Andy Weaver Amish
Andy Weaver Amish are considered a subgroup of the Old Order Amish, although they do not fellowship or intermarry with more liberal Old Order Amish. They speak Pennsylvania German as their mother tongue as well as English with outsiders.
There is a subgroup of the Swartzentruber Amish, that is also called "Andy Weaver".
In Holmes County, Ohio, the Andy Weaver Amish were formed in 1952 over the issue of shunning. They were named after Andrew J. Weaver, a conservative minister who took a stand against "drift", that is moving towards mainstream society.
Customs and technology
They are less conservative than the Swartzentruber Amish but more conservative than the Old Order main body. Compared to them they have greater restrictions on farm, business and home technologies, a stricter interpretation of shunning, stricter youth regulations and a greater tolerance of alcohol and tobacco.
|Affiliation||Tractor for fieldwork||Roto- tiller||Power lawn mower||Propane gas||Bulk milk tank||Mecha- nical milker||Mecha- nical refri- gerator||Pickup balers||Inside flush toilet||Running water bath tub||Tractor for belt power||Pneumatic tools||Chain saw||Pres- surized lamps||Motorized washing machines|
|Percentage of use
by all Amish
|Holmes Old Order||No||Some||Some||No*||No||No||Some||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
 * Natural gas allowed
Districts and populations
Most of the Andy Weaver Amish live in Holmes County, Ohio, where they had 30 church districts in 2009. There are three other settlement including a settlement in Ashland County, Ohio, and in one upstate New York. Alltoghether, there were 40 church districts in 2011.
Andy Weaver Amish have the highest rates of retention of their children in the church among all Amish. The retention rate is estimated at 97%. On the other hand Andy Weavers have left agriculture on a larger scale than other Amish with only 6% active in farming.
- Donald B. Kraybill, Karen M. Johnson-Weiner and Steven M. Nolt: The Amish, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD 2013.
- Karen Johnson-Weiner: New York Amish: Life in the Plain Communities of the Empire State, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY 2010.
- Charles Hurst and David McConnell: An Amish Paradox. Diversity and Change in the World's Largest Amish Community, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD 2010.
- "Amish Technology Use in Different Groups" at http://amishamerica.com
- Hurst, Charles E.; McConnell, David L.: An Amish Paradox: Diversity and Change in the World's Largest Amish Community, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 2010, page 26. ISBN 0-8018-9398-4.
- Kraybill, Donald; Karen M. Johnson-Weiner; Steven M. Nolt (2013). The Amish. Johns Hopkins Univ Pr. p. 139.
- Amishamerica.com: Who are the Andy Weaver Amish?
- Who are the Andy Weaver Amish? - Amish Online Encyclopedia entry on Andy Weaver Amish technology, history, and customs.