26, 2013). "Supreme Court reshapes same-sex marriage debate". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  135. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (October 7, 2014). "Harris makes list of most "anti-equality" house member". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  136. ^ Fritze, John (July 8, 2013). "Md. lawmakers change tune on gay marriage". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  137. ^ King, Steve (July 29, 2015). "Cosponsors - H.Res.359 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): Providing that the House of Representatives disagrees with the majority opinion in Obergefell et al. v. Hodges, and for other purposes". www.congress.gov. Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  138. ^ Sunnucks, Mike (February 25, 2021). "Andy Harris dissents as House passes LGBTQ anti-discrimination bill; Measure sparks debate over transgender athletes, girls sports". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  139. ^ Blanco, Adrian; Dormido, Hannah; Perry, Kati (December 8, 2022). "Here's which House members voted for or against the Respect for Marriage Act". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  140. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (July 19, 2022). "U.S. House on bipartisan vote passes bill protecting right to same-sex marriage". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  141. ^ Petree, Rob (April 21, 2023). "Congressman Andy Harris touts the 'save women's sports' bill, Trans Maryland responds". WMDT. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  142. ^ Poff, Jeremiah (April 18, 2023). "WATCH: Lawmaker blasts Cardona over transgender athlete regulations in heated hearing". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  143. ^ Shutt, Jennifer (July 18, 2023). "Harris joins U.S. House Republicans in stripping funding for LGBTQ projects from spending bill". Maryland Matters. Retrieved July 18, 2023.
  144. ^ Craig, Tim (January 17, 2003). "Medical marijuana gets nod of Ehrlich". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023 – via Newspapers.com.
  145. ^ a b Davis, Aaron; O'Keefe, Ed (December 9, 2014). "Congressional spending deal blocks pot legalization in D.C." Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 25, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  146. ^ DeBonis, Mike (July 2, 2014). "D.C. residents urged to boycott Md. shore to protest congressman's marijuana move". Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  147. ^ "Blacklist Andy Harris – A District of Columbia Protest". Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
  148. ^ "Maryland Rep. Andy Harris is 'Public Enemy No. 1' for marijuana activists. How did it get so personal?". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  149. ^ Ferner, Matt (November 4, 2014). "Washington, D.C. Votes To Legalize Recreational Marijuana". HuffPo. Archived from the original on April 17, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  150. ^ Davis, Aaron (November 5, 2014). "House Republican vows to upend D.C. ballot measure legalizing marijuana". Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 25, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  151. ^ Raju, Manu; Topaz, Jonathan (December 10, 2014). "D.C. pot fight puts GOP in an awkward spot". politico.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  152. ^ a b Swanson, Ian (March 11, 2022). "Congress overrides DC voters, keeps sales of marijuana illegal in District". TheHill. Archived from the original on March 12, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  153. ^ "Congress keeps ban on legal D.C. marijuana sales in budget, despite Democratic control". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on March 12, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  154. ^ Jaime, Kristian (February 8, 2024). "Rep. Andy Harris takes aim at marijuana as DEA considers big change". Delmarvanow. Retrieved April 13, 2024.
  155. ^ Desmon, Stephanie (March 19, 2003). "Death penalty freeze rejected". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  156. ^ Green, Andrew A. (November 19, 2006). "Slots measure still has the look of a loser". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  157. ^ Kiehl, Stephen (April 4, 2009). "Students to screen porn film". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  158. ^ Green, Andy (April 7, 2009). "Porn Wars: The morning after". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  159. ^ Woodward, Erika (April 3, 2009). "It's Not About Porn Say Maryland Students". Capital News Service. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  160. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (April 9, 2009). "Another anti-porn measure is rejected". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  161. ^ Kiehl, Stephen (April 7, 2009). "At UM, the triple-x show goes on". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  162. ^ "Md. Senate passes capital budget, rejects porn amendment". The Daily Record. April 9, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  163. ^ "Regents reject porn policy". The Diamondback. November 10, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  164. ^ Brown, Matthew Hay (August 17, 2010). "Harris: Mosque proposal 'blatantly disrespectful'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  165. ^ Fritze, John (March 1, 2016). "Rep. Andy Harris votes against naming post office after Maya Angelou". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  166. ^ Bravender, Robin; Kurtz, Josh (April 4, 2019). "U.S. House Domestic Violence Vote Has Special Resonance for Rep. Brown". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  167. ^ Bravender, Robin (February 13, 2020). "U.S. House Votes to Remove ERA Obstacle". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  168. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (June 9, 2020). "Rep. Harris' Loyalty to Trump Appears Unbreakable". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  169. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (July 21, 2020). "Trump Threatens Baltimore; Raskin Says 'States Appear Defenseless'". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  170. ^ Kurtz, Josh (July 23, 2020). "House Votes to Remove Taney Bust From U.S. Capitol, Replace It With Thurgood Marshall". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  171. ^ Vock, Daniel C. (July 14, 2020). "Md. Delegation Wants Bust of Dred Scott Author Out of U.S. Capitol". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  172. ^ https://clerk.house.gov/Votes/202257
  173. ^ "DAV Magazine July/August 2023 Page 5". www.qgdigitalpublishing.com.
  174. ^ https://www.c-span.org/video/?519065-1/house-session&start=11123
  175. ^ https://justfacts.votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/19157/andy-harris/101/marijuana
  176. ^ a b c d e "As what he once pledged would be his last term nears, Rep. Andy Harris stays in step with Trump". Baltimore Sun. December 2020. Archived from the original on January 4, 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
  177. ^ Gaskill, Hannah (April 2, 2020). "Rep. Harris Blasts Relief Package, Says U.S. Will 'Learn A Lot' From COVID-19". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  178. ^ Bravender, Robin (March 27, 2020). "Behemoth COVID-19 Response Bill Clears U.S. House, Signed by Trump". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  179. ^ Nirappil, Fenit; Schmidt, Samantha; Ruane, Michael E. (May 2, 2020). "Military jets salute workers on front line as more coronavirus cases and deaths are reported". Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  180. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (May 4, 2020). "Rep. Harris, Maryland's lone Republican congressman, calls for reopening businesses". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  181. ^ Flynn, Meagan (February 12, 2021). "D.C. was denied $755 million in coronavirus relief last year. Now it may get that money". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  182. ^ Stevens, Allison (August 28, 2020). "Harris, a Doctor, Touts Use of Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  183. ^ "Chloroquine or Hydroxychloroquine".
  184. ^ "WHO discontinues hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/Ritonavir treatment arms for COVID-19".
  185. ^ Olson, Laura (December 28, 2020). "Rep. Harris Sides Against Trump on $2K Stimulus Checks, Supports Defense Bill Veto". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  186. ^ Figueroa, Ariana (February 27, 2021). "Maryland Democrats Support Sprawling $1.9T COVID-19 Relief Bill Passed by U.S. House". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  187. ^ DePuyt, Bruce; Wintrode, Brenda (May 3, 2021). "Mirroring National Trend, Maryland's "Trump Counties" Are Slower to Get Vaccinated". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  188. ^ Anderson, Nick; Lumpkin, Lauren (April 23, 2021). "Maryland public universities will mandate coronavirus vaccines. Other campuses aren't so sure". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  189. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (February 19, 2021). "Harris Urges Single-Dose Vaccine Strategy, But State Sticking to Federal Two-Shot Regimen". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  190. ^ "GOP physician-lawmakers call for review of vaccination strategy". The Washington Post. March 2, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  191. ^ Amara, Kate (July 22, 2021). "Harris among House GOP leaders urging people to get vaccinated for COVID-19". WBAL-TV. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  192. ^ Tanner, Robert (April 1, 2004). "Paper trail sought for electronic voting". NBC News. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  193. ^ "Judge to hear arguments on paper trail". The Daily Record. August 20, 2004. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  194. ^ "Top court dismisses challenge to AccuVote". The Daily Record. August 19, 2004. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  195. ^ Brewington, Kelly; Green, Andrew A. (February 16, 2006). "Ehrlich wary of voting method". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  196. ^ Wilson, Kelly (January 17, 2008). "Legislator Wants Proof of Citizenship For Voter Registration". Capital News Service. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  197. ^ "Bill aims to block foreign ownership of election systems". The Daily Record. Associated Press. July 20, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  198. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (August 18, 2020). "Maryland Democrats: DeJoy Got Caught 'Red-Handed'". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  199. ^ Stevens, Allison (August 22, 2020). "House Passes Bill to Boost Post Office Funding by $25 Billion, Block Service Changes". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  200. ^ Sunnucks, Mike (November 7, 2020). "Trump, Andy Harris press voter fraud claims, look to courts after Biden projected winner". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  201. ^ Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  202. ^ "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  203. ^ Diaz, Daniella. "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  204. ^ Fischler, Jacob (July 12, 2022). "Jan. 6 Hearing: Raskin Leads Questioning, Harris Involvement in White House Planning Meeting Revealed". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  205. ^ Flynn, Meagan (July 13, 2023). "Committee: Rep. Harris attended White House meeting to plan for Jan. 6". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  206. ^ Figueroa, Ariana (September 22, 2022). "U.S. House passes bill reforming Electoral Count Act to stop Jan. 6 repeat". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  207. ^ "Roll Call 604 Roll Call 604, Bill Number: H. Res. 660, 116th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. October 31, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  208. ^ Fandos, Nicholas; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (October 31, 2019). "A Divided House Endorses Impeachment Inquiry Into Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  209. ^ "Roll Call 695 Roll Call 695, Bill Number: H. Res. 755, 116th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. December 18, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  210. ^ "Roll Call 696 Roll Call 696, Bill Number: H. Res. 755, 116th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. December 18, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  211. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Daniel, Annie; Gamio, Lazaro; Parlapiano, Alicia (January 13, 2021). "Impeachment Results: How Democrats and Republicans Voted". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  212. ^ "Republican Rep. Andy Harris skips Trump impeachment vote, as rest of Maryland congressmen vote yes". January 13, 2021.
  213. ^ "H.Res.598 - Impeaching Joseph R. Biden, President of the United States, for dereliction of duty by leaving behind thousands of American civilians and Afghan allies, along with numerous taxpayer-financed weapons and military equipment, endangering the lives of the American people and the security of the United States". Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  214. ^ "H.Res.635 - Impeaching Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr., President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors". Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  215. ^ "H.Res.1318 - Impeaching Merrick Brian Garland, Attorney General of the United States, for endangering, compromising, and undermining the justice system of the United States by facilitating the persecution of President Joseph R. Biden, Jr.'s, political rival, Donald J. Trump, the 45th President of the United States". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  216. ^ "H.Res.608 - Impeaching Antony John Blinken, Secretary of State, for high crimes and misdemeanors". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  217. ^ Sunnucks, Mike (August 27, 2021). "Harris wants Secretary of State Blinken impeached over U.S exit from Afghanistan". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  218. ^ "H.Res.8 - Impeaching Alejandro Nicholas Mayorkas, Secretary of Homeland Security, for high crimes and misdemeanors". www.congress.gov. Retrieved January 14, 2023.
  219. ^ Kelvey, Jon (November 6, 2019). "Talk of impeachment and entitlements at Rep. Andy Harris' town hall in Gamber". Carroll County Times. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 11, 2023.
  220. ^ Davis, Aaron C. (October 1, 2011). "O'Malley, Democrats wage fight for House via Maryland redistricting". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  221. ^ Flynn, Meagan; Stevens, Harry; Wiggins, Ovetta (December 4, 2021). "Maryland redistricting at center of special session as GOP fires accusations of partisan gerrymandering". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  222. ^ Leckrone, Bennett (June 10, 2021). "In Campaign Mailer, Harris Warns of Mizeur's Fundraising and Democratic Redistricting Efforts". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  223. ^ Flynn, Meagan; Wiggins, Ovetta (July 2, 2021). "Andy Harris, Maryland's only Republican in Congress, fears being written off the map. Some say it could happen". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  224. ^ Cox, Erin; Flynn, Meagan; Wiggins, Ovetta (March 25, 2022). "Judge throws out Maryland congressional map over 'extreme' gerrymandering". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  225. ^ Cox, Erin; Flynn, Meagan; Stevens, Harry (March 29, 2022). "Md. Senate passes new congressional map, which GOP calls gerrymandered, too". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  226. ^ a b Cassie, Ron Cassie (April 12, 2021). "Does Andy Harris Represent the Future or End of the Maryland GOP?". Baltimore Magazine. Archived from the original on September 28, 2021. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  227. ^ Bella, Timothy; Beachum, Lateshia. "'Sit down!' 'No, you sit down!' Democrat's speech nearly triggers fistfight on House floor". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  228. ^ Norman, Jane (May 19, 2021). "U.S. House OKs Commission to Probe Capitol Attack, Harris Opposes Measure". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  229. ^ Grayer, Annie; Wilson, Kristin (June 16, 2021). "21 Republicans vote no on bill to award Congressional Gold Medal for January 6 police officers". CNN. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  230. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (March 18, 2021). "Harris Calls Resolution to Honor Officers Who Fought Insurrectionists a 'Stunt'". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  231. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (June 12, 2015). "Harris opposes "fast-track" trade bills". Delmarvanow. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  232. ^ Kurtz, Josh (February 3, 2020). "Md.'s Congressional Dems Get High Marks from Catholic Social Justice Group". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  233. ^ Stone, Peter (October 28, 2022). "Meet the Congressman Who Is Viktor Orbán's Biggest Fanboy". The New Republic. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  234. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (May 20, 2022). "Rep. Harris Hit For Speech to CPAC Conference in Hungary". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  235. ^ Lang, Robert (April 6, 2022). "Harris defends "no' vote against NATO". WBAL (AM). Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  236. ^ Blake, Aaron (April 6, 2022). "Why 30 percent of the House GOP voted against reaffirming NATO support". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  237. ^ Fortson, Jobina (August 21, 2015). "Congressman Andy Harris chats with 47 ABC, opposes Iran Nuclear Deal". WMDT. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  238. ^ Snyder, Ron (August 7, 2015). "Jewish groups differ on support of Iran nuclear deal". WBAL-TV. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  239. ^ Owens, Jacob (September 15, 2015). "Rep. Harris talks Iran, 2016 races". The Star Democrat. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  240. ^ Deutch, Gabby (May 20, 2021). "Dave Harden's quest from the Middle East to the Eastern Shore". Jewish Insider. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  241. ^ Bybelezer, Charles (December 18, 2022). "US lawmaker: All of Judea and Samaria should remain part of Israel". Jewish News Syndicate. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  242. ^ Barker, Jeff (November 11, 2023). "Divisions split Maryland's congressional delegation on Israel-Hamas war". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 11, 2023.
  243. ^ Fritze, John (June 24, 2011). "Maryland lawmakers split on Libya". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  244. ^ Diaz, Daniella; Wilson, Kristin (March 19, 2021). "14 House Republicans vote against a measure condemning military coup in Myanmar". CNN. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  245. ^ Fritze, John (September 3, 2013). "Harris says he's leaning against vote on Syria". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  246. ^ "Rep. Andy Harris doesn't support force against Syria". The Daily Record. Associated Press. September 10, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  247. ^ "Some Members of Maryland Delegation Push for Limits on Mission in Iraq and Syria". Capital News Service. September 18, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  248. ^ "Andy Harris applauds Trump's decision to strike Syria". WMAR-TV. April 6, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  249. ^ Joyner, Jim (April 14, 2018). "Maryland representatives Cummings, Harris, Ruppersberger weigh in on U.S. missile attack in Syria". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  250. ^ DePuyt, Bruce (October 14, 2019). "Harris on Syria Troop Withdrawal: 'It Could End Badly'". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  251. ^ Bravender, Robin (October 16, 2019). "Harris Votes No as House Condemns Trump's Syrian Troop Withdrawal". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  252. ^ "H.Con.Res. 21: Directing the President, pursuant to section 5(c) of … -- House Vote #136 -- Mar 8, 2023". GovTrack.us. March 8, 2023. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  253. ^ "House Votes Down Bill Directing Removal of Troops From Syria". US News & World Report. March 8, 2023. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  254. ^ Bravender, Robin (October 29, 2019). "House Votes to Sanction Turkey, Recognize Armenian Genocide". Maryland Matters. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  255. ^ Barker, Jeff (May 25, 2022). "Latest congressional status symbol? Nearly a dozen Maryland lawmakers banned by Russia". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  256. ^ Sacchetti, Maria (April 7, 2022). "Dozens of lawmakers urge Biden to clear red tape for Ukrainian refugees". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  257. ^ Adragna, Anthony; Diaz, Daniella; Ferris, Sarah (August 17, 2023). "Ukraine's top Freedom Caucus ally gets cold feet". Politico. Retrieved August 17, 2023.
  258. ^ "Rep. Andy Harris of Maryland and Virginia Senate hopeful Corey Steward endorsed Roy Moore. Now What?". November 13, 2017. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  259. ^ "State Senate Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 13, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2007. Retrieved on Oct 9, 2007
  260. ^ "State Senate Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 14, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2007. Retrieved on Oct 9, 2007
  261. ^ "State Senate Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2007. Retrieved on Oct 9, 2007
  262. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2009.
  263. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on January 10, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  264. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  265. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  266. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 3, 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  267. ^ "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on January 5, 2023. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  268. ^ Rep. Andy Harris' wife dies after heart attack Archived November 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, WBALTV
  269. ^ "Republican Women of Baltimore County - Leadership". Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  270. ^ "Rep. Andy Harris accused of ethical violation for failing to disclose wife's income". Washington Post. October 17, 2018. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  271. ^ Weiner, Rachel (December 10, 2022). "Maryland GOP, reeling from disastrous election, picks new leadership". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  272. ^ a b "Andrew P. Harris, Maryland State Senator". msa.maryland.gov. Archived from the original on February 23, 2022. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  273. ^ "GOP Rep. Andy Harris Tries to Bring Gun into House Chamber". January 21, 2021. Archived from the original on January 22, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  274. ^ Barker, Jeff (January 22, 2021). "U.S. Capitol Police investigate after report Rep. Andy Harris brought gun to House chamber checkpoint". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on January 22, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  275. ^ "Andy Harris, congressman and anesthesiologist from Maryland, says he prescribed ivermectin for COVID". baltimoresun.com. October 20, 2021. Archived from the original on October 21, 2021. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  276. ^ Barker, Jeff (November 16, 2021). "Rep. Andy Harris, an anesthesiologist, says complaint was filed against him for prescribing ivermectin to treat COVID-19". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on November 16, 2021. Retrieved November 16, 2021.

External links[edit]

Maryland Senate
Preceded by Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 9th district

1998–2003
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 7th district

2003–2011
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
104th
Succeeded by