Andy Tillman and llama friend
|Occupation||Llama rancher, businessman, and author|
|Notable works||Speechless Brothers|
|Spouse||Dr. Cheryl Tillman, D.V.M.|
Andrew Charles ("Andy") Tillman (born 1952) is one of the founders of the llama industry in the United States. He is an expert on llama and alpaca health, selective breeding, and marketing. Tillman is the co-founder of the International Llama Association, and he wrote the halter-class guidelines for the American Llama Show Association. His book, Speechless Brothers, was the first comprehensive study of llama husbandry published in the United States.
Tillman was born in 1952 and grew up on a ranch in Athena, Oregon. Tillman attended Willamette University, and then the University of Oregon where he majored in literature and philosophy, graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1974. After graduation, he worked for a summer at the Oakland Zoo in Oakland, California, where he got a close-up introduction to exotic animals. When he finished his summer job, Tillman returned to his family ranch, joined the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, and bought his first llamas. He called his business Andes Llamas.
Tillman began raising llamas at his ranch near Athena in 1975. In 1978 he began publishing The Llama Newsletter, the nation's first llama publication. In addition to providing general information on llama ownership, breeding, and health, the newsletter became a forum for sharing scientific research such as the study of camelid blood chemistry used to determine pregnancy, llama taxonomy and evolution, and the bonding effects of bottle feeding young animals. Tillman personally contributed to a number of the studies. As a result, the Agency for International Development invited Tillman to study llamas and alpacas in Peru. In 1980, Tillman completed the project. Based on his comprehensive study of several thousands Peruvian animals, he became known internationally as an expert on llama and alpaca husbandry. In 1981, Tillman used his experience as the basis for his book Speechless Brothers. While the subject of llama ranching was new in North America, the book sold 14,000 copies.
Tillman was a co-founder of the International Llama Association, and was the first president of the association. In 1986 he wrote the halter-class guidelines used by the American Llama Show Association to judge show animals. In 1988, he identified and described 130 physical characteristics of llama, alpaca, guanaco and vicuña. His scientific description of llamas and related species is still the most complete reference available.
In 1988, Tillman married Dr. Cheryl Lee Blake. Shortly after their marriage, they moved to Bend, Oregon to accommodate Dr. Tillman's veterinary practice. After settling there, Tillman changed the name of his business to Tillman Llamas and Suri Alpacas to reflect a second business area he was developing.
In 1993, Tillman expanded his business into South America, becoming the exclusive agent for Bolivian suri alpacas exports to the United States the following year. Tillman's South American heards eventually totaled several thousand llamas and alpacas. In 1995, his animals won first, second, and third place in the suri alpaca category at the National Expo-Feria in La Paz, Bolivia. He also won first place in the black huacaya alpaca competition, second place in the white fleece alpaca category, and third place for brown huacaya alpacas. This was the first time a North American breeder had ever won a major South American national show.
In 1996, Tillman imported the first huacaya alpacas into the United States along with the largest herd of colored suri alpacas ever brought into the country, a total of 182 animals. Because the animals came from Bolivia, the United States Department of Agriculture required the herd to be quarantined for three months at the Harry S. Truman Animal Import Center in Key West, Florida. Nevertheless, it was a profitable venture for Tillman. The next year, he exported one hundred llamas and alpacas from his ranch in Bend to Canadian buyers.
In 2007, Tillman sold his show champion llamas and alpacas and most of his breeding stock at an international auction held at the Indiana State Fair ground in Indianapolis, Indiana. Still interested in science, in 2006, Tillman sponsored a study of llama and alpaca fiber at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. The study used a scanning electron microscope to identify and analyze the unique surface structure of llama and suri alpaca fibers.
Today, Tillman is retired, retaining about forty animals on his ranch. He still writes about llama and alpaca husbandry, and is an editor for Purely Suri magazine.
Contrary to some speculation, Andy Tillman is no relation to the family of athlete and Army Ranger Pat Tillman.
- Price, David E., "Andy Tillman '74", Old Oregon, Vol. 57, No.1, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, Fall 1977.
- "Meet Andy", Tillman Llama and Suri Alpacas, www.tillmanllamas.com, Bend, Oregon, 6 August 2008.
- Bunch, Thomas D., Warren C. Foote, and Alma Maciulis, "Chromosome banding pattern homologies and NORs for the Bactrian camel, guanaco, and llama", The Journal of Heredity, American Genetic Association, Newport, Oregon, 1985.
- "Tillman Llamas & Suri Alpacas Celebrating 30 Years with Llamas", Llama Banner, Vol. 16, No. 2, Able Press, Manhattan, Kansas, 2005, pp. 10-13.
- Tillman, Andy, Speechless Brothers, Early Winter Press, Seattle, Washington, 1981.
- "The Tillman Timeline", Tillman Llama and Suri Alpacas, www.tillmanllamas.com, Bend, Oregon, 6 August 2008.
- "Andy & Dr. Cheryl Tillman Host Life Time Achievement Action at Indiana State Fairgrounds, September 1-2, 2007", Tillman Llama and Suri Alpacas, www.tillmanllamas.com, Bend, Oregon, 6 August 2008.
- Tillman, Andy and Dr. Cheryl Tillman, "Surface Scanning Electron Microscopy of Suri Alpaca Fiber and Other Members of the Camel Family", Alpacas Magazine, Alpaca Owners & Breeders Association, Nashville, Tennessee, Spring 2006.