Andy Orchard

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Andy Orchard
A O.png
21st Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon
Assumed office
2013
Preceded byMalcolm Godden
14th Provost of Trinity College, Toronto
In office
2007–2013
Preceded byMargaret MacMillan
Succeeded byMayo Moran
Personal details
Born
Andrew Philip McDowell Orchard

(1964-02-27) 27 February 1964 (age 57)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Spouse(s)
Clare Brind
(m. 1991)
Children2
EducationUniversity College School
Alma materQueens' College, Cambridge
Exeter College, Oxford

Andrew Philip McDowell Orchard FRSC FBA (born 27 February 1964) is a British academic in Old English, Norse and Celtic literature. He is Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Oxford and a fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. He was previously Provost of Trinity College, Toronto, from 2007 to 2013. In 2021, claims of sexual harassment and assault by Orchard were publicized, which were alleged at universities where he has worked, including the University of Cambridge, the University of Toronto, and the University of Oxford.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Orchard was born on 27 February 1964 in North London, England.[3][4] He was educated at University College School, then an all-boys independent school in London.[5]

His undergraduate degree was undertaken at both Queens' College, Cambridge, where he read Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic from 1983, and Exeter College, Oxford, where he read English from 1985.[6] He graduated in 1987 Bachelor of Arts (BA), which was later promoted to Master of Arts (MA).[7] He then undertook postgraduate study at the University of Cambridge,[8] completing his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in 1990.[9] His doctoral thesis was titled The poetic art of Aldhelm.[10]

In 1991, Orchard married Clare Brind in Oxford.[3][11][12]

Academic career[edit]

In 1990, Orchard was a fellow of St John's College, Oxford. He then returned to the University of Cambridge upon completion of his postgraduate degree. In 1991, he became a fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and a lecturer in Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic.[3][8] He served as Emmanuel College's Admissions Tutor for Arts.[13] In 1999, he was appointed Reader and Head of the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic.[3][8]

In 2000, he moved to the University of Toronto where he took up the post of Professor of English and Medieval Studies.[13] In 2001, he became the Associate Director of the Centre for Medieval Studies and an Associate of Trinity College, Toronto.[9][13] He became a fellow of Trinity college in 2003,[9] and Director of the Centre for Medieval Studies in 2004.[13] He was appointed the 14th Provost of Trinity College, University of Toronto in 2007.[8]

In 2013, he moved to the University of Oxford to take up the post of Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and became a fellow of Pembroke College.[7]

Sexual harassment allegations[edit]

In 2021, Al Jazeera Investigates published their findings following a two-year investigation of Orchard's 'personal reputation as a sexual predator' and alleged alcohol abuse in the context of his work supervising graduate students at Cambridge University, the University of Toronto, and the University of Oxford.[2] The I-Unit investigation found that Orchard had a history of allegedly sexually harassing and initiating inappropriate sexual relationships with female PhD students, and intimidating and bullying students and colleagues from his time teaching at the University of Cambridge in the 1990s.[14] According to the article, Orchard and his lawyers dispute I-Unit's findings.

Following up on Orchard's time at the University of Toronto from 2007-2013, the Toronto Star published their findings that the university had received at least two formal complaints against him regarding sexual advances and inappropriate touching during his time as Provost and Vice-Chancellor at Trinity College, Toronto. Their report alleged that the victims faced repercussions whereas Orchard himself did not.[1]

In October 2021, the University of Toronto committed to removing Orchard's portrait from Trinity College in response to his alleged pattern of sexual harassment.[15] At Oxford, while reporting that none of the allegations reported by Al Jazeera pertained to Pembroke College students and that the College had received no complaints concerning Orchard's conduct, Pembroke College announced that Orchard had voluntarily withdrawn from the college's governing body and that "for the foreseeable future he will not attend College for social or academic functions".[16] Orchard's teaching duties, however, were managed by the English Faculty; its board announced that, by mutual agreement, Orchard was not at that time teaching undergraduate or master's level students, and that individual discussions regarding the supervision of research students were taking place.[16][17]

Honours[edit]

Orchard was awarded the Pilkington Prize for excellence in teaching from the University of Cambridge in 1998.[8] In 2012, he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC).[18] On 16 July 2015, he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA).[19] In 2019 he delivered the British Academy's Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture.[20]

Reception[edit]

In 2004, Hugh Magennis described A Critical Companion to Beowulf as 'something of a masterclass in the reading of Beowulf'.[21] Josephine Bloomfield thought that the book would 'be important to Beowulf study for years to come, and a stimulus to healthy interchange and argument for even longer'.[22] In 2004 Elaine Treharne described the same work as 'brilliant, comprehensive and inspiring'.[23] Reviewing the same work, Daniel Anlezark characterised Orchard as 'one of the outstanding Beowulf scholars of the moment'.[24]

Works[edit]

  • Orchard, Andy (1994). The poetic art of Aldhelm. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052145090X.
  • —— (1995). Pride and prodigies: studies in the monsters of the Beowulf-manuscript. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer. ISBN 0859914569.
  • —— (1996). Dictionary of Norse myth and legend. London: Cassell. ISBN 0304345202.
  • —— (2004). A critical companion to Beowulf. Cambridge: Brewer. ISBN 0859917665.
  • —— (2021). The Old English and Anglo-Latin Riddle Tradition. Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library. 69. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674055339.
  • —— (2021). A Commentary on "The Old English and Anglo-Latin Riddle Tradition". Supplements to the Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks. ISBN 978-0884024774.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bowden, Olivia; Oved, Marco Chown (21 October 2021). "U of T received formal complaints against ex-Trinity College provost accused of sexual harassment, but he". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Davies, Deborah; Al Jazeera Investigative Unit. "Oxford professors abused position with sexist and drunken conduct". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "ORCHARD, Prof. Andrew Philip McDowell". Who's Who 2014. A & C Black. November 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  4. ^ Andy Orchard, Cassel Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend (London, 1997).
  5. ^ "ORCHARD, Prof. Andrew Philip McDowell". Who's Who 2016. Oxford University Press. November 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  6. ^ Andy Orchard (trans.), The Elder Edda: Myths, Gods and Heroes from the Viking World (Penguin, 2013); Andy Orchard, 'In Praise of Women: St Hilda Rules', Trinity Alumni Magazine (Winter 2011), 2.
  7. ^ a b "Exonian to become Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon". Exeter College, Oxford. 29 July 2013. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e "U of T prof to take up post once held by J.R.R. Tolkien". CBC Radio. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Announcement re: Andy Orchard, Provost and Vice-Chancellor, Trinity College". Civil and Mineral Engineering. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  10. ^ "The poetic art of Aldhelm". University of Cambridge. 11 December 1990. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Appointments – 30 May 2013". Times Higher Education. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Trinity College's Andy Orchard bound for Oxford". University of Toronto. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  13. ^ a b c d "Professor Andrew Orchard". Institute of Continuing Education. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  14. ^ Howlett, Alex; Al Jazeera Investigative Unit (2 November 2021). "'What we fear as women': Sexual abuse in UK universities". Aljazeera. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  15. ^ Oved, Marco Chown; Bowden, Olivia (20 October 2021). "University of Toronto vice-president accuses former Trinity College provost of sexual harassment, sexual". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  16. ^ a b Madeleine Ross, "Orchard Withdraws From from Pembroke Governing Body", The Oxford Student (29 October 2021).
  17. ^ Maurício Alencar, 'English Faculty says Professor Andy Orchard not currently undertaking teaching', Cherwell (28 October 2021).
  18. ^ Pickavé, Martin (11 September 2012). "Andy Orchard and Alison Keith New Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada". Centre for Medieval Studies. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  19. ^ "British Academy Fellowship reaches 1,000 as 42 new UK Fellows are welcomed". British Academy. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  20. ^ "Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lectures". The British Academy. text
  21. ^ "Review of A Critical Companion to "Beowulf"", English Studies, 85 (4): 381–384, August 2004, doi:10.1080/00138380412331339168, S2CID 218499867, in English Studies, 85.4, pp. 381-82.
  22. ^ "Review of A Critical Companion to "Beowulf"", The Medieval Review, September 2003, The Medieval Review.
  23. ^ Treharne, Elaine (2004). "Review of A Critical Companion to "Beowulf"". The Review of English Studies. 55 (221): 606–608. doi:10.1093/res/55.221.606. ISSN 0034-6551. JSTOR 3661452.
  24. ^ Daniel Anlezark, review of A Critical Companion to "Beowulf", Medium Ævum, 72 (2003), 320-21 (p. 321), doi:10.2307/43630511.
Academic offices
Preceded by Provost of Trinity College, Toronto
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Preceded by Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon
University of Oxford

2013–present
Incumbent